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In Ancient Egyptian religion, Medjed is a god mentioned in the Book of the Dead. His ghost-like portrayal in illustrations on the Greenfield papyrus earned him popularity in modern Japanese culture, including as a character in video games and anime.
Spell 17 of the Book of the Dead mentions, amongst many other obscure gods, one Medjed (meaning "The Smiter"), in the following line:
E.A. Wallis Budge translated the corresponding passage in the New Kingdom Papyri, known as the "Theban Recension of the Book of the Dead" as follows:
According to John Taylor of the British Museum, nothing else is known about Medjed.
Main article: Ancient Egyptian deities in popular culture § Medjed
In the illustration to the spell on sheet 76 of the Greenfield papyrus, a figure thought to be Medjed is depicted as a figure in a conical covering, except for the eyes and feet. After this papyrus illustration was exhibited in 2012 at the Mori Art Museum in Tokyo and the Fukuoka Museum of Art, Medjed became a sensation on Japanese social media due to the resemblance to a ghost costume.
The god was embraced by Japanese popular culture. He became an internet meme, as well as a character in video games and in anime (e.g. as the protagonist of Kamigami no Ki, 2016).