Dutch woman cycling with two young children, using a two-wheeled box-bike

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to cycling:

Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the activity of using / riding bicycles, (at least partially) human-powered, wheeled vehicles (typically by foot pedalling),[1] for purposes including transport, recreation, social interaction, exercise, sport, therapy, other purposes,[2] or any combination thereof.[3]

Persons engaged in cycling are called cyclists,[4] bikers, or sometimes bicyclists.[5] They typically either dress for where they are going, or for the cycling, sometimes having another set of clothing with them, or arranged.

Apart from regular two-wheeled bicycles, cycling also includes riding unicycles, tricycles, quadricycles, balance bikes, and other similar human-powered wheeled vehicles (HPVs).

Some bicycles are sold with (electric) motors (e-bikes), or other motor assistance.

Cycling is practiced either solo on the vehicle, or with company, including passengers, riding in front,[6] or sitting on the cycle's luggage carrier, or little children and/or pet animals in appropriate seats or such fixed to the bike, or occasionally actually riding with more than one person, cooperatively, on anything from a simple twin / tandem bicycle, to a multi-person party bike.

Cycling is most frequently practiced on-road, but also off-road, either mixed with other traffic, or on distinct cycle lanes, separate, segregated, cycle tracks, or for unattended young children, and in some countries also for adults, on the pedestrians' pavement.

What is cycling?

Cycling in Amsterdam

Cycling can be described as all of the following:

Cycling equipment

The first piece of equipment is a bicycle (see Outline of bicycles).

Some jurisdictions require these by law:

Used, but not always necessary:

Cycling law and safety

Main articles: Bicycle law and Bicycle safety

Health impact

Types of cycling

Cycling sport

Bicycle racing

Doping in cycling

Track cycling

Summer Olympics

Cycling infrastructure

Cycling infrastructure

Bike paths and trails

Bicycle sharing systems

Bicycle sharing system

Cycling by region

Cycling in the media

Cycling movements

Cycling clubs and organisations

Cycling clubs

Cycling organisations

History of cycling

History of road cycling

History of cycling at the Summer Olympics

Main article: Cycling at the Summer Olympics

History of cycling at the Pan American Games


Main article: Cycling at the Commonwealth Games

Notable cyclists

See also


  1. ^ but occasionally powered by the arms,
  2. ^ like walking your dog while riding,
  3. ^ Oxford English Dictionary (Second ed.). Oxford University Press. 1989. cycling: The action or activity of riding a bicycle etc.
  4. ^ Oxford English Dictionary (Second ed.). Oxford University Press. 1988. cyclist: One who rides a cycle or practises cycling.
  5. ^ Oxford English Dictionary (Second ed.). Oxford University Press. 1989. bicyclist: One who rides a bicycle.
  6. ^ for instance in the box of a cargo bike,
  7. ^ a b Richard Madden (December 15, 2003). "London: How cyclists around the world put a spoke in the motorist's wheel". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Archived from the original on May 29, 2012.