Hong Kong comprises the Kowloon peninsula and 263 islands over 500 m2 (5,400 sq ft),[1] the largest being Lantau Island and the second largest being Hong Kong Island. Ap Lei Chau is one of the most densely populated islands in the world.

Hong Kong Island is historically the political and commercial centre of Hong Kong. It was the site of the initial settlement of Victoria City, where the financial district of Central is now located. Most of the other islands are commonly referred to as the Outlying Islands.

Kowloon Peninsula, across Victoria Harbour from Hong Kong Island is another notable commercial centre in Hong Kong.

In terms of the districts of Hong Kong, while one of the 18 districts is called the Islands District, many islands of Hong Kong are actually not part of that district, which only consists of some twenty large and small islands in the southern and the south-western waters of Hong Kong. These islands belong to respective districts depending on their locations.

Peninsulas

Partial list of peninsulas - and the district they belong to:

Mainland

Hong Kong Island

Lantau Island

Former peninsulas

Islands

Partial list of islands - and the district they belong to:

Former islands

Largest islands

The following is a list of the largest islands of the territories, sorted by area (km2):[1]

  1. Lantau Island 147.16
  2. Hong Kong Island 78.52
  3. Lamma Island 13.74
  4. Chek Lap Kok - the site of the airport platform, 12.70 km2[needs update]
  5. Tsing Yi Island 10.69
  6. Kau Sai Chau 6.70
  7. Po Toi 3.69
  8. Cheung Chau 2.44
  9. Tung Lung Chau 2.42
  10. Crooked Island (Kat O) 2.35
  11. Wong Wan Chau (Double Island) 2.13
  12. Hei Ling Chau 1.93
  13. Tap Mun Chau (Grass Island) 1.69
  14. An artificial island for the Boundary Crossing Facilities and the southern entrance of the Tuen Mun–Chek Lap Kok Link Tunnel 1.50[4]
  15. Ap Lei Chau 1.30
  16. Tai A Chau 1.20
  17. Tung Ping Chau 1.16
  18. Peng Chau 0.97
  19. Ma Wan 0.97

Leung Shuen Wan was connected to the mainland in the 1970s to form the High Island Reservoir. It historically had an area of 8.511 km2 and was in 1960 the 4th largest island of Hong Kong.[5] At that time, the airport platform had not yet been built and the area of Tsing Yi increased later as a consequence of land reclamation.

The original Chek Lap Kok had an area of 3.02 km2[6] (other sources mention 2.8 km2).[7] By the time when the airport was open the size of the island was cited to be 1,248 hectares.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Lands Department (January 2017), Hong Kong Geographic Data (PDF), retrieved 2017-05-31
  2. ^ "Hong-Kong", Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. XII (9th ed.), 1881, p. 141.
  3. ^ "Three Runway System".
  4. ^ "Highways Department - Hong Kong Boundary Crossing Facilities (HKBCF)".
  5. ^ Chan, Tin-kuen, Anthony, "Parade for the queen: safeguarding the intangible heritage of the Tin Hau Sea Ritual in Leung Shuen Wan, Sai Kung", University of Hong Kong dissertation, 2006 Archived 2011-10-05 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Plant, G.W.; Covil, C.S.; Hughes, R.A.; Airport Authority Hong Kong (1998). Site Preparation for the New Hong Kong International Airport. Thomas Telford. ISBN 978-0-7277-2696-4.
  7. ^ "Antiquities and Monuments Office: Chek Lap Kok Island and its history". Archived from the original on 2017-08-12. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
  8. ^ "New Airport".