An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, primary-elementary schools, secondary-high schools, and universities. They provide a large variety of learning environments and learning spaces.[1][2]


Educational architecture, school architecture or school building design is a discipline which practices architect and others for the design of educational institutions, such as schools and universities, as well as other choices in the educational design of learning experiences. The design of building can significantly influence the learning experience of students.[3] Additionally, because schools are important sources of traffic, employment and community activities, school buildings often act as anchor institutions in neighborhoods or communities.[4][5] The decline of a school can have significant impact on local communities.

Educational buildings are often purpose built: designed with architectural choices unique to schools, such as classrooms and centralized restrooms, and other purpose built features. When the schools are closed, its often hard to repurpose the buildings. For example, in the 2013 Chicago closed 50 school buildings, and even in 2023, the government is having trouble identifying new tenants and use.[6]

Different parts of the world and the different countries have gone through significant changes in philosophies associated with educational institutions, influenced by trends in investment by governments as well as larger changes in educational philosophy.

Types of educational institution

Types of educational institution include:

Early childhood



Further and higher education


See also


  1. ^ "educational institution - Dictionary Definition". Archived from the original on 2017-09-10. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  2. ^ "educational institution". The Free Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2017-07-18. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  3. ^ "How educational institutions' architecture shapes young minds". Architectural Digest India. 2021-02-06. Retrieved 2023-10-08.
  4. ^ "Schools As Anchor Institutions – A Community Organizer's Perspective". Education - Power - Change. 2023-02-05. Retrieved 2023-10-08.
  5. ^ O’Farrell, Liam; Hassan, Sara; Hoole, Charlotte (2022-12-02). "The university as a Just anchor: universities, anchor networks and participatory research". Studies in Higher Education. 47 (12): 2405–2416. doi:10.1080/03075079.2022.2072480. ISSN 0307-5079. Archived from the original on Oct 18, 2023 – via Taylor & Francis Online.
  6. ^ Karp, Sarah; Issa, Nader; FitzPatrick, Lauren; Loury, Alden (May 18, 2023). "Ten years later, more than half of Chicago's closed schools remain unused". Chicago Sun-Times Graphics. Retrieved 2023-10-08.