Beaver County
Rural Beaver County (2011)
Rural Beaver County (2011)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Beaver County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°45′N 100°29′W / 36.75°N 100.48°W / 36.75; -100.48Coordinates: 36°45′N 100°29′W / 36.75°N 100.48°W / 36.75; -100.48
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1890
SeatBeaver
Largest townBeaver
Area
 • Total1,818 sq mi (4,710 km2)
 • Land1,815 sq mi (4,700 km2)
 • Water2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,636
 • Estimate 
(2019)
5,311
 • Density3.1/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitebeaver.okcounties.org

Beaver County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,636.[1] The county seat is Beaver.[2] The name was given because of the presence of many beaver dams on the Beaver River, which runs through the area.[3] It is located in the Oklahoma Panhandle.

History

The land where Beaver County is located has been under several jurisdictions. At one time, it was part of Mexico and then Texas before Texas became a state of the United States. Then in the Compromise of 1850, Texas ceded the land that would eventually become the Oklahoma panhandle to the United States government.[4] The area was known as "No Man's Land" because it belonged to no state or territorial government.[4] From 1886 to 1890, it was a separate organized territory known as Cimarron Territory.[5] After becoming part of the Oklahoma Territory in 1890, Beaver County (first called Seventh County) covered the entire Oklahoma Panhandle.[5] At statehood in 1907, Cimarron County was taken from the western one-third, while Texas County was taken from the middle, leaving Beaver County only in the east.[4] Its borders are now at 100°W (east), 37°N (north), 36.5°N (south), and approximately 100.8°W (west).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,818 square miles (4,710 km2), of which 1,815 square miles (4,700 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6] It is the fifth-largest county in Oklahoma by area.

Just north of the town of Beaver is the Beaver Dunes State Park.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19003,051
191013,631346.8%
192014,0483.1%
193011,452−18.5%
19408,648−24.5%
19507,411−14.3%
19606,965−6.0%
19706,282−9.8%
19806,8068.3%
19906,023−11.5%
20005,857−2.8%
20105,636−3.8%
20205,049−10.4%
2021 (est.)4,980[7]−1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]
Age pyramid for Beaver County, Oklahoma, United States of America, based on census 2000 data
Age pyramid for Beaver County, Oklahoma, United States of America, based on census 2000 data

As of the 2010 census, there were a total of 5,636 people, 2,192 households, and 1,614 families in the county.[12] The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 2,719 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.71% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 1.25% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.76% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. 10.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,245 households, out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.30% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.80% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,715, and the median income for a family was $41,542. Males had a median income of $31,013 versus $20,162 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,905. About 8.80% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of November 1, 2019[13]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 406 14.07%
Republican 2,217 76.85%
Others 258 8.94%
Total 2,885 100%

Although at one time competitive, Beaver has become strongly Republican in presidential elections. The last Democratic candidate to win the county was Harry Truman in 1948.[14] In every election since 2000, the Republican presidential candidate has received over 85% of the county's vote.[15]

It is part of Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district and as such is represented by Frank Lucas. In the Oklahoma Senate it is part of the 27th district and is represented by Republican Casey Murdock. In the Oklahoma House of Representatives it is part of the 61st district and is represented by Republican Kenton Patzkowsky.

United States presidential election results for Beaver County, Oklahoma[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,968 90.36% 190 8.72% 20 0.92%
2016 1,993 88.85% 176 7.85% 74 3.30%
2012 2,062 89.42% 244 10.58% 0 0.00%
2008 2,199 89.25% 265 10.75% 0 0.00%
2004 2,272 88.44% 297 11.56% 0 0.00%
2000 2,092 85.18% 339 13.80% 25 1.02%
1996 1,893 72.50% 515 19.72% 203 7.77%
1992 1,699 59.61% 580 20.35% 571 20.04%
1988 2,013 71.03% 777 27.42% 44 1.55%
1984 2,689 82.69% 536 16.48% 27 0.83%
1980 2,430 75.51% 696 21.63% 92 2.86%
1976 1,801 58.84% 1,213 39.63% 47 1.54%
1972 2,562 80.41% 522 16.38% 102 3.20%
1968 2,114 68.70% 624 20.28% 339 11.02%
1964 1,982 56.79% 1,508 43.21% 0 0.00%
1960 2,442 73.36% 887 26.64% 0 0.00%
1956 2,046 68.38% 946 31.62% 0 0.00%
1952 2,539 75.61% 819 24.39% 0 0.00%
1948 1,420 47.08% 1,596 52.92% 0 0.00%
1944 1,913 58.06% 1,355 41.12% 27 0.82%
1940 2,219 51.82% 2,034 47.50% 29 0.68%
1936 1,340 34.69% 2,502 64.77% 21 0.54%
1932 1,358 34.72% 2,553 65.28% 0 0.00%
1928 2,596 73.67% 887 25.17% 41 1.16%
1924 1,565 49.42% 1,195 37.73% 407 12.85%
1920 1,973 59.99% 1,076 32.72% 240 7.30%
1916 913 32.91% 1,382 49.82% 479 17.27%
1912 1,070 42.75% 926 37.00% 507 20.26%


Economy

Beaver County's economy has largely been based on agriculture since the turn of the 20th century. At first, the major crop was broomcorn, but that was overtaken by wheat in the 1920s. Railroads connected the county to agricultural markets and stimulated an influx of new farmers. Beginning in 1912, the Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway built a line from Woodward through Gate to Forgan. Beaver, Meade and Englewood Railroad completed a spur in 1915 from Beaver to Forgan, which was extended westward in 1925–1927 to Hooker. New towns arose along the rail lines or old ones relocated along them.[5]

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Recreation

The 17,700 acres (7,200 ha) Beaver River WMA provides wildlife, hunting, fishing, boating, and swimming recreation.

Cemeteries

Meridian Cemetery

Meridian Cemetery is a cemetery that is located at 36°46′1.7″N 100°00′26.9″W / 36.767139°N 100.007472°W / 36.767139; -100.007472 in Beaver County. There are many unmarked graves and many lost graves.[17]

Originally known as Cline Cemetery, established sometime in 1893 or 1894, named after the City of Cline, which is now a ghost town, was sold to Meridian Cemetery Association in 1908. It was land originally owned by Phillip Huret, Jr. and consists of two acres of land. In 1908, it was sold for $150 to the Meridian Cemetery Association.[18]

NRHP sites

Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Beaver County, Oklahoma

The following sites in Beaver County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on March 2, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Chronicles of Oklahoma. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." v. 2, N, 1. March 1924. Retrieved May 26, 2013.[1] Archived January 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c Turner, Kenneth R."No Man's Land," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009. Accessed March 28, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Hodges, V. Pauline. "Beaver County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009. Accessed March 28, 2015.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  7. ^ "County Population Totals: 2010-2019". Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  12. ^ U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. (accessed September 4, 2013)
  13. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. November 1, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  14. ^ Geographie Electorale
  15. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
  17. ^ "Meridian Cemetery — Cemetery in Laverne, OK". All US Churches in AllUSChurches.com. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  18. ^ A History of Beaver County, Vol. 2 (Beaver, Okla.: Beaver County Historical Society, Inc., 1971). Beaver, Oklahoma: Beaver County Historical Society. 1971. pp. 111, 112.

Further reading