Cotton County
Cotton County Courthouse in September 2014
Cotton County Courthouse in September 2014
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cotton County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°17′N 98°22′W / 34.28°N 98.37°W / 34.28; -98.37
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1912
SeatWalters
Largest cityWalters
Area
 • Total642 sq mi (1,660 km2)
 • Land633 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water9.3 sq mi (24 km2)  1.4%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,193
 • Estimate 
(2019)
5,666
 • Density9.8/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th

Cotton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,193.[1] Its county seat is Walters.[2] When Oklahoma achieved statehood in 1907, the area which is now Cotton County fell within the boundaries of Comanche County.[3] It was split off in 1912, becoming the last county created in Oklahoma; it was named for the county's primary crop.[4]

Cotton County is included in the Lawton, Oklahoma metropolitan area.

History

The eastern part of what is now Cotton County was opened to settlement by non-Native Americans by the 1901 Kiowa-Comanche-Apache Opening, which distributed land by a lottery system. In 1906, the remainder of the present county, then known as the Big Pasture was opened through a sealed bid process. Most of this territory became part of Comanche County at statehood in 1907.[4]

In 1910, residents of the present Cotton County area tried to form a new county, named "Swanson County," but this effort failed in 1911. Another effort in 1912 succeeded. This time, residents elected to split from Comanche County and name the new county "Cotton County," for the primary crop in the region at the time.[4] Randlett, Oklahoma was assigned as a temporary county seat, until a November 4, 1912 election made Walters, Oklahoma the permanent location.[4]

Wheat became more prevalent than, and corn just as prevalent as, cotton as early as 1915.[4] In 1934, corn had dwindled and winter wheat, cotton and oats had become the primary crops.[4]

The county population has generally declined since 1920. In 1920, the population was 16,679. In 1930, it was 15,542. There was a brief increase in the late 1900s, but decline resumed in the 21st century.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 642 square miles (1,660 km2), of which 633 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (1.4%) is water.[5]

The eastern portion of the county is in the Cross Timbers region.[4] Its creeks and streams drain to the southeast into the Red River, which borders the county on the south.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
192016,679
193015,442−7.4%
194012,884−16.6%
195010,180−21.0%
19608,031−21.1%
19706,832−14.9%
19807,3387.4%
19906,651−9.4%
20006,614−0.6%
20106,193−6.4%
2019 (est.)5,666[6]−8.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2019[1]
Age pyramid for Cotton County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.
Age pyramid for Cotton County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

The county's population has generally declined since it stood at 16,679 in 1920.[4] As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 6,614 people, 2,614 households, and 1,840 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 3,085 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.70% White, 2.86% Black or African American, 7.42% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 3.05% from two or more races. 4.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,614 households, out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,210, and the median income for a family was $35,129. Males had a median income of $28,443 versus $19,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,626. About 13.70% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.40% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[12]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 1,669 45.56%
Republican 1,610 43.95%
Others 384 10.48%
Total 3,663 100%
United States presidential election results for Cotton County, Oklahoma[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,117 82.31% 393 15.28% 62 2.41%
2016 2,054 78.94% 424 16.30% 124 4.77%
2012 1,796 73.22% 657 26.78% 0 0.00%
2008 1,793 72.21% 690 27.79% 0 0.00%
2004 1,742 65.98% 898 34.02% 0 0.00%
2000 1,388 55.92% 1,068 43.03% 26 1.05%
1996 1,042 38.62% 1,258 46.63% 398 14.75%
1992 910 29.44% 1,314 42.51% 867 28.05%
1988 1,266 45.62% 1,482 53.41% 27 0.97%
1984 1,796 58.31% 1,264 41.04% 20 0.65%
1980 1,702 53.09% 1,410 43.98% 94 2.93%
1976 1,127 36.78% 1,911 62.37% 26 0.85%
1972 2,050 70.23% 798 27.34% 71 2.43%
1968 1,016 32.64% 1,192 38.29% 905 29.07%
1964 1,123 33.63% 2,216 66.37% 0 0.00%
1960 1,619 49.77% 1,634 50.23% 0 0.00%
1956 1,398 42.53% 1,889 57.47% 0 0.00%
1952 1,897 47.26% 2,117 52.74% 0 0.00%
1948 738 22.02% 2,613 77.98% 0 0.00%
1944 1,266 31.70% 2,711 67.88% 17 0.43%
1940 1,616 33.95% 3,121 65.57% 23 0.48%
1936 1,181 23.43% 3,842 76.23% 17 0.34%
1932 758 14.62% 4,426 85.38% 0 0.00%
1928 2,419 59.76% 1,605 39.65% 24 0.59%
1924 1,581 42.67% 1,825 49.26% 299 8.07%
1920 1,820 42.80% 2,260 53.15% 172 4.05%
1916 685 26.81% 1,500 58.71% 370 14.48%
1912 587 30.23% 1,063 54.74% 292 15.04%


Economy

The county's economy has long revolved around agriculture, specifically crops such as cotton and wheat and livestock such as cattle and poultry.[4] Beginning in the late 1910s, oil and gas grew as a strong industry, the county had 290 producing wells in 1920, 32 of which were gas.[4] The southern portion of the county had Devol refineries, pumping stations, and pipelines.[4] A large retail outlet, Temple's B & O Cash Store, shipped merchandise nationwide, before being bought by Sears and Roebuck in 1929 and later closed in 1954.[4]

In 1997 the county held 69,988 cattle and ranked eleventh in the state for poultry sold.[4]

Communities

In popular culture

Cotton County is the main setting for the Animal Planet documentary series Hillbilly Handfishin'.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ State of Oklahoma (PDF) (Map) (1907 ed.). Department of the Interior, General Land Office. Retrieved September 14, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o O'Dell, Larry, "Cotton County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009, Accessed March 28, 2015.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  6. ^ "County Population Totals: 2010-2019". Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 28, 2018.

Coordinates: 34°17′N 98°22′W / 34.28°N 98.37°W / 34.28; -98.37