Bashagerdi, Bashaka
Native toIran
Native speakers
7,000 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bsg

Bashkardi or Bashagerdi is a Southwestern Iranian language[2][3] spoken in the southeast of Iran in the provinces of Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan, and Hormozgan. The language is closely related to Larestani and Kumzari. It forms a transitional dialect group to northwestern Iranian Balochi, due to intense areal contact. South Bashkardi is more divergent from its southwestern Iranian neighbours than North Bashkardi is.[4] Bashkardi is closely related to the Garmsiri language group, which consists of closely related dialects extending from the Halilrud river valley in the north down to the Strait of Hormuz in the south.[5]


  1. ^ Bashkardi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ see M. Mayrhofer, in Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum, ed. R. Schmitt, Wiesbaden, 1988, forthcoming, and G. Windfuhr, ibid
  3. ^ Schmitt, Rüdiger, ed. (1989). Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum (in German). Wiesbaden: Reichert. ISBN 3-88226-413-6.
  4. ^ Skjærvø, Prods Oktor (1988). "Baškardi". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. London and New York: Routledge. Retrieved December 30, 2018. From what has been published it would seem that North Baškardi is more closely related to its western relatives than to South Baškardi.
  5. ^ Habib Borjian, “KERMAN xvi. LANGUAGES,” Encyclopædia Iranica, XVI/3, pp. 301-315, available online at