This article includes a list of references, related reading, or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
State of Malta
Stat ta’ Malta (Maltese)
Motto: Virtute et constantia (Latin)
"Strength and persistence"
Anthem: L-Innu Malti (Maltese)
"The Maltese Hymn"
Location of Malta in dark green
Location of Malta in dark green
Common languagesEnglish, Maltese
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• 1964–1974
Elizabeth II
• 1964–1971
Maurice Henry Dorman
• 1971–1974
Anthony Mamo
Prime Minister 
• 1964–1971
George Borg Olivier
• 1971–1974
Dominic Mintoff
Historical eraCold War
• Independence
21 September 1964
• Republic
13 December 1974
CurrencySterling (1964–1972)
Maltese pound (1972–1974)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Crown Colony of Malta

The State of Malta (Maltese: Stat ta’ Malta), commonly known as Malta, was the predecessor to the modern-day Republic of Malta. It existed between 21 September 1964 and 13 December 1974.

The Crown Colony of Malta became independent under the Malta Independence Act 1964 passed by the British Parliament. Under the new Constitution of Malta, approved in a referendum held in May of that year, Queen Elizabeth II became the queen of Malta (Maltese: Reġina ta' Malta). Her constitutional roles were delegated to the governor-general of Malta. Between 1964 and 1974, Elizabeth II visited Malta once, in November 1967.


The following governors-general held office in Malta between 1964 and 1974:

  1. Sir Maurice Henry Dorman (21 September 1964 – 4 July 1971)
  2. Sir Anthony Mamo (4 July 1971 – 13 December 1974)

Prime ministers

The following held office as prime minister (and head of government) of the State of Malta during this period:

  1. Giorgio Borġ Olivier (September 21, 1964 – 21 June 1971)
  2. Dom Mintoff (21 June 1971 – 22 December 1984)

Transition to republic

On 13 December 1974, following amendments to the Constitution by the Labour government of Dom Mintoff, the monarchy was abolished and Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth with the function of head of state vested in a president appointed by Parliament. The last governor-general, Sir Anthony Mamo, was appointed the first president of Malta.


35°53′N 14°27′E / 35.883°N 14.450°E / 35.883; 14.450