Madame Tussauds (cream building) includes the former London Planetarium (dome) since 2010.
Madame Tussauds (cream building) includes the former London Planetarium (dome) since 2010.
Entrance sign in London
Entrance sign in London

Madame Tussauds (UK: /tˈsɔːdz/, US: /tˈsz/)[1][N. 1] is a wax museum founded in 1835 (188 years ago) (1835) by French wax sculptor Marie Tussaud in London, spawning similar museums in major cities around the world. While it used to be spelled as "Madame Tussaud's", the apostrophe is no longer used.[2][3] Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in many cities, displaying the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters.



Waxwork of Marie Tussaud (sculpting a waxwork) and her memorial plaque at the wax museum she founded in London

Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked for Philippe Curtius in Bern, Switzerland, who was a physician skilled in wax modeling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling beginning when she was a child. He moved to Paris and took his young apprentice, then only 6 years old, with him.[4]

Grosholtz created her first wax sculpture in 1777 of Voltaire.[5] At the age of 17, she became the art tutor to Madame Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI of France, at the Palace of Versailles. During the French Revolution, she was imprisoned for three months and awaiting execution, but was released after the intervention of an influential friend.[4] During the Revolution, she made models of many prominent victims.[6]

Grosholtz inherited Curtius's vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794. For the next 33 years, she travelled around Europe with a touring show from the collection. She married Francois Tussaud in 1795 and took his surname. She renamed her show as Madame Tussaud's. In 1802, she accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre, London. She did not fare particularly well financially, with Philidor taking half of her profits.

She was unable to return to France because of the Napoleonic Wars, so she traveled throughout Great Britain and Ireland exhibiting her collection. From 1831, she took a series of short leases on the upper floor of "Baker Street Bazaar" (on the west side of Baker Street, Dorset Street, and King Street in London).[7] This site was later featured in the Druce-Portland case sequence of trials of 1898–1907. This became Tussaud's first permanent home in 1836.[8]


Poster for the Tussaud wax figures exhibition, Baker Street, London 1835
Poster for the Tussaud wax figures exhibition, Baker Street, London 1835

By 1835, Marie Tussaud had settled down in Baker Street, London and opened a museum.[9] One of the main attractions of her museum was the Chamber of Horrors. The name is often credited to a contributor to Punch in 1845, but Tussaud appears to have originated it herself, using it in advertising as early as 1843.[10]

This part of the exhibition included victims of the French Revolution and newly created figures of murderers and other criminals. Other famous people were added, including Lord Nelson, the Duke of Wellington, Henry VIII and Queen Victoria.[11]

Some sculptures still exist that were made by Marie Tussaud herself. The gallery originally contained some 400 different figures, but fire damage in 1925, coupled with German bombs in 1941, severely damaged most of such older models. The casts themselves have survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade, and these can be seen in the museum's history exhibit. The oldest figure on display is that of Madame du Barry, the work of Curtius from 1765 and part of the waxworks left to Grosholtz at his death. Other faces from the time of Tussaud include Robespierre and George III. In 1842, she made a self-portrait, which is now on display at the entrance of her museum. She died in her sleep in London on 16 April 1850.[12]

First Mortgage Debenture Stock of Madame Tussaud's Ltd., issued 15. September 1949
First Mortgage Debenture Stock of Madame Tussaud's Ltd., issued 15. September 1949

By 1883, the restricted space and rising cost of the Baker Street site prompted her grandson Joseph Randall to commission construction of a building at the museum's current location on Marylebone Road. The new exhibition galleries were opened on 14 July 1884 and were a great success.[13] But Randall had bought out his cousin Louisa's half share in the business in 1881, and that plus the building costs resulted in his having too little capital. He formed a limited company in 1888 to attract fresh capital but it had to be dissolved after disagreements between the family shareholders. In February 1889 Tussaud's was sold to a group of businessmen, led by Edwin Josiah Poyser.[14] The first wax sculpture of a young Winston Churchill was made in 1908; a total of ten have been made since.[15] The first overseas branch of Madame Tussauds was opened in Amsterdam in 1970.[16]

Ownership changes

In 2005, Madame Tussauds was sold to a company in Dubai, Dubai International Capital, for £800m (US$1.5bn). In May 2007, The Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group from then-owner Dubai International Capital for US$1.9 billion;[17] the company was merged with Blackstone's Merlin Entertainments and operation of Madame Tussauds was taken over by Merlin.[17][18] After the Tussauds acquisition, Dubai International Capital gained 20% of Merlin Entertainment.[19]

On 17 July 2007, as part of the financing for the Tussauds deal, Merlin sold the freehold of Madame Tussauds to private investor Nick Leslau and his investment firm Prestbury under a sale and leaseback agreement.[20] Although the attraction sites are owned by Prestbury, they are operated by Merlin based on a renewable 35-year lease.[18]

Recent status

Waxwork of Elizabeth I in London
Waxwork of Elizabeth I in London

Madame Tussaud's wax museum became a major tourist attraction in London. Until 2010, it incorporated the London Planetarium in its west wing. A large animated dark ride, The Spirit of London, opened in 1993. Today's wax figures at Tussauds include historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars, and famous murderers. It has been known since 2007 as "Madame Tussauds" museums (no apostrophe).[21]

In July 2008, Madame Tussauds' Berlin branch became embroiled in controversy when a 41-year-old German man brushed past two guards and decapitated a wax figure depicting Adolf Hitler. This was believed to be an act of protest against showing the ruthless dictator alongside sports heroes, movie stars, and other historical figures. The statue has since been repaired, and the perpetrator has admitted that he attacked the statue to win a bet.[22] The original model of Hitler was unveiled in Madame Tussauds London in April 1933; it was frequently vandalised and a 1936 replacement had to be carefully guarded.[23][24][25] In January 2016, the statue of Adolf Hitler was removed from the Chamber of Horrors section in the London museum in response to an open letter sent by a staff writer of The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, followed by significant support for its removal from social media.[26]

The first Madame Tussauds in India opened in New Delhi on 1 December 2017. Its operator, Merlin Entertainments, planned an investment of 50 million pounds over the next 10 years.[27][28][29] It features over 50 wax models, including political and entertainment figures such as Ariana Grande, Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif, Sachin Tendulkar, Kim Kardashian, Tom Cruise, Leonardo DiCaprio, Scarlett Johansson, Angelina Jolie, Asha Bhosle, Kapil Dev, and Mary Kom.[30]

On 30 December 2020, the holding company of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum in Delhi, India confirmed a temporary shutdown of the Museum.[31] It is scheduled to reopen in 2022.[32]

Museum locations

Entry of Madame Tussauds in Berlin
Entry of Madame Tussauds in Berlin
Madame Tussauds in New York City opened in 2000.
Madame Tussauds in New York City opened in 2000.
Madame Tussauds opened in Washington, D.C. in 2007.
Madame Tussauds opened in Washington, D.C. in 2007.
Madame Tussauds Hollywood in 2018.
Madame Tussauds Hollywood in 2018.
Wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II at Madame Tussauds in Shanghai, China
Wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II at Madame Tussauds in Shanghai, China
Wax figure of Tommy Cooper at Madame Tussauds in Blackpool, United Kingdom
Wax figure of Tommy Cooper at Madame Tussauds in Blackpool, United Kingdom



North America


In popular culture

Celebrity poses with their wax figures

Celebrities have often posed like their wax figures as pranks and publicity stunts:





The amateur tenor, whose vocal villainies
All desire to shirk,
Shall, during off-hours
Exhibit his powers
To Madame Tussaud's waxwork.

Stage productions

List of notable wax figures

Main article: List of wax figures displayed at Madame Tussauds museums

This list has no precise inclusion criteria as described in the Manual of Style for standalone lists. Please improve this article by adding inclusion criteria, or discuss this issue on the talk page. (May 2022)


Advertising man pasting a bill for Madame Tussaud's Chamber of Horrors, London 1877. Early exhibits included Burke and Hare. The chamber closed on 11 April 2016 and was replaced by the Sherlock Holmes Experience.[68]
Advertising man pasting a bill for Madame Tussaud's Chamber of Horrors, London 1877. Early exhibits included Burke and Hare. The chamber closed on 11 April 2016 and was replaced by the Sherlock Holmes Experience.[68]
Film Music Sports Leaders and History Marvel
Hrithik Roshan Amy Winehouse Jessica Ennis-Hill Napoleon Bonaparte Black Panther
Terminator Michael Jackson Muhammad Ali Elizabeth II Captain Marvel
Darth Vader Lady Gaga Mo Farah Nelson Mandela Hawkeye
E.T. Madonna David Beckham Richard Branson Captain America
Steven Spielberg Miley Cyrus Rafael Nadal Vincent van Gogh Hulk
Katniss Everdeen Taylor Swift Usain Bolt Donald Trump Spider-Man
Audrey Hepburn One Direction Tom Daley Barack Obama Iron Man
Kate Winslet Adele Sachin Tendulkar Albert Einstein Nick Fury
Madhuri Dixit Britney Spears Virat Kohli Charles Dickens Thor
Alfred Hitchcock Rihanna Cristiano Ronaldo Stephen Hawking Invisible Woman
Michael Caine Bob Marley Bobby Moore Pablo Picasso Wolverine
Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Freddie Mercury Olga Korbut Mahatma Gandhi Shang-Chi
Daniel Craig Mariah Carey Jonah Lomu Diana, Princess of Wales
Robert Pattinson Dua Lipa Lionel Messi Narendra Modi
Shah Rukh Khan Kylie Minogue Mohamed Salah Elizabeth I
Anthony Hopkins The Beatles
Benedict Cumberbatch Little Mix
Zendaya Drake
John Boyega Stormzy


The '90s Spirit of Hollywood Modern Classics Movies Pop Icons Marvel Country A-List Party
Sarah Michelle Gellar Bette Davis Sylvester Stallone Robin Williams Whitney Houston Iron Man Paul Newman Jennifer Lopez
Whoopi Goldberg Marilyn Monroe Tom Hanks Edward Scissorhands Michael Jackson Thor Clint Eastwood Betty White
Britney Spears Alfred Hitchcock John Travolta Jim Carrey Madonna Wolverine John Wayne Lady Gaga
Selena Quintanilla Elvis Presley E.T. Aaliyah Jason Derulo
Audrey Hepburn Lil Nas X Demi Lovato
Joan Rivers Ariana Grande
Judy Garland Zoe Saldana
Kylie Jenner
Justin Timberlake
Snoop Dogg
Taylor Swift

New York City

Main article: Madame Tussauds New York

Madame Tussauds on 42nd Street in Times Square, Midtown Manhattan, New York City
Actors Musicians Athletes Leaders Icons Characters Television Fashion
Jennifer Aniston Pharrell Williams Carmelo Anthony Barack Obama Albert Einstein ET Jimmy Fallon Adriana Lima
Leonardo DiCaprio Lady Gaga Lionel Messi Ronald Reagan Marilyn Monroe Iron Man Michael Strahan Sofía Vergara
Jodie Foster Rihanna Muhammad Ali Abraham Lincoln Charlie Chaplin Captain Marvel Jon Hamm
Angelina Jolie Jennifer Hudson Eli Manning John F. Kennedy Jacqueline Kennedy The Incredible Hulk Anderson Cooper
Whoopi Goldberg Taylor Swift Derek Jeter Mahatma Gandhi James Dean King Kong Tyra Banks
Julia Roberts Katy Perry Cristiano Ronaldo Martin Luther King Jr. Jenna Marbles Nick Fury
Priyanka Chopra Avicii Michael Jordan Dalai Lama Michael Jackson
Salman Khan Ed Sheeran
Bad Bunny
Selena Gomez
Ariana Grande


Admissions Recording Studio Soul/Jazz MTV Opry Finale
Taylor Swift Elvis Presley Louis Armstrong Rihanna Keith Urban
Johnny Cash Carl Perkins Diana Ross Beyonce Reba McEntire
Jerry Lee Lewis Stevie Wonder Katy Perry Carrie Underwood
Avril Lavigne Ella Fitzgerald Miley Cyrus Alan Jackson
Justin Timberlake Eric Church
Bruno Mars Jason Aldean
Michael Jackson Trisha Yearwood
Kid Rock


Leaders and History Sports Music Industry Entertainment Industry Film
Elizabeth II David Beckham Lady Gaga Nicky Wu Benedict Cumberbatch
The Prince of Wales Li Xiaopeng Elvis Presley Yang Lan Johnny Depp
The Princess of Wales Lang Ping Cui Jian Liu Xiao Ling Tong Leonardo DiCaprio
Barack Obama Kobe Bryant Luhan Yang Mi Kate Winslet
Vladimir Putin Zhang Yixing Leslie Cheung
Lao She Avril Lavigne Jackie Chan
Yang Liwei Michael Jackson Deng Chao
Mei Lanfang Liu Wen
Hou Baolin Yang Yang
Zhao Liying
Huang Xiaoming

Washington, D.C.

U.S Presidents First Ladies Cultural Icons A-List Music Sports Entertainment
Donald Trump Michelle Obama Uncle Sam Marilyn Monroe Marvin Gaye Babe Ruth Jimmy Fallon
Abraham Lincoln Hillary Clinton Rosa Parks Zac Efron Taylor Swift Tyra Banks
Barack Obama Nancy Reagan George Clooney Miley Cyrus
George Washington Brad Pitt Beyonce
Angelina Jolie Rihanna
Johnny Depp Justin Bieber
Michael Jackson


History Leaders Arts/Sciences Sport Music Film Indian Film TV Hollywood
Princess Diana Queen Elizabeth II Albert Einstein Wayne Rooney Katy Perry Hugh Jackman Shah Rukh Khan Oprah Winfrey Jackie Chan
Mahatma Gandhi Michelle Obama Mark Zuckerberg Yao Ming Madonna Mario Maurer Katrina Kaif Anne Thongprasom Vin Diesel
Prince Mahidol Adulyadej Aung San Suu Kyi Ludwig van Beethoven Serena Williams Nichkun Horvejkul Leonardo DiCaprio Hrithik Roshan Theeradej Wongpuapan Brad Pitt
Princess Srinagarindra Barack Obama Pablo Picasso Cristiano Ronaldo Lady Gaga Johnny Depp Prabhas Lady Gaga
Plaek Phibunsongkhram Sunthorn Phu David Beckham Michael Jackson Nicole Kidman Bruce Lee
Pridi Banomyong Silpa Bhirasri Khaosai Galaxy Tata Young Will Smith Angelina Jolie
Ariana Grande


Music Stars Sports Comedy Best of British Gaming stars
Lady Gaga Joe Hart John Bishop Queen Elizabeth II DanTDM
Michael Jackson Ken Dodd The Prince of Wales
Britney Spears Alan Carr The Princess of Wales
Freddie Mercury The Two Ronnies Joanna Lumley
The Beatles Morecambe and Wise Hugh Bonneville
Shirley Bassey Paddy McGuinness Jane Horrocks
Tom Jones Keith Lemon Susan Boyle
Johnny Rotten Tommy Cooper Cheryl
Ariana Grande Benny Hill Simon Cowell
Lewis Capaldi Dame Helen Mirren
Marvel Super Heroes Strictly Come Dancing Coronation Street I'm A Celebrity... Get Me Out Of Here!
Captain Marvel Bruce Forsyth Deirdre Barlow Anthony McPartlin
Thor Craig Revel Horwood Bet Lynch Declan Donnelly
Hulk Tess Daly Ken Barlow Bushtucker trial
Spider-Man Claudia Winkleman Jack and Vera Duckworth
Groot Hilda Ogden
Rocket Raccoon Michelle Connor
Iron Man David Platt

Las Vegas

TV Stars Hollywood Stars Pop Stars Athletes
Sofia Vergara Sandra Bullock Britney Spears Muhammad Ali
Simon Cowell Leonardo DiCaprio Whitney Houston Chuck Liddell
Eva Longoria Halle Berry Lady Gaga Tiger Woods
Kathy Griffin Hugh Hefner Michael Jackson Shaquille O'Neal


Justice League Film Party History & World Leaders Sports Music TV
Aquaman Audrey Hepburn Selena Gomez Donald Trump David Beckham Lady Gaga Neil Patrick Harris
Wonder Woman Kung Fu Panda Anne Hathaway Albert Einstein Serena Williams Pitbull Jim Parsons
Superman Marilyn Monroe Ryan Gosling Abraham Lincoln Tiger Woods Miley Cyrus Oprah Winfrey
Batman Jackie Chan Jennifer Aniston Madame Marie Tussaud Shaquille O'Neal Ricky Martin Jimmy Fallon
Flash (DC Comics character) E.T Will Smith Neil Armstrong Derek Jeter Madonna Sofia Vergara
Shrek and Princess Fiona Angelina Jolie Walt Disney Neymar Katy Perry
Jennifer Lawrence Brad Pitt Uncle Sam Dan Marino Rihanna
Dwayne Johnson Channing Tatum Barack Obama Peyton Manning Michael Jackson
John Travolta Johnny Depp Thomas Edison Elvis Presley
Olivia Newton-John Tom Hanks Martin Luther King Jr. Taylor Swift
Vin Diesel Samuel L. Jackson Ariana Grande
Steven Spielberg Emma Watson Justin Bieber

San Francisco

Sports History and Leaders Music Film
Jeremy Lin Edwin Lee Jimi Hendrix Leonardo DiCaprio
Muhammed Ali Steve Jobs Adele Alfred Hitchcock
Joe Montana Barack Obama Michael Jackson Whoopi Goldberg
Tiger Woods Abraham Lincoln Lady Gaga Steven Spielberg
Serena Williams George Washington Madonna Marilyn Monroe
Stephen Curry Martin Luther King Jr. Rihanna Audrey Hepburn
Mariah Carey


Sports History and leaders Music Film TV show
Sun Yang Vladimir Putin Teresa Teng Bruce Lee He Jiong
David Beckham Barack Obama Elvis Presley Brad Pitt Kangxi Lai Le
Michael Jordan Nelson Mandela Michael Jackson Nicole Kidman Zhou Libo
Ronaldo Bill Clinton Lady Gaga Angelina Jolie Fan Bingbing
Kobe Bryant Winston Churchill Madonna Marilyn Monroe Nicky Wu
Liu Xiang Kylie Minogue Audrey Hepburn Sun Li
Yao Ming Wu Yifan Donnie Yen Hu Ge
S.H.E Jackie Chan Yang Yang
Andy Lau Yao Chen William Chan
Nicholas Tse Chen Kun Lee Minho
Joker Xue Zhang Yixing
Gong Jun

Hong Kong

Sports History and Leaders Music Film
David Beckham Mao Zedong Elvis Presley Nicole Kidman
Yao Ming Deng Xiaoping Madonna Brad Pitt
Tiger Woods Queen Elizabeth II Beyonce Angelina Jolie
Ronaldinho Diana, Princess of Wales Britney Spears Sir Alfred Hitchcock
Rudy Hartono Sukarno Lady Gaga Johnny Depp
Maria Sharapova Joko Widodo Anita Mui Jackie Chan
William Shakespeare Anggun Bruce Lee
Mahatma Gandhi Lang Lang Michelle Yeoh
Jiang Zemin Siwon Choi Amitabh Bachchan
Pablo Picasso Nichkhun Donnie Yen
Saddam Hussein Jay Chou Andy Lau
Adolf Hitler One Direction Jacky Cheung
Narendra Modi Michael Jackson Leslie Cheung
The Beatles Leon Lai
Jackson Wang Audrey Hepburn
Zhang Yixing Kim Soo-hyun
Ariana Grande Bae Yong-joon
Hugh Jackman (as Wolverine)
Pia Wurtzbach
Varun Dhawan


A-list Music Marvel Fashion Sport World Leaders DJ's Film
George Clooney Lady Gaga Loki Justin Bieber Rafael van der Vaart Barack Obama Martin Garrix E.T.
Zayn Malik Ariana Grande Thor Doutzen Kroes Rafael Nadal Angela Merkel Afrojack Marilyn Monroe
Ryan Gosling Adele Hulk Kate Moss Lionel Messi Dalai Lama
Angelina Jolie Taylor Swift Captain America Michael Jackson
Johnny Depp Dua Lipa Iron Man
Daniel Craig Elettra Lamborghini


World War II Party & Hollywood Sport Film Politicians & Visionaries Arts & Culture Music History
Oskar Schindler Angelina Jolie Renate Götschl Julie Andrews Dalai Lama Gottfried Helnwein Freddie Mercury Marie Antoinette
Winston Churchill Quentin Tarantino David Alaba Daniel Craig Queen Elizabeth II Friedensreich Hundertwasser Taylor Swift Napoleon
Leopold Figl Benedict Cumberbatch Hermann Maier Alfred Hitchcock Barack Obama Ludwig van Beethoven Udo Jürgens Maria Theresia
Karl Renner Morgan Freeman Herbert Prohaska Sandra Bullock Angela Merkel Gustav Klimt Michael Jackson Franz Joseph
Anne Frank Kate Winslet Franz Klammer Peter Alexander Bruno Kreisky Luciano Pavarotti Katy Perry Sisi
Will Smith Gerhard Berger Audrey Hepburn Heinz Fischer Sigmund Freud Hansi Hinterseer
Leonardo DiCaprio Dominic Thiem Romy Schneider Elvis Presley
Johnny Depp Conchita Wurst


Justice League Pride Film & TV History & World Leaders Marvel Music Lights, Camera, Bollywood! Party Sports Fashion
Superman Courtney Act Eric Bana Dalai Lama Wolverine Pink Shah Rukh Khan Barack Obama Layne Beachley Megan Gale
Aquaman Guy Pearce Jackie Chan Mahatma Gandhi Spider-Man Adele Kareena Kapoor Khan Chris Hemsworth and Liam Hemsworth Dylan Alcott Miranda Kerr
Wonder Woman Lady Gaga Mel Gibson Queen Elizabeth II Iron Man Taylor Swift Rebel Wilson Tim Cahill Elle Macpherson
Batman Audrey Hepburn The Prince and Princess of Wales Captain Marvel John Farnham Nicole Kidman Don Bradman
The Flash Alfred Hitchcock Meghan, Duchess of Sussex and Prince Harry Kylie Minogue Ryan Gosling Cathy Freeman
Steve Irwin Bob Hawke Justin Bieber Johnny Depp Lleyton Hewitt
Heath Ledger Ned Kelly Keith Urban Rove McManus Rod Laver
Olivia Newton-John Arthur Phillip Katy Perry Dannii Minogue Glenn McGrath
Ray Meagher James Cook Jimmy Barnes Angelina Jolie Sally Pearson
Marilyn Monroe Banjo Patterson Michael Hutchence Cate Blanchett Ian Thorpe
Olivia Newton-John Charles Kingsford Smith Ricky Martin Delta Goodrem Shane Warne
Ian Smith Julia Gillard Rihanna Leonardo DiCaprio Mark Webber
Curtis Stone Hu Jintao Michael Jackson Sachin Tendulkar
E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial Eddie Mabo Troye Sivan[79] Yao Ming
Jacob Elordi Nelson Mandela Dua Lipa
Albert Einstein
Madame Marie Tussaud
Mary MacKillop


Music Cinema Sport Science and Culture VIP Party History and Leaders Stars of The Middle East
Michael Jackson Marilyn Monroe Arda Turan Marie Tussaud Angelina Jolie Mehmed the Conqueror Maya Diab
Madonna Audrey Hepburn Maria Sharapova Albert Einstein Brad Pitt Mimar Sinan Bin Baz
Beyoncé Jennifer Lawrence Rafael Nadal Leonardo da Vinci Johnny Depp Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Nancy Ajram
Lady Gaga Steven Spielberg Lionel Messi Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Julia Roberts Tansu Çiller Elie Saab
Demi Lovato Tom Cruise Hedo Türkoğlu Sabiha Gökçen Leonardo DiCaprio Rumi
Bob Marley Tarık Akan Cristiano Ronaldo Steve Jobs Beren Saat Suleiman the Magnificent
Zeki Müren Jackie Chan Muhammad Ali Yaşar Kemal Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ
Müslüm Gürses Spider-Man Usain Bolt Tolga Çevik
Murat Boz Harun Neymar Kerem Bürsin
Aleyna Tilki Vin Diesel Yasemin Dalkılıç Demet Akbağ
Justin Bieber Bruce Willis Mesut Özil David Beckham
MFÖ Shrek Ayşe Arman
Edis E.T. Victoria Beckham
Barış Manço Adile Naşit Will Smith
Neşet Ertaş


This section contains an unencyclopedic or excessive gallery of images. Please help improve the section by removing excessive or indiscriminate images or by moving relevant images beside adjacent text, in accordance with the Manual of Style on use of images. (November 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

See also


  1. ^ The family themselves pronounce it /ˈts/.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Wells, John C. (2009). "Tussaud's". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Pearson Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  2. ^ Rothstein, Edward (24 August 2007). "Ripley's Believe It or Not – Madame Tussauds". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 May 2010. Madame Tussaud (who gave the attraction its now-jettisoned apostrophe) ...
  3. ^ Times Online Style Guide – M: "Madame Tussauds (no longer an apostrophe)."
  4. ^ a b "The Baker Street Bazaar". 26 May 2012.
  5. ^ Du Plessis, Amelia. "England—Madame Tussauds". Informational site about England. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  6. ^ "Marie Tussaud Facts, information, pictures | articles about Marie Tussaud". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  7. ^ Pilbeam (2006) pp. 102–106
  8. ^ Pilbeam (2006) pp. 100–104
  9. ^ "The History of Madame Tussauds" Archived 13 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Madame
  10. ^ Berridge, Kate...But now British actress Emma Watson is already to set and appear here... (2006). Madame Tussaud: A life in wax. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-052847-8.
  11. ^ Timbs, John (1868). Curiosities of London: Exhibiting the Most Rare and Remarkable Objects of Interest in the Metropolis, with Nearly Sixty Years' Personal Recollections. Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. p. 819.
  12. ^ Wilson, Scott (16 September 2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. p. 762. ISBN 9781476625997. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  13. ^ Pilbeam, ibid. pp. 166, 168–9.
  14. ^ Pilbeam, ibid. p. 170.
  15. ^ Pamela Pilbeam Madame Tussaud: And the History of Waxworks. P.199.
  16. ^ "Madame Tussauds' to open shop in Delhi – Times of India". The Times of India.
  17. ^ a b Cho, David (6 March 2007). "Blackstone Buys Madame Tussauds Chain". The Washington Post.
  18. ^ a b "Merlin conjures up leaseback deal". The Daily Telegraph. 17 July 2007.
  19. ^ "Tussauds firm bought in £1bn deal". BBC News. 5 March 2007.
  20. ^ "Alton Towers sold in £622m deal". BBC News. 17 July 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  21. ^ "10 Things You Might Not Know About Madame Tussauds Wax Museum". Mental Floss. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  22. ^ "Adolf Hitler returns to Berlin museum after beheading". 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2008.
  23. ^ Pilbeam, ibid. p. 199.
  24. ^ "Madame Tussauds to repair beheaded Hitler". Associated Press. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  25. ^ Carrel, Paul (5 July 2008). "Man rips head from Hitler wax figure". Reuters.
  26. ^ Gur-Arieh, Noga (6 January 2016). "Madame Tussauds Museum in London Removed Hitler Figure". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  27. ^ [1]: "Madame Tussauds (no longer an apostrophe)."
  28. ^ "Madame Tussauds debuts in Delhi". BBC News. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  29. ^ "Madame Tussauds Delhi to officially open for public on December 1". The Indian Express. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  30. ^ "Take a sneak peek into India's first Madame Tussauds in Delhi – Wax figure of PM Narendra Modi". The Economic Times.
  31. ^ "Wax museum feels Delhi heat, Madame Tussauds shuts". The Indian Express. 30 December 2020. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  32. ^ "Madame Tussauds to Reopen in Delhi in 2022, to Offer Discount for Covid Warriors, Jabbed Visitors". 24 May 2021.
  33. ^ "Madame Tussauds Beijing" (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  34. ^ "Madame Tussauds Chongqing" (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  35. ^ "Madame Tussauds Shanghai" (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  36. ^ "Madame Tussauds Wuhan" (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  37. ^ "Madame Tussauds Hong Kong" (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  38. ^ "Madame Tussauds Delhi". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  39. ^ "Madame Tussauds Opens Today at Noida's DLF Mall | Noida News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  40. ^ "Madame Tussauds Tokyo" (in Japanese). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  41. ^ "Madame Tussauds Singapore". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  42. ^ "Madame Tussauds Bangkok". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  43. ^ "Madame Tussauds attraction to open in Dubai in 2021".
  44. ^ "Madame Tussauds Amsterdam" (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  45. ^ "Madame Tussauds Berlin" (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  46. ^ "Madame Tussauds Blackpool". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  47. ^ “Merlin Entertainments Announces Madame Tussauds Attraction to Open in Budapest”.
  48. ^ "Madame Tussauds Istanbul" (in Turkish). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  49. ^ "Madame Tussauds London". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  50. ^ "Madame Tussauds Prague" (in Czech). Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  51. ^ "Madame Tussauds Vienna" (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  52. ^ "Madame Tussauds Holywood". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  53. ^ "Madame Tussauds Las Vegas". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  54. ^ "Madame Tussauds Nashville". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  55. ^ "Madame Tussauds New York". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  56. ^ "Madame Tussauds Orlando". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  57. ^ "Madame Tussauds San Francisco". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  58. ^ "Madame Tussauds Washington D.C." Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  59. ^ "Madame Tussauds Sydney". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  60. ^ The Weather Channel (30 December 2009). "Al makes people jump out of their skin" – via YouTube.
  61. ^ Ozzy Osbourne scares people at Madame Tussauds. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  62. ^ "Carmelo Anthony Takes The Time To Prank Visitors at Madame Tussaud's " – All Ball Blog with Lang Whitaker". National Basketball Association.
  63. ^ Pincus, Eric (11 September 2014). "Jeremy Lin pranks at Madame Tussauds, pretends to be wax likeness". Los Angeles Times.
  64. ^ "Entertain This! – Daily hits and misses in pop culture". USA Today.
  65. ^ "Meltdown (At Madame Tussaud's) – Meltdown – Steve Taylor Discography". Sock Heaven. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  66. ^ "Cloning Around With Steve Taylor". Todays Christian Music. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  67. ^ "Beatles waxworks sell for £81,500". BBC. 28 October 2005.
  68. ^ "Now you too can play at being Sherlock Holmes". iNews. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  69. ^ "Madame Tussauds™ London: One of London's Best Tourist Attractions". Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  70. ^ Graphico. "Famous Wax Figures and icons – Madame Tussauds New York".
  71. ^ "EXO's Lay Meets His Wax Figure at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  72. ^ "List of Wax Figures".
  73. ^ "Wax Likeness of Supermodel Liu Wen Debuts at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  74. ^ 3 Michael Jackson wax figures unveiled in Beijing -
  75. ^ "Whats Inside". Madame Tussauds Blackpool. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  76. ^ "Madame Tussauds New York – Celebrity Wax Attraction in Times Square".
  77. ^ "Things to do in San Francisco | Madame Tussauds San Francisco". Archived from the original on 29 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  78. ^ "Explore Madame Tussauds Shanghai". Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.,
  79. ^ "Oh My, My, My...Troye Sivan is Joining Madame Tussauds Sydney!". Madame Tussauds Sydney. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  80. ^ "Madame Tussauds Istanbul".


Coordinates: 51°31′22″N 0°09′19″W / 51.52278°N 0.15528°W / 51.52278; -0.15528