Amputee football
Highest governing bodyWorld Amputee Football Federation
Characteristics
Team members7
TypeTeam sport, ball sport
EquipmentFootball (or soccer ball)
2017 European Amputee Football Championship final match between Turkey (red/black) and England. (blue).

Amputee football is a disabled sport played with seven players on each team (six outfield players and one goalkeeper). Outfield players have lower extremity amputations, and goalkeepers have an upper extremity amputation. Outfield players use loftstrand (forearm) crutches, and play without their prosthesis.

History

The beginnings of Amputee can be traced to Europe in the early 1900s.[1]The game which is played today, was created by Don Bennett, who was inspired from his accidental kick of a basketball on crutches in 1982.[2] In 1984 the first international amputee football tournament was held in Seattle.[2] With the help of soccer coach Bill Barry, beginning in 1985, Amputee Soccer International was established.[2] Through exhibition matches in the 1980s, the sport attracted media attention and gained popularity.[2]

In 2023, Marcin Oleksy from Warta Poznań, Poland became the first amputee footballer to win the FIFA Puskás Award for "most beautiful goal of the year" at The Best FIFA Football Awards 2022 ceremony.[3]

Around the world

There are several amputee football associations around the world. A couple examples of this are the England Amputee Association and The Irish Amputee Football Association.[4] Each organization promotes the advancement of the sport and that it gains more recognition. The England Amputee Football Association states their main goal on their website as: "The England Amputee Football Association's aim is to provide all amputees, people with congenital limb deficiencies and persons with restricted use of limbs, with the opportunity to play football locally, nationally and internationally."[5]

Main competitions

Amputee Football World Cup

Main article: Amputee Football World Cup

European Amputee Football Championship

Main article: European Amputee Football Championship

Other championships

Year Event Host Date Gold Silver Bronze
1999 1st Open European Championships Ukraine Kyiv  Brazil  Russia  Uzbekistan
2006 Volgograd Open Championships Russia Volgograd Sep 24 – 30  Russia  England  Uzbekistan
2007 1st All-Africa Amputee Soccer Tournament Sierra Leone Freetown February  Ghana  Liberia  Sierra Leone
2008 European Amputee Football Championship Turkey Istanbul Oct 2–10  Russia Turkey Turkey  England
2017 6th Amp Futbol Cup Poland Warsaw Jun 24–25  England  Poland  Japan

Rules

The official FIFA sanctioned rules are:[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "HISTORY OF AMPUTEE FOOTBALL – World Ampute Football Federation". Retrieved 2023-12-01.
  2. ^ a b c d "World Amputee Football Federation - History of the Game".
  3. ^ Summerscales, Robert (2023-02-12). "Polish Amputee Marcin Oleksy Wins 2022 FIFA Puskas Award". FanNation. Archived from the original on 2023-02-27. Retrieved 2023-02-27.
  4. ^ "Home". Irish Amputee Football Association. 2015-12-07. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  5. ^ "Home". Theeafa.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  6. ^ "Amputee football – The Rules of the Game". FIFA.com. 2016-02-04. Archived from the original on April 17, 2012. Retrieved 2016-02-18.