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Total population
Regions with significant populations
China, Yunnan
Animism, Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Yi, Qiang

The Jino (also spelled Jinuo) people (simplified Chinese: 基诺族; traditional Chinese: 基諾族; pinyin: Jīnuòzú, endonym: [citation needed]) are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. They live in an area called the Jino Mountains (Jinuoshan 基诺山) in eastern Jinghong, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan province.[1]

The Jino are one of the less numerous of the recognized minorities in China and the last one included as "national minority" because they were only recognized in 1979.[2] A former name used for the Jino, Youle, means "following the maternal uncle," an indication of a matrilineal past.[2]

The Jino have a population of 20,900 people according to the census of the year 2000.[1] Most of the Jino concentrate in Jinoshan, in a series of mild hills with wet climate near Mengyang Township in Jinghong Municipality, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province. They live in an area of about 70x50 km. They live in subtropical rainforest, home of elephants, wild oxen and monkeys.[citation needed]

Among their cultural practices is tooth painting, in which soot made from pear trees is used.[3]

Population distribution

This table shows the population distribution of the Jino nationality on the county level, according to the figures of the last census of 2000. (Showing only values above 0.10%.)

city, county, district superior district superior province number of Jino % of total Jino population in China
Jinghong city (景洪市) Xishuangbanna autonomous prefecture of the Dai Yunnan province 19,250 92.11%
Mengla county (勐腊县; Traditional: 勐臘縣) Xishuangbanna autonomous prefecture of the Dai Yunnan province 897 4.29%
Guandu district (官渡区; Traditional: 官渡區) Kunming city Yunnan province 119 0.57%
Cuiyun district (翠云区; Traditional: 翠雲區) Simao city Yunnan province 82 0.39%
Menghai county (勐海县; Traditional: 勐海縣) Xishuangbanna autonomous prefecture of the Dai Yunnan province 52 0.25%
Wuhua district (五华区; Traditional: 五華區) Kunming city Yunnan province 47 0.23%
Xishan district (西山区; Traditional: 西山區) Kunming city Yunnan province 47 0.23%
Pu'er autonomous county of the Hani and Yi (普洱哈尼族彝族自治县; Traditional: 普洱哈尼族彝族自治縣) Simao city Yunnan province 26 0.12%
Zhenkang county (镇康县; Traditional: 鎮康縣) Lincang city Yunnan province 23 0.11%
other areas in China 356 1.7%


  1. ^ a b "The Jino ethnic minority".
  2. ^ a b West, Barbara A. (1 January 2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania. Infobase Publishing. p. 350. ISBN 978-1438119137. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Jino Nationality". Retrieved 1 January 2015.