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Total population
Regions with significant populations
Sichuan, China
Mandarin Chinese
Gyalrong (traditional)
Tibetan Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Tibetan, Qiang, Tangut

Gyalrong people (Tibetan: རྒྱལ་རོང, Chinese: 嘉绒), also called Jiarong, rGyalrong, are speakers of the Qiangic Gyalrong language who live in the southern part of Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan, China. They are also found in Danba County of Garze Prefecture. The word Gyalrong is an exo-ethnonym and loanword from the Tibetan word rGyal-mo tsha-wa rong.[1]

The Gyalrong refer to themselves as Keru.[2] During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Gyalrong were ruled by local chieftains (Tusi). In 1746, Slob Dpon, the chieftain of Greater Jinchuan, was trying to unite tribes in Sichuan, forcing the Qing dynasty to launch campaigns to suppress them. After 1950, the People's Republic of China classified them as a sub-group of the Tibetan people.

Famous Gyalrong

Gyalrong kingdoms

Before the Chinese Land Reform Movement there were 18 Gyalrong kingdoms/chiefdoms (嘉绒十八土司) in this area:[3]


  1. ^ Prins, Marielle. 2011. A web of relations: A grammar of rGyalrong Ji omùzú, p. 18.
  2. ^ "in search of a language unrecognised". 8 November 2015.
  3. ^ 何谓嘉绒十八土司?