Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

This timeline of Islamic history relates the Gregorian and Islamic calendars in the history of Islam. This timeline starts with the lifetime of Muhammad, which is believed by non- Muslims to be when Islam started,[1] though not by Muslims.[2][3][4]

Broad periods (Gregorian and Islamic dates)

Muhammad and the Rashidun Caliphs
The Umayyad Caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate and its fragmentation, the Mamluk Sultanate, the Delhi Sultanate
Regional empires and dynasties (Ottoman Empire, Safavid Empire, Mughal Empire)
Final period of colonialism and time of postcolonial nation-states

Islamic centuries to Gregorian

Main article: Islamic calendar

Islamic centuries to corresponding Gregorian years[5]

See also


  1. ^ Watt, William Montgomery (2003). Islam and the Integration of Society. Psychology Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-415-17587-6. Archived from the original on 2017-01-14.
  2. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
  3. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  4. ^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
  5. ^ "URDU CALENDAR – ISLAMIC – GREGORIAN". Archived from the original on 2012-12-25.