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Segol
ֶ
IPA ɛ
Transliteration e
English example bed
Same sound tzere
Example
שֶׁל
The word for of in Hebrew, shel. The triangular array of three dots under the letter Shin form the segol.
Other Niqqud
Shva · Hiriq · Tzere · Segol · Patach · Kamatz · Holam · Dagesh · Mappiq · Kubutz and Shuruk · Rafe · Sin/Shin Dot

Segol (modern Hebrew: סֶגּוֹלIPA: [seˈɡol]; formerly סְגוֹל‎, səḡôl) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign that is represented by three dots forming an upside down equilateral triangle "ֶ ". As such, it resembles an upside down therefore sign (a because sign) underneath a letter. In modern Hebrew, it indicates the phoneme /e/ which is similar to "e" in the English word sound in sell and is transliterated as an e.

In Modern Hebrew, segol makes the same sound as tzere, as does the Hataf Segol (Hebrew: חֲטַף סֶגּוֹל   IPA: [ħaˈtaf seˈɡol], "Reduced Segol"). The reduced (or ħataf) niqqud exist for segol, patah, and kamatz which contain a shva next to it.

Pronunciation

The following table contains the pronunciation and transliteration of the different segols in reconstructed historical forms and dialects using the International Phonetic Alphabet.

The letters Bet ב‎⟩ and Het ח‎⟩ used in this table are only for demonstration; any letter can be used.

Symbol Name Pronunciation
Modern Ashkenazi Sephardi Yemenite Tiberian Reconstructed
Mishnaic Biblical
בֶ Segol [] [e̞] [e̞] [a] [ɛ, ɛː] ? [ɛ]
בֶיבֶהבֶא Segol Male [] [e̞] [e̞] [a] [ɛː] ? [ɛː, ɛj]
חֱ Hataf Segol [] [e̞] [e̞] [a] [ɛ̆] ? [ɛ]

In addition, a letter with a segol or tzere with a succeeding yod often makes the "ei" (also spelled "ey") sound such as in they or tape.

Vowel length comparison

By adding two vertical dots (shva), the vowel can be made very short. However, the vowels lengths are not manifested in Modern Hebrew.

Vowel comparison table
Vowel length IPA Transliteration English
example
Long Short Very Short
ֵ ֶ ֱ [] e temp
Tzere Segol Reduced Segol

Unicode encoding

Glyph Unicode Name
ֶ U+05B6 SEGOL
ֱ U+05B1 HATEF SEGOL