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Modular Integrated Communications Helmet
An up-close image of a United States Marine wearing a Modular Integrated Communications Helmet
TypeCombat helmet
Place of originUnited States of America
Service history
In serviceJanuary 2001 – present
Used bySee Users
WarsIn US service:
Global war on terrorism In non-US service:
Syrian civil war spillover in Lebanon
Russian invasion of Ukraine
Production history
DesignerUnited States Army Soldier Systems Center
ManufacturerMade by numerous manufacturers like MSA Gallet and Gentex[1]
ProducedJanuary 2001 – present
VariantsSee Variants
Weight1.36 kg (3.0 lb) to 1.63 kg (3.6 lb), depending on size[2]

The Modular Integrated Communications Helmet (MICH) is a U.S. combat helmet and one of several used by the U.S. military. It was developed by the United States Army Soldier Systems Center to be the next generation of protective combat helmets for use by the U.S. Army.


The MICH was originally part of a series of combat helmets designed for the U.S. Army Special Operations Command as a replacement for the PASGT helmet and the various non-ballistic skateboard, bicycle, and whitewater "bump" helmets solely within those units.[3] Development was done from 1997 before it was released in January 2001 by the United States Army Soldier Systems Center.[4][5]

The main reason for the development of the MICH was due to the protective but heavy PASGT being supplanted by these bump helmets by special forces operators due to them being lighter, more comfortable, closer-fitting, and made of plastic making them easier to mount accessories onto, especially night vision devices and communications headsets.[5] The lighter weight and non-ballistic nature of these helmets allowed the fitting of additional accessories without putting undue strain on the neck or requiring the drilling of holes through Kevlar to affix night vision mounting brackets, compromising the Kevlar helmet's protective ability if not done precisely. Inevitably, operators suffered injury and deaths due to taking their wholly unsuited plastic helmets into the unforgiving environment of close-quarters warfare, especially the 1993 Battle of Mogadishu where at least one Delta Force operator (either SFC Shughart or MSGT Gordon) was supposedly killed by a shot to the head. While no ballistic helmet of the time could protect from small arms fire in close-quarters combat, it inspired the U.S. Army to create a new helmet to better protect special operations forces in direct action missions while providing the weight and modularity they desired that caused them to cease using the PASGT in the first place.

An initial stop-gap solution was provided in the RBR S4 helmet (introduced in 1994), which is difficult to find information on but appears to be derived from the French SPECTRA helmet; it particularly resembles the Canadian CG634, which is a derivative. Meanwhile, development was under way of a purpose-built helmet under the SPEAR program, which eventually produced the MICH in the late 1990s[6] and offered in three cuts to allow operator choice in balancing protection and weight to suit their preferences and mission profile. While it did not entirely replace the plastic bump helmets, it replaced them almost completely in direct action missions where operators are most likely to suffer head injury from fragments, concussive force, or bullets. Initially, it was used almost exclusively by SOCOM and some units with close ties to them; however, the U.S. Army later determined that the improvements presented by the lighter, higher-cut, and brim-less MICH over the PASGT helmet warranted organization-wide distribution, and began to release examples to the Army at large as a more cost-effective solution to reequipping the entire Army.

To date, the MICH and its derivatives, the Advanced Combat Helmet and Enhanced Combat Helmet have fully replaced the PASGT in active U.S. Army service and is in use with all branches of the U.S. military in at least some capacity.[7]

The U.S. Marine Corps evaluated the MICH during its own search for a PASGT replacement, but chose to adopt a helmet that retains the profile of the PASGT but is lighter, known as the Lightweight Helmet, which incorporates improvements in the MICH such as the liner and retention system.[7]


A U.S. Marine CSO practices firing his MK18 at the Grafenwoehr Training Area's shooting range.

The MICH ranges in weight from about 3 lb (1.36 kg) (size medium) to just over 3.6 lb (1.63 kg) (extra large). It uses a new, more advanced type of Kevlar and provides increased protection against handgun rounds.[5]

A pad system and four-point retention system, similar to the cushions and straps found on the aforementioned skate, bicycle, and water helmets, replaces the nylon cord suspension system, sweatband and chinstrap found on the PASGT helmet.[8] The change provides greater impact protection and comfort for the wearer. It can be fitted with a mounting bracket for a night vision device on the front, such as the AN/PVS-14 or AN/PVS-15,[9] similar to that on the PASGT helmet. It can also be fitted with a pair of straps on the rear to keep protective eyewear in place, as well as cloth helmet covers in varying camouflage patterns including M81 Woodland,[5] three-color desert,[5] USMC MARPAT,[2] U.S. Army UCP,[2] Crye MultiCam,[2] and solid black for use with SWAT teams,[2] among numerous other patterns available commercially. As with its PASGT predecessor, the MICH is often worn with a band around it which features a pair of "cat eyes"—patches, some purely reflective and some also slightly luminous, on the back intended to prevent friendly fire incidents.[citation needed]

The MICH is also slightly smaller than the PASGT, providing 8% less coverage; this is primarily in the elimination of the brow and raising of the sides to the point that the lower brim behind the temple is "flat", compared to the "curved" profile of the PASGT. This accounts for some of the reduced weight and allows for both greater situational awareness and less obstruction of the wearer's vision, particularly when combined with Interceptor Body Armor.

Previously, soldiers had complained that the high collar of the Interceptor combined with the two-point chinstrap pushed the back of the PASGT helmet forward, in turn moving the helmet brim over their eyes when they attempted to fire from a prone position, this is rectified in the MICH with its reduced profile and four-point chinstrap.


U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit's Maritime Raid Force practice maritime interoperability training.

MICH TC-2000

The baseline "full cut" helmet, which has a four-point chin strap and seven pads worn inside.[7]

MICH TC-2001

The second cut known as "high cut",[10] which removes all ear protection allowing for more headset options at the cost of all side protection.

MICH TC-2002

The third cut known "gunfighter cut",[10] which raises the area around the ears by about 1/2", allowing for a wider range of headsets to be used and roughly meeting the profile of the skateboard and whitewater helmets previously used by special forces.

Advanced Combat Helmet

See also: Advanced Combat Helmet

The Advanced Combat Helmet is derived from the MICH in terms of design,[4] but offers superior protection.[11]

Enhanced Combat Helmet

See also: Enhanced Combat Helmet (United States)

The Enhanced Combat Helmet is identical in shape to the Advanced Combat Helmet but thicker and made with lighter materials. It is set to replace LWH in use by the United States Marine Corps and the ACH and MICH 2000 helmets of the U.S Army, Air Force, and Navy.


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See also


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  2. ^ a b c d e Veterans, Hard Head. "Ballistic Military Helmets and Which One is Right for You!". Archived from the original on 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  3. ^ a b Committee on Review of Test Protocols Used by the DoD to Test Combat Helmets; Board on Army Science Technology; Division on Engineering Physical Sciences; National Research Council (2014). 2 Evolution of Combat Helmets - Review of Department of Defense Test Protocols for Combat Helmets - The National Academies Press. doi:10.17226/18621. ISBN 978-0-309-29866-7. PMID 25077182. Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  4. ^ a b "Advanced Combat Helmet ACH". Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Bullet stopper". Archived from the original on 2018-01-04. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  6. ^ Lightweight Ballistic Composites: Military and Law-Enforcement Applications, edited by Ashok Bhatnagarm, page 370.
  7. ^ a b c d Helmets, World War. ".: World War Helmets - Casque MICH TC 2000 - ACH :". Archived from the original on 2017-10-08. Retrieved 2017-10-08.
  8. ^ "Modular/Integrated Communications Helmet - CIE Hub". CIE Hub. Archived from the original on 2017-08-26. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  9. ^ Pike, John. "SPEAR Modular/Integrated Communications Helmet (MICH)". Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  10. ^ a b "Canipe Correspondence - Helmets: State of the Art Then and Now - Soldier Systems Daily". 18 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  11. ^ "Armorsource Military Ballistic Helmets". Archived from the original on 2018-10-04. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  12. ^ "Какое оружие из стран, объявивших Беларуси эмбарго, есть у силовиков | 42.TUT.BY". Archived from the original on 4 January 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  13. ^ says, Juan da Silva Soares (2019-08-01). "CIGS procede à Experimentação Doutrinária do Grupo de Combate de Selva". Defesa Aérea & Naval (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-08-02.
  14. ^ Soares, Juan (2 August 2019). "MICH helmet with aftermarket side rail kits". Defesa Aerea e Naval.
  15. ^ InfoDefensa, Revista Defensa. "Armor Vest proporcionará al Ejército de Chile cascos balísticos modelo Mich 2000". Infodefensa - Noticias de defensa, industria, seguridad, armamento, ejércitos y tecnología de la defensa. Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  16. ^ "Composite Helmet, Ballistic helmets, Military helmets CZECH helmet, Kevlar helmetcomposite helmets index". Archived from the original on 2018-10-06. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  17. ^ "Tactical Ballistic Helmet DH MK-II". 17 November 2023.
  18. ^ "Gefechtshelm Special Forces Helmet KSK".
  19. ^ "Airborne 828 Gefechtshelm für Fallschirmjäger".
  20. ^ "828 Tactical Cut Gefechtshelm".
  21. ^ "3M Combat II - Schuberth". Archived from the original on 2016-02-15.
  22. ^ "ISOF Arms & Equipment Part 1 – Personal Equipment – Armament Research Services". 2016-11-27. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  23. ^ Neville, Special Operations Forces in Iraq, page 62.
  24. ^ "Arhangheli pe Borcea". 8 October 2016. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  25. ^ "Zaslon: Russia's Most Secretive Unit". 31 January 2022.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-07-22. Retrieved 2018-08-22.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ Neville, SAS 1983-2014, pages 12, 23 and 26.
  28. ^ Eward, page 33.
  29. ^ Eward, page. 4
  30. ^ Eward, page 16-17.
  31. ^ Neville, Special Operations Forces in Iraq, pages 60-61.
  32. ^ "Nửa thế kỷ gây dựng thương hiệu của Z176 - Quân sự Việt Nam -". Archived from the original on 2021-09-10.
  33. ^ Neville 2019, p. 129.