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Arts media are the materials and tools used by an artist, composer or designer to create a work of art,[1] for example, "pen and ink" where the pen is the tool and the ink is the material. The following lists types of art and the media each uses.

Architecture

Main articles: Outline of architecture and Building material

Carpentry

Further information: List of woods

Ceramics

Main article: Ceramic art

Drawing

Main article: Outline of drawing and drawings

Common drawing materials

Common supports (surfaces) for drawing

Common drawing tools and methods

Electronic

Main articles: Electronic art, Digital art, and Electronic media

Film

Main articles: Outline of film and Cinematic techniques

Film, as a form of mass communication, is itself also considered a medium in the sense used by fields such as sociology and communication theory (see also mass media). These two definitions of medium, while they often overlap, are different from one another: television, for example, utilizes the same types of artistic media as film, but may be considered a different medium from film within communication theory.[2]

Food

Main article: Culinary art

A chef's tools and equipment, including ovens, stoves, grills, and griddles. Specialty equipment may be used, including salamanders, French tops, woks, tandoors, and induction burners.

Glass

Glassblowing, Glass fusing, colouring and marking methods.

Installation

Main article: Installation art

Further information: Lighting designer

Installation art is a site-specific form of sculpture that can be created with any material. An installation can occupy a large amount of space, create an ambience, transform/disrupt the space, exist in the space. One way to distinguish an installation from a sculpture (this may not apply to every installation) is to try to imagine it in a different space. If the objects present difficulties in a different space than the original, it is probably an installation.

Literature

Main articles: Literature and Writing implement

Traditional writing media

Common bases for writing

Natural world

Main articles: Gardening and Landscape architecture

Painting

Main article: Outline of painting

Common paint media

Uncommon paint media

Supports for painting

Common tools and methods

Mural techniques

Muralists use many of the same media as panel painters, but due to the scale of their works, use different techniques. Some such techniques include:

Graphic narrative media

Main article: Graphic narrative

Comics creators use many of the same media as traditional painters.

Performing arts

Main articles: Performing arts and Performance art

The performing arts is a form of entertainment that is created by the artist's own body, face and presence as a medium. There are many skills and genres of performance; dance, theatre and re-enactment being examples. Performance art is a performance that may not present a conventional formal linear narrative.

Photography

Main article: Outline of photography

In photography a photosensitive surface is used to capture an optical still image, usually utilizing a lens to focus light. Some media include:

Printmaking

In the art of printmaking, "media" tends to refer to the technique used to create a print. Common media include:

Sculpture

Main article: Outline of sculpture

In sculpting, a solid structure and textured surface is shaped or combined using substances and components, to form a three-dimensional object. The size of a sculptured work can be built very big and could be considered as architecture, although more commonly a large statue or bust, and can be crafted very small and intricate as jewellery, ornaments and decorative reliefs.

Materials

Carving media

Casting media

Modeling media

Assembled media

Finishing materials

Tools

Sound

Main articles: List of musical instruments and Music theory

The art of sound can be singular or a combination of speech or objects and crafted instruments, to create sounds, rhythms and music for a range of sonic hearing purposes. See also music and sound art.

Technical products

Further information: Industrial design, Product design, and Engineering

The use of technical products as an art medium is a merging of applied art and science, that may involve aesthetics, efficiency and ergonomics using various materials.

Textiles

In the art of textiles a soft and flexible material of fibers or yarn is formed by spinning wool, flax, cotton, or other material on a spinning wheel and crocheting, knitting, macramé (knotting), weaving, or pressing fibres together (felt) to create a work.

See also

References

  1. ^ Tate. "Medium – Art Term". Tate. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
  2. ^ Martin Lister; Jon Dovey; Seth Giddings; Iain Grant; Kieran Kelly. New Media: A Critical Introduction (PDF) (2nd ed.).