A three-part abrogative referendum was held in Italy on 3 June 1990,[1][2] with two questions about hunting and one on health.

Turnout was low, with a 43% of the electors participating to the referendum. For the first time since the adoption of the Constitution in 1948, a referendum did not obtain the quorum, and all three were consequently declared null and void.[1]

Hunting referendums

The hunting abrogative referendums concerned two issues:

These referendums were the first ones ever proposed by the Italian Greens. Although both referendums had a "yes" victory with more than 90% of votes, they were annulled according to the Italian Constitution which wants a 50% of turnout for a valid referendum.

Repealing the law restricting hunting

Choice Votes %
Yes 17,802,465 92.2
No 1,504,502 7.8
Invalid/blank votes 952,757
Total 20,259,724 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,770,159 43.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Repealing the law allowing hunting on private properties

Choice Votes %
Yes 17,909,120 92.3
No 1,497,927 7.7
Invalid/blank votes 862,133
Total 20,269,180 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,770,159 43.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Use of pesticides referendum

The third abrogative referendum concerned the right of the Italian Ministry of Health to establish limits for pesticides. The Greens said that these limits was decided upon reasons of political friendship rather than upon scientific bases. Even this referendum, despite its 90% of "yes" votes, was annulled for its low turnout.

Choice Votes %
Yes 18,284,638 93.5
No 1,268,865 6.5
Invalid/blank votes 790,616
Total 20,344,119 100
Registered voters/turnout 46,770,159 43.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ a b Referendum 03/06/1990 Ministry of the Interior (in Italian)
  2. ^ La storia dei referendum abrogativi in Italia (in Italian)