Native toAfghanistan
Native speakers
3,500 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3prc
Ghulam Maheuddin, Parachi from Ghulam Maheuddin, Parachi from Deh-i Kal in Shutul, northeast of Charikar. September 1924.
Ghulam Maheuddin, a Parachi man from Deh-i-Kal in Shutul valley, northeast of Charikar, photographed by Georg Morgenstierne in September 1924.

Parachi (Parāčī) is an Iranian language. Parachi is spoken by some 600 individuals of the Parachi ethnic group in eastern Afghanistan, mainly in the upper part of Nijrab District, northeast of Kabul, out of a total ethnic Parachi population of some 5,000.

It is closely related to the Ormuri language of Kaniguram in South Waziristan, Pakistan. Parachi is usually classified as a member of the Southeastern group of the Eastern Iranian languages,[2] although this is an areal group rather than a genetical one.


  1. ^ Parachi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Nicholas Sims-Williams, Eastern Iranian languages, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition, 2010

Further reading

  • Ефимов, В. А. (2009). Язык парачи: грамматический очерк; тексты; словарь [Parachi language: Grammar, texts, dictionary] (in Russian). Мoskva: Восточная литература. ISBN 978-5-02-036407-3.
  • KIEFFER, CHARLES (1977). "The Approaching End of the Relict Southeast Iranian Languages Ōrmuri and Parāči in Afghanistan". International Journal of the Sociology of Language. 1977 (12): 71–100. doi:10.1515/ijsl.1977.12.71.
  • Trofimov, Artem (2019). "On the place of Parachi and Ormuri among the Iranian languages according to the data of annotated Swadesh lists". Journal of Language Relationship. 16 (3–4): 277–292. doi:10.31826/jlr-2019-163-411..
  • Трофимов, А. А. (2021). "Ударение множественного числа имен с показателем -ån в парачи и его связь с праиранской акцентуацией" [Stress position of nominal plurals in -ån in the Parachi language and its connection with the accent in Proto-Iranian]. Journal of Language Relationship. 19 (3–4): 210–232. doi:10.1515/jlr-2021-193-407..
  • Трофимов, А. А. (2022). "Ударение в языках парачи и ормури в связи с афганским и его значение для иранской реконструкции" [The accent in Parachi and Ormuri compared to Pashto and its significance for the reconstruction of Proto-Iranian]. Journal of Language Relationship (in Russian). 20 (3–4): 222–252. doi:10.1515/jlr-2023-203-407.