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South Carolina Educational Television
South Carolina Educational Television logo.png
Channels
BrandingSCETV
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
OwnerSouth Carolina Educational Television Commission
South Carolina Public Radio
History
First air date
September 8, 1958 (64 years ago) (1958-09-08)
NET (1963–1970)
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility IDsee table below
ERPsee table below
HAATsee table below
Transmitter coordinatessee table below
Links
Public license information
Websitewww.scetv.org

South Carolina Educational Television (branded as South Carolina ETV, SCETV or simply ETV) is a state network of Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television stations serving the U.S. state of South Carolina. It is owned and operated by the South Carolina Educational Television Commission, an agency of the state government which holds the licenses for all of the PBS member stations licensed in the state. The broadcast signals of the eleven television stations cover almost all of the state, as well as parts of North Carolina and Georgia.

The network's primary operations are located on George Rogers Boulevard in Columbia, across from Williams-Brice Stadium on the campus of the University of South Carolina; SCETV operates satellite studios in Spartanburg, Sumter and Rock Hill.

History

SCETV's first telecast in 1958, from Dreher High School.
SCETV's first telecast in 1958, from Dreher High School.

The state network began in 1957, after the South Carolina General Assembly authorized a study in the use of instructional television in the state's public schools. A studio was opened in the library of Dreher High School in Columbia, South Carolina. The first telecourses (a French course taught by Madame Lucille Turney-High and a geometry course taught by Cornelia Turnbull) aired on September 8, 1958 via closed circuit television.[1] By action of the South Carolina General Assembly, The South Carolina ETV Commission was created as a state agency and began operations on July 1, 1960, and by 1962 it extended closed-circuit, classroom television service to all 46 South Carolina counties.

In 1963, the Commission launched the first open-circuit (broadcast) educational station in South Carolina, WNTV in Greenville. One year later, WITV in Charleston signed on. Two years later, WRLK-TV in Columbia, made its debut. The network grew to eleven television transmitters covering all of the state. After years of receiving NET and PBS programs on tape delay, it entered PBS' satellite network in 1978. In 2000, SCETV broadcast the first digital television program in the state. Since 2003, the state network identifies on-air as simply "ETV."

Station identification for ETV HD (circa 2009).
Station identification for ETV HD (circa 2009).

The Commission entered public radio in 1972, when WEPR in Clemson signed on the air (WEPR later moved its city of license to Greenville). The state radio network eventually expanded to eight stations and was called the South Carolina Educational Radio Network (SCERN) until 2003, when it was renamed ETV Radio. While "ETV" generally refers to television, SCETV viewed "ETV" as a general brand name for both its radio and television properties. In 2015, however, the radio network rebranded as South Carolina Public Radio.

R. Lynn Kalmbach was selected as the network's project director in 1958 and led it until his death in 1965. Henry J. Cauthen became ETV's president and general manager and served in numerous leadership roles developing American public broadcasting, including chair of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB). Cauthen retired in 1997. Paul Amos took the helm as ETV's third president in 1998 until his death in 2000. Maurice "Moss" Bresnahan joined ETV as president and CEO from 2001 to 2008. David Crouch served as interim president in 2009. Linda O'Bryon served as president from 2010 to 2017. Anthony Padgett is the current president and CEO.[2]

Digital TV era

Despite the DTV Delay Act national transition extension to June 12, 2009, SCETV discontinued the analog signals of its 11 full-power stations February 18, 2009.

Each station's post-transition digital allocations and the FCC Repack Plan (2017) are as follows:

Call Letters Initial Analog
Channel
Pre-Transition
Digital Channel[3]
Post-Transition
Digital Channel
FCC Repack
Plan (2017)[4]
WEBA-TV 14 33 33 21
WHMC 23 9 9 11 (28)
WITV 7 49 7 9 (24)
WJPM-TV 33 45 45 16
WJWJ-TV 16 44 44 32
WNEH 38 18 18 26
WNSC-TV 30 15 15 34
WNTV 29 9 9 8
WRET-TV 49 43 43 8 (shared with WNTV)
WRJA-TV 27 28 28 29
WRLK-TV 35 32 32 33

On April 13, 2017, the FCC identified SCETV will be compensated $43.2 million to have WRET-TV go off-the-air as part of the Spectrum auction.[5] WRET will relinquish RF 43 and go into a channel sharing arrangement with WNTV, starting on January 23, 2018. On August 30, 2017, PBS Kids was added on new subchannel .4 and online.[6][7]

On October 31, 2017, SCETV submitted an application to change the digital terrestrial signal of WITV from channel 7 (VHF) to channel 24 (UHF); the changeover was scheduled to take place between May and July 2020.[8][9]

Commission

There are nine members of the ETV Commission. Eight are appointed by the Governor for six-year terms—one from each Congressional District and one from the State at-large who serves as Chairman. The ninth member is the State Superintendent of Education who is ex-officio.[10]

Network

SCETV's television network consists of 11 digital transmitters that cover almost all of South Carolina, as well as eastern portions of Georgia (including Augusta and Savannah) and southern portions of North Carolina (including Charlotte and Asheville). SCETV's headquarters and main production facility is located in Columbia, with production facilities in Rock Hill, Spartanburg and Sumter.

Regional television stations

SCETV initially planned to make all eleven of its television stations capable of airing local programming. Four full-fledged stations were built and staffed in Beaufort, Rock Hill, Spartanburg and Sumter before the idea was abandoned in the early 1980s. After a massive reduction in force in 2004, the stations were downgraded to production facilities. In 2012, WJWJ-TV in Beaufort was converted into a repeater of the network.[11]

The original plan was for each station to carry callsigns of the form WxTV, but after WNTV and WITV signed on it was determined that there were not enough such callsigns available.[12] Beginning with the third station, WRLK-TV in Columbia, most of the remaining callsigns represent prominent officials who either supported SCETV or represented the station's coverage area.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap  Download coordinates as: KML
SCETV stations
Station City of license
Facility ID ERP HAAT Transmitter coordinates First air date Public license information
WEBA-TV Allendale 14 (21) 61003 371 kW 240.4 m (788.7 ft) 33°11′16″N 81°23′49.5″W / 33.18778°N 81.397083°W / 33.18778; -81.397083 (WEBA-TV) September 5, 1967
WJWJ-TV Beaufort 16 (32) 61007 385 kW 365.5 m (1,199.1 ft) 32°42′42.5″N 80°40′53.8″W / 32.711806°N 80.681611°W / 32.711806; -80.681611 (WJWJ-TV) September 6, 1975
WITV Charleston 7 (24) 61005 1,000 kW 561.8 m (1,843.2 ft) 32°55′29″N 79°41′57″W / 32.92472°N 79.69917°W / 32.92472; -79.69917 (WITV) January 19, 1964
WRLK-TV Columbia 35 (33) 61013 281 kW 316.9 m (1,039.7 ft) 34°7′7″N 80°56′12.7″W / 34.11861°N 80.936861°W / 34.11861; -80.936861 (WRLK-TV) September 6, 1966
WHMC Conway 23 (28) 61004 950 kW 245.8 m (806.4 ft) 33°56′59″N 79°6′30″W / 33.94972°N 79.10833°W / 33.94972; -79.10833 (WHMC) September 2, 1980
WJPM-TV Florence 33 (16) 61008 67 kW 241.9 m (793.6 ft) 34°16′48.1″N 79°44′34.4″W / 34.280028°N 79.742889°W / 34.280028; -79.742889 (WJPM-TV) September 3, 1967
WNTV Greenville 29 (8) 61010 180 kW 389.3 m (1,277.2 ft) 34°56′28.4″N 82°24′37″W / 34.941222°N 82.41028°W / 34.941222; -82.41028 (WNTV) September 29, 1963
WNEH Greenwood 38 (26) 60931 147 kW 234.4 m (769.0 ft) 34°22′19.9″N 82°10′3.9″W / 34.372194°N 82.167750°W / 34.372194; -82.167750 (WNEH) September 10, 1984
WNSC-TV Rock Hill 30 (34) 61009 1,000 kW 209.9 m (688.6 ft) 34°50′23.3″N 81°1′6″W / 34.839806°N 81.01833°W / 34.839806; -81.01833 (WNSC-TV) January 3, 1978
WRET-TV Spartanburg 49 (8) 61011 180 kW 389.3 m (1,277.2 ft) 34°56′28.4″N 82°24′37″W / 34.941222°N 82.41028°W / 34.941222; -82.41028 (WNTV) September 8, 1980
WRJA-TV Sumter 27 (29) 61012 158.8 kW 354.6 m (1,163.4 ft) 33°52′52″N 80°16′14″W / 33.88111°N 80.27056°W / 33.88111; -80.27056 (WRJA-TV) September 7, 1975

Many of the stations have call signs named after former elected officials in the state. WRLK-TV was named after R. Lynn Kalmbach, the first general manager of ETV Commission,[12] while WRET-TV was named for Richard E. Tukey, the director of Spartanburg County's Chamber of Commerce from 1951 to 1979.[13][14] WJPM-TV, WJWJ-TV and WRJA-TV were all named after state legislators: WEBA-TV for Edgar Brown, WJPM-TV for James Pierce Mozingo III, WJWJ-TV for James M. Waddell, Jr.[15] and WRJA-TV for R. J. Aycock.[16][17]

WHMC used the callsign WIIB before sign-on.[18] WJWJ-TV (branded as "ETV Lowcountry") previously maintained a regional production facility which was closed down in 2012.[11] WNSC-TV (branded as "ETV Carolinas"), WRET-TV (branded as "ETV Upstate"), and WRJA-TV (branded as "ETV Sumter") are regional production facilities. The other six transmitters are full-time relays of WRLK (branded as "ETV Headquarters"). WRET-TV used the callsign WRTS-TV before sign-on.[14]

Digital television

SCETV offers four digital television services available over-the-air, and through the digital tiers of some cable television providers. ETV HD is the primary feed with high definition content from PBS and SCETV broadcast in the 1080i resolution format. The South Carolina Channel (SCC) carries the national Create service daily, with regionally produced documentary programs focusing on the Carolinas airing during the evening hours. ETV World (ETVW) provides live newscasts from Europe, notably from Germany's Deutsche Welle and the United Kingdom's BBC television networks, along with live coverage from the South Carolina State House. SCETV PBS Kids is the fourth channel, a 24/7 service also available online. SCC, ETVW and ETVK are transmitted in 480i standard definition.

Channel Res. Aspect Short name Programming[19]
xx.1 1080i 16:9 ETV Main SCETV programming / PBS
xx.2 480i SCC South Carolina Channel (local documentaries / Create from 12 midnight to 8 p.m.)
xx.3 ETVW ETV World (PBS West Coast feed and block programming from BBC, DW-TV and NHK World)
xx.4 ETVK PBS Kids Channel

Cable and satellite availability

SCETV's television network is carried on nearly every cable television provider in South Carolina. Additionally, Rock Hill's WNSC-TV is carried on Charter Spectrum's systems on the North Carolina side of the Charlotte market.

On DirecTV and Dish Network, WRLK-TV, WNTV, WITV, WNSC-TV, WJWJ-TV, WEBA-TV and WJPM-TV are respectively carried on the Columbia, Greenville/Spartanburg/Asheville, Charleston, Charlotte, Savannah, Augusta and Florence/Myrtle Beach local feeds. The South Carolina Channel, ETV World and SCETV PBS Kids have yet to be offered by satellite services.

Logos

SCETV original programming (current and past)

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Television programming

Historical: (partial)

References

  1. ^ ""In Our Schools" Features Finalists in Teacher of the Year Program". SCETV. April 9, 2013. Archived from the original on March 1, 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "SCETV Names New President | South Carolina ETV". Archived from the original on March 31, 2018. Retrieved July 22, 2022.
  3. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  4. ^ "RabbitEars.Info: Repack Plan for South Carolina ETC". April 13, 2017. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  5. ^ "FCC Broadcast Television Spectrum Incentive Auction" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. April 13, 2017. p. 1. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  6. ^ "Stations for Owner - South Carolina Educational Television Commission". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  7. ^ "SCETV Kids Goes 24/7". August 31, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  8. ^ "Modification of a DTV Station Construction, Permit Application #0000034488". Federal Communications Commission. October 31, 2017. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
  9. ^ "System Status". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "ETV Commission".
  11. ^ a b http://www.islandpacket.com/2012/02/02/1950600/wjwj-studios-close-for-financial.html
  12. ^ a b "A selection from a decade of visits to tower and studio sites in the Northeast and beyond". Fybush.com. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  13. ^ Davis, Kathleen (April 30, 1998). "S.C.'s 'secret weapon' lures industry to area". Spartanburg Herald-Journal.
  14. ^ a b "About ETV Upstate". South Carolina ETV. April 30, 2018.
  15. ^ "James Madison Waddell". The Greenville News. January 17, 2003.
  16. ^ "South Carolina Legislature Online - Member Biography". South Carolina Legislature.
  17. ^ "South Carolina Educational Television Commission Program Evaluation Report [July 2018]" (PDF). South Carolina House of Representatives.
  18. ^ "WHMC Facility Data". FCCData.
  19. ^ "Digital TV Market Listing for WEBA-TV". www.rabbitears.info. Retrieved December 1, 2022.
  20. ^ "ETV Lowcountry". South Carolina ETV. June 15, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  21. ^ "Carolina Classrooms".
  22. ^ "A Chef's Life".
  23. ^ "PBS Programs and Promotions Win 17 Daytime Emmy® Awards". PBS.
  24. ^ "Media Kit | Expeditions with Patrick McMillan | South Carolina ETV". Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  25. ^ SCETV Presents
  26. ^ "Making It Grow".
  27. ^ "Palmetto Scene".
  28. ^ "Reel South | South Carolina ETV". Archived from the original on August 31, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 3, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "NatureScene - South Carolina ETV - YouTube". YouTube.
  31. ^ "Primary Colors: The Story of Corita".
  32. ^ https://www.learner.org/catalog/producers/vvcreators[permanent dead link]