The Soviet Union submitted films for the Academy Award for Best International Feature Film[nb 1] between 1963 and 1991. The Foreign Language Film award is handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.
Each year, the Academy invites countries to submit their best films for competition, with only one film being accepted from each country. The Soviet Union had a strong record in the category, receiving a total of nine nominations between 1968–1984, including three winners – War and Peace, Dersu Uzala and Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears. Eight of the nominees, including all three winners, were produced by Russian film studios. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, films representing the Russian Federation won a further seven nominations, including one Oscar win for Burnt by the Sun.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1956. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films. Following this, they vote via secret ballot to determine the five nominees for the award. Below is a list of the films that have been submitted by the Soviet Union for review by the Academy since 1963. All Soviet submissions were filmed mostly in Russian except for 1987's Georgian language Repentance.
Among the submissions were two films that sat on the shelf for several years awaiting approval from Soviet censors (1987–1988), a Japanese co-production (1975) and a documentary (1981). During Soviet times, all the constituent republics were joined as one nation, and it was routine for productions to have cast and crew from throughout the country. However, each republic had its own film studios, and the "Republic of Production" indicates the republic of the film studio that produced the film.
|Film title used in nomination||Russian title||Director||Republic of production||Result|
|My Name is Ivan||Иваново детство||Andrei Tarkovsky||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|War and Peace||Война и мир||Sergei Bondarchuk||Russian SFSR||Won Academy Award|
|The Brothers Karamazov||Братья Карамазовы||Kirill Lavrov, Ivan Pyryev
& Mikhail Ulyanov
|Tchaikovsky||Чайкoвский||Igor Talankin||Russian SFSR||Nominated|
|The Dawns Here Are Quiet||А зори здесь тихие||Stanislav Rostotsky||Russian SFSR||Nominated|
|Liberation||Освобождение||Yuri Ozerov (director)||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|The Ferocious One||Лютый||Tolomush Okeyev|| Kirghiz SSR
|Dersu Uzala||Дерсу Узала||Akira Kurosawa||Russian SFSR||Won Academy Award|
|They Fought for Their Country||Они сражались за родину||Sergei Bondarchuk||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|The Ascent||Восхождение||Larisa Shepitko||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|White Bim Black Ear||Белый Бим Черное ухо||Stanislav Rostotsky||Russian SFSR||Nominated|
|Autumn Marathon||Осенний марафон||Georgiy Daneliya||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears||Москва слезам не верит||Vladimir Menshov||Russian SFSR||Won Academy Award|
|O, Sport, You – the Peace!||О спорт, ты – мир!||Yuri Ozerov (director)||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|Private Life||Частная жизнь||Yuli Raizman||Russian SFSR||Nominated|
|Vassa||Васса||Gleb Panfilov||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|Wartime Romance||Военно-полевой роман||Pyotr Todorovsky||Ukrainian SSR||Nominated|
|Come and See||Иди и смотри||Elem Klimov|| Byelorussian SSR
|Wild Pigeon||Чужая белая и рябой||Sergei Solovyov||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|Repentance||Покаяние||Tengiz Abuladze||Georgian SSR||Not Nominated|
|Commissar||Комиссар||Aleksandr Askoldov||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|Zerograd||Город Зеро||Karen Shakhnazarov||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|Taxi Blues||Такси-блюз||Pavel Lungin||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|
|Get Thee Out||Изыди!||Dmitriy Astrakhan||Russian SFSR||Not Nominated|