Three films of Satyajit Ray were submitted.
Three films of Satyajit Ray were submitted.

India has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best International Feature Film (formerly Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film)[a] since 1957, a year after the incorporation of the category.[3] The award is given annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.[4] The "Best Foreign Language Film" category was not created until 1956; however, between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented a non-competitive Honorary Award for the best foreign language films released in the United States.[5]

The Film Federation of India (FFI) appoints a committee to choose one film among those released that year to be submitted as India's official entry to the Academy for a nomination for "Best Foreign Language Film" the following year.[6] The chosen films, along with their English subtitles, are sent to the Academy, where they are screened for the jury.[7] The 1957 Hindi film Mother India was India's first submission. The film made it to the final shortlist and was nominated alongside four other films in the category.[8] It came close to winning the Academy Award but lost to Nights of Cabiria by a single vote.[9] Since 1984, India has not submitted a film on only one occasion; in 2003, the FFI controversially chose not make an entry as they felt no film would be in a position to compete with films from other nations.[10][11] As of 2021, only three Indian films—Mother India (1957), Salaam Bombay! (1988) and Lagaan (2001)—have been nominated for the award.[12] In 2011, the jury of the 58th National Film Awards made a recommendation that the Best Film winners at the annual National Film Awards be chosen as the official entry.[6][13] However, except for the 88th Academy Awards,[b] none of the Best Film (National Film Awards) winning film was submitted by India over the years.

Submissions

As of 2022, India has sent 55 films to the competition. 34 of the which were Hindi films (including five Hindustani films and one Urdu film), three of which received nominations. Ten Tamil films and three of each Malayalam and Marathi films were submitted. Two Bengali and Gujarati films and one film from each Assamese and Telugu languages have been submitted.

Bengali filmmaker Satyajit Ray has represented India three times in this competition, the most by any director. As actors Kamal Haasan and Raghubir Yadav have been part of seven films submitted for the consideration—more than any other performer.[15][16] One of Haasan's directorial effort was also submitted.[17] Aamir Khan has represented India four times as an actor, including once as a director and thrice as a producer; Lagaan (2001), which he produced and starred in, received a nomination.

Year
(Ceremony)
Film title used in nomination Original title Language Director(s) Result
1957
(30th)
Mother India Mother India (मदर इंडिया) Hindustani[18] Mehboob Khan Nominated[c]
1958
(31st)
Madhumati Madhumati (मधुमती) Hindustani[18] Bimal Roy Not nominated
1959
(32nd)
The World of Apu Apur sansar (অপুর সংসার) Bengali Satyajit Ray Not nominated
1962
(35th)
Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (साहिब बीबी और ग़ुलाम) Hindustani Abrar Alvi Not nominated
1963
(36th)
Metropolis Mahanagar (মহানগর) Bengali Satyajit Ray Not nominated
1965
(38th)
The Guide Guide (गाइड) Hindi Vijay Anand Not nominated
1966
(39th)
Amrapali Amrapali (अम्रपल्ली) Hindi Lekh Tandon Not nominated
1967
(40th)
The Last Letter Aakhri Khat (आखरी ख़त) Hindi Chetan Anand Not nominated
1968
(41st)
Elder Sister Majhli Didi (मझली दीदी) Hindi Hrishikesh Mukherjee Not nominated
1969
(42nd)
Deiva Magan Deiva Magan (தெய்வ மகன்) Tamil A. C. Tirulokchandar Not nominated
1971
(44th)
Reshma Aur Shera Reshma Aur Shera (रेशमा और शेरा) Hindi Sunil Dutt Not nominated
1972
(45th)
Uphaar Uphaar (उपहार) Hindi Sudhendu Roy Not nominated
1973
(46th)
Saudagar Saudagar (सौदागर) Hindi Sudhendu Roy Not nominated
1974
(47th)
Hot Winds Garam Hawa (گرم ہوا) Urdu M. S. Sathyu Not nominated
1977
(50th)
Manthan Manthan (मंथन) Hindi Shyam Benegal Not nominated
1978
(51st)
The Chess Players Shatranj Ke Khilari (शतरंज के खिलाड़ी) Hindustani Satyajit Ray Not nominated
1980
(53rd)
Payal Ki Jhankaar Payal Ki Jhankaar (पायल की झंकार) Hindi Satyen Bose Not nominated
1984
(57th)
Saaransh Saaransh (सारांश) Hindi Mahesh Bhatt Not nominated
1985
(58th)
Saagar Saagar (सागर) Hindi Ramesh Sippy Not nominated
1986
(59th)
Swati Mutyam Swati Mutyam (స్వాతి ముత్యం) Telugu K. Viswanath Not nominated
1987
(60th)
Nayakan Nayakan (நாயகன்) Tamil Mani Ratnam Not nominated
1988
(61st)
Salaam Bombay! Salaam Bombay! (सलाम बॉम्बे) Hindi Mira Nair Nominated[d]
1989
(62nd)
Parinda Parinda (परिंदा) Hindi Vidhu Vinod Chopra Not nominated
1990
(63rd)
Anjali Anjali (அஞ்சலி) Tamil Mani Ratnam Not nominated
1991
(64th)
Henna Henna (حنا) Hindustani Randhir Kapoor Not nominated
1992
(65th)
Thevar Magan Thevar Magan (தேவர் மகன்) Tamil Bharathan Not nominated
1993
(66th)
Rudaali Rudaali (रुदाली) Hindi Kalpana Lajmi Not nominated
1994
(67th)
Bandit Queen Bandit Queen (बैंडिट क्वीन) Hindi Shekhar Kapur Not nominated
1995
(68th)
Kuruthipunal Kuruthipunal (குருதிப்புனல்) Tamil P. C. Sreeram Not nominated
1996
(69th)
Indian Indian (இந்தியன்) Tamil S. Shankar Not nominated
1997
(70th)
Guru Guru (ഗുരു) Malayalam Rajiv Anchal Not nominated
1998
(71st)
Jeans Jeans (ஜீன்ஸ்) Tamil S. Shankar Not nominated
1999
(72nd)
Earth 1947: Earth (1947: अर्थ) Hindi Deepa Mehta Not nominated
2000
(73rd)
Hey Ram Hey Ram (ஹே ராம் हे राम) Tamil
Hindi
Kamal Haasan Not nominated
2001
(74th)
Lagaan Lagaan (लगान) Hindi Ashutosh Gowariker Nominated[e]
2002
(75th)
Devdas Devdas (देवदास) Hindi Sanjay Leela Bhansali Not nominated
2004
(77th)
The Breath Shwaas (श्वास) Marathi Sandeep Sawant Not nominated
2005
(78th)
Riddle Paheli (पहेली) Hindi Amol Palekar Not nominated[f]
2006
(79th)
Rang De Basanti Rang De Basanti (रंग दे बसंती) Hindi Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra Not nominated[g]
2007
(80th)
Eklavya: The Royal Guard Eklavya: The Royal Guard (एकलव्य – दी रॉयल गार्ड) Hindi Vidhu Vinod Chopra Not nominated
2008
(81st)
Like Stars on Earth Taare Zameen Par (तारे ज़मीन पर) Hindi Aamir Khan Not nominated
2009
(82nd)
Harishchandra's Factory Harishchandrachi Factory (हरिश्‍चंद्राची फॅक्टरी) Marathi Paresh Mokashi Not nominated
2010
(83rd)
Peepli Live Peepli Live (लाइव) Hindi Anusha Rizvi Not nominated
2011
(84th)
Abu, Son of Adam Adaminte Makan Abu (ആദാമിന്റെ മകൻ അബു) Malayalam Salim Ahamed Not nominated
2012
(85th)
Barfi! Barfi! (बर्फी!) Hindi Anurag Basu Not nominated
2013
(86th)
The Good Road The Good Road (ધી ગુડ રોડ) Gujarati Gyan Correa Not nominated[22]
2014
(87th)
Liar's Dice Liar's Dice (लायर्स डाइस) Hindi Geetu Mohandas Not nominated[23]
2015
(88th)
Court Court (कोर्ट) Marathi Chaitanya Tamhane Not nominated[24]
2016
(89th)
Visaranai Visaranai (விசாரணை) Tamil Vetrimaaran Not nominated[25]
2017
(90th)
Newton Newton (न्यूटन) Hindi Amit V Masurkar Not nominated[26]
2018
(91st)
Village Rockstars Village Rockstars Assamese Rima Das Not nominated[27]
2019
(92nd)
Gully Boy Gully Boy (गली बॉय) Hindi Zoya Akhtar Not nominated[28]
2020
(93rd)
Jallikattu Jallikattu (ജെല്ലിക്കെട്ട്) Malayalam Lijo Jose Pellissery Not nominated[29]
2021
(94th)
Pebbles Koozhangal (கூழாங்கல்) Tamil P.S. Vinothraj Not nominated
2022
(95th)
Chhello Show Chhello Show (છેલ્લો શો) Gujarati Pan Nalin
TBD

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The name change was proposed in April 2019 after the Academy deemed the word "Foreign" to be outdated.[1][2]
  2. ^ The Best Film at the 62nd National Film Awards, Court, was India's official submission that year.[14]
  3. ^ The film lost to the Italian film Nights of Cabiria by one vote.[8][9]
  4. ^ The film, India's second accepted nomination in 31 years, lost to the Danish film Pelle the Conqueror.[19]
  5. ^ The film, being India's last accepted nomination to date, lost to the Bosnian film No Man's Land.[20]
  6. ^ Morning Raga, an English-Telugu film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry by its producers; neither film received the nomination.[21]
  7. ^ Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a Hindi film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry; neither film received the nomination.[21]

References

General
  • "List of Indian Submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film". Film Federation of India. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
Specific
  1. ^ "Academy announces rules for 92nd Oscars". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 23 April 2019. Archived from the original on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Academy Announces Rule Changes For 92nd Oscars". Forbes. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019.
  3. ^ "History of the Academy Awards – Page 2". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 6 April 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Rule Thirteen: Special Rules for the Foreign Language Film Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 22 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  5. ^ "History of the Academy Awards – Page 1". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Malayalam film Adaminte Makan Abu is India's Oscar entry". The Times of India. The Times Group. 23 September 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013.
  7. ^ Roy, Piyush (17 January 2008). "India's Oscar drill". The Indian Express. Indian Express Limited. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  8. ^ a b "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011.
  9. ^ a b Khanna, Priyanka (24 February 2008). "For Bollywood, Oscar is a big yawn again". Thaindian News. Archived from the original on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  10. ^ "India's Oscar entry in this decade – Shwaas (2004)". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013.
  11. ^ "No Indian entry this year for Oscars". The Times of India. The Times Group. 28 September 2003. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013.
  12. ^ "Nominations for India". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013.
  13. ^ "National Film Awards jury's new plans for Oscars". CNN-IBN. 7 September 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.
  14. ^ Dubey, Bharti (23 September 2012). "Barfi! to represent India at Oscars". The Times of India. The Times Group. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012.
  15. ^ "Kamal Haasan's Biography". Koimoi. Archived from the original on 3 May 2016.
  16. ^ "Raghubir Yadav Has A Unique Connection With Oscars, 'Newton' Is His 8th Entry To Academy Awards". India Times. Retrieved 18 September 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ Pratibha (10 July 2010). "Hey Ram is my discovery of Gandhi: Kamal". The Times of India. The Times Group. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.
  18. ^ a b Aḵẖtar, Jāvīd; Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2002). Talking Films: Conversations on Hindi Cinema with Javed Akhtar. Oxford University Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-19-566462-1. Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. most of the writers working in this so-called Hindi cinema write in Urdu: Gulzar, or Rajinder Singh Bedi or Inder Raj Anand or Rahi Masoom Raza or Wajahat Mirza
  19. ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  20. ^ "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014.
  21. ^ a b Saxena, Kashika (25 September 2012). "India's Oscar race: Losers weepers?". The Times of India. The Times Group. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013.
  22. ^ "The Good Road nominated as India's entry for Oscars". The Hindu. 21 September 2013. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013.
  23. ^ Soman, Deepa (24 September 2014). "Geethu mohandas' Liar's Dice is India's official entry to the Oscars!". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014.
  24. ^ "Court is India's official entry for Oscars". Indian Express. 23 September 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.
  25. ^ "'Visaranai' falls out of the Oscar race". Times of India. 16 December 2016. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017.
  26. ^ "'Newton' is India's official entry to Oscars 2018". The Times of India. 22 September 2017. Archived from the original on 24 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Rima Das' Village Rockstars is India's Official Entry to Oscars 2019". News 18. 22 September 2018. Archived from the original on 22 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  28. ^ "Zoya Akhtar's 'Gully Boy' is India's official entry for the Oscars". The Hindu. 21 September 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  29. ^ Pooja Pillai (25 November 2020). "Malayalam film sallikattu is India's entry for Oscars 2021". Indian Express.