State of Malta
Stat ta’ Malta (Maltese)
|Motto: "Virtute et Constantia"|
"[By] virtue and constancy"
The Maltese Hymn
|Common languages||English • Maltese|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Maurice Henry Dorman|
|George Borg Olivier|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|21 September 1964|
|13 December 1974|
Maltese pound (1972–1974)
The State of Malta (Maltese: Stat ta’ Malta), commonly known as Malta, was the predecessor to the modern-day Republic of Malta. It existed between 21 September 1964 and 13 December 1974.
The Crown Colony of Malta became independent under the Malta Independence Act 1964 passed by the British Parliament. Under the new Constitution of Malta, approved in a referendum held in May of that year, Queen Elizabeth II became the queen of Malta (Maltese: Reġina ta' Malta). Her constitutional roles were delegated to the governor-general of Malta. Between 1964 and 1974, Elizabeth II visited Malta once, in November 1967.
The following governors-general held office in Malta between 1964 and 1974:
The following held office as prime minister (and head of government) of the State of Malta during this period:
On 13 December 1974, following amendments to the Constitution by the Labour government of Dom Mintoff, the monarchy was abolished and Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth with the function of head of state vested in a president appointed by Parliament. The last governor-general, Sir Anthony Mamo, was appointed the first president of Malta.