Nowata County
Nowata County Courthouse in Nowata (2016)
Nowata County Courthouse in Nowata (2016)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Nowata County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°47′N 95°37′W / 36.79°N 95.62°W / 36.79; -95.62
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1907
SeatNowata
Largest cityNowata
Area
 • Total581 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Land566 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (40 km2)  2.6%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,536
 • Estimate 
(2019)
10,076
 • Density19/sq mi (7/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Websitenowata.com

Nowata County is a county located in northeastern Oklahoma, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,536.[1] Its county seat is Nowata.[2] The county name is derived from a Delaware word "no-we-ata," meaning "come here" or "welcome."[3][4] It is located on the Kansas border.

History

Map of Indian Territory from 1889 Encyclopædia Britannica 9th edition
Map of Indian Territory from 1889 Encyclopædia Britannica 9th edition

For millennia, the land now known as Oklahoma was inhabited by Native Americans. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture states that archaeological evidence indicates that humans first lived in this area in the Verdigris River valley over six thousand years ago.[3] In the 17th century, white trappers first visiting the area found it occupied mostly by the Osage and Quapaw tribes. It was recognized as Osage territory by the time United States secured it as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. In 1819, the Arkansas Territory was organized, then was split in 1824 and 1828. An 1828 treaty with the Cherokee Nation assigned the area of Nowata County to the Cherokees, who included it in 1856 in their newly created Cooweescoowee District. The Cherokees and the Delaware signed a treaty in 1867 that resulted in Delaware settlements near the present towns of Delaware, Lenapah and Nowata, Oklahoma.[3]

The state of Oklahoma and Nowata County was established in 1907, and the county had a population of 10,453. The town of Nowata was named as county seat.[3] The exact origin is unknown, but the two most common stories are that railroad surveyors used the Delaware word noweta for welcome or that a sign was posted indicating that local springs had no water: No wata.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 566 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.6%) is water.[5]

The Verdigris River divides the county into eastern and western halves. Creeks in the extreme western part of the county drain into the Caney River. All other creeks drain into the Verdigris River. Lake Oologah lies partly in this county.[3]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
191014,223
192015,89911.8%
193013,611−14.4%
194015,77415.9%
195012,734−19.3%
196010,848−14.8%
19709,773−9.9%
198011,48617.5%
19909,992−13.0%
200010,5695.8%
201010,536−0.3%
2018 (est.)10,076[6]−4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2019[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,569 people, 4,147 households, and 2,989 families residing in the county. The population density was 7/km2 (19/mi2). There were 4,705 housing units at an average density of 3/km2 (8/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.43% White, 2.46% Black or African American, 16.56% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 8.17% from two or more races. 1.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,147 households, out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,470, and the median income for a family was $36,354. Males had a median income of $27,047 versus $19,371 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,244. About 9.00% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The economy of Nowata County has been based on agriculture. The most important crops are wheat, corn, oats, and sorghum. Cattle raising is also important to the local economy.

Government

The county operates the Nowata County Jail. In 2019 the county government wanted the jail to be open even though there had been a carbon monoxide leak around three weeks prior. The sheriff and several deputies resigned.[12]

The county has renamed or renumbered many addresses so that emergency first responders will be better able to find locations from which 9-1-1 calls have been placed.[13]

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[14]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 2,304 38.47%
Republican 2,866 47.85%
Others 819 13.67%
Total 5,989 100%
United States presidential election results for Nowata County, Oklahoma[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,610 82.21% 712 16.21% 69 1.57%
2016 3,321 78.38% 742 17.51% 174 4.11%
2012 2,832 69.48% 1,244 30.52% 0 0.00%
2008 3,031 68.24% 1,411 31.76% 0 0.00%
2004 2,805 62.82% 1,660 37.18% 0 0.00%
2000 2,069 53.75% 1,703 44.25% 77 2.00%
1996 1,457 37.80% 1,788 46.39% 609 15.80%
1992 1,531 33.84% 1,912 42.26% 1,081 23.89%
1988 2,000 47.24% 2,203 52.03% 31 0.73%
1984 3,030 63.64% 1,687 35.43% 44 0.92%
1980 2,640 59.06% 1,694 37.90% 136 3.04%
1976 2,077 48.18% 2,195 50.92% 39 0.90%
1972 3,293 72.61% 1,096 24.17% 146 3.22%
1968 2,116 46.92% 1,314 29.14% 1,080 23.95%
1964 2,142 44.76% 2,644 55.24% 0 0.00%
1960 3,014 58.65% 2,125 41.35% 0 0.00%
1956 3,168 58.28% 2,268 41.72% 0 0.00%
1952 3,226 54.84% 2,657 45.16% 0 0.00%
1948 2,119 44.08% 2,688 55.92% 0 0.00%
1944 2,730 51.26% 2,581 48.46% 15 0.28%
1940 3,406 48.24% 3,615 51.20% 39 0.55%
1936 2,552 41.95% 3,512 57.73% 20 0.33%
1932 1,900 33.49% 3,773 66.51% 0 0.00%
1928 2,930 62.18% 1,763 37.42% 19 0.40%
1924 2,296 51.03% 2,049 45.54% 154 3.42%
1920 2,679 60.19% 1,697 38.13% 75 1.69%
1916 1,322 46.21% 1,355 47.36% 184 6.43%
1912 1,087 47.86% 1,012 44.56% 172 7.57%


Communities

NRHP sites

Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Nowata County, Oklahoma

The following sites in Nowata County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e Cheatham, Gary L. "Nowata County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." In:Chronicles of Oklahoma. Volume 2, Number 1. March 1924. Archived 2017-08-14 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  6. ^ "County Population Totals: 2010-2019". Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ Bell, Megan (March 18, 2019). "Nowata County sheriff, undersheriff, deputies resign over jail controversy". KTUL. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  13. ^ Gross, Max (March 15, 2021). "Bartlesville Radio » News » Most Nowata County Residents Have Received Notice of New Address". Bartlesville Radio. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  14. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.

Coordinates: 36°47′N 95°37′W / 36.79°N 95.62°W / 36.79; -95.62