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WJZ
Broadcast areaBaltimore metropolitan area
Frequency1300 kHz
BrandingThe Bet Baltimore
Programming
FormatSports gambling
AffiliationsBetQL Network
CBS Sports Radio
Ownership
Owner
History
First air date
June 8, 1922; 100 years ago (1922-06-08) (as WEAR)[1]
Former call signs
WEAR (1922–1924)
WFBR (1924–1990)
WLIF (1990–1991)
WJFK (1991–2008)[2]
Call sign meaning
Taken from former sister station WJZ-TV, which took the callsign in honor of the former WJZ (AM) in New York City, now WABC
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID28636
ClassB
Power5,000 watts
Transmitter coordinates
39°20′00″N 76°46′13″W / 39.33333°N 76.77028°W / 39.33333; -76.77028
Translator(s)104.9 W285EJ (White Marsh)
Repeater(s)105.7 WJZ-HD3 (Catonsville)
Links
Public license information
WebcastListen live (via Audacy)
Websitewww.audacy.com/thebetbaltimore

WJZ (1300 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station in Baltimore, Maryland. It is owned by Audacy, Inc., and broadcasts a sports betting radio format, carrying the BetQL network during the day and evening, with CBS Sports Radio heard nights and weekends. The studios are on Clarkview Road in Baltimore, off Jones Falls Expressway (Interstate 83).

WJZ is powered at 5,000 watts, using a directional antenna with a five-tower array. The transmitter site is on Clays Lane in Windsor Mill.[3] Programming is simulcast on FM translator W285EJ at 104.9 MHz in White Marsh, Maryland.[4] It is also heard on 106.5 WWMX's HD-2 digital subchannel.

History

WEAR (1922–1924)

President Harding's speech at the June 14, 1922, Francis Scott Key Monument dedication was broadcast by WEAR. This was the first radio broadcast by a U.S. President over a civilian radio station.[5][6]
President Harding's speech at the June 14, 1922, Francis Scott Key Monument dedication was broadcast by WEAR. This was the first radio broadcast by a U.S. President over a civilian radio station.[5][6]

Federal Communications Commission records list the station's "First License Date" as November 3, 1924,[7] reflecting the date an initial license was issued for the station as WFBR. However, the station has traditionally traced its history to a predecessor station, the Baltimore American newspaper's WEAR, which was first licensed in 1922.

Effective December 1, 1921, the U.S. Department of Commerce, in charge of radio at the time, adopted a regulation formally establishing a broadcasting station category, which set aside the wavelength of 360 meters (833 kHz) for entertainment broadcasts, and 485 meters (619 kHz) for farm market and weather reports.[8] On June 3, 1922, the Baltimore American & News Publishing Company was issued a license for a new station on the shared 360 meter "entertainment" wavelength.[9] The station's call letters, WEAR, were randomly assigned from a sequential roster of available call signs.

WEAR was the third broadcasting station licensed in the state of Maryland, following two earlier Baltimore grants: WKC, which had been licensed the previous March,[10] followed by WCAO in May.[11]

WEAR's June 8 inaugural program included a speech from Mayor William F. Broening and live musical performances.[12][13] On June 14, 1922, U.S. President Warren G. Harding's speech at the dedication of the Francis Scott Key Monument at Fort McHenry was broadcast by the station. This is generally considered the first time a President of the United States gave a speech over a civilian radio station.[5][6]

In 1924 WEAR was reassigned to 1150 kHz.[14] The station was deleted on October 27, 1924.[15]

WFBR (1924–1990)

Equipment formerly used by WEAR was acquired in order to establish another station. On November 3, 1924, the Fifth Regiment of the Maryland National Guard received a license for a station on 1180 kHz.[16][17] The new station's call letters, WFBR, were also randomly assigned from the sequential list of available call signs; other new stations licensed the same month included WFBK (Hanover, New Hampshire), WFBL (Syracuse, New York), WFBM (Indianapolis, Indiana), WFBN (Bridgewater, Massachusetts), WFBQ (Raleigh, North Carolina), WFBT (Pitman, New Jersey and WFBU (Boston, Massachusetts).[16] A tradition later developed that WFBR could be rendered as "World's First Broadcasting Regiment".[18] Another slogan, also derived from the call letters, was "First Baltimore Radio".[19]

WFBR's original studios were located at the Fifth Regiment Armory on Preston Street.[1] In 1927, WFBR was sold to The Baltimore Radio Show,[20] a group of investors majority-owned by the Maslin and Barroll families.[1] At that time the station moved to 1230 kHz. With the implementation of the Federal Radio Commission's General Order 40, on November 11, 1928, WFBR was reassigned to 1270 kHz.[21]

WFBR broadcast dramas, comedies, news, sports, soap operas, game shows and big band broadcasts during the "Golden Age of Radio". Arthur Godfrey started his radio career at WFBR in 1930.[22] On August 29, 1931, the station became an affiliate of the NBC Red Network.[1] switching to the Mutual Broadcasting System in October 1941.[23] With the March 29, 1941, implementation of the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement, stations on 1270 kHz, including WFBR, moved to 1300 kHz.[24] Network affiliation changed to ABC in 1945.[25]

By the mid-1950s, due to ongoing reductions in available network programming, radio stations like WFBR became more dependent on locally originated programs.[26]
By the mid-1950s, due to ongoing reductions in available network programming, radio stations like WFBR became more dependent on locally originated programs.[26]

In the 1960s, as network programming moved to television, the station switched its format. WFBR was a CBS Radio Network affiliate and was played Top 40 music with a solid news department and extensive local sports coverage. The station had its studios on East 20th Street in Baltimore City, and a transmitter site on the south side of the mouth of the Patapsco River off Waterview Avenue. In addition to sports and music, WFBR had an award-winning news team. One of its most popular news programs was a weekday afternoon panel discussion known as Conference Call, which aired from 1962 to 1988.[27] The award-winning[citation needed] program covered news topics of local, state, and national interests and was moderated by station general manager Harry Shriver. Regular panelists included WFBR newscasters Tom Marr, Ron Matz, Ken Matlath, and station program director Norm Brooks. Additionally, state and local politicians were often invited to appear as panelists as well as other special guests of civic notoriety.

In the 1970s, WFBR's on-air talent featured popular personalities such as "The Flying Dutchman" Pete Berry; Ron Matz, and his fictitious alter-ego, "Harry Horni"; Johnny Walker, a wildly popular morning DJ who was "cutting edge" for his time; "The Coach", Charley Eckman, a former NBA basketball coach and referee, who later became a Baltimore sportscasting legend;[28] and a young but versatile, broadcaster named Tom Marr who pulled triple duty as the station's news director, morning news anchor, and reporter, while also working as a sportscaster for the CBS Radio Network. For years, WFBR marketed itself as "Mad Radio 13".

From 1979 through 1986, WFBR was the radio flagship station for Baltimore Orioles major league baseball. The team had previously aired its games on WBAL. Under the leadership of Shriver, WFBR promoted the team to new levels and to a younger audience, and created what became known as "Oriole Magic".[27] From 1979 through 1982, the Orioles radio broadcast team featured longtime announcers Chuck Thompson and Bill O'Donnell, along with WFBR veteran broadcaster Tom Marr. O'Donnell left the broadcast team early in the 1982 season due to an illness from which he eventually died later that year. After the 1982 season, Chuck Thompson moved from the radio booth to do the TV broadcasts full-time on WMAR-TV, with Brooks Robinson. Once Thompson left the radio booth, WFBR's general manager Harry Shriver replaced him by hiring the now legendary Jon Miller to team up with Marr on the radio broadcasts.

Musically, WFBR evolved from Top 40 to an adult contemporary format by 1982. The station began to also move from a music intensive approach to more of a full service approach. The station began to add evening talk shows by 1984. After the 1986 baseball season, WFBR was out-bid on the Orioles broadcast rights by rival station WCBM.[27] By that time, Miller was under contract directly with the Orioles and stayed with the team, while Marr was under contract with WFBR and remained at the station to start a successful career as a radio talk-show host. WCBM held the broadcast rights for just one season before its ownership went bankrupt and defaulted on their financial obligation. By this time, WFBR switched to a "news/talk-radio" format;[27] in addition to Tom Marr, hosts on the station during this period included Alan Christian, Les Kinsolving, Joe Lombardo, former Baltimore TV anchor Frank Luber, and Stan "the Fan" Charles. Despite strong ratings, the station was not as profitable under this new format as it was when it held the Orioles broadcast rights.[27]

In 1984, the station began broadcasting in AM stereo.[27] In 1988, WFBR was sold to Infinity Broadcasting (owners of crosstown WLIF), switched to an oldies format, and let go all the on-air personnel from the previous ownership. This format played only music from 1955 to 1965, excluding British Invasion artists. This station focused on artists like Elvis Presley, Everly Brothers, Crystals, Fats Domino, Ricky Nelson, Frankie Lymon, The Drifters, Jackie Wilson, Roy Orbison, early Motown music, and others. After the sale and format switch, most of WFBR's former on-air personalities moved to WCBM which was under new management at the time, and adopted most aspects of WFBR's news/talk format, which it still airs today. Ratings for the reformatted WFBR were very low as of the summer of 1989. The station would then switch to a business news format, which only lasted for a brief time, and station management eventually changed its call letters, thus successfully killing one of the great radio stations in Baltimore history.

WLIF/WJFK (1990–2008)

On January 29, 1990, WFBR dropped the business news format, and began simulcasting WLIF, which was about to switch from beautiful music to soft adult contemporary.[29] It became WLIF,[2] a change that required the FM station to become WLIF-FM for several years. (The WFBR call sign has since been used by two stations: 95.3 WFBR-LP of Mt. Washington, Kentucky; and WFBR 1590 AM, formerly WJRO, in Glen Burnie, Maryland, which coincidentally, was the home of the late Charley Eckman.)

On October 1, 1991, the station split from the WLIF simulcast and was renamed WJFK. WJFK was originally simulcast with WJFK-FM, a talk radio station that serves the Washington metropolitan area. This change was precipitated by WJFK-FM's addition of Howard Stern, which was also on Infinity's stations in New York and Philadelphia. This simulcast brought Stern to the Baltimore market.[30][31]

When the Cleveland Browns relocated to Baltimore in 1996 and became the Ravens, WJFK (AM) was named as the team's radio flagship station, with games simulcast on WLIF, and later, WQSR. Longtime WMAR-TV sports anchor Scott Garceau was named the lead play-by-play man, with former Baltimore Colts running back Tom Matte as the color commentator. WJFK held the broadcast rights for the Baltimore Ravens from 1996 through the 2005 NFL season. WJFK's status as a flagship station for the Baltimore Ravens football franchise ended after the 2005 season; those rights were acquired by WBAL. To fill the gap in the team's coverage, WJFK and sister station WHFS aired Baltimore Gameday Uncensored throughout the 2006 season; the show is hosted by former Ravens announcers Scott Garceau and Tom Matte.

On March 10, 2003, the same day WXYV flipped from urban to hot talk, WJFK dropped the simulcast with WJFK-FM and flipped to a full-time ESPN Radio affiliate as "AM 1300 The Jock."[32] WJFK promoted itself as "Baltimore's only all-sports radio station"; however, the station's weekend schedule at the time included infomercials, and WNST also offered a sports radio format, which launched three years prior to WJFK's format change.[33] In 2004, the station rebranded as "ESPN Radio 1300".

WJZ

Logo as "CBS Sports Radio 1300"
Logo as "CBS Sports Radio 1300"

WJFK changed its call sign to WJZ, while WHFS changed its call letters to WJZ-FM, on November 3, 2008, with the FM flipping to local-oriented sports programming, and the AM retaining its full-time affiliation of ESPN Radio (with some limited local weekend programming).[2] Additionally, the callsigns of all three of Baltimore's major-affiliate TV stations have now been used on the city's radio stations; the WMAR call letters were once used on what is now WWMX. WJZ also carries University of Maryland, College Park sporting events, whose rights were previously held by rival station WBAL. On December 10, 2012, ESPN Radio was dropped for a simulcast of sister station WJZ-FM. The station became a full-time affiliate of CBS Sports Radio on January 2, 2013.[34]

On February 2, 2017, CBS agreed to merge CBS Radio with Entercom, at the time the fourth-largest radio broadcaster in the United States; the sale was conducted using a Reverse Morris Trust so that it would tax-free. While CBS shareholders retain a 72% ownership stake in the combined company, Entercom was the surviving entity, separating WJZ radio (both 1300 and FM 105.7) from WJZ-TV.[35][36] The merger was approved on November 9, 2017, and was consummated on November 17.[37][38]

On June 21, 2021, WJZ flipped to sports gambling, branded as "The Bet Baltimore", with programming from the co-owned BetQL network. CBS Sports Radio programming continues to air late nights and weekends.[39] On August 1, WJZ began simulcasting on FM translator W285EJ (104.9 MHz), which dropped its "HFS"-branded alternative rock format.[40]

History of the WJZ call letters

Further information: WABC (AM), Westinghouse Broadcasting, and American Broadcasting Company

The WJZ call sign was first used on what is now WABC in New York City. The original Westinghouse Electric Corporation, whose broadcasting division is a predecessor to the current broadcasting unit of ViacomCBS, launched WJZ in Newark, New Jersey in 1921 as the New York area's first radio station.

WJZ was sold in 1923 to the Radio Corporation of America, which moved the station to New York City. On January 1, 1927, WJZ became the flagship station for the NBC Blue Network.[41] (In the 1929 movie The Cocoanuts the station was name-checked by Chico Marx in a sequence of running gags between Chico and Groucho. Chico uses the station's call sign as the punchline of a punning joke based on his confusion over the meaning of the word "radius", which he confuses with 'radios', leading to the mention of the station's call letters.) The NBC Blue Network became the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in 1942. ABC later established WJZ-FM and WJZ-TV at the same time in 1948.

In 1953, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, and changed the call letters of their New York City stations to WABC, WABC-FM (now WPLJ) and WABC-TV. Four years later, Westinghouse Broadcasting acquired Baltimore television station WAAM (channel 13) and changed its call letters to WJZ-TV, even though it had not used that unusual three-letter call sign in the past. Once WJZ-TV had been established, it was able to share its three-letter call sign with 105.7 WJZ-FM and 1300 WJZ (AM).

References

  1. ^ a b c d Rasmussen, Fred (June 1, 1997). "WEAR was radio pioneer Media: It was expected that the new communications device would boost newspaper circulation and advertising". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 16, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Call Sign History: Facility ID #28636". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  3. ^ "WJZ-AM 1300 kHz Baltimore, Maryland" (Radio-Locator.com)
  4. ^ "W285EJ-FM 104.9 MHz White Marsh, Maryland" (Radio-Locator.com)
  5. ^ a b "President Harding Extols Francis Scott Key And The 'Star-Spangled Banner'", Baltimore American, June 15, 1922, page 1. At least two earlier Harding speeches in Washington, D.C. had been broadcast by U.S. Navy radio stations: a May 18, 1922, speech before the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, carried by NOF, and the May 30, 1922, Lincoln Memorial dedication, carried by NOF and NAA. Plans by the Navy to also carry the Baltimore speech were never implemented.
  6. ^ a b "Chronology of Milestones: Programming in the Public Interest: Politics", The First Quarter-century of American Broadcasting by Edward P. J. Shurick, 1946, page 265.
  7. ^ "WFBR (WJZ) history cards" (PDF). CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  8. ^ "Amendments to Regulations", Radio Service Bulletin, January 3, 1922, page 10.
  9. ^ "News Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, July 1, 1922, page 3. Limited Commercial license for station WEAR, serial #444, issued June 3, 1922, to the Baltimore American & News Publishing Company for a three month period, for operation on 360 meters.
  10. ^ "New Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, April 1, 1922, page 2. Limited Commercial license for station WKC, serial #557, issued March 23, 1922, for a three month period to the Joseph M. Zamoiski Company, for operation on 360 meters.
  11. ^ "New Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, June 1, 1922, page 2. Limited Commercial license for station WCAO, serial #366, issued May 8, 1922, for a three month period to the Sanders & Stayman Company, for operation on 360 meters.
  12. ^ "The American's Broadcasting Station Begins Concerts Tonight", Baltimore American, June 8, 1922, page 20.
  13. ^ "10,000 Hear the American Radio Concert", Baltimore American, June 9, 1922, page 24.
  14. ^ "Alterations and corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, May 1, 1924, page 8.
  15. ^ "Strike out all particulars", Radio Service Bulletin, November 1, 1924, page 10.
  16. ^ a b "New Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, November 1, 1924, page 3.
  17. ^ Hyder, William (May 14, 1972). "50 Years Ago, Baltimore Got its First Radio Station". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  18. ^ "What's in a Station's Call" by Madeleine Moschenross, Western Electric Pick-Ups, May 1936, page 9.
  19. ^ "Oldradio's Radio/TV Station Call Letter Origins" (oldradio.com)
  20. ^ "Alterations and corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, August 31, 1927, page 6.
  21. ^ "Broadcasting Stations, alphabetically by States and cities", Radio Service Bulletin, February 28, 1929,page 17.
  22. ^ "1922—Year Radio's Population Soared: Present Ownership", Broadcasting, May 14, 1962, page 103.
  23. ^ "Changes in Affiliations Of NBC in Baltimore and Pittsburgh Outlined", Broadcasting, April 14, 1941, page 18.
  24. ^ Radio Broadcast Stations, Federal Communications Commission (March 29, 1941, edition), page 58.
  25. ^ "WFBR Will Shift To Blue June 15", Broadcasting, January 29, 1945, page 14.
  26. ^ WFBR (advertisement), Broadcasting, April 18, 1955, page 41.
  27. ^ a b c d e f Kaltenbach, Chris (June 15, 1997). "Alumni of 'Mad Radio 13' gathering for reunion WFBR: A few hundred former employees will meet Saturday to reminisce about the late, great station". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 16, 2022.
  28. ^ Goldstein, Alan (July 5, 2007). "Remembering Eckman". Press Box. Baltimore, Maryland: Word Smith Media Ventures, LLC (2.27).
  29. ^ "Vox Jox" by Sean Eoss with Craig Rosen & Phyllis Stark, Billboard, January 27, 1990, page 14.
  30. ^ Badger, Sylvia. "Howard Stern makes radio waves here". baltimoresun.com.
  31. ^ Siegel, Eric. "Good morning, Baltimore is your radio ready for Howard Stern?". baltimoresun.com.
  32. ^ "WXYV/Baltimore Goes 'Live' As WJFK-AM Shifts To Sports", Radio & Records, March 14, 2003, page 3.
  33. ^ Klingaman, Mike (June 29, 2003). "In tune with sports". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  34. ^ Zurawik, David (June 21, 2012). "CBS to launch national sports radio network - Baltimore's WJZ-FM and AM key players". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
  35. ^ "CBS Sets Radio Division Merger With Entercom". Variety. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  36. ^ "CBS and Entercom Are Merging Their Radio Stations". Fortune. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  37. ^ "Entercom Receives FCC Approval for Merger with CBS Radio". Entercom. November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  38. ^ Venta, Lance (November 17, 2017). "Entercom Completes CBS Radio Merger". Radio Insight. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  39. ^ Audacy Flips Seven Stations To BetQL Network Radioinsight - June 21, 2021
  40. ^ Has the HFS Alternative Brand Met its Final Demise?
  41. ^ Cox, Jim (2008). This Day in Network Radio: A Daily Calendar of Births, Debuts, Cancellations and Other Events in Broadcasting History. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-3848-8. P. 5.