Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics
Tournament details
Host countryFrance
Dates25 May – 9 June
Teams22 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s)4 (in 1 host city)
Final positions
Champions Uruguay (1st title)
Runners-up  Switzerland
Third place Sweden
Fourth place Netherlands
Tournament statistics
Matches played24
Goals scored66 (2.75 per match)
Attendance210,424 (8,768 per match)
Top scorer(s)Uruguay Pedro Petrone
1920
1928

Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics was the sixth edition of the football tournament at the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris.

The tournament expanded to 22 countries from 4 confederations, with African side Egypt (as the previous edition) and Turkey, Uruguay representing South America and the United States in representation of North America.

Uruguay made a memorable debut, winning the gold medal and finishing unbeaten.[1][2][3]

Venues

Colombes


Locations in Paris

Paris
Stade Olympique Stade Bergeyre
Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 10,455
Stade de Colombes 1924.jpg
Match Olympique contre Irun le 25 décembre 1920.JPEG
Paris Seine-Saint-Denis
Stade Pershing Stade de Paris
Capacity: 8,110 Capacity: 5,145
Match Red Star contre Olympique le 8 avril 1923.JPEG
Match Olympique contre Red Star Club le 19 septembre 1920.JPEG

Amateur status

In 1921, the Belgium Football Association first allowed for payments to players for time lost from work; in the months that followed four other Associations (Switzerland and Italy amongst them) permitted similar subsidies. The Football Association, perhaps, with foresight considered their statement of 1884 to be one which FIFA should hereafter follow. They had stated: "Any player registered with this Association ... receiving remuneration ... of any sort above ... necessary expenses actually paid, shall be considered to be a professional."

In 1923 the four British Associations sought an assurance that FIFA accept this definition; the four FIFA representatives on the International Football Association Board refused and, consequently, both the United Kingdom and Denmark withdrew their footballers from representing their nations at the 1924 Olympic Games.[4]

Entries

Main article: Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's team squads

In Association Football (1960), Bernard Joy wrote about the 1912 Games that the authorities in Sweden "had debated for a long time whether to include football ... because its popularity was not yet world wide". Twelve years later, in Paris, football had become so important to the Games that a 1/3 of the income generated came from football. In terms of international development these Games signalled the first participation in a major Championship of a team from South America, a continent which would provide the main competition to Europe from that moment on.

The Uruguay team had won the Sudamericano one year before the Games
The Uruguay team had won the Sudamericano one year before the Games

In Paris, Uruguay, who had paid their third class passage to Paris and gone on a successful tour of Spain beforehand,[5] would join as many as 18 European teams; the United States, Turkey and Egypt.

The Uruguayans had won the 1923 Sudamericano by maximum points in the December of the previous year to qualify for the tournament as their continent's sole participants; defeating rivals Argentina 2–0 in the final game in which Pedro Petrone scored halfway through the first half. Joy wrote: "A doctor and a physical expert were as important elements of the staff as the coach himself. They saw to it that their charges reached perfect physical condition. They were kept that way by staying away from the attractions of Paris at a villa in the quiet village of Argenteuil". In Paris Jose Leandro Andrade would be dubbed La Merveille Noire.[5] Despite this little was known about them; they had never played outside South America and their international experience had mainly been spent travelling across the harbour from Buenos Aires to Montevideo.[6]

Italy, having remained unbeaten since 1922, found themselves beaten 4–0 by an early incantation of Hugo Meisl's Wunderteam (who would absent themselves from the Games).[7] With just six weeks to go before the Games Italy had been walloped 7–1 by Hungary.).[8] Other than dropping Giampiero Combi, Vittorio Pozzo would not make major changes; Italy would not prevail.[8] The same policy was adopted by Yugoslavia. Rather than considering dropping players, they had sacked their manager Veljko Ugrinić instead (following a 4–1 defeat by those Austrians in Zagreb) but would find his replacement Todor Sekulić just as hapless.[9]

The Hungarians had just come off a good run of results in the previous year, but had been beaten by the Swiss in the days leading up to the Games; Max Abegglen, who had only been playing international football for two years, scoring his 7th international goal that day for the Swiss.[10] The Swiss had been on the verge of withdrawing from the Games due to their continued success. The team's train ticket was valid for only 10 days and their money had run out. An appeal by a newspaper, Sport, brought in the needed funds.[11]

Entering for the second time Egypt caused a surprise defeat in their opening game.[12] Both finalists from the previous Games were present; Belgium being afforded a bye into the first round; the Czechs drawn against Turkey in the Preliminary Round.

Final tournament

The Yugoslavia side had a poor showing
The Yugoslavia side had a poor showing

The Games competition was assisted by a Preliminary Round which featured the silver-medallists from the 1920 Games, Spain in a game with Italy. Since that time Spain had only lost once and that by a single goal away to Belgium and had drawn 0–0 with the Italians in March 1924.[13] There was hardly anything between themselves and Italy when they met, this time, at the Colombes Stadium; Pedro Vallana's own goal handing victory to Italy.

Hungary put five past Poland, the Swiss sent Lithuania on their way, 9–0. The Uruguayans played first-rate football, combining speed, skill and perfect ball-control. By marrying short passing to intelligent positional play, they made the ball do all the work, and so kept their opponents on the run wrote Joy. The Uruguayans sailed past Yugoslavia by seven clear goals, then overcame the United States by three goals to nil.

The French squad, eliminated by Uruguay
The French squad, eliminated by Uruguay

In the first round Czechoslovakia (following their decision to walk off the field in 1920) faced Switzerland and the game went into extra-time. One Czech was sent off, and the Norwegian referee had to call for order during a break. For the replay, Abegllen took the captain's duties and all was different; Switzerland winning by the single goal. Otherwise there were two surprises, the first went Egypt's way; 3–0 to the good against Hungary. The second saw Sweden defeat the reigning gold-medallists, Belgium 8–1. Oscar Verbeeck's own goal set the Swedes on their way; Sven Rydell's hat-trick the feature of the match. The Swedish outside-left Rudolf Kock (who would become chairman of the selectors in 1948 working alongside George Raynor), would have another fine game against Egypt where Sweden won 5–0. France and Holland had been similarly dominant in the first round, but Uruguay beat France 5–1 to claim a semi-final place.

The Netherlands were defeated by Uruguay at the semifinal stage
The Netherlands were defeated by Uruguay at the semifinal stage

In another quarter-final Italy went out to Switzerland disputing a winner by Max Abegglen, who converted a break-away goal. The Italians protested that he had been off-side. The referee Johannes Mutters, refused to alter the decision of his linesman; a jury upheld the judgement. There was further dispute in the semi-final where Holland (coached by the former Blackburn Rovers' player William Townley) took a first half lead against Uruguay through Feyenoord's Kees Pijl. With twenty minutes to go Pedro Cea scored an equaliser and with less than ten Georges Vallat, the French referee, awarded Uruguay a penalty. FIFA reported that "the Netherlands protested the ruling of a penalty kick that turned out to be the winning goal but then Uruguay protested against the Olympic Committee's selection of a Dutch referee for the final. To appease the South Americans, the committee pulled the name of a final referee out of a hat and picked out a Frenchman, Marcel Slawick".[14] In the other semi-final between Switzerland and Sweden the Swiss prevailed.

In the final the Swiss were defeated by the Uruguayans whose two goals in the second half put paid to their opponent's ambitions, Uruguay eventually prevailing 3–0. Interest in the final had been considerable, such was the draw of the Uruguayan side; 60,000 watched and 10,000 were locked out.[15]

First round

Italy 1–0 Spain
Vallana 84' (o.g.) Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 18,991
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Czechoslovakia 5–2 Turkey
Sloup 21'
Sedláček 28', 37'
Novák 64'
Čapek 74'
Report Refet 63', 82'
Stade Bergeyre, Paris
Attendance: 4,344
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

Switzerland  9–0 Lithuania
Sturzenegger 2', 43', 68', 85'
Dietrich 14'
Abegglen 41', 50', 58'
Ramseyer 63' (pen.)
Report
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Antonio Scamoni (ITA)

United States 1–0 Estonia
Straden 15' (pen.) Report
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)

Uruguay 7–0 Yugoslavia
Vidal 20'
Scarone 23'
Cea 50', 80'
Petrone 35', 61'
Romano 58'
Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 3,025
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

Hungary 5–0 Poland
Eisenhoffer 14'
Hirzer 51', 58'
Opata 70', 87'
Report
Stade Bergeyre, Paris
Attendance: 3,578
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Second round

France 7–0 Latvia
Crut 17', 28', 55'
Nicolas 25', 50'
Boyer 71', 87'
Report
Stade de Paris
Attendance: 5,145
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

Netherlands 6–0 Romania
Hurgronje 8'
Pijl 32', 52', 66', 68'
de Natris 69' (pen.)
Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 1,840
Referee: Felix Herren (SUI)

Switzerland  1–1 (a.e.t.) Czechoslovakia
Dietrich 79' Report Sloup 21' (pen.)
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 9,157
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)
Switzerland  1–0 Czechoslovakia
Pache 87' Report
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 5,673
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Ireland (FAIFS) 1–0 Bulgaria
Duncan 75' Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 1,659
Referee: A. Henriot (FRA)

Italy 2–0 Luxembourg
Baloncieri 20'
Della Valle 38'
Report
Stade Pershing
Attendance: 4,254
Referee: Olivier De Ricard (FRA)

Sweden 8–1 Belgium
Kock 8', 24', 77'
Rydell 20', 61', 83'
Brommesson 30'
Keller 46'
Report Larnoe 67'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 8,532
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Egypt 3–0 Hungary
Yakan 4', 58'
Hegazi 40'
Report
Stade de Paris
Attendance: 4,371
Referee: Luis Collina (ESP)

Uruguay 3–0 United States
Petrone 10', 44'
Scarone 15'
Report
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 10,455
Referee: Charles Barette (BEL)

Quarter-finals

France 1–5 Uruguay
Nicolas 12' Report Scarone 2', 24'
Petrone 58', 68'
Romano 83'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 30,868
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

Sweden 5–0 Egypt
Kaufeldt 5', 71'
Brommesson 31', 34'
Rydell 49'
Report
Stade Pershing
Attendance: 6,484
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

Switzerland  2–1 Italy
Sturzenegger 47'
Abegglen 60'
Report Della Valle 52'
Stade Bergeyre
Attendance: 8,359
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Netherlands 2–1 (a.e.t.) Ireland (FAIFS)
Formenoy 7', 104' Report Ghent 33'
Stade de Paris
Attendance: 1,506
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Semi-finals

Switzerland  2–1 Sweden
Abegglen 15', 77' Report Kock 41'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 7,448
Referee: Mihaly Ivancsics (HUN)

Uruguay 2–1 Netherlands
Cea 62'
Scarone 81' (pen.)
Report Pijl 32'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 7,088
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

Bronze medal match

Sweden 1–1 Netherlands
Kaufeldt 44' Report le Fèvre 77'
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 9,915
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Sweden 3–1 Netherlands
Rydell 34', 77'
Lundqvist 42'
Report Formenoy 43' (pen.)
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 40,522
Referee: Youssuf Mohamed (EGY)

Gold medal match

Uruguay 3–0  Switzerland
Petrone 9'
Cea 65'
Romano 82'
Report
Stade Olympique, Colombes
Attendance: 40,522
Referee: Marcel Slawik (France)

Bracket

 
Round of 32Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
                  
 
26 May – Colombes
 
 
 Uruguay 7
 
29 May – Paris
 
 Yugoslavia 0
 
 Uruguay 3
 
25 May – Vincennes
 
 United States 0
 
 United States 1
 
1 June – Colombes
 
 Estonia 0
 
 Uruguay 5
 
 
 
 France 1
 
 France
 
27 May – Saint-Ouen
 
bye
 
 France 7
 
 
 
 Latvia 0
 
 Latvia
 
6 June – Colombes
 
bye
 
 Uruguay 2
 
 
 
 Netherlands1
 
 Netherlands
 
27 May – Colombes
 
bye
 
 Netherlands 6
 
 
 
 Romania 0
 
 Romania
 
2 June – Saint-Ouen
 
bye
 
 Netherlands 2
 
 
 
Republic of Ireland Irish Free State 1
 
Republic of Ireland Irish Free State
 
28 May – Colombes
 
bye
 
Republic of Ireland Irish Free State 1
 
 
 
 Bulgaria 0
 
 Bulgaria
 
9 June – Colombes
 
bye
 
 Uruguay 3
 
25 May – Vincennes
 
  Switzerland 0
 
  Switzerland 9
 
28 and 30 May – Paris
 
 Lithuania 0
 
  Switzerland (replay)1 (1)
 
25 May – Paris
 
 Czechoslovakia 1 (0)
 
 Czechoslovakia 5
 
2 June – Paris
 
 Turkey 2
 
  Switzerland 2
 
25 May – Colombes
 
 Italy1
 
 Italy 1
 
29 May – Vincennes
 
 Spain 0
 
 Italy 2
 
 
 
 Luxembourg 0
 
 Luxembourg
 
5 June – Colombes
 
bye
 
  Switzerland 2
 
 
 
 Sweden 1 Third place
 
 Sweden
 
29 May – Colombes8 and 9 June – Colombes
 
bye
 
 Sweden 8  Sweden (replay)1 (3)
 
 
 
 Belgium 1  Netherlands 1 (1)
 
 Belgium
 
1 June – Vincennes
 
bye
 
 Sweden 5
 
 
 
 Egypt0
 
 Egypt
 
29 May – Saint-Ouen
 
bye
 
 Egypt 3
 
26 May – Paris
 
 Hungary 0
 
 Hungary 5
 
 
 Poland 0
 

Final ranking

As per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Result
1st place, gold medalist(s)  Uruguay 5 5 0 0 20 2 +18 10
2nd place, silver medalist(s)   Switzerland 6 4 1 1 15 6 +9 9
3rd place, bronze medalist(s)  Sweden 5 3 1 1 18 5 +13 7
4  Netherlands 5 2 1 2 11 7 +4 5
5  Italy 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 4 Eliminated in quarter-final
6  France 2 1 0 1 8 5 +3 2
7  Ireland 2 1 0 1 2 2 0 2
8  Egypt 2 1 0 1 3 5 −2 2
9  Czechoslovakia 3 1 1 1 6 4 +2 3 Eliminated in second round
10  Hungary 2 1 0 1 5 3 +2 2
11  United States 2 1 0 1 1 3 −2 2
12  Bulgaria 1 0 0 1 0 1 −1 0
13  Luxembourg 1 0 0 1 0 2 −2 0
14  Romania 1 0 0 1 0 6 −6 0
15  Latvia 1 0 0 1 0 7 −7 0
16  Belgium 1 0 0 1 1 8 −7 0
17  Spain 1 0 0 1 0 1 −1 0 Eliminated in first round
18  Estonia 1 0 0 1 0 1 −1 0
19  Turkey 1 0 0 1 2 5 −3 0
20  Poland 1 0 0 1 0 5 −5 0
21  Yugoslavia 1 0 0 1 0 7 −7 0
22  Lithuania 1 0 0 1 0 9 −9 0
Source:[citation needed]

Medalists

The Uruguayan team that won its first Gold Medal
The Uruguayan team that won its first Gold Medal
Gold Silver Bronze
 Uruguay

José Leandro Andrade
Pedro Arispe
Pedro Casella
Pedro Cea
Luis Chiappara
Pedro Etchegoyen
Alfredo Ghierra
Andrés Mazali
José Nasazzi
José Naya
Pedro Petrone
Ángel Romano
Zoilo Saldombide
Héctor Scarone
Pascual Somma
Humberto Tomasina
Antonio Urdinarán
Santos Urdinarán
Fermín Uriarte
José Vidal
Alfredo Zibechi
Pedro Zingone

  Switzerland

Max Abegglen
Félix Bédouret
Charles Bouvier
Walter Dietrich
Karl Ehrenbolger
Paul Fässler
Gustav Gottenkieny
Jean Haag
Marcel Katz
Edmond Kramer
Adolphe Mengotti
August Oberhauser
Robert Pache
Aron Pollitz
Hans Pulver
Rudolf Ramseyer
Adolphe Reymond
Louis Richard
Teo Schär
Paul Schmiedlin
Paul Sturzenegger
Walter Weiler

 Sweden

Axel Alfredsson
Charles Brommesson
Gustaf Carlsson
Albin Dahl
Sven Friberg
Karl Gustafsson
Fritjof Hillén
Konrad Hirsch
Gunnar Holmberg
Per Kaufeldt
Tore Keller
Rudolf Kock
Sigfrid Lindberg
Vigor Lindberg
Sven Lindqvist
Evert Lundqvist
Sten Mellgren
Gunnar Olsson
Sven Rydell
Harry Sundberg
Thorsten Svensson
Robert Zander

Goalscorers

Uruguayan Pedro Petrone, topscorer with 7 goals
Uruguayan Pedro Petrone, topscorer with 7 goals
7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Trivia

References

  1. ^ Olympic football tournament - Paris on FIFA.com
  2. ^ "60,000 SEE URUGUAY WIN IN SOCCER FINAL - Record Olympic Crowd Present as South Americans Beat Switzerland, 3 to 0. THOUSANDS TURNED AWAY Colombes Stadium Filled to Capacity and Women Famt in Crush Outside of Gates. CONTEST IS HARD FOUGHT Swiss Play Courageously, but Defense Breaks In Second Half Before Brilliant Attack". Select.nytimes.com. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Football at the 1924 Paris Summer Games". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  4. ^ Michael Lewis. "Henry Farrell, the man who helped the US soccer team make Olympic history | Football". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Tabeira, Martin, Uruguay - International Results, rsssf.com, retrieved 25 May 2008
  7. ^ Kutschera, Ambrosius, Länderspiele Österreich 1920-1929 (in German), austriasoccer.at, retrieved 25 May 2008
  8. ^ a b Mariani, Maurizio, Italy - International Matches 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved 25 May 2008
  9. ^ Miladinovich, Misha, Yugoslavia National Team List of Results 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved 25 May 2008
  10. ^ Garin, Erik, Switzerland - International Matches since 1905, rsssf.com, retrieved 25 May 2008
  11. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, archived from the original on 15 June 2010, retrieved 25 May 2008
  12. ^ Said, Tarek, Egyptian International First Team Results Since 1920, egyptianfootball.net, retrieved 25 May 2008
  13. ^ Tejedor Carnicero, José Vicente; Torre, Raúl; Di Maggio, Roberto, Spain - List of Results National Team, rsssf.com, retrieved 18 June 2008
  14. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, archived from the original on 15 June 2010, retrieved 18 June 2008
  15. ^ "Olympics | Rio 2016 Schedule, Medals, Results & News". Olympic.org. Retrieved 18 August 2016.[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ World Football Elo Ratings: Biggest Upsets, eloratings.net, archived from the original on 24 June 2008, retrieved 18 June 2008