Milcaos fritos
Alternative namesMelcao, Milcado
CourseMain course, side dish
Place of originChile
Region or stateChiloé Archipelago
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsPotatoes of Chiloé, lard, salt and vegetable oil.

Milcao or melcao (sometimes hypercorrected to milcado) is a traditional potato pancake dish originating from the Chiloé Archipelago in Chile. The dish is prepared with raw grated potatoes and cooked mashed potatoes mixed with other ingredients. It forms an important part of the Chiloé dishes curanto[1] and reitimiento, and is mentioned frequently in folklore as part of Chilote songs and riddles. The dish spread to the south of Chile and Argentina with the migration of many Chilote families to Patagonia during the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.[2]


The most important ingredient is Chilotan potatoes, several different varieties of which are used to prepare milcao. Half the potatoes are cooked and mashed and the other half are grated, sometimes using the traditional Chilote tool of a volcanic pumice stone.

One of two methods may then be employed. The most common method produces milcaos colados, strained milcaos, sometimes pronounced as the rhyming milcaos colaos with a silent “d”, as is common in Chilean Spanish. Here, the grated potatoes are strained to extract most of the water by folding in a dish cloth or pressing in a sieve or against a hard surface.

Alternatively, the grated potato can be folded directly into the mash, to produce milcaos rallados (“grated milcaos”).

In the straining method, the juice from the strained potatoes is saved and decanted to produce chuño, a kind of potato starch. The chuño can then later be used to make milcao de chuño, milcaos made with a base of potato starch.[3]

The strained or grated potatoes are kneaded into the cooked potatoes and seasoning and lard are added to form a dough. This is then shaped and pressed by hand into flat, round pancakes. The pancakes can be cooked in the oven, fried or (traditionally) baked and eaten with the curanto.[2]


Most milcaos are savory, with chicharrones (pieces of fried pork meat and fat) commonly added before cooking. However, there are a number of sweet or neutral variations.



  1. ^ Chiloé, comidas tipicas Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  2. ^ a b Chapalele y Milcaos, infaltables en el curanto Archived 14 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine Chef Norberto E. Petryk, Alimentación Chile, 20 December 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  3. ^ Chiloé, comidas tipicas Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  4. ^ Photo of milcaos de curanto March 2012, retrieved 17 February 2013.