The provincial military commander (Chinese: 提督; pinyin: tídū) was a high military official in the Chinese provinces of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911).[1] There was one in each province, ranked 1b.[1] Under the jurisdiction of the provincial governor (巡撫 xúnfǔ) and sometimes a governor-general, he was in charge of the Chinese military forces known as the Green Standards (綠營 lǜyíng), but had no control over the Eight Banners.[1] The provincial military commander is also known as provincial commander-in-chief and general-in-chief.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Hucker, Charles O. (1985). A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. Stanford: Stanford University Press. p. 498 (Entry 6482). ISBN 0804711933.