Hsekiu,[2] alternatively Seka, is mentioned in the Palermo Stone as a Predynastic Egyptian pharaoh (king) who ruled in Lower Egypt. As there is no other evidence of such a ruler, he may be a mythical king preserved through oral tradition, or may even be completely fictitious.[3][4][5]


  1. ^ From: Palermo Stone
  2. ^ Peake, Harold and Herbert John Fleure, Priests and Kings, Clarendon OUP, Oxford, 1927, p. 63
  3. ^ Helck, Untersuchungen zu Manetho und den ägyptischen Königslisten 1956, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Altertumskunde Ägyptens 18
  4. ^ O'Mara, Was there an Old Kingdom historiography? Is it datable? 1996, Orientalia 65: 197-208
  5. ^ Wilkinson, Toby A. H. (2000). Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt. p.85 New York: Columbia University Press). ISBN 0-7103-0667-9.