The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a centre-right to right-wing conservative Indian national Parliamentary group with great influence in the country of India. It is the Bharatiya Janata Party-led alliance founded by the former Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the former Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of India L. K. Advani in 1998. The NDA faced the general elections of 1998 and 1999 by having Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the prime ministerial candidate, won both elections, and formed the government. In 2004 under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and 2009, under the leadership of L. K. Advani as the prime ministerial candidate and lost both elections. In 2014 and 2019, the alliance had Narendra Modi as its prime ministerial candidate, won the elections with a great majority, and formed the government.

The prime ministerial candidate for the 2024 Indian general election of the alliance is Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi.

List of members

Political party Abbr. Flag Election symbol Leader Seats Base
Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha
National Party
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP
Jagat Prakash Nadda
290 / 543
93 / 245
National party
National People's Party NPP
Conrad Sangma
1 / 543
1 / 245
National party
State Party
AJSU Party AJSUP
Sudesh Mahto
1 / 543
0 / 245
Jharkhand
All India N.R. Congress AINRC
N. Rangasamy
0 / 543
0 / 245
Puducherry
Apna Dal (Soneylal) ADS
Anupriya Patel
2 / 543
0 / 245
Uttar Pradesh
Asom Gana Parishad AGP
Atul Bora
0 / 543
1 / 245
Assam
Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP
K. P. Pangniang
0 / 543
0 / 245
Meghalaya
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura IPFT
Prem Kumar Reang
0 / 543
0 / 245
Tripura
Janata Dal (Secular) JDS Janata Dal Election Symbol
H. D. Deve Gowda
1 / 543
1 / 245
Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala
Janata Dal (United) JDU
Nitish Kumar
16 / 543
5 / 245
Bihar
Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) LJPRV

Chirag Paswan
1 / 543
0 / 245
Bihar and Nagaland
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP
Sudin Dhavalikar
0 / 543
0 / 245
Goa
Naga People's Front NPF
Küzholuzo Nienü
1 / 543
0 / 245
Manipur and Nagaland
Nationalist Congress Party NCP
Ajit Pawar
1 / 543
1 / 245
Maharashtra and Nagaland
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP
Neiphiu Rio
1 / 543
0 / 245
Nagaland
Rashtriya Lok Janshakti Party RLJP
Pashupati Kumar Paras
5 / 543
0 / 245
Bihar
Shiv Sena SHS
Eknath Shinde
13 / 543
0 / 245
Maharashtra
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM
Prem Singh Tamang
1 / 543
0 / 245
Sikkim
Telugu Desam Party TDP
N. Chandrababu Naidu
2 / 543
0 / 245
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
Tipra Motha Party TMP
Maharaja Pradyot Bikram Manikya Deb Barma
0 / 543
0 / 245
Tripura
United Democratic Party UDP
Metbah Lyngdoh
0 / 543
0 / 245
Meghalaya
United People's Party Liberal UPPL
Pramod Boro
0 / 543
1 / 245
Assam
Unrecognised Party
Amma Makkal Munnettra Kazhagam AMMK AMMK_SYMBOL_PRESSURE_COOKER.png
T. T. V. Dhinakaran
0 / 543
0 / 245
Tamil Nadu
Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam TMMK
B. John Pandian
0 / 543
0 / 245
Tamil Nadu
Bharath Dharma Jana Sena BDJS
Thushar Vellappally
0 / 543
0 / 245
Kerala
Gorkha National Liberation Front GNLF
Mann Ghising
0 / 543
0 / 245
West Bengal
Haryana Lokhit Party HLP
Gopal Kanda
0 / 543
0 / 245
Haryana
Hindustani Awam Morcha HAM
Jitan Ram Manjhi
0 / 543
0 / 245
Bihar
Jan Surajya Shakti JSS
Vinay Kore
0 / 543
0 / 245
Maharashtra
Jana Sena Party JSP
Pawan Kalyan
0 / 543
0 / 245
Andhra Pradesh
Kerala Kamaraj Congress KKC
Vishnupuram Chandrasekharan
0 / 543
0 / 245
Kerala
NISHAD Party NP
Sanjay Nishad
0 / 543
0 / 245
Uttar Pradesh
Prahar Janshakti Party PJP
Bachchu Kadu
0 / 543
0 / 245
Maharashtra
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK
Anbumani Ramadoss
0 / 543
1 / 245
Tamil Nadu
Puthiya Needhi Katchi PNK
A. C. Shanmugam
0 / 543
0 / 245
Tamil Nadu
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD
Chowdhry Jayant Singh
0 / 543
1 / 245
Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
Rashtriya Lok Morcha RLM
Upendra Kushwaha
0 / 543
0 / 245
Bihar
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP
Mahadev Jankar
0 / 543
0 / 245
Maharashtra
Republican Party of India (Athawale) RPIA
Ramdas Athawale
0 / 543
1 / 245
Maharashtra
Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party SBSP
Om Prakash Rajbhar
0 / 543
0 / 245
Uttar Pradesh
Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar) TMCM
G. K. Vasan
0 / 543
1 / 245
Tamil Nadu
TOTAL
342 / 543
121 / 245
India

Past members

Past NDA members
Party Abbr. Withdrawal Year Reason
Jannayak Janta Party[1] JJP 2024 Disagreement over seat sharing for Lok Sabha elections
All India Samathuva Makkal Katchi[2][a] AISMK 2024 Merged with BJP
Puthiya Tamilagam[3] PT 2024 Allied with AIADMK
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 2023
Kuki People's Alliance KPA 2023 Manipur Violence
People's Democratic Front[b] PDF 2023 Merger with NPP
Goa Forward Party GFP 2021 Allied with INC
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK 2021 Allied with AIADMK
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha GJM 2020
Rastriya Loktantrik Party RLP 2020
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 2020 Farmers Law
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party JKPDP 2018 Support withdrawn by BJP
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)[4] HJCBL 2014
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam[5] MDMK 2014
Janata Party[6][7][a] JP 2013
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha[8] JMM 2012
Ladakh Union Territory Front[9][10][a] LUTF 2010
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal[11] UKD 2010
Indian National Lok Dal[8] INLD 2009
Indian Federal Democratic Party[8][c] IFDP 2004
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 2004
Lok Shakti[12][13] LS 2003
Samata Party SP 2003
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam[8] DMK 2002
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference[8] JKNC 2002
Haryana Vikas Party[14] HVP 1999

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Merged with the BJP.
  2. ^ Merged with NPP.
  3. ^ Merged with the Kerala Congress.

References

  1. ^ "How Hisar, Bhiwani-Mahendragarh Seats Scripted End of BJP-JJP Alliance in Haryana". News18. 12 March 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  2. ^ Bureau, The Hindu (12 March 2024). "Sarathkumar merges his party, AISMK, with BJP". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  3. ^ "அ.தி.மு.க.வுடனான பேச்சுவார்த்தை சுமுகமாக இருந்தது - கிருஷ்ணசாமி பேட்டி". Daily Thanthi (in Tamil). Retrieved 5 March 2024.
  4. ^ "Haryana Janhit Congress snaps ties with BJP". Hindustan Times. New Delhi. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  5. ^ Karthick S (8 December 2014). "Vaiko's MDMK snaps ties with NDA, hits out at Modi govt". Times of India. Chennai. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  6. ^ "NDA finds a new ally in Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy". New Delhi: Mail Today. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  7. ^ "Janata Party merged with the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP)". jagranjosh.com. 12 August 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e "NDA camp left almost empty as JD-U leaves". Business Standard. New Delhi. 16 June 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  9. ^ "NDA gets one more ally". Business Standard. New Delhi. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  10. ^ "Amid strife, Ladakh party merges with BJP". Rediff.com. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  11. ^ "UKD withdraws support from state BJP govt". The Tribune. Dehradun. 2 December 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  12. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (August 1999). "A 'united' Dal and a divided NDA". Frontline. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  13. ^ "SJ(D) merges with JD(U)". The Hindu. Thrissur. 29 December 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2015. The JD(U) was formed on October 30, 2003, with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, Lokshakti Party and the Samata Party.
  14. ^ "BJP withdraws support to Bansi Lal govt in Haryana". Rediff.com. 22 June 1999. Retrieved 5 September 2015.