100m race record holder Usain Bolt (in yellow) and other runners, Moscow, 2013.
Danish player Frederikke Lærke dives while Russian player Sofiya Lyshina looks on during a women's beach handball match, European Championships 2019.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sports:

Sport – a physical activity that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often engaged in competitively, sports can be played on land, in water and in the air.

What is a sport?

Sports can be described as all of the following:

Types of sports

List of sports

List of sports

Sport by region


West Africa
BeninBurkina FasoCape VerdeCôte d'IvoireGambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauLiberiaMaliMauritaniaNigerNigeriaSenegalSierra LeoneTogo
North Africa
AlgeriaEgyptLibyaMauritaniaMoroccoSudanTunisia • Western Sahara
Central Africa
AngolaBurundiCameroonCentral African RepublicChadThe Democratic Republic of the CongoEquatorial GuineaGabon • Republic of the Congo • RwandaSão Tomé and Príncipe
East Africa
Burundi • Comoros • DjiboutiEritreaEthiopiaKenyaMadagascarMalawiMauritiusMozambiqueRwandaSeychellesSomaliaTanzaniaUgandaZambiaZimbabwe
Southern Africa
Botswana • Eswatini • LesothoNamibiaSouth Africa
Mayotte (France)St. Helena (UK)PuntlandSomaliland • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic




Central Asia
East Asia
Hong Kong[3]Macau[4]
JapanNorth KoreaSouth KoreaMongoliaTaiwan[5]
North Asia
Southeast Asia[7]
BruneiBurma (Myanmar)Cambodia[8]East Timor (Timor-Leste)[9]Indonesia[10]LaosMalaysiaPhilippinesSingaporeThailandVietnam
South Asia
AfghanistanBangladeshBhutanIranMaldivesNepalPakistanSri Lanka
West Asia
Armenia[12]Azerbaijan[13]BahrainCyprus[14] (including disputed Northern Cyprus) • Georgia[15]IraqIsraelJordanKuwaitLebanonOmanPalestine[16]QatarSaudi ArabiaSyriaTurkey[17]United Arab EmiratesYemen

Caucasus (a region considered to be in both Asia and Europe, or between them)

North Caucasus
Parts of Russia (Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Adyghea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai)
South Caucasus
Georgia (including disputed Abkhazia, South Ossetia) • ArmeniaAzerbaijan (including disputed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic)


Akrotiri and Dhekelia • ÅlandAlbaniaAndorraArmeniaAustriaAzerbaijanBelarusBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBulgariaCroatiaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFaroe IslandsFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGibraltarGreeceGuernseyHungaryIcelandIrelandIsle of ManItalyJerseyKazakhstanKosovoLatviaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourg • Macedonia • MaltaMoldova (including disputed Transnistria) • MonacoMontenegroNetherlandsNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaRussiaSan MarinoSerbiaSlovakiaSloveniaSpain • Svalbard • SwedenSwitzerlandTurkeyUkraine
United Kingdom
England (Birmingham, Bristol, Cornwall, London, Milton Keynes, Sussex, Worthing) • Northern Ireland (Belfast) • Scotland (Glasgow) • Wales (Cardiff)
Vatican City
European Union

North America

GreenlandMexicoSaint Pierre and Miquelon
United States
Alabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Montana • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming
District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.)
Central America
BelizeCosta RicaEl SalvadorGuatemalaHondurasNicaraguaPanama
AnguillaAntigua and Barbuda • Aruba • BahamasBarbadosBermudaBritish Virgin IslandsCayman IslandsCubaDominicaDominican RepublicGrenadaHaitiJamaicaMontserratNetherlands AntillesPuerto RicoSaint BarthélemySaint Kitts and NevisSaint Lucia • Saint Martin • Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesTrinidad and TobagoTurks and Caicos IslandsUnited States Virgin Islands
Oceania (includes the continent of Australia)
Australia (Brisbane, Sydney)
Dependencies/Territories of Australia
Christmas Island[19] • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Norfolk Island
New Zealand[20]
FijiIndonesia (Oceanian part only)[22] • New Caledonia (France) • Papua New Guinea[23]Solomon IslandsVanuatu
Federated States of MicronesiaGuam (US) • KiribatiMarshall IslandsNauruNorthern Mariana Islands (USA) • Palau • Wake Island (USA) •
American Samoa (USA) • Chatham Islands (NZ) • Cook Islands (NZ) • Easter Island (Chile) • French Polynesia (France) • Hawaii (USA) • Loyalty Islands (France) • Niue (NZ) • Pitcairn Islands (UK) • Adamstown • SamoaTokelau (NZ) • TongaTuvalu • Wallis and Futuna (France)

South America

ArgentinaBoliviaBrazilChileColombiaEcuadorFalkland IslandsGuyanaParaguayPeruSurinameUruguayVenezuela

South Atlantic

Ascension Island • Saint Helena • Tristan da Cunha

History of sports

History of sports

Recreational sporting


Sports in court

American football
Association football
Other sports

Sports training and nutrition

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2017)

Muscles training

Sports nutrition

Sports medicine

Sports medicine

Sports and media

Sports magazines

Sports television programs

Sports ethics and conduct

Sports participants

See also: List of sportspeople

Sports venues

Sport venue

Sports venue features

Sports equipment

Game play

Sports management

Sport management

Sports culture

Sports and politics

Politics and sports

Sporting events

Sports governing bodies

Sports governing body

See also: List of international sport federations

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2009)

World governing bodies of various notable sports:

Sociology of sport

Main article: Sociology of sport

The sociology of sport is a subfield of sociology which aims to study sports through the lens of interactions between different groups and cultures.[25] The field has also investigated how various gender divides in sports can influence feminist movements.[26]

Sport psychology

Main article: Sport psychology

Sport psychology is the study of how psychological factors can impact engagement in professional and recreational sports, as well as how sports impact an athlete's psychological state.[27] After becoming popular in the early 20th century, it is now a recognized scientific field which is relevant to many different sports.[28] Modern sports psychologists often use a combination of goal setting, visualization techniques and preperformance routines to help athletes achieve their goals.[29][30][31]

See also

Sports-related outlines


  1. ^   Kazakhstan is sometimes considered a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for Asian portion only.
  2. ^   The state is commonly known as simply "China", which is subsumed by the eponymous entity and civilization (China).
  3. ^   Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC.
  4. ^   Macau is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC.
  5. ^   Under the de facto control of the Republic of China (ROC) government, commonly referred to as Taiwan. Claimed in whole by the PRC; see political status of Taiwan.
  6. ^   Russia is a transcontinental country; population and area figures are for Asian portion only.
  7. ^ Excludes Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australian external territories in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia).
  8. ^ General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, released 3 September 2008
  9. ^   East Timor is often considered a transcontinental country in Southeastern Asia and Oceania.
  10. ^   Indonesia is often considered a transcontinental country in Southeastern Asia and Oceania
  11. ^   Includes Jammu and Kashmir, a contested territory among India, Pakistan, and the PRC.
  12. ^   Armenia is sometimes considered a transcontinental country physiographically in Western Asia, it has historical and sociopolitical connections with Europe.
  13. ^   Azerbaijan is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for Asian portion only. Figures include Nakhchivan, an autonomous exclave of Azerbaijan bordered by Armenia, Iran, and Turkey.
  14. ^   The island of Cyprus is sometimes considered a transcontinental territory in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey, it has historical and socio-political connections with Europe. The U.N. considers Cyprus to be in Western Asia, while the C.I.A. considers it to be in the Middle East.
  15. ^   Georgia is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for the Asian portion only.
  16. ^   Gaza and West Bank, collectively referred to as the "Occupied Palestinian Territory" by the UN, are territories partially occupied by Israel but under de facto administration of the Palestinian National Authority.
  17. ^   Turkey is generally considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Southern Europe; population and area figures are for Asian portion only, excluding all of Istanbul.
  18. ^ The use and scope of this term varies. The UN designation for this subregion is "Australia and New Zealand."
  19. ^ Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Australian external territories in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia.
  20. ^ New Zealand is often considered part of Polynesia rather than Australasia.
  21. ^ Excludes parts of Indonesia, island territories in Southeast Asia (UN region) frequently reckoned in this region.
  22. ^ Indonesia is generally considered a territory of Southeastern Asia (UN region); wholly or partially, it is also frequently included in Australasia or Melanesia. Figures include Indonesian portion of New Guinea (Irian Jaya) and Maluku Islands.
  23. ^ Papua New Guinea is often considered part of Australasia as well as Melanesia.
  24. ^ Excludes the US state of Hawaii, which is distant from the North American landmass in the Pacific Ocean, and Easter Island, a territory of Chile in South America.
  25. ^ Macri, Kenneth J. (2012). "Not Just a Game: Sport and Society in the United States". Inquiries Journal. 4 (8).
  26. ^ Hayhurst, Lyndsay MC (2011-04-01). "Corporatising Sport, Gender and Development: postcolonial IR feminisms, transnational private governance and global corporate social engagement". Third World Quarterly. 32 (3): 531–549. doi:10.1080/01436597.2011.573944. ISSN 0143-6597. S2CID 145619969.
  27. ^ Weinberg, Robert Stephen (2011). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Human Kinetics. ISBN 978-1-4504-0038-1.
  28. ^ Fuchs, Alfred H. (1998). "Psychology and "The Babe"". Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. 34 (2): 153–165. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6696(199821)34:2<153::AID-JHBS3>3.0.CO;2-T. ISSN 1520-6696. PMID 9580977.
  29. ^ Vealey, Robin S. (2005). Coaching for the Inner Edge. Fitness Information Technology. ISBN 978-1-885693-59-4.
  30. ^ Williams, Jean Marie (2006). Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-284383-5.
  31. ^ Ravizza K, Hanson T. (1995). Heads up baseball: Playing the game one pitch at a time. Lincolmwood, IL: Masters Press.