Bashkardi
Southern Bashkardi
Molki Gāl
Native toIran
EthnicityBashkardi
Native speakers
7,000 all Bashkardi (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bsg (for all Bashkardi)
Glottologbash1263  Bashkardi
sout2644  Southern Bashaka
ELPBashkardi

Southern Bashkardi or Bashagerdi, or simply "Bashkardi", and also known as southern "Bashaka", is a Southwestern Iranian language[2][3] spoken in the southeast of Iran in the provinces of Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan, and Hormozgan. The language is closely related to Garmsiri, Larestani and Kumzari. It forms a transitional dialect group to northwestern Iranian Balochi, due to intense areal contact.

Northern Bashkardi, or Marzi Gāl, is closer to neighbours than is Southern Bashkardi, or Molki Gāl,[4] and has been classified as a dialect of the neighboring Garmsiri (a.k.a. Bandari) language.[5][6]

The Bashkardi varieties spoken further inland may not all fall into either Northern or Southern Bashkardi.[6]

References

  1. ^ Bashkardi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ see M. Mayrhofer, in Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum, ed. R. Schmitt, Wiesbaden, 1988, forthcoming, and G. Windfuhr, ibid
  3. ^ Schmitt, Rüdiger, ed. (1989). Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum (in German). Wiesbaden: Reichert. ISBN 3-88226-413-6.
  4. ^ Skjærvø, Prods Oktor (1988). "Baškardi". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. London and New York: Routledge. Retrieved December 30, 2018. From what has been published it would seem that North Baškardi is more closely related to its western relatives than to South Baškardi.
  5. ^ Habib Borjian, “Kerman Languages”, in Encyclopaedia Iranica. Volume 16, Issue 3, 2017, pp. 301-315. [1]
  6. ^ a b Erik Anonby, Mortaza Taheri-Ardali & Amos Hayes (2019) The Atlas of the Languages of Iran (ALI). Iranian Studies 52. A Working Classification