Sprint (track cycling)
at the Olympic Games
Paul Masson, Athens 1896.jpg
The first individual sprint winner, Paul Masson, in 1896
Overview
SportCycling
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 18961900, 1908, 19202016
Women: 19882016
Reigning champion
Men Jason Kenny (GBR)
Women Kristina Vogel (GER)

The individual sprint is a track cycling event held at the Summer Olympics. The event was first held for men at the first modern Olympics in 1896. It was held again in 1900, but not in 1904 when various races at different distances were conducted. The men's sprint returned to the programme in 1908 but was again omitted in 1912, when only road cycling competitions were held. After World War I, the men's sprint returned to the programme for good in 1920 and has been held every Games since. The women's sprint was added when women's track cycling was first held in 1988 and has been held every Games since.

Medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
Paul Masson
 France
Stamatios Nikolopoulos
 Greece
Léon Flameng
 France
1900 Paris
details
Albert Taillandier
 France
Fernand Sanz
 France
John Henry Lake
 United States
1908 London
details
Not awarded Not awarded Not awarded
1920 Antwerp
details
Maurice Peeters
 Netherlands
Thomas Johnson
 Great Britain
Harry Ryan
 Great Britain
1924 Paris
details
Lucien Michard
 France
Jacob Meijer
 Netherlands
Jean Cugnot
 France
1928 Amsterdam
details
Roger Beaufrand
 France
Antoine Mazairac
 Netherlands
Willy Hansen
 Denmark
1932 Los Angeles
details
Jacobus van Egmond
 Netherlands
Louis Chaillot
 France
Bruno Pellizzari
 Italy
1936 Berlin
details
Toni Merkens
 Germany
Arie van Vliet
 Netherlands
Louis Chaillot
 France
1948 London
details
Mario Ghella
 Italy
Reg Harris
 Great Britain
Axel Schandorff
 Denmark
1952 Helsinki
details
Enzo Sacchi
 Italy
Lionel Cox
 Australia
Werner Potzernheim
 Germany
1956 Melbourne
details
Michel Rousseau
 France
Guglielmo Pesenti
 Italy
Dick Ploog
 Australia
1960 Rome
details
Sante Gaiardoni
 Italy
Leo Sterckx
 Belgium
Valentino Gasparella
 Italy
1964 Tokyo
details
Giovanni Pettenella
 Italy
Sergio Bianchetto
 Italy
Daniel Morelon
 France
1968 Mexico City
details
Daniel Morelon
 France
Giordano Turrini
 Italy
Pierre Trentin
 France
1972 Munich
details
Daniel Morelon
 France
John Nicholson
 Australia
Omar Pkhakadze
 Soviet Union
1976 Montreal
details
Anton Tkáč
 Czechoslovakia
Daniel Morelon
 France
Jürgen Geschke
 East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Lutz Heßlich
 East Germany
Yavé Cahard
 France
Sergei Kopylov
 Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Mark Gorski
 United States
Nelson Vails
 United States
Tsutomu Sakamoto
 Japan
1988 Seoul
details
Lutz Heßlich
 East Germany
Nikolai Kovsh
 Soviet Union
Gary Neiwand
 Australia
1992 Barcelona
details
Jens Fiedler
 Germany
Gary Neiwand
 Australia
Curt Harnett
 Canada
1996 Atlanta
details
Jens Fiedler
 Germany
Marty Nothstein
 United States
Curt Harnett
 Canada
2000 Sydney
details
Marty Nothstein
 United States
Florian Rousseau
 France
Jens Fiedler
 Germany
2004 Athens
details
Ryan Bayley
 Australia
Theo Bos
 Netherlands
René Wolff
 Germany
2008 Beijing
details
Chris Hoy
 Great Britain
Jason Kenny
 Great Britain
Mickaël Bourgain
 France
2012 London
details
Jason Kenny
 Great Britain
Grégory Baugé
 France
Shane Perkins
 Australia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Jason Kenny
 Great Britain
Callum Skinner
 Great Britain
Denis Dmitriev
 Russia
2020 Tokyo
details
Harrie Lavreysen
 Netherlands
Jeffrey Hoogland
 Netherlands
Jack Carlin
 Great Britain

Multiple medalists

Rank Cyclist Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Daniel Morelon  France (FRA) 1964–1976 2 1 1 4
2 Jason Kenny  Great Britain (GBR) 2008–2016 2 1 0 3
3 Jens Fiedler  Germany (GER) 1992–2000 2 0 1 3
4 Lutz Heßlich  East Germany (GDR) 1980–1988 2 0 0 2
5 Marty Nothstein  United States (USA) 1996–2000 1 1 0 2
6 Gary Neiwand  Australia (AUS) 1988–1992 0 1 1 2
Louis Chaillot  France (FRA) 1932–1936 0 1 1 2
8 Curt Harnett  Canada (CAN) 1992–1996 0 0 2 2

Medalists by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  France (FRA) 7 6 6 20
2  Italy (ITA) 4 3 2 9
3  Netherlands (NED) 3 5 0 8
4  Great Britain (GBR) 3 4 2 9
5  Germany (GER) 3 0 3 6
6  United States (USA) 2 2 1 5
7  East Germany (GDR) 2 0 1 3
8  Australia (AUS) 1 3 3 7
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 0 0 1
10  Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 2 3
11  Belgium (BEL) 0 1 0 1
 Greece (GRE) 0 1 0 1
13  Canada (CAN) 0 0 2 2
 Denmark (DEN) 0 0 2 2
15  Japan (JPN) 0 0 1 1
 Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1988 Seoul
details
Erika Salumäe
 Soviet Union
Christa Luding-Rothenburger
 East Germany
Connie Paraskevin
 United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Erika Salumäe
 Estonia
Annett Neumann
 Germany
Ingrid Haringa
 Netherlands
1996 Atlanta
details
Felicia Ballanger
 France
Michelle Ferris
 Australia
Ingrid Haringa
 Netherlands
2000 Sydney
details
Felicia Ballanger
 France
Oxana Grichina
 Russia
Iryna Yanovych
 Ukraine
2004 Athens
details
Lori-Ann Muenzer
 Canada
Tamilla Abassova
 Russia
Anna Meares
 Australia
2008 Beijing
details
Victoria Pendleton
 Great Britain
Anna Meares
 Australia
Guo Shuang
 China
2012 London
details
Anna Meares
 Australia
Victoria Pendleton
 Great Britain
Guo Shuang
 China
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Kristina Vogel
 Germany
Becky James
 Great Britain
Katy Marchant
 Great Britain
2020 Tokyo
details
Kelsey Mitchell
 Canada
Olena Starikova
 Ukraine
Lee Wai-sze
 Hong Kong

Multiple medalists

Rank Cyclist Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Erika Salumäe  Soviet Union (URS)
 Estonia (EST)
1988–1992 2 0 0 2
Felicia Ballanger  France (FRA) 1996–2000 2 0 0 0
3 Anna Meares  Australia (AUS) 2004–2012 1 1 1 3
4 Victoria Pendleton  Great Britain (GBR) 2008–2012 1 1 0 2
5 Ingrid Haringa  Netherlands (NED) 1992–1996 0 0 2 2
Guo Shuang  China (CHN) 2008–2012 0 0 2 2

Medalists by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Canada (CAN) 2 0 0 2
 France (FRA) 2 0 0 2
3  Australia (AUS) 1 2 1 4
4  Great Britain (GBR) 1 2 1 4
5  Germany (GER) 1 1 0 2
6  Estonia (EST) 1 0 0 1
 Soviet Union (URS) 1 0 0 1
8  Russia (RUS) 0 2 0 2
9  Ukraine (UKR) 0 1 1 2
10  East Germany (GDR) 0 1 0 1
11  China (CHN) 0 0 2 2
 Netherlands (NED) 0 0 2 2
13  Hong Kong (HKG) 0 0 1 1

Intercalated Games

The 1906 Intercalated Games were held in Athens and at the time were officially recognised as part of the Olympic Games series, with the intention being to hold a games in Greece in two-year intervals between the internationally held Olympics. However, this plan never came to fruition and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) later decided not to recognise these games as part of the official Olympic series. Some sports historians continue to treat the results of these games as part of the Olympic canon.[1]

Francesco Verri of Italy won the 1906 title, with Bert Bouffler of Great Britain in second and Eugène Debongnie of Belgium third.

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1906 Athens
details
 Francesco Verri (ITA)  Bert Bouffler (GBR)  Eugène Debongnie (BEL)

References

  1. ^ 1906 Athina Summer Games. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 26 January 2014.