2021–2022 Dubai
Overview
BIE-classUniversal exposition
CategoryInternational Registered Exhibition
NameEXPO 2020 إكسبو
MottoConnecting Minds, Creating the Future
Area438 hectares (1,080 acres)
Organized byReem Al Hashimi (managing director)
MascotSalama, Rashid, Latifa, Alif, Opti, and Terra[1]
Participant(s)
Countries192[2]
Organizations10[3]
Location
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
CityDubai
VenueDubai Exhibition Centre, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Timeline
Awarded27 November 2013 (2013-11-27)
Opening1 October 2021
Closure31 March 2022
Universal expositions
PreviousExpo 2015 in Milan
NextExpo 2025 in Osaka
Specialized expositions
PreviousExpo 2017 in Astana
NextExpo 2023 in Buenos Aires
Horticultural expositions
Previous2019 World Horticultural Exposition in Beijing
Next2023 World Horticultural Exposition in Doha
Internet
Websiteexpo2020dubai.com

Expo 2020 (Arabic: إكسبو 2020) is a World Expo, currently hosted by Dubai in the United Arab Emirates from 1 October 2021 to 31 March 2022. Originally scheduled for 20 October 2020 to 10 April 2021, it was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[4] Despite being postponed, organizers kept the name Expo 2020 for marketing and branding purposes. The Bureau International des Expositions (BIE) general assembly in Paris named Dubai as the host on 27 November 2013.

Event site

Expo 2020 logo at Dubai International Airport
Expo 2020 logo at Dubai International Airport

The main site of Expo 2020 Dubai is a 438-hectare area (1083 acres) located between the cities of Dubai and Abu Dhabi, near Dubai's southern border with Abu Dhabi.[5] The master plan, designed by the American firm HOK,[6] is organized around a central plaza, entitled Al Wasl, enclosed by three large thematic districts. Each one is dedicated to one of the sub-themes of Expo 2020 – Opportunity, Mobility and Sustainability.[7] The infrastructure of the 4.38 km2 Expo 2020 site was built by Orascom and BESIX.[8] The site has an emergency centre which includes an isolation room, emergency care room, ambulances and helicopter services.[9]

The site also features the ROVE Expo 2020 which is the only hotel located at the site. The hotel features 312 rooms and 19 suites with a rooftop pool and views of Al Wasl Plaza.

Opening ceremony

Expo 2020 was officially opened on 30 September 2021. The ceremony featured performances by Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli ("The Prayer"), Emirati singer-composer, Hussain Al Jassmi, Mayssa Karaa and Almas singing the Expo's theme song, "This Is Our Time", British singer Ellie Goulding ("Anything Could Happen"), Beninese singer Angelique Kidjo and Saudi singer Mohammed Abdu (a duet of John Legend's "If You're Out There"), American singer Andra Day ("Rise Up"), and Chinese pianist Lang Lang, among others. The opening declaration was made by the Emir of Dubai Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.[10]

Transportation

Getting To Expo 2020

The Expo 2020 metro station connects the site to other localities in Dubai, along the Dubai Metro's Red Line directly to the entrance of the Dubai Exhibition Centre and Al Wasl Gate. Alternatively, Dedicated shuttle buses known as Expo Riders ferry people from all over Dubai to the Expo site and back. Shuttle buses and taxis from RTA also travel to the Expo site. The metro, taxi and buses are paid for with the RTA's Nol card while the Expo Rider buses are free. The Expo Rider buses stop at the arrival plazas of the 3 thematic districts in front of the 3 huge gates and a separate branch of Expo Rider buses transport people from the arrival plazas to the parking areas. Getting there by road is another option. People drive on the roads leading to the site and have to follow the signs to the designated parking areas.

Getting Around Expo 2020

Walking is the best way to explore Expo 2020, which has been designed to be explored on foot. Alternatively, Expo Explorer trains are available to explore Expo 2020 with stops at the thematic districts. Expo Buggies are available as a rental transport. The People Mover is an electric or air-compresssed train with stops again at the thematic districts.

Themes

The theme of the Expo is "Connecting Minds, Creating the Future". The expo will also have three subthemes: opportunity, mobility and sustainability,[7] each with its own pavilion. Mission Possible - The Opportunity Pavilion is designed by AGi Architects,[11] Alif - The Mobility Pavilion by Foster and Partners,[12] and Terra - The Sustainability Pavilion by Grimshaw Architects.[13]

In 2021 it was announced that the three thematic pavilions would open for a limited time before the full opening of the expo.[14] The Sustainability Pavilion Terra opened on 22 January 2021 until 10 April 2021.[15]

Sustainability

In addition to Terra - The Sustainability Pavilion in the sustainability district, there will be a Hammour House which explores coral reefs; a district stage that seats 300, and several national pavilions: Brazil's Walk through a waterfall, the Czech Republic's Water the desert, Singapore's Enter a rainforest, Germany's Wear cutting-edge devices, the UAE's Terra – The Sustainability Pavilion, and the Netherlands' Enter a miniature world pavilion.[16]

Mobility

Alif - The Mobility Pavilion will include the world's largest passenger lift (capable of transporting more than 160 people).[17]

Opportunity

Mission Possible - The Opportunity Pavilion is designed by AGi Architects.[18]

Pavilions

The following nations and organizations are participating in Expo 2020:

Country pavilions

Name Sub theme Size Architect Notes
 Afghanistan Opportunity[19] Redpeg[19] The pavilion was organized by the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and was not open to visitors in the first week due to the Taliban taking over the country.[20] The pavilion opened later on October 6 and displays Afghani carpets, precious stones and other artifacts.[21]
 Albania Mobility[22]
 Algeria[23][24] Mobility[25] Pico[25]
 Andorra Sustainability[26]
 Angola Mobility[27] Nascimento, Toso, Acuto[27]
 Antigua and Barbuda Mobility[28]
 Argentina Opportunity[29]
 Armenia Opportunity[30] The pavilion features ancient books, such as Urbatagirk, the Book of Lamentations, and an arithmetic book by Anania Shirakatsi.[31]
 Australia Mobility[32] bureau^proberts[33] The pavilion consists of three sections: Welcome Stories - a neon-lit corridor with visual installations of migrants describing their arrival in Australia, the Star Dreaming Gallery - a planetarium illustrating how Australia's indigenous communities were among the world's first astronomers, and Annika's Journey - a multimedia exhibition following a young girl as she explores Australia's efforts to build a sustainable future.[34]
 Austria Opportunity[35] Querkraft[35] Inspired by Arab wind towers, the pavilion consists of 38 white cones of different heights, which cause air to constantly move to provide natural ventilation.[35]
 Azerbaijan[36] Sustainability[37][38] 1,300 m2 (14,000 sq ft) of gardens and walkways[38] It has a theme of Seeds for the Future, and was designed by Simmetrico.[38]
 Bahamas Sustainability[39] 696.77 m2 (7,500.0 sq ft)[39]
 Bahrain Opportunity[37] Christian Kerez[40] The Bahrain Pavilion features live weaving stations.[40]
 Bangladesh Sustainability[41] Wanders Werner Falasi[41]
 Barbados Mobility[42]
 Belarus Opportunity[43] Called Forest of Future Technology the pavilion was designed by NÜSSLI Adunic AG.[43]
 Belgium[24] Mobility[44] Assar Architects, Vincent Callebaut Architectures[44] Built by construction company BESIX Group,[45] the pavilion has a theme of Smart and Green Belgium 2050.[44]
 Belize Opportunity[46]
 Benin Sustainability[47]
 Bhutan[48] Opportunity[49] The UAE is providing the pavilion free.[48]
 Bolivia Mobility[50]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Opportunity[51]
 Botswana[52] Mobility[52]
 Brazil Sustainability[37][53]
 Brunei Opportunity[54] Al Jabal Engineering[54]
 Bulgaria[55] Mobility[55] The pavilion features replicas of the Panagyurishte and Varna gold treasures.[56]
 Burkina Faso[57] Sustainability[58] The Burkina Faso Pavilion includes a replica of the ruins of Loropéni.[58]
 Burundi Opportunity[37]
Cape Verde Cabo Verde Mobility[59]
 Cambodia Sustainability[60]
 Cameroon Opportunity[61]
 Canada Sustainability[37][62] Moriyama & Teshima[62] The pavilion is a round, wooden structure with the theme Canada: The Future in Mind. Outside the pavilion features the exhibit Traces, a series of eight cubes symbolizing the threat to species and ecosystems due to climate change. The pavilion's interior features a 360-degree theatre, which shows a seven minute video with panoramic shots of Canadian landscapes with scenes from the country's COVID-19 response, wind farms, ports and people working in the agriculture and fishing industries.[62][63]
 Central African Republic Sustainability[64]
 Chad Opportunity[65]
 Chile Mobility[66] LC Partner[66]
 China[24] Opportunity[37] 4,636 m2 (49,900 sq ft)[67] The pavilion features a nightly show of drones and lights.[68]
 Colombia[69] Opportunity[70] Pacheco Arquitectura[70]
 Comoros Sustainability[71]
 Congo Opportunity[72] The pavilion includes a series of photographs from Pieter Henket's Congo Tales.[72]
 Costa Rica Mobility[73]
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[74] Mobility[74]
 Croatia Mobility[75] Ante Vrban[75]
 Cuba[76] Sustainability[76]
 Cyprus[77] Opportunity[78]
 Czech Republic Sustainability[37][53][79] Formosa AA[79] The Czech pavilion’s theme is Czech Spring and it will include a restaurant serving Czech food.[79]
 Denmark[80] Mobility[81] X Works[81] The Denmark Pavilion includes an 18-meter-high domed observatory.[81]
 Djibouti[82] Mobility[37]
 Dominica Mobility[83]
 Dominican Republic Mobility[84]
 DR Congo Opportunity[85] The DR Congo Pavilion's design is inspired by a termite mound.[85]
 Egypt[24][86] Opportunity[87] Hazem Hamada[87] The pavilion features the coffin of priest Psamtik (discovered in Saqqara in 2020), and replicas of King Tut's golden mask and sarcophagus, his Ka-guard statue, the special occasions chair, and his golden throne chair.[88]
 El Salvador[89] Mobility[89]
 Equatorial Guinea Sustainability[90]
 Eritrea Mobility[91]
 Estonia Mobility[37][92]
 Eswatini Mobility[93]
 Ethiopia Opportunity[94] The Ethiopia Pavilion will include a replica of Lucy.[95]
 Fiji[96] Opportunity[96]
 Finland Mobility[37] JKMM Architects[97] The pavilion, Lumi, which means "snow" in Finnish and resembles a white tent made of snow, is inspired by the thin white layer of the first snowfall covering the Finnish landscape from autumn.[98] The center of the pavilion is a wooden ‘gorge’ that has granite flooring, wooden walls, and natural light coming from the high roof accompanied by natural sounds from the forests of Finland. The pavilion features a voice-controlled Kone DX Class elevator, and a coffee machine by Wärtsilä, in cooperation with Soletair Power and Q Power, which is powered by synthetic fuel created from CO₂ extracted from the air using Power-to-X (P2X) conversion technologies.[99][100]
 France[101] Mobility[37] Atelier Perez Prado, Celnikier & Grabli Architects[102] The French pavillon, built by Besix, has the theme "Lumière, Lumières" ("Light, Enlightment").[102] The pavilion features an original edition of the 35-volume Diderot and d'Alembert Encyclopedia loaned by the French National Archives.[103]
 Gabon Sustainability[104] The pavilion consists of different themed areas: forest, economic, tourism, culture, and conference. Eight traditional Gabonese masks loaned by the National Museum of Gabon are on display in the culture area.[105]
 Gambia Mobility[106]
 Georgia Sustainability[107]
 Germany Sustainability[37][53] LAVA, Facts And Fiction[108] The pavilion, Campus Germany, features themed areas including The Energy Lab, The Future City Lab, and The Biodiversity Lab.[108]
 Ghana[109] Opportunity[109]
 Greece[110] Sustainability[111] SALFO And Associates[111]
 Grenada Mobility[112]
 Guatemala Opportunity[113]
 Guinea Sustainability[114]
 Guinea-Bissau Opportunity[115]
 Guyana Opportunity[116]
 Haiti Mobility[117]
  Holy See Mobility[118] The pavilion includes three manuscripts from the Vatican Library and a reproduction of Michelangelo's The Creation of Adam from the Sistine Chapel.[119]
 Honduras Opportunity[120]
 Hungary[121] Mobility[121] 1,828 m2 (19,680 sq ft)[121] Lőrinc Csernyus[121] It will be a timber-framed pavilion, designed by Lőrinc Csernyus.[121]
 India[122] Opportunity[123] 8,750 m2 (94,200 sq ft)[123] CP Kukreja Architects[123] Inaugurated by Union minister Piyush Goyal, the pavilion is four-storey with a façade consisting of 600 individual kinetic panels capable of simulation and motion.[124][125] The ground floor showcases India's space program, yoga, and medicinal herbs. It also includes a model of the Statue of Unity. The first floor features an immersive experience of Indian landscapes and art, including a display of miniature models of the Taj Mahal, the Junagarh Fort, and the Ram Mandir.[126][127]
 Indonesia Opportunity[37] 1,860 m2 (20,000 sq ft)[128] PT Wijaya Karya[129] The pavilion is divided into three zones: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow.[130]
 Iran[131] Mobility[132] 2,014 m2 (21,680 sq ft)[131] Shift Process Practice[132] Hundreds of balls made of fired clay hang from the Iran Pavilion's walls.[132]
 Iraq[133] Opportunity[134] RAW-NYC Architects[134] The pavilion is a shell-like structure inspired by fishing nets.[135]
 Ireland Mobility[37][136] Ciarán O'Connor[136]
 Israel[137] Opportunity[138] AVS Creative[138]
 Italy Opportunity[37] Carlo Ratti Associati[139] The Italy Pavilion includes a 3D-printed version of Michaelangelo's David.[95]
 Jamaica[140] Mobility[140] The pavilion consists of seven zones displaying Jamaican history, sports, business, and music.[141]
 Japan Opportunity[37] Yuko Nagayama/NTT Facilities[142] The Japan Pavilion's façade design combines traditional Arabesque and Asanoha patterns.[142] The pavilion is divided into six scenes: Encountering Japan, Culture and history, Innovation, Issues, Where ideas meet, and Designing Future Society for Our Lives – Expo 2025 Osaka, Kansai.[143]
 Jordan[144] Mobility[145] Facts And Fiction GmbH[145] Its theme will be The Thresholds of Ingenuity.[144]
 Kazakhstan Opportunity[37] ARDECO And Insglueck.[146] On November 11, 2021, the Astana Times reports that over 200,000 people had already visited the Kazakhstan pavilion since it opened on October 1.[147] In December 2021, the flag raising ceremony for the national flag of Kazakhstan was held at the central square of the EXPO Al Wasl Plaza. Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin and the Minister of Tolerance and Coexistence and Commissioner-General of Expo 2020 Dubai, Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan attended the event.[148]
 Kenya[149] Opportunity[149]
 Kiribati Mobility[150]
 Kosovo[151] Mobility[152]
 Kuwait Sustainability[37] Marco Pestalozza[153] The pavilion's exterior design consists of a large water tower encircled by a golden façade of prisms, representing the country's sand dunes.[154]
 Kyrgyzstan Opportunity[155]
 Laos Mobility[156]
 Latvia Opportunity[157] DJA[157]
 Lebanon Opportunity[158] Biel Group[158] The pavilion features dozens of swings that urge visitors to "fly above Lebanon" and enjoy drone shots of Lebanon's landscape.[159]
 Lesotho Sustainability[160]
 Liberia Opportunity[161]
 Libya Mobility[162]
 Lithuania Sustainability[163] 15.5 acre Baukas[163] The 15.5 acre Lithuania pavilion called Openarium will be in the sustainability zone and designed by MB "Baukas" who won a design competition against 11 other entrants.[164]
 Luxembourg Opportunity[37]
 Madagascar Sustainability[165]
 Malawi Opportunity[37][166]
 Malaysia Sustainability[37] 1,234 m2 (13,280 sq ft)[167] Hijjas Architects and Planners[167]
 Maldives Sustainability[168]
 Mali[169] Opportunity[169] The Mali Pavilion features an artwork by Abdoulaye Konaté.[169]
 Malta Opportunity[170] The pavilion consists of four zones: tourism, investment and trade, innovation and creativity and lifestyle.[171]
 Marshall Islands Opportunity[172]
 Mauritania Mobility[173] The Mauritania Pavilion features a racing boat.[173]
 Mauritius[174] Opportunity[175] The Mauritius Pavilion includes a life-size display of a dodo.[175]
 Mexico Mobility[176] Capital Engineering[176] The exterior of the pavilion is covered with a crochet work made by 100 women from Jalisco.[177]
 Micronesia Mobility[178]
 Moldova Mobility[179]
 Monaco Opportunity[166] AODA, OOS[180] The Monaco Pavilion's design is inspired by the Rock of Monaco.[180]
 Mongolia[181] Mobility[182] The pavilion features works of Mongolian photographers and artifacts from the National Museum of Mongolia, including paper money and ornaments from the Yuan Dynasty, and ethnic utensils and ornaments used by the Mongolian aristocracy.[183] Visitors to the pavilion can also play shagai.[182]
 Montenegro Sustainability[37]
 Morocco Opportunity[37] Tarik Oualalou[184] The pavilion has seven stories and consists of 22 houses stacked on top of each other connected by a single winding street.[184]
 Mozambique[185] Sustainability[186] The Mozambique Pavilion includes a kite installation featuring traditional prints.[186]
 Myanmar Opportunity[37]
 Namibia Opportunity[187]
 Nauru Mobility[188]
   Nepal Mobility[189]
 Netherlands Sustainability[37][53] V8 Architects[190] The pavilion extracts between 1,000-2,000 liters of water per day from the air and features a cone-shaped vertical farm with 9,500 edible plants and crops.[190][191]
 New Zealand Sustainability[37] Jasmax[192]
 Nicaragua Mobility[193]
 Niger Mobility[194]
 Nigeria[57] Opportunity[195] The pavilion features a life-size horse sculpture by Dotun Popoola.[196]
 North Macedonia Mobility[197]
 Norway Opportunity[37][198] 680 m2 (7,300 sq ft) exhibition space[198] Rintala Eggertsson Architects, Expomobilia and FiveCurrents[198]
 Oman Mobility[37] F&M Middle East[199]
 Pakistan[200] Opportunity[200] 2,900 m2 (31,000 sq ft)[201] Al Jabal Engineering[200] The Pakistan pavilion Hidden Treasures in the Opportunity zone occupying 2,900-sqm, and is designed with the potential of legacy Pakistan Culture and Heritage Centre.[201]
 Palau Mobility[202]
 Palestine Opportunity[203] 1,250 m2 (13,500 sq ft) Al Nasher[203] The Palestine pavilion will be between the Saudi and UAE pavilion and occupy 1250 square metres.[204][205]
 Panama Mobility[206]
 Papua New Guinea Sustainability[207]
 Paraguay Mobility[208]
 Peru Mobility[37] 2,500 m2 (27,000 sq ft)[209] Habitare[210] The Peru Pavilion features a replica of the ancient Inca bridge of Queshuachaca.[210]
 Philippines Sustainability[37] 1,386 m2 (14,920 sq ft)[211] Royal Pineda[212] The pavilion is named Bangkóta, after the old Tagalog word for "coral reef" and features a sculpture of Haliya by Duddley Diaz; a boat sculpture "Vessel of Time", by Patrick Cabral, symbolizing the Filipinos’ Austronesian ancestors who were maritime people; and an art installation "Flying Men", by Charlie Co, paying homage to overseas Filipino workers.[211][213][214]
 Poland[24] Mobility[37]
 Portugal Sustainability[37] Saraiva + Associados[215]
 Qatar Opportunity[216] Santiago Calatrava[216]
 Romania Sustainability[37] Cumulus Architecture[217] The pavilion includes a water bar, "H2RO", featuring a selection of bottled mineral waters from Romania's springs.[217]
 Russia Mobility[32][37] More than 4,500 m2 (48,000 sq ft) Tchoban SPEECH[218]

The Russian pavilion is 27 metres tall and covers more than 4500 square metres.[219] It features an immersive installation of the human brain, "The Mechanics of Wonder", by Simpateka Entertainment Group.[220]

 Rwanda[221] Opportunity[221]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[36] Sustainability[37]
 Saint Lucia Opportunity[222]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Opportunity[223]
 Samoa Opportunity[224]
 San Marino Opportunity[225] The San Marino Pavilion includes a replica of the Domagnano Treasure.[226]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Sustainability[227]
 Saudi Arabia Opportunity[37][228] 13,059 m2 (140,570 sq ft)[229] Boris Micka Associates[229]
 Senegal Mobility[230]
 Serbia[231] Mobility[231] 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft)[232] A3 Architects Studio[231]
 Seychelles Sustainability[233]
 Sierra Leone Opportunity[234]
 Singapore Sustainability[37][53] WOHA[235] The Singapore Pavilion features 80,000 plants from 170 different species.[191]
 Slovakia Mobility[236] Ivan Kulifaj[236] The main exhibits of the Slovak pavilion are the MH2 hydrogen-powered car, the Androver I and II space mobile robots, and the VRM flight simulator.[237]
 Slovenia Sustainability[238] 1,550 m2 (16,700 sq ft)[239] Robert Klun, Sandi Pirš[238] The pavilion's ground floor consists of the Europe Square, the Showroom featuring presentations by Slovenian companies and the Slovenian Tourist Board, and the Interactive Room showing Slovenian natural and cultural heritage and sports achievements. The first floor consists of the Green Room and Smart Room, which feature 360° films about Slovenian innovations. The Slovenian Business Center, which hosts high-level governmental and business meetings, is located on the second floor.[240]
 Solomon Islands Opportunity[241]
 Somalia Opportunity[242]
 South Africa Opportunity[243] MultiChoice Group[243]
 South Korea Mobility[32] Mooyuki Architects[244] The pavilion's façade consists of 1,597 rotating cubes with one digital face and three analogue color faces.[245]
 South Sudan[246] Opportunity[246]
 Spain Sustainability[37] Amann Cánovas Maruri[247] The Spanish pavilion features a six-meter hyperloop model, the Z01, developed by Zeleros.[248]
 Sri Lanka Opportunity[37] University of Moratuwa students in Sri Lanka The pavilion is designed along the theme of water. There will be digital screens and visitors can learn about the Sri Lanka Tea and the key attractions in Sri Lanka. (Tagline: Rich in many facets which can enrich the world)[249]
 Sudan Mobility[37] Sudan's pavilion is inspired by Nubian houses.[250]
 Suriname Sustainability[37]
 Sweden Sustainability[37] 2,370 m2 (25,500 sq ft)[251] Alessandro Ripellino Arkitekter, Studio Adrien Gardère and Luigi Pardo Architetti[251] The Swedish pavilion "The Forest" is located in the Expo's Sustainability District and is built entirely of wood with a holistic sustainability approach as a starting point. The pavilion consists of 300 actual tree trunks and the upper floors of the pavilion are built as individual tree houses. The theme for Sweden's pavilion is "Co-creation for Innovation" and focuses on Swedish strength areas such as innovation, technology and sustainability.[251]
  Switzerland[24][36] Opportunity[37][166]
 Syria Mobility[252] XYZ Designers[252] The Syria Pavilion showcases the Ugaritic alphabet.[253]
 Tajikistan Sustainability[254]
 Tanzania[255] Mobility[255]
 Thailand[24] Mobility[37] Index Creative Village[256] The pavilion's façade is covered with more than 500 artificial "dok rak" crown flowers.[257]
East Timor Timor-Leste Opportunity[258]
 Togo Mobility[259]
 Tonga[260] Opportunity[260] The Tongan pavilion features The Earth is my Friend installation.[260]
 Trinidad and Tobago Mobility[261] Agyei Archer Ltd.[261]
 Tunisia Opportunity[262] Noaf Interiors LLC[262]
 Turkey Sustainability[263]
 Turkmenistan Mobility[37] Tekmil[264] The pavilion features a fountain sculpture of five Akhal-Teke horses at its entrance.[265]
 Tuvalu Mobility[266]
 Uganda Opportunity[267]
 Ukraine Opportunity[37][166] 2,600 m2 (28,000 sq ft)[268] Wanders Werner Falasi[269] The pavilion's ground level features the exhibitions "Field", which consists of real and artistic forms of wheat, and "Thinking", which consists of a cube with a multi-textured surface symbolizing smart thinking, as well as a multimedia gallery, "Smart Life". The second level is an open space with 26 embroideries representing Ukraine's cultural, art, and architectural accomplishments. The top level features a contemporary art exhibition, "Ellipsis", and an interactive bar with a robot, "SkyLab robo-complex".[270][271]
 United Arab Emirates[272] Opportunity[37] 15,064 m2 (162,150 sq ft)[273] Santiago Calatrava[273] The UAE Pavilion is shaped like a falcon in flight and features 28 carbon fiber wings that can fully open to reveal built-in solar panels.[274] The pavilion consists of six different zones.[273]
 United Kingdom Opportunity[37][166] Es Devlin Studio[275] The pavilion's cone shape consists of slats featuring a continuously changing message generated by AI and visitors' contributions, inspired by a project from Stephen Hawking.[275]
 United States Opportunity[276] 3,300 m2 (36,000 sq ft)[277] Woods Bagot[276] The pavilion showcases Thomas Jefferson's copy of the Quran, a Moon rock sample collected by American astronaut Jack Schmitt during the Apollo 17 mission, a 43-meter tall replica of the Falcon 9 booster, and a replica of the Mars Opportunity Rover.[277][278]
 Uruguay Mobility[279] Al Shirawi Contracting Co.[279]
 Uzbekistan[280] Sustainability[280] OP3 Expo[280]
 Vanuatu Mobility[281]
 Venezuela Opportunity[282] Wanders Werner Falasi[282] The multicolored pavilion features a visual exhibit of ordinary Venezuelan citizens, a 360-degree exhibit of Venezuelan landscapes and ecosystems, showcases with Venezuelan main exports and minerals, and a mural by Juvenal Ravelo with an unfinished section for visitors to paint.[283][282][284]
 Vietnam[285] Opportunity[286] I5 and MarknB[286] The facade of the pavilion is covered with 800 traditional conical hats from Hoi An and a display of 18 replica artworks created by Vietnamese artists for the National Assembly building in Hanoi.[287]
 Yemen[288] Sustainability[288]
 Zambia Opportunity[289]
 Zimbabwe Opportunity[290] The untapped jewel of Africa will include a replica of Great Zimbabwe[291]

Partner pavilions

Name Sub theme Size Architect Notes
DP World Opportunity[292] Yaghmour Architects[292] The pavilion will become a permanent faculty dedicated to logistics after Expo 2020.[292]
Dubai Electricity and Water Authority Sustainability[293]
Emirates Opportunity[294] Pulse Group[294]
Emirates National Oil Company[295] Opportunity[296] 2,060 sqm[295] Jack Morton[296]
PepsiCo Mobility[297] Bolt, sponsored by Gatorade
Opportunity[297] Plus, sponsored by Pepsi and Lay's
Sustainability[297] Drop, sponsored by Aquafina and built with recycled cans

Organisation pavilions

Name Sub theme Size Architect Notes
African Union African Union[298] Opportunity[298] The pavilion is divided into three zones: Our History, Our Transformation, and Our Heritage.[299]
Arab League Arab League[300] Opportunity[300]
 ASEAN[285] Mobility[301]
Dubai Cares Opportunity[302] PICO[302]
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf Gulf Cooperation Council Opportunity[303] The pavilion will feature a central pool of water and a giant knot pendulum symbolising one Gulf[304]
Investment Corporation of Dubai Opportunity[303] ALEC FIT OUT[305]
Muslim World League Mobility[303]
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation Organization of Islamic Cooperation Mobility[306]
United Arab Emirates University Mobility[307] BASE Engineering, TODO, F&M[307]
World Expo Museum Mobility[308] Shanghai Modern National Ex.[308]

Special pavilions

Name Sub theme Size Architect Notes
Alif - The Mobility Pavilion Mobility[309] Foster and Partners[309] Alif – The Mobility Pavilion features the world's largest passenger lift, capable of transporting 160+ people at a time.[309]
 Baden-Württemberg Opportunity[310] 2,300 m2 (25,000 sq ft)[311] NÜSSLI Adunic[310] More than 70 tonnes of spruce were shipped to Dubai from Baden-Württemberg to construct the pavilion.[312]
The Good Place[313] Opportunity Ahmad Abdulrahman Bukhash The pavilion features projects of Expo Live’s Innovation Impact Grant Programme, which supports 140 grassroots innovators from 76 countries.[314]
Mission Possible - The Opportunity Pavilion Opportunity[315] AGi Architects[315]
Terra - The Sustainability Pavilion Sustainability[316] Grimshaw Architects[316]
Vision Pavilion Sustainability[317] Icaria Atelier[317]
Women's Pavilion[318] Sustainability[318]

Mascots

There are 6 mascots: Salama, Rashid, Latifa, Alif, Opti, and Terra.[1] Rashid and Latifa are a 9 and 8-year-old brother and sister duo, Salama is a ghaf tree, and Alif, Opti, and Terra are the respective guardian mascots for the mobility, opportunity, and sustainability pavilions.[1]

Partners

In order to raise awareness about smart recycling, Expo 2020 will organize nationwide bus tours with the waste partner Dulsco.[319] L'Oreal is the expo's beauty partner.[320] Accenture is the expo's Digital Services Premier Partner.[321] Cisco is the expo's Official Premier Digital Network Partner.[322] CNN will be the official broadcaster for Dubai Expo 2020.[323] DP World is the expo's Premier Global Trade Partner.[324]

Official Premier Partners[325]
Sr. No. Partner
1 Accenture
2 Cisco
3 DP World
4 Emirates NBD
5 Etisalat
6 Emirates
7 G42
8 Mastercard
9 Nissan
10 Pepsico
11 SAP
12 Siemens
13 Terminus

Developments

Economic

The Dubai Expo 2020 is associated with a rise in the UAE's GDP, as predicted by the International Monetary Fund.[326][327]

Diplomatic

In November 2019, the UAE permitted Israeli passport holders to enter the country during Expo 2020. Israelis were allowed to have their own pavilion at the event and to even visit the country afterwards.[328] In August 2020, the UAE and Israel agreed to fully normalize relations, superseding the previous agreement.

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic

See also: COVID-19 pandemic in the United Arab Emirates

In 2020, the globally expanding COVID-19 pandemic brought Expo 2020 Dubai under scrutiny, as the event was expected to attract nearly 25 million visitors in October that year.[329] In March, the Geneva Council for Rights and Liberties warned against the abuse and exploitation of migrant workers in the United Arab Emirates. While rest of the country was under a lockdown due to the spread of coronavirus, the migrants continued to work on Expo 2020. The Geneva Council condemned the “discriminatory treatment of migrant workers”, urging the WHO to encourage the UAE to ensure their health and safety.[330]

On 25 March 2020, a staff member was tested positive.[331]

On 30 March 2020, the expo indicated that it was investigating postponement of the world's fair, which would require a two thirds' majority agreement from a BIE annual general meeting.[332] On 4 April 2020, the BIE announced that a meeting of the executive committee would take place virtually on 21 April to discuss a proposal to hold the expo between 1 October 2021 and 31 March 2022.[333] A final decision would need a two thirds majority vote from BIE members.[333]

On 21 April, the executive committee unanimously agreed to delay the expo until 1 October 2021 – 31 March 2022,[334] with this then going to a remote vote of the general assembly.[334] There is no proposal to change the name of the expo.[334]

On 4 May 2020, the BIE announced that the threshold to agree a delay had been passed,[335][336] although the vote was to open until 29 May.[336] At 6pm Paris time, 29 May, the decision was confirmed, along with retention of the name Expo 2020 Dubai.[337] New dates have been announced for 1 October 2021 – 31 March 2022.[338]

On 15 September 2021, organizers announced that visitors to Expo 2020 will be required to present a proof of vaccination or a negative PCR test taken within the previous 72 hours.[339]

World Chess Championship

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the World Chess Championship 2021 was rescheduled to take place between 24 November 2021 and 16 December 2021 as part of Expo 2020 Dubai. The match was won by reigning World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen of Norway, taking on challenger Ian Nepomniachtchi of Russia, who was victorious in the 2020–21 Candidates Tournament.[340]

Criticism

A month before Expo 2020, the European Parliament passed a resolution against the event, urging its member states and other nations to not participate. Citing the human rights records of the UAE, the EU also called for the international companies, who were sponsoring the event, to withdraw their sponsorship. The EU stated that the Emirati construction firms and businesses had been exploiting the rights of the migrant workers by forcing them to sign untranslated agreements, confiscating their passports, and leaving them to work for long hours and live in unsanitary conditions.[341] The UAE rejected the resolution as "factually incorrect".[342]

Human Rights Watch said any parties connected with the Expo should use the event to raise human rights abuses in the country. In a statement, Michael Page, deputy Middle East director at HRW, said: "Dozens of UAE peaceful domestic critics have been arrested, railroaded in blatantly unfair trials, and condemned to many years in prison simply for trying to express their ideas on governance and human rights." Page called the event "yet another opportunity for the UAE to falsely present itself on the world stage as open, tolerant, and rights-respecting while shutting down the space for politics, public discourse, and activism", and called on participating countries to "ensure that they are not helping the UAE whitewash its image and obscure its abuses".[343]

As the UAE launched the World Expo Fair in October 2020, over two dozen human rights groups initiated an alternative expo online. The campaign was held to counter the Dubai Expo’s targeted narrative of “tolerance” and “openness”. In the event, activists came together with poets, musicians, and visual artists from the Middle East to highlight the repression in the UAE and to stand in solidarity with the prisoners of conscience. The campaign also called for the release of human rights activists, including Ahmed Mansoor, Nasser bin Ghaith and three from the UAE-94: Mohammed al-Roken, Mohammed al-Mansoori and Mohammed Abdul Razzaq al-Siddiq.[344][345]

Migrant workers

The Emirati labor practices have been subject to criticism. This is why Dubai authorities ensured to hold companies with fairly high standards of worker treatment for the event. Two months after the Expo 2020 commenced, human rights groups reported about the persisting violations. Migrant workers hired for the Expo 2020 were complaining about having to make exorbitant and illegal payments to local recruiters. Others complained of passport confiscation, broken promises on wages, unaffordable food, long working hours (sometimes in extremely hot weather), crowded, and unsanitary living conditions in dormitories. The human rights concerns and labor abuses at the Expo prompted the European Parliament to call for a boycott of the event.[346]

Three workers died from construction accidents building the Expo and three from COVID-19.[347]

Bids and bidding

Once the first city had lodged a bid with the BIE, other cities had six months to respond. In early 2011, Izmir of Turkey and Ayutthaya of Thailand submitted bids to the BIE, initiating the six-month window for other cities to bid. When this window closed on 2 November 2011, there were five prospective cities, with Dubai making a last-minute entry. The BIE voted and selected the host city on 27 November 2013.

Five cities originally bid for the slot for a world's fair in 2020, with four remaining: Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Yekaterinburg, Russia; Izmir, Turkey; or São Paulo, Brazil. Expo 2020 will represent a first as a Middle Eastern destination will be hosting the event for the first time.[348]

The following cities lodged bids to the BIE for hosting the 2020 EXPO:

São Paulo was eliminated from contention after the first round of votes. Izmir was knocked out in the second. Yekaterinburg lost to Dubai in the third and final round of voting.

Dubai Expo

The UAE selected the theme "Connecting Minds, Creating the Future" and the sub-themes Sustainability, Mobility and Opportunity.[354][355]

On 27 November 2013, when Dubai won the right to host the Expo 2020, fireworks erupted at the world's tallest building, Burj Khalifa. A national holiday was declared the following day for all educational institutions across the country. The staging of the world fair and the preparations leading up to it are expected to result in 277,000 new jobs in the UAE, an injection of nearly $40 billion into the economy, and an increase in visitors of at least 25 million and up to 100 million.[356] Jumeirah Lake Towers, was given the name "Burj 2020" in honour of the World Expo 2020.[357]

Yekaterinburg Expo

The Russian bid The Global Mind would have run from 1 May to 31 October, and would have been the second-largest expo (after 2010 in Shanghai) and was intended to "survey world opinion through seven universal questions".[358]

İzmir Expo

The Turkish bid had a theme of New Routes to a Better World / Health for All and would have run from 30 April to 31 October.[359] A Health for All symposium was held in October 2013 for BIE delegates and was to discuss health issues across the world.[360]

São Paulo Expo

A Brazilian expo would have been called Power of Diversity, Harmony for Growth,[361] run from 15 May to 15 November, and would have covered 502 hectares.[362]

Ticket prices

Three types of passes can be booked: daily passes, monthly passes and seasonal passes. The daily pass is applicable for one day only, costing AED 95. The monthly pass offers unrestricted entry for 30 consecutive days and costs AED 195. The seasonal pass offers unlimited entry for the entire six months of the Expo and costs AED 495. Entry is free for children below the age of 18, students holding valid ID cards of recognized academic institutions,[citation needed] and visitors aged 60 and above. Tickets are also free for people of determination (disabled people), with 50% off being offered for one caretaker. Tickets went on sale worldwide from 18 July 2021 at the Expo's official website expo2020dubai.com.[363]

Stamps on Expo 2020

Stamps on Expo 2020 issued by postal administrations

Year Country Topic / Pavilion Theme No. of stamps Denomination / Value Date of issue
2013  Turkey Expo 2020 Izmir Candidacy 1 4.40 ₤ - Turkish lira April 4
2014  United Arab Emirates Expo 2020 Candidacy winner 3 AED 3 for the 2 stamps, AED 10 for the Souvenir Sheet Sep 30th
2020  Monaco Monaco 360 1 1.16 € - Euro October 2
2021  France France Pavilion 1 1.50 € - Euro June 21
2021  Czech Republic National Pavilion at Expo 2020 1 Z º - No Face Value (Face value Kč 45.00) Sept 8th
2021  Luxembourg Architectural design of the Pavilion 1 0.80 € - Euro Sept 14th
2021  San Marino Expo 2020 1 3.90 € - Euro Sep 21st
2021  United Nations Connecting Minds,Creating the future 3 Contains three stamps, one for each UN Office. Denominations are US$1.30, CHF 2.00 and €1.80 October 1
2021  Poland Creativity inspired by nature 1 8 zł - Polish złoty October 1
2021  United Arab Emirates Connecting Minds, Creating the future 6 AED 3 for the 5 stamps, AED 20 for the Souvenir Sheet October 1
2021  Brazil Architectural design of the Pavilion 3 5.20 R$ - Brazilian real October 18

Note - Slovakia had planned to issue a stamp on 1 October 2021 but it did not materialize.

District 2020

After the 6-month run, The site used for the fair will become part of a 3,000,000 sq m development called District 2020. District 2020 will include 200,000 sq m of commercial and residential spaces with buildings like the Al Wasl Dome being retained in the district's design. Abiding by the rule of sustainability, Terra - The Sustainability Pavilion will become a children and science centre, while Alif - The Mobility Pavilion will become a commercial building. Mission Possible - The Opportunity Pavilion will be rebuilt as a mixed-use space, with plans for the UAE Pavilion still under planning. There will be 2 hospitals, a school and 200,000 sq m of office spaces. The district will be well connected by road and is located near the Al Maktoum International Airport. The Expo 2020 metro station, located next to the Al Wasl Gate, will be renamed as District 2020 in the future.

See also

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24°58′07.2″N 55°09′09.0″E / 24.968667°N 55.152500°E / 24.968667; 55.152500Coordinates: 24°58′07.2″N 55°09′09.0″E / 24.968667°N 55.152500°E / 24.968667; 55.152500