Kiowa County
Kiowa County Courthouse in Hobart
Kiowa County Courthouse in Hobart
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Kiowa County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°55′N 98°59′W / 34.92°N 98.98°W / 34.92; -98.98
Country United States
State Oklahoma
FoundedJuly 8, 1901
SeatHobart
Largest cityHobart
Area
 • Total1,031 sq mi (2,670 km2)
 • Land1,015 sq mi (2,630 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (40 km2)  1.5%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total9,446
 • Estimate 
(2019)
8,708
 • Density9.3/sq mi (3.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd

Kiowa County is a county located in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,446.[1] Its county seat is Hobart.[2] The county was created in 1901 as part of Oklahoma Territory.[3] It was named for the Kiowa people.[4]

History

In 1892, the Jerome Commission began enrolling the Kiowas, Comanches and Apaches to prepare for the opening of their reservation to settlement by whites. Dennis Flynn, the territorial representative to the U. S. Congress, proposed holding a lottery for opening the reservation. He argued successfully that the lottery would be safer and more orderly than land runs used earlier. Individuals could register at offices in Lawton or El Reno. 165,000 individuals registered for 13,000 160-acre claims. The drawing was held August 6, 1901. After the opening, the area was designated as Kiowa County in Oklahoma Territory. The town of Hobart, named for Vice President Garrett A. Hobart, was designated as county seat.[5]

By 1908, residents of the southern part of the county were already agitating for a new county to be formed. In 1910, Governor Charles N. Haskell proclaimed that parts of Kiowa and Comanche Counties would become the new Swanson County. The new county became defunct in 1911, after the Oklahoma Supreme Court voided the change.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,031 square miles (2,670 km2), of which 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.5%) is water.[6] The county is largely composed of flatlands, although the southern border is covered by the Washita Mountains.[5]

The North Fork of the Red River serves as the southern and western boundaries of Jackson County. Water bodies include Lake Altus-Lugert which impounds the North Fork of the Red River,[7] and Tom Steed Reservoir on Otter Creek. Other streams in the county are the Washita River and Elk Creek.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
191027,526
192023,094−16.1%
193029,63028.3%
194022,817−23.0%
195018,926−17.1%
196014,825−21.7%
197012,532−15.5%
198012,7111.4%
199011,347−10.7%
200010,227−9.9%
20109,446−7.6%
2019 (est.)8,708[8]−7.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2019[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 10,227 people, 4,208 households, and 2,815 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 5,304 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.54% White, 4.67% Black or African American, 6.31% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.68% from other races, and 2.42% from two or more races. 6.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,208 households, out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 30.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.20% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 20.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,053, and the median income for a family was $34,654. Males had a median income of $25,552 versus $19,497 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,231. About 15.00% of families and 19.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.30% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[14]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 2,289 45.58%
Republican 2,205 43.91%
Others 528 10.51%
Total 5,022 100%

Political Culture

United States presidential election results for Kiowa County, Oklahoma[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,673 78.00% 699 20.40% 55 1.60%
2016 2,596 74.32% 767 21.96% 130 3.72%
2012 2,316 67.68% 1,106 32.32% 0 0.00%
2008 2,537 67.42% 1,226 32.58% 0 0.00%
2004 2,610 64.88% 1,413 35.12% 0 0.00%
2000 2,173 57.95% 1,544 41.17% 33 0.88%
1996 1,638 39.68% 1,973 47.80% 517 12.52%
1992 1,635 33.30% 2,143 43.65% 1,132 23.05%
1988 2,030 46.58% 2,296 52.68% 32 0.73%
1984 2,951 59.08% 2,016 40.36% 28 0.56%
1980 2,636 51.44% 2,372 46.29% 116 2.26%
1976 1,971 36.37% 3,403 62.79% 46 0.85%
1972 3,711 69.81% 1,495 28.12% 110 2.07%
1968 2,418 43.22% 2,219 39.67% 957 17.11%
1964 2,206 37.44% 3,686 62.56% 0 0.00%
1960 3,515 57.13% 2,638 42.87% 0 0.00%
1956 2,713 44.59% 3,371 55.41% 0 0.00%
1952 4,100 54.03% 3,489 45.97% 0 0.00%
1948 1,530 26.41% 4,263 73.59% 0 0.00%
1944 2,081 33.14% 4,175 66.48% 24 0.38%
1940 2,539 35.01% 4,679 64.52% 34 0.47%
1936 1,684 22.88% 5,624 76.40% 53 0.72%
1932 966 15.66% 5,204 84.34% 0 0.00%
1928 4,116 63.54% 2,270 35.04% 92 1.42%
1924 1,688 34.78% 2,635 54.29% 531 10.94%
1920 2,649 47.22% 2,518 44.88% 443 7.90%
1916 1,017 22.98% 2,279 51.49% 1,130 25.53%
1912 1,167 29.55% 1,831 46.37% 951 24.08%


Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Oklahoma: Individual County Chronologies". Oklahoma Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 176.
  5. ^ a b c d Cole, Burna. "Kiowa County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  7. ^ "Lake Altus-Lugert". TravelOK.com. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  8. ^ "County Population Totals: 2010-2019". Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 19, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 17, 2020. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.

Coordinates: 34°55′N 98°59′W / 34.92°N 98.98°W / 34.92; -98.98