Netherlands versus Japan women's match at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London
Netherlands versus Japan women's match at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London

Sitting volleyball is a form of volleyball for athletes with a disability. As opposed to standing volleyball, sitting volleyball players must have at least one buttock in contact with the floor during the game.

History

Sitting volleyball was invented in the Netherlands by the Dutch Sport Committee in 1956 as a rehabilitation sport for injured soldiers. [1][2] In 1958, the first international sitting volleyball contact was held between Germany and Dutch clubteams.[3] It was created as a combination of volleyball and sitzball, a German sport with no net and seated players. Standing volleyball first appeared in the Toronto 1976 Paralympic games as a demonstration sport for athletes with impaired mobility, and both standing and sitting volleyball became officially included as medal sports in the Paralympic games at Arnhem in 1980. Women’s sitting volleyball was added for the Athens 2004 Paralympic Games. [4] After the London 2012 games, VolleySLIDE was founded by Matt Rogers to promote and develop the sport globally. [5] Eight men's and eight women's teams competed in the 2020 Tokyo Paralympic Games.[1]

Rules

Men's sitting volleyball match between a combined US Navy-Coast Guard team and the US Army
Men's sitting volleyball match between a combined US Navy-Coast Guard team and the US Army

See also: Sitting volleyball classification

In sitting volleyball, a 7-metre-long (23 ft), 0.8-metre-wide (2 ft 7 in) net is set at 1.15 metres (3.8 feet) high for men and 1.05 metres (3.4 feet) high for women. The court is 10 by 6 metres (33 by 20 feet) meters with a 2-metre (6.6-foot) attack line. The rules are the same as the original form of volleyball with the exceptions that players must have at least one buttock in contact with the floor whenever they make contact with the ball and it is also possible to block the serve.[6][self-published source][3] Athletes with the following disabilities are eligible to compete in sitting volleyball: athletes with amputations, spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, brain injuries and stroke. Classifications of these athletes by disability are placed into two categories: MD and D. MD stands for "Minimally Disabled," and D stands for “Disabled.” While Minimally Disabled athletes have lost only a fraction of their muscular strength and flexibility in a joint preventing them from successfully playing standing volleyball, Disabled athletes have lost all of their muscular strength and flexibility in that joint. Only two MD players are allowed on the roster for the Paralympic Games and only one is allowed on the court at a time; this is to keep the competition fair between rival teams. The rest of the team must be classified as D players.[3][7] Skills are largely identical to the sport of volleyball and the following game terminology apply:

Members

List also includes former members (national teams that took part in previous major tournaments).

List of sitting volleyball national teams[8]

Championships

Paralympics

See also: Volleyball at the Summer Paralympics

Sitting volleyball was first demonstrated at the Summer Paralympic Games in 1976 and was introduced as a full Paralympic event in 1980. The 2000 games was the last time standing volleyball appeared on the Paralympic programme. The women's sitting volleyball event introduction followed in the 2004 Paralympic Games.[6]

World ParaVolley (formerly WOVD) World Championships

Sitting

Men's Sitting - Past winners

[9]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
Netherlands 1983 Delden Netherlands Netherlands Germany Germany Finland Finland
Norway 1985 Kristiansand Iran Iran Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Netherlands Netherlands
Hungary 1986 Pécs Iran Iran Hungary Hungary Netherlands Netherlands
United States 1989 Las Vegas Netherlands Netherlands Hungary Hungary Germany Germany
Netherlands 1990 Assen Iran Iran Netherlands Netherlands Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Germany 1994 Bottrop Iran Iran Norway Norway Netherlands Netherlands
Iran 1998 Tehran Iran Iran Finland Finland Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Egypt 2002 Cairo Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany Germany Iran Iran
Netherlands 2006 Roermond Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Iran Iran Egypt Egypt
United States 2010 Edmond Iran Iran Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Egypt Egypt
Poland 2014 Elblag Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brazil Iran Iran
Netherlands 2018 The Hague Iran Iran Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Ukraine Ukraine
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2022 Sarajevo
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Iran71210
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina3216
3 Netherlands2136
4 Germany0213
5 Hungary0202
6 Finland0112
 Yugoslavia0112
8 Brazil0101
 Norway0101
10 Egypt0022
11 Ukraine0011
Totals (11 entries)12121236

Women's Sitting - Past winners

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
Germany 1994 Bottrop Netherlands Netherlands Latvia Latvia Lithuania Lithuania
Netherlands 2000 Maastricht Netherlands Netherlands Finland Finland Slovenia Slovenia
Slovenia 2002 Kamnik Netherlands Netherlands Slovenia Slovenia Finland Finland
Netherlands 2006 Roermond Netherlands Netherlands China China Slovenia Slovenia
United States 2010 Edmond China China United States United States Ukraine Ukraine
Poland 2014 Elblag China China United States United States Russia Russia
Netherlands 2018 Rotterdam Russia Russia United States United States China China
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2022 Sarajevo


RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Netherlands4004
2 China2114
3 Russia1012
4 United States0303
5 Slovenia0123
6 Finland0112
7 Latvia0101
8 Lithuania0011
 Ukraine0011
Totals (9 entries)77721

Standing

Beach

ParaVolley Europe (formerly ECVD) European Championships

Men's Sitting - Past winners

[9]

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
Germany 1981 Bonn Netherlands Netherlands Germany Germany Sweden Sweden
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1987 Sarajevo Netherlands Netherlands Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
United Kingdom 1991 Nottingham Netherlands Netherlands
Finland 1993 Järvenpää Norway Norway Finland Finland
Slovenia 1995 Ljubljana Hungary Hungary
Estonia 1997 Tallinn Finland Finland Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1999 Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany Germany Finland Finland
Hungary 2001 Sárospatak Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany Germany
Finland 2003 Lappeenranta Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany Germany Finland Finland
Germany 2005 Leverkusen Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany Germany Russia Russia
Hungary 2007 Nyíregyháza Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Russia Russia Germany Germany
Poland 2009 Elblag Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Russia Russia Germany Germany
Netherlands 2011 Rotterdam Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Russia Russia Germany Germany
Poland 2013 Elblag Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Russia Russia Germany Germany
Germany 2015 Warendorf Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany Germany Russia Russia
Croatia 2017 Poreč Russia Russia Ukraine Ukraine Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hungary 2019 Budapest Russia Russia Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Germany Germany
Turkey 2021 Antalya Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Russia Russia Germany Germany

Women's Sitting - Past winners

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze
1993 Finland Jarvenpaa Netherlands Netherlands Finland Finland Estonia Estonia
1995 Slovenia Ljubljana Netherlands Netherlands Latvia Latvia Slovenia Slovenia
1997 Estonia Tallinn Latvia Latvia Lithuania Lithuania Netherlands Netherlands
1999 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Slovenia Slovenia Finland Finland Netherlands Netherlands
2001 Hungary Sarospatak Netherlands Netherlands Slovenia Slovenia Finland Finland
2003 Finland Lappeenranta Netherlands Netherlands Slovenia Slovenia Finland Finland
2005 Germany Leverkusen Netherlands Netherlands Lithuania Lithuania Slovenia Slovenia
2007 Hungary Nyiregyhaza Netherlands Netherlands Ukraine Ukraine Slovenia Slovenia
2009 Poland Elblag Netherlands Netherlands Ukraine Ukraine Slovenia Slovenia
2011 Netherlands Rotterdam Ukraine Ukraine Netherlands Netherlands Russia Russia
2013 Poland Elblag Russia Russia Ukraine Ukraine Slovenia Slovenia
2015 Slovenia Podcetrtek Ukraine Ukraine Russia Russia Slovenia Slovenia
2017 Croatia Poreč Russia Russia Ukraine Ukraine Netherlands Netherlands
2019 Hungary Budapest Russia Russia Italy Italy Ukraine Ukraine
2021 Turkey Antalya Russia Russia Italy Italy Germany Germany

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Sitting Volleyball." Tokyo 1500. https://tokyo2020.org/en/games/sport/paralympic/sitting-volleyball/.
  2. ^ "ParaVolley & Deaf Volleyball". www.volleyballaustralia.org.au. Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  3. ^ a b c “Sitting Volleyball: Paralympic Classification Interactive.” Team USA, United States Olympic Committee, 2019, www.teamusa.org/US-Paralympics/athlete-classifications/standing- volleyball/.
  4. ^ "Sport Week: History of Sitting Volleyball." Official Website of the Paralympic Movement, 2016. https://www.paralympic.org/news/sport-week-history-sitting-volleyball/.
  5. ^ "VolleySlide Founder and Leader. World ParaVolley VolleySLIDE. http://www.volleyslide.net/founder-leader/4583509203/.
  6. ^ a b Ng, Kwok (2012). When Sitting is Not Resting: Sitting Volleyball. Bloomington, IL: Authorhouse. p. 152. ISBN 978-1-4772-1789-4.
  7. ^ “Sitting Volleyball.” UCO, sites.uco.edu/wellness/sr/trainingsite/tssitvolleyball.asp.
  8. ^ "Sitting Volleyball Rankings > World ParaVolley".
  9. ^ a b Kwok Ng (26 September 2016). "Major Competitions". www.sittingvolleyball.info. Retrieved 26 September 2016.