Ancient militaries

Model Origin Users
Attic helmet ancient Greeks
Boar's tusk helmet 17th century BCE Mycenaean Greeks until the 10th century BCE
Boeotian helmet ancient Greek cavalry
Chalcidian helmet ancient Greeks
Coolus helmet ancient Romans
Corinthian helmet[1] ancient Greeks
Disc and stud helmet c. 400 BCE ancient Illyrians & Adriatic Veneti until 167 BCE
Galea (helmet) ancient Romans
Horned helmet c. 1000 BCE Celtic Europeans until 700 CE
Illyrian type helmet ancient Greeks
Imperial helmet 1st century CE onwards Roman Empire
Imperial Chinese helmet 1st century CE imperial Chinese dynasties
Kegelhelm ancient Greeks
Negau helmet ancient Etruscans in Negau, Slovenia
Montefortino helmet ancient Romans
Pilos ancient Greeks
Pot helmet ancient Illyrians
Phrygian/Thracian helmet 5th century BCE ancient Greeks in Thrace, Dacia, Italia & Hellenistic Europe until c. 200 CE
Zhou helmet 7th century BCE ancient Chinese in Zhou dynasty

Medieval and early modern

Model Origin Users
Armet 15th century Western Europeans.
Barbute 15th century Italian states.
Bascinet c. 1300 Europeans
Burgonet[2] c. 1600 Europeans, especially by militias of  Poland &   Switzerland
Lobster-tailed pot
Capeline
zischägge
late 16th century Europeans during the 17th century, including the English Civil War in  England & Thirty Years' War across the  Holy Roman Empire
Cervelliere late 13th century Christian Europeans in Crusades during the 14th century
Close helmet late 15th century Western Europeans.
Dragoon helmet late 18th century France.
Enclosed helmet late 12th century Western Europeans.
Frog-mouth helm c. 1600 Europeans.
Great helm[3] 1189 Europeans
Hounskull 14th century Europeans.
Kabuto c. 1600 Samurai especially during the 17th century of the Edo-period Tokugawa shogunate in Medieval Japan.
Kettle hat 12th century Common all over medieval Europe.
Morion 16th and early 17th centuries Europeans (esp. associated with Spanish Conquistadores)
Nasal helmet Early Middle Ages Byzantine Empire, later common all over Europe.
Pickelhaube[4][5] 1842 especially by Prussia & German Empire and other Europeans until 1918
Raupenhelm c. 1800–1870 High crested leather helmet used primarily by Kingdom of Bavaria and Kingdom of Württemberg
Sallet c. 1450 Europeans
Secrete 17th century Western Europeans
Spangenhelm[6] 5th century Central Asia, Near East & Europe; espec. by Scythians, Sarmatians, Persians, & Germans until 1000
Tarleton c. 1770–1800 Crested, peaked leather helmet used by cavalry and light infantry and British Royal Horse Artillery, France and United States in the late 18th and early 19th centuries
Turban helmet 14th century Ottoman Empire
Qing parade helmet after 1655 till 1911 China
Zischagge c. 1600–1780 Originated in the Ottoman Empire; used throughout Europe

See also headgear listing within Components of medieval armour.

1914–1980

Model Image Origins First issued Users
Adrian helmet France 1915, 1926 France, Belgium, Russian Empire, Poland, Japan Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces, Kingdom of Serbia, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, U.S., USSR, Irish Free State, Kingdom of Italy, Republic of China, Manchukuo, Peru, Finland, Romania, Mexico, Greece, Uruguay, Thailand, Brazil[7]
Modèle 1951 France 1951 France, South Vietnam, South Africa, Cambodia, Laos, Lebanon, Israel, Portugal, Rhodesia
Modèle 1978 France 1978 France, Senegal
Brodie helmet UK 1915, 1938 UK, Canada, U.S. (1917–1942), Australia,[8] Republic of China, Pakistan, Poland (Polish Armed Forces in the West), Estonia, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, South Africa, India, the Netherlands, Portugal, Luxembourg, Philippines
Zuckerman helmet UK 1940 "Civilian Protective Helmet"
Helmet Steel Airborne Troop UK 1941 UK, Canada, Poland (Polish Armed Forces in the West), Belgium, Rhodesia
RAC helmet UK 1941 armoured vehicle crews: UK, Canada, Poland (Polish Armed Forces in the West),  Belgium
Mk III "Turtle" helmet UK 1944 UK, Canada
Mk IV helmet UK 1945 UK, Canada
Stahlhelm[4][5] German Empire 1916, 1917, 1918 German Empire, Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, Irish Free State, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Finland
Stahlhelm M16 Austria-Hungary 1916 Austria-Hungary, German Empire, Weimar Republic, Poland, Austria, Nazi Germany, Finland
Stahlhelm M18 (Armoured warfare) German Empire 1918 German Empire,  Turkey, Weimar Republic
Stahlhelm M18 (Telephone and cavalry helmet) German Empire 1918 German Empire, Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany
Stahlhelm M35 Nazi Germany 1935 Nazi Germany, Republic of China, China, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Bolivi, Mexico, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland (Home Army)
Stahlhelm M40 Nazi Germany 1940 Nazi Germany, Finland, Estonia,  Latvia,  Lithuania, Poland (Home Army)
Stahlhelm M42 Nazi Germany 1942 Nazi Germany, Hungary, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland (Home Army)
Italian M16 Lippmann helmet Italy 1916 Italy, Spain
M31 helmet Italy 1931 Italy,
M33 helmet Italy 1934 Italy, Finland,
Greek M1934/39 (helmet) Italy 1939 Greece, Bulgaria
M42 helmet Italy 1942 Italy
M1917 helmet U.S. 1917 US, Philippines
M1 helmet U.S. 1941  USA,  Mexico, Canada,[9]

Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, West Germany (1956-1992), Greece, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Spain, Turkey, Republic of China, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, South Korea, Philippines (1944–1991), Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, Guatemala, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Venezuela, Uruguay, South Vietnam

Swiss M1918,
Swiss M1918/40
Switzerland 1918 Switzerland, Argentina
Swiss M1971 Switzerland 1971 Switzerland
Danish M1923 helmet Denmark 1923 Denmark
Belgian M26/32 Belgium 1926 Belgium, Luxembourg
Swedish M1926 Sweden 1926 Sweden, Finland, Norway
Swedish M1937 Sweden 1937 Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia
Spanish M1921 Spain 1926 (?) Spain
Spanish M1926 Spain 1930 (?) Spain
Spanish M1934 Spain ? Spain
M1942 Modelo Z Spain ? Spain
M1942/79 Modelo Z Spain ? Spain
Netherlands M23/27, Netherlands M34 Netherlands 1928 Netherlands, Romania
Hełm wz. 28 Poland 1928 Poland
Hełm wz. 30 Poland 1930 Poland
Hełm wz. 31 Poland 1931 Poland, Nazi Germany, Finland
Hełm wz. 31/50 Poland 1945 Poland
Hełm wz. 50 Poland 1950 Poland, Albania, Egypt, Syria, Iraq
Hełm wz. 63 (Paratrooper helmet) Poland 1963 Poland, East Germany
Hełm wz. 64 Poland 1964 Poland
Hełm wz. 65 Poland 1964 Poland
Hełm wz. 67 Poland 1967 Poland, Egypt, Afghanistan
Hełm wz. 70 Poland 1967 Poland
Irish M1928 Ireland 1928 Ireland
Norwegian M31 Sweden 1931 Norway
Type 90 (also called: Type 30–32, Type 92) Japan 1931 Japan, Thailand, China
Type 66 Japan 1966 Variant of M1 Helmet used by some elements of the JSDF Ground Forces
Czechoslovakian M32 helmet Czechoslovakia 1932 Czechoslovakia, Nazi Germany, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Slovak Republic, Finland
Czechoslovakian M53 helmet Czechoslovakia 1953 Czechoslovakia
Hungarian M35 Hungary 1935 Hungary
Hungarian M38 Hungary 1938 Hungary, Finland
Hungarian M50 Hungary 1950 Hungary
Hungarian M70 Hungary 1970 Hungary
SSh-36 Soviet Union 1936 Soviet Union
SSh-39 Soviet Union 1939 Soviet Union, Poland
SSh-40 Soviet Union 1940 Soviet Union (Warsaw Pact), Poland, People's Republic of China, North Korea, North Vietnam, Finland, Afghanistan
SSh-60 Soviet Union 1960 Soviet Union (Warsaw Pact), Afghanistan
SSh-68 Soviet Union 1968 Soviet Union (Warsaw Pact), Afghanistan, Syria (Russian army, Afghanistan Army, Armenian Army, Azerbaijan Army, Belarus Army, Georgia Army, Moldova Army, Nicaragua Army, Philippines (Army reservists), Syrian Army, Ukraine Army, Uzbekistan Army, Vietnam Army)
Bulgarian M36 helmet Bulgaria 1936 Bulgaria[10]
Portuguese M1940 Portugal 1940 Portugal
M42 Duperite helmet (Paratrooper helmet) Australia 1942 Australia
Mº 44 E.T.A. de Paracaidista used by Argentine Paratroopers Argentina 1944 Argentina
M63 Staaldak South Africa 1963 Rhodesia, South Africa
US Navy Mk II talker helmet U.S. 1942 US

1980–present

Model Image Origins First Issued Users Notes
6B26  Russia 2006 Russian Armed Forces Part of Ratnik infantry system
6B27  Russia 2006 Russian Armed Forces Part of Ratnik infantry system
6B28  Russia 2006 Russian Airborne Forces Part of Ratnik infantry system
6B47  Russia 2013 Russian Armed Forces, Syrian Army[11] Part of Ratnik infantry system
6B7
 Russia 1998 Russian Army, Syrian Army This helmet and its variants are the standard-issue headgear of the Russian army, they also are replacing older helmets like the SSh-68; Part of Ratnik infantry system
6B7-1L  Russia Russian Army and Russian Navy naval infantry part of Ratnik infantry system
Advanced Combat Helmet (ACH)  United States 2002 US Army Developed from the Modular Integrated Communications Helmet[12][13][14]
ASELSAN ZAMBAK  Turkey 2012 Turkish Armed Forces and Gendarmerie General Command
BH A-140/150  Pakistan Pakistan Armed Forces GIDS ballistic helmets. BH A-140 is 1.36kg while BH A -150 is 1.50kg in weight.[15]
BK-3 Helmet  Croatia Croatian Army, Swedish Army, German Army, Kuwaiti Army, French Army, Singapore Army, Israel Army, Saudi Arabian Army, Polish Armed Forces, Australian Army, Turkish Armed Forces, Czech Army, Bulgarian Army, United Arab Emirates Army, Lithuanian Armed Forces, Mexican Army, Spanish Army, Pakistan Army, Malaysian Army, Saudi Arabian Army, Finnish Army, National Army of Colombia, Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Indonesian Army, Italian Army, Military of Hungary, Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic, People's Liberation Army and by the police forces of the following countries: Croatia, Turkey, UK, Spain, North Macedonia, Egypt, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Colombia, Italy, Ukraine, by Argentina and by the UN demining committee.[16] Gefechtshelm M92-style helmet produced by Šestan-Busch made from Aramid fibre, with antiballistic protection level IIIA according to NIJ 0106.01 and antiballistic protection v50≥ 650 m/s according to STANAG 2920.[17] As with the German M92, the BK-3 comes with a three-point chin strap. The BK-3 replaced the Šestan-Busch BK-9 which was the first Croatian version of the Gefechtshelm M92 except it used the original US PASGT suspension head system.[18]
BK-6  Mexico Mexican Army Kevlar helmet, adopted in the 2000s (decade). used in conjunction supplementation role with the PASGT. – Imported helmet.
BK-ACH Helmet  Croatia Croatian Army ACH shape helmet produced by Šestan-Busch, alternative to BK-3
CABAL II  Argentina Argentine Army Infantry PASGT style ballistic helmet M-6 for Argentine Infantry Approved by CITEFA NIJ Level II according to the standards currently in stage R3B certified to MIL-Std 662 E.[19] However it wasn't issued in large scales.
Capacete Combate Ballistico (CCB)  Brazil Brazilian Armed Forces US PASGT-shape helmet in two versions: Polymer and Kevlar.[20]
CG634  Canada 1997 Canadian Forces Canadian variant of the French Gallet F2 SPECTRA helmet similar to the US Military MICH 2000/ACH helmet (in that it has no peak) but with the US PASGT/French F2 helmet suspension system. Issued in 1997.[21][22][23]
Cobra Plus Combat Helmet  United States 2013 Danish Army[24] and British Forces[25]
Enhanced Combat Helmet (Australia)  Israel 2004 (Australia)
2009 (NZ)
Australian Defence Force, New Zealand Defence Force The RBH 303AU model was made specially for the ADF, replacing the M91 PASGT helmet. MICH 2000 style helmet made by Rabintex, Israel[26] Was adopted by NZDF from 2009 to 2019
Enhanced Combat Helmet (ECH)  United States. 2012 Designed as an upgrade to the Advanced Combat Helmet. Uses thermoplastics instead of ballistic fibers.
EXFIL Ballistic Helmet  United States 2016 Australian Defence Force[27][28] Tiered Combat Helmet (TCH) forms part of the Soldier Combat Ensemble and includes a unique rail system and a night vision mount.[29]
Gefechtshelm Schuberth B826 (M92)  Germany 1992 Bundeswehr, Austrian Federal Police,[30] Bahrain Defence Force M1 helmet-based suspension system.,[31] Belgian military,[32] Czech Army under license as the Petris P-3001,[33] Danish Army,[34] Dutch Army,[35][36] Estonian Defence Forces, Norwegian Army,[37] Swiss Armed Forces PASGT type helmet with a sloping peak, rather than the defined peak of the US PASGT helmet. Has a 3-point retention strap system.
Gefechtshelm Schuberth B828 Airborne and B828 Tactical Cut  Germany Limited use by the paratroops in Bundeswehr like Fallschirmjäger, Spezialisierte Kräfte des Heeres mit Erweiterter Grundbefähigung für Spezielle Operationen and Kommando Spezialkräfte (KSK) – MICH 2000 and MICH 2001 type helmets
GK80  People's Republic of China People's Liberation Army, Albania
GOLFO  Chile Military of Chile Chilean PASGT-derived helmet. The helmet is locally made by Baselli Hermanos S.A of kevlar and was introduced in 2000. It is capable of stopping a 9×19mm round at 310m.
Hełm wz. 2005  Poland 2005 Polish Armed Forces. Supplementing the older Helm wz. 93 currently in use. PASGT-type helmet. The 2005 version, made by MASKPOL, came with a 4-point chin strap. The earlier Helm Wz.2000 helmet came with a 3-point chin strap. The peak of the helmet is closer to the original US PASGT helmet than other European variants in that the peak has more of the lip of the PASGT than the European-style sloping peak.[38]
Hełm wz. 2000  Poland 2000 Polish Armed Forces.
Hełm wz. 93  Poland 1993 Polish Armed Forces. Being replaced by the Helm wz. 2005.[39]
Hjälm 90  Sweden Swedish Armed Forces
Hjelm Cato  Norway Early 2000s Norwegian Armed Forces Similar to the Swedish Hjalm 90.
Integrated Head Protection System  United States 2019 US Army Part of the U.S. Army Soldier Protection System (SPS)
KASDA  Israel Israel Defense Forces, Guatemalan Army
Kyung Chang Industry (KCI)  South Korea Republic of Korea Armed Forces PASGT type helmet
Kolpak 2  Russia Russian Army
Lightweight Helmet (LWH)  United States United States Marine Corps[40] PASGT-style helmet with four-point retention strap system and velcro-attached head pad system. Also used by NZDF since the 2000s.
LShZ 1+  Russia 2012 Russian Special Forces, FSB, Syrian Army
M02 Composite Helmet  Finland Finnish Defence Forces Upgraded PASGT-style helmet, replacing the Gefechtshelm M92-style M/92 Komposiittikypärä helmet.
M76 paratrooper helmet  United Kingdom 1976 British Armed forces Paratroopers and Airborne units
M80 Helmet  Iraq 1980 Iraqi Army Plastic and cloth copy of the M1 Helmet, Developed during Saddam Hussein's Iraq, Limited use on the modern Iraqi army.
M80/03 Helmet  Iraq 1980 Iraqi Army Improved and stronger variant of the M80 helmet, this version has a distinct cover
M83 helmet  South Africa 1983 Paratroopers of the South African Army Variant of the OR-201 helmet
M87  South Africa 1987 South African Army Similar to US PASGT Kevlar helmet, replacing earlier Israeli-style helmet in use since the 1980s
M90 Helmet  Iraq Another Iraqi copy of the M1 helmet, unlike the M80 helmet the M90 helmet is composed purely of plastic
M91 helmet  Australia Australian Defence Force. PASGT-style kevlar helmet. Was made by RBR Armour Systems Pty Ltd (Australia) introduced 1991. The Australian PASGT helmet was identical to the US PASGT helmet with the exception of a 3-point chin strap, much like the chin strap of the German B826 Gefechsthelm. Was replaced in 2004 by the Israeli-made Australian Enhanced Combat helmet.
M/92 Komposiittikypärä (also known as K-92)  Finland Finnish Defense Forces. Gefechtshelm M92-style PASGT helmet but with US PASGT style suspension system.[41] Replaced in the early 2000s (decade) by the M/02. PASGT-Hjelm style blend helmet
MARTE helmet  Spain 1985 Spanish Armed Forces, Spanish Navy Marines Versions I to IV, MARTE IV Kevlar helmet currently used by the Spanish Armed Forces. Similar to the PASGT. MICH type helmet replacing it in the Navy Marines.
Mile Dragić M-05  Serbia 2005 Serbian Special Forces MICH type helmet[42]
Mile Dragić M-97  Serbia 1997 Serbian Army PASGT type helmet[43]
M91 Eurokompozit  North Macedonia 1992 Army of North Macedonia
Police of North Macedonia
Macedonian version of the PASGT helmet. Produced by 11 Oktomvri Eurokompozit a.d. Prilep.
M89 Eurokompozit  North Macedonia 1992 Army of North Macedonia
Police of North Macedonia
Macedonian version of the Yugoslav M59/89 JUŠ. Produced by 11 Oktomvri Eurokompozit a.d. Prilep.
Mk. 6 helmet  United Kingdom British Armed Forces.[44] being replaced by the Mk. 7 helmet
Mk. 7 helmet  United Kingdom British Armed Forces
MUKUT  India Indian Armed Forces Advanced Combat Helmet(ACH) type Kevlar helmet made by MKU.
MICH TC-2000  United States special operationsUnited States Army Developed for special operations use and became the basis for the Advanced Combat Helmet
MICH TC-2001  United States special operationsUnited States Army "High cut" version of the MICH 2000. It removes all ear protection enabling headgear to be worn
MICH TC-2002  United States special operationsUnited States Army "Gunfighter cut",[45] which raises the area around the ears by about 1/2", allowing for a wider range of headsets to be used and roughly meeting the profile of the skateboard and whitewater helmets previously used by special forces.
MPC-1  Slovenia Variant of OR-201 helmet
NP Aerospace AC200/650  Greece Special Forces unit of the Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy and Hellenic Air Force – Gefechshelm type helmet. – Hellenic Army, Navy and Air Force primarily use the PASGT
Ops-Core FAST Helmet  United States 2009 United States special operations, United States SWAT and Law Enforcement, German Bundeswehr, Norwegian Armed Forces, Australian Defence Force, Australian Federal Police and others.
OR-201  Israel 1976 Israel Defense Forces, Some units of Special forces of Indian Army, Irish Defence Force, Lebanon (Lebanese Forces, South Lebanon Army, Hezbollah, Lebanese Army), Honduran Army, Guatemalan Army, Peruvian Army, Romanian Army, Nicaragua (National Guard and Police), Portugal (Portuguese Marine Corps), South African Defence Force, Chilean Army (1st Parachutists Battalion "Pelantaru" (1º Batallón de Paracaidistas "Pelantaru")), Sri Lanka, and other countries.
Patka helmet  India Indian Armed Forces Indigenously built helmet. It can prevent 7.62mm AKM round
PASGT helmet  United States 1983 United States Military, Argentine Army, Mexican Army, New Zealand Defence Force, Iraq, Costa Rica First issued in 1983 to replace the M1 helmet. Former kevlar helmet used by the United States Army, Marine Corps, Navy. Used by the USAF, but is being phased out by the ACH[46] US Air Force.[47] Adopted by the Mexican Armed Forces in the 1990s to replace the M1 helmet. Replaced the M1 helmet of the Argentine army and modified with padded interiors. US-made PASGT helmets by UNICOR replaced the New Zealand M1 helmet in the 2000s. The NZ PASGT was a copy of the USMC Lightweight helmet in that it shares the 4-point retention system and head pad system.[48]
QGF02  People's Republic of China 1994 People's Liberation Army
QGF03  People's Republic of China 2005 People's Liberation Army
QGF11  People's Republic of China People's Liberation Army
RBH303IE  Ireland Irish Defence Force Variant of the Enhanced Combat Helmet (Australia) helmet made by Rabintex
Savar SVRH01  Turkey Turkish Armed Forces and Gendarmerie General Command Based on PASGT.
Savar SVRH02  Turkey Turkish Armed Forces and General Directorate of Security Based on MICH.
SBH 400  Pakistan Pakistan Armed Forces Magnum resistant helmets produced by GIDS.[49]
Sistema Compositi SEPT-2 PLUS  Italy Italian Armed Forces[50]
Sistema Compositi SUPERUBOTT  Italy Special Units (particularly GIS) of the Italian Law Enforcement community[51]
F2 SPECTRA  France 1992 Danish Army, French Army, Canadian military, Austrian Army, Bangladesh Army, Malta Army, Royal Moroccan Army, Ukrainian Ground Forces, and United Nations peacekeeping forces[52] PASGT shape helmet produced by Gallet of France, introduced early 1990s. 'Spectra' is a brand-name of a type of resistant fibre, not the actual name of the helmet. Unlike most other European PASGT style helmets, the peak of the F2 has the same defined lip as the original US PASGT helmet, whereas other European PASGT-style helmets (such as the German M92 and the Croatian BK-3) tend to have a sloping peak.
STSh-81  Soviet Union 1981 Titanium helmet
Type 88 Helmet  Japan JSDF PASGT type helmet

See also

References

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