The General Authority for Border Protection (Mongolian: Хил хамгаалах ерөнхий газар) is an agency that is part of the Government of Mongolia and acts as a reserve force for the Armed Forces of Mongolia. It guards the country's entry and exit points on its borders with Russia and China as well as prevents/suppresses illegal activities such as smuggling and human trafficking.[1] It also is responsible for border patrol and the regulation of illegal immigration. The agency is supported by over 3,000 personnel across 300-350 permanent border guard units from the Mongolian Armed Forces, the National Police Agency and other government agencies.[2] It is currently an agency of the Mongolian Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs.[3]


The shoulder board of a Lieutenant Colonel of the Border Troops

The Border Troops of the Mongolian People's Army were manifested in the 15,000 strong Border and Internal Troops Administration during the Cold War. They were equipped with helicopters, motor vehicles, signals equipment, as well as engineering equipment. It was established as the frontier guard in 1933 to manage Mongolian borders with the USSR and Manchuria.[4][5] During the Battles of Khalkhin Gol, western border was heavily guarded by MPA personnel who defended the country from an invasion by the Imperial Japanese Army. In 1959, the Ministry of Defense created a Border Service Division and gave. In 1993, the "Border Law" was approved and the Border Guard Administration was established. The Border Protection Agency was more of a regulatory agency under the Ministry of Defense and has since 1996 has been under the direct command of the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs since 2000 and has been appointed as the regulatory agency of the Border Troops Management Authority.[6] Since 2002, it has been officially called the General Authority for Border Protection.[7]

See also


  1. ^ "General Authority for Border Protection - Танилцуулга - Монгол улсын засгийн газар - Government of mongolia". Archived from the original on 2019-07-09. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  2. ^ "Mongolia - Government and society". Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  3. ^ Bank, A.D. (2018). Breaking Barriers: Leveraging Mongolia's Transport and Logistics Sector. Asian Development Bank. ISBN 9789292612979. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  4. ^ John Pike. "Mongolia - Border Troops". Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  5. ^ "ХИЛИЙН ЦЭРГИЙН 0131-Р АНГИ ЦЭРГИЙН ГАВЬЯАНЫ ОДОНГООР ШАГНУУЛАВ - Өмнөговь аймаг". (in Mongolian). Retrieved 2021-01-01.
  6. ^ Sanders, A. (2003). Historical Dictionary of Mongolia. Scarecrow Press. p. 14. ISBN 9780810866010. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  7. ^ "Хил Хамгаалах Байгууллагын түүхэн замнал". Retrieved 2019-07-09.