|Achomi, Larestani, Khodmooni|
|Native to||Iran, UAE, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Ksa, Israel|
|Region||Fars, Hormozgan, Bushehr, Kerman|
|Ethnicity||Persians (Achomi), Ajam|
|Persian alphabet (Nastaʿlīq)|
Achomi (Persian: اچُمی), also known as Larestani and Khodmooni, is a Persian and Southwestern Iranian language spoken by people in southern Fars and western Hormozgan and by significant numbers of immigrant groups in Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and other Persian Gulf Arab countries. It is the predominant language of Larestan, Khonj, Gerash, Lamerd, and Evaz counties in Fars and Bastak County in Hormozgan Province. It is also spoken by some Huwalas in the Gulf countries which can result into many cities, towns, and villages in Iran have their own kind of style Achomi (Persian: اچُمی) language like Larestan, Khonj, Gerash, and Banaruiyeh have completely different styles which can vary from the type of body language and accent. The majority of Achomi speakers are Sunni Muslims.
There are different ways to refer to this language.
The Achomi language can be considered a descendant of the Sassanid Persian language or Middle Persian.
Achomi language and its various local dialects such as Lari, Evazi, Khonji, Gerashi, Bastaki, etc., is the branch of the Middle Persian (Pahlavi) language of the Sassanid Empire.
Today, the language is known as an endangered language. In particular, UNESCO refers to it as a "definitely endangered" language with approximately 80,000 speakers. It also does not have official language status in Iran. This is because Iran only recognizes Persian as an official language. However, Iran allows the use of minority languages, such as Achomi, in the media and the education system (alongside Persian). Nevertheless, Achomi remains an endangered language with many dialectal differences gradually disappearing because of the domination of Persian.
Many Iranians moved to Arab States in order to pursue better economic opportunities. This included Achomis. These Achomis are often multilingual. Achomi migrants still speak this language in their homes, however, this variety has been influenced by the Arabic language a little but is mutually intelligible with standard Persian.
The language is a branch of the Pahlavi language. This means that it shares the ergative structure of Pahlavi. It is also an analytical language. This can be linked back to its membership in the southwestern branch of Middle-Iranian languages.
With the exception of the regional accent, pronunciation of certain words, and a slight variation in grammar, this old language has been the common language of the Southwestern Pars Province and parts of Hormozgan Province for nearly 1,800 years despite the various conquests of the region since the fall of the Sassanid Empire.
Achomi has many dialects. These dialects correspond to Larestan's different towns. Examples of these dialects include Lari, Evazi, Gerashi, Khonji and Bastaki.These dialectical variations may present themselves through pronunciation. There may also be grammatical and word differences between the dialects. Hence, if the speaker is from Evaz, they are referred as speaking Evazi, and if they are from Bastak their dialect is known as Bastaki.
An example of a dialectal variation: in some particular regions, Achomi people say raftom for "I went" (very similar to the Persian raftam), but in some other regions, just as Lar people, they say chedem (Kurdish: dichim or dechim) instead.
To make simple past verbs
The ids (om / ot / osh / mo / tosho) + The simple past root of the first type
Omgot: I said
oshbu: you (You could be referring to one or more) won
Tokha: You (has to be more than two people) ate
The root of the past simple second type + ids (am / esh / ruleless / em / eh / et) Example:
Chedam: a to be shortened! I went
bodem: we got
To create an ergative verb in past tense we can use the verb root plus its proper prefix. For example, in Achomi, the root for the verb "to tell" is got (gota equals "tell").
omgot (om+got), Kurdish (mi got or min got) = I told ...
otgot (om+got), Kurdish (tu got or te got) = You told...
oshgot (osh+got), Kurdish (wi got) = He told...
mogot (mo+got), Kurdish (me got) = We told...
togot (to+got), Kurdish pl (we got) = You (pl) told
shogot (sho+got), Kurdish (wa-n got) = They told
Another example: "deda" means "see," and "dee" Kurdish (Deed or dee) is the root verb. So:
omdee = I saw, Kurdish (mi deed, mi dee, min deed, min dee)
otdee= you saw, Kurdish (tu-te dee)....
To create a simple present or continued present tense of a transitive verb, here's another example:
agota'em (a+got+aem):I am telling...
agota'esh (a+got+aesh): You are telling...
agotay (a+got+ay): He is telling...
agota'am (a+got+a'am): We are telling...
agotay (a+got+ay): You (pl) are telling...
agota'en (a+got+a'en): They are telling...
For the verb "see" ("deda"):
adead'em, adeda'esh, adeaday,...
The Larestani people are predominantly Sunni Muslims.
While most people in Iran are Shi'ite Muslims, the Larestani are Sunnis.
((cite journal)): Cite journal requires