|Place of origin||Incheon, South Korea|
|Main ingredients||Dough: wheat flour, water, milk, sugar, yeast|
Filling: brown sugar, honey, peanuts, cinnamon
|IPA||Korean pronunciation: [ho.t͈ʌk̚]|
Hotteok (호떡, pronounced [ho.t͈ʌk̚]), sometimes called Hoeddeok, is a type of filled Korean pancake; it is a snack from Korean cuisine and is a popular street food in South Korea.
The dough for hotteok is made from wheat flour, water, milk, sugar, and yeast. The dough is allowed to rise for several hours. Handful-sized balls of this stiff dough are filled with a sweet mixture, which may contain brown sugar, honey, chopped peanuts, and cinnamon. The filled dough is then placed on a greased griddle, and pressed flat into a large circle with a special tool with a stainless steel circle and wooden handle as it cooks.
In South Korea, ready-made dry hotteok mix is commercially available in plastic packages. The mix also comes with a filling consisting of brown sugar and ground peanuts or sesame seeds.
In the spring of 1927, more than a thousand Chinese laborers landed in Incheon every day. The Chinese who settled in Korea quickly developed the best food to sell to poor customers. One of them was called 'Hotteok' which means 'barbarian's rice cake'. When Korea was under Japanese rule, the Japanese called it 'Jina Bread' meaning "Chinese bread".
The types of hotteok have been changing continuously although many favour the traditional cinnamon and peanut filling. Many variations have developed since the early 21st century, such as green tea hotteok, pink bokbunja hotteok, corn hotteok, pizza hotteok and more. Commercially produced hotteok products are developed and sold by companies such as Samyang, Ottogi, and CJ. Such products are designed to be cooked at home.
Hotteok is usually eaten during the winter season. Due to its high sugar content, a single hotteok may have as many as 230 calories.
Koreans say "The hotteok store is burning (호떡집에 불났다.)" to refer to noisy situations. It is believed that the origin of this phrase is that Chinese merchants were considered to be very noisy by Koreans. If their Hotteok stores were burning, the merchants would have been talking to each other about the reason of fire, or the accidents, in the tonal Chinese language.