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WFAN-FM
Simulcast with WFAN, New York City
WFAN logo.svg
Broadcast areaNew York metropolitan area
Frequency101.9 MHz (HD Radio)
BrandingWFAN Sports Radio 66 and 101.9 FM, The Fan
Programming
Language(s)English
FormatSports radio
Subchannels
Affiliations
Ownership
Owner
  • Audacy, Inc.
  • (Audacy License, LLC)
History
First air date
October 31, 1940; 81 years ago (1940-10-31)
Former call signs
  • W2XWF (1940)
  • W55NY (1941–1943)
  • WFGG (1943–1945)
  • WGHF (1945–1955)
  • WBFM (1955–1964)
  • WPIX-FM (1964–1988)
  • WQCD (1988–2008)
  • WRXP (2008–2011, 2012)
  • WEMP (2011–2012)
Former frequencies
  • 42.18 MHz (1940–1941)
  • 45.5 Mhz (1941–1946)
  • 99.7 MHz (1946–1947)
Call sign meaning
Sports fanatic
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID67846
ClassB
ERP6,000 watts
HAAT415 meters (1,362 ft)
Transmitter coordinates
40°44′54.4″N 73°59′8.5″W / 40.748444°N 73.985694°W / 40.748444; -73.985694
Links
Public license information
WebcastListen live (via Audacy)
Websitewww.audacy.com/wfan

WFAN-FM (101.9 FM), is a commercial radio station licensed to New York, New York. Owned by Audacy, Inc. the station simulcasts a sports radio format known as "Sports Radio 66 AM and 101.9 FM", or "The FAN", along with co-owned WFAN 660 AM. Its studios are in the Audacy facility in the Hudson Square neighborhood of Lower Manhattan.

WFAN-FM has an effective radiated power (ERP) of 6,000 watts, transmitting from atop the Empire State Building.[1] WFAN-FM broadcasts using HD Radio technology. Its HD2 digital subchannel carries programming from CBS Sports Radio.

History

Early years

December 1945 station advertisement as WGHF, featuring the station's experimental broadcast facsimile service.[2]
December 1945 station advertisement as WGHF, featuring the station's experimental broadcast facsimile service.[2]

The station traces its origin to an experimental Apex band radio station, W2XWF on 42.18 MHz, which was authorized in 1940 and licensed to radio engineer William G. H. Finch.[3]

In May 1940, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) announced the establishment, effective January 1, 1941, of an FM radio band operating on 40 channels spanning 42–50 MHz.[4] On October 31, 1940, the first fifteen construction permits for commercial FM stations were issued, including one to W. G. H. Finch for a station in New York City at 45.5 MHz,[5] which was issued the call sign W55NY.[6] Effective November 1, 1943, the FCC modified its policy for FM call letters,[7] and the station was assigned new call letters of WFGG,[8] which were changed to WGHF in 1945. One of the uses of the station was to test Finch's sub-carrier facsimile system. By 1946, the station was broadcasting on 99.7 MHz, moving to 101.9 in 1947.[9]

In late 1948, it became the New York City affiliate of the farm-oriented Rural Radio Network based in Ithaca, New York, which owned a group of upstate stations that would later associate with WQXR. In 1955, its then-owner, Muzak, changed the call letters to WBFM.[10] The station aired a soft instrumental beautiful music radio format.

WPIX-FM

A WPIX-FM logo from the mid-1970s.
A WPIX-FM logo from the mid-1970s.

The station was purchased by the New York Daily News in late 1963.[11] WBFM adopted the WPIX-FM call letters on October 11, 1964, as the station was now co-owned with television station WPIX (channel 11).

Broadcasting from the "Pix Penthouse" on the 28th floor of the Daily News Building, WPIX-FM ushered in what was to become one of the most popular formats in FM radio, easy listening (later adult contemporary music), signaling the end of the dominance of beautiful music, jazz, classical and block programming on the FM band. WPIX-FM would be noted for not being able to settle on a format for any real length of time, and was derisively nicknamed "the format of the month station" by many in the New York City radio industry. The station went through 11 different formats during its post-easy listening period:

Notable air personalities during the WPIX-FM period included Mark Simone, Alan Colmes, Meg Griffin, Ted David and Jerry Carroll (a.k.a. "Dr. Jerry"). Another WPIX-FM personality, Ken Harper, host of the all-night "Manhattan After Hours," from 1964 to 1968, went on to produce "The Wiz" on Broadway.[18]

The station gave up quickly on both the Disco and the Rock and Roll/New Wave formats, only to see both genres of music become popular several years later.

From 1966 to 1988, WPIX-FM simulcast the Christmas music played during WPIX television's annual Yule Log program on Christmas Eve and Christmas morning.

CD101.9

WQCD's most notable logo, which was used with some changes until 2005.
WQCD's most notable logo, which was used with some changes until 2005.

Beginning with "The PIX Penthouse" in 1985, WPIX-FM started to play contemporary jazz after dark to boost its nighttime ratings, and beginning in September 1987, the station's evening programming was entirely dedicated to the genre. Then, on August 10, 1988, the station adopted a jazz-based adult contemporary format during the day and retained all jazz at night.

Later that month, on August 22, the station modified into a full-time smooth jazz radio format, with the new call letters WQCD and the new branding, "CD 101.9".[19] While the genre had varying degrees of presence on most Top 40 and AC stations at the time, New York City had not had a full-time commercial jazz station since 1980, when WRVR (106.7 FM, now WLTW) became country music station WKHK following an ownership change two years earlier. The re-launch of 101.9 was accompanied by a new television advertising campaign which featured Al Jarreau, Miles Davis, Kenny G, Bobby McFerrin and Herb Alpert[20]–all artists whose music formed the core of the new smooth jazz format, which proved successful and long-lasting for a station that had not been used to stability in its programming.

WQCD's early music blend featured contemporary jazz mixed with soft rock and urban adult contemporary, along with some new-age music (the "CD" branding came from the station promoting that it played between 70 and 80 minutes of music between commercial breaks, the length of an average compact disc). The station programmed an equal balance between vocal and instrumental music. At night the station played strictly contemporary jazz music, with a majority of it instrumental. As time went on, WQCD phased-out soft-rock cuts and became a full-time contemporary jazz station. The playlist continued to feature large amounts of instrumental jazz, with some new age, and several urban adult contemporary songs. This formula would largely be unchanged for over 15 years.

When the Daily News changed ownership in 1991, 101.9 WQCD and Channel 11 WPIX were retained by the newspaper's former corporate parent, the Tribune Company. In 1997 Tribune sold WQCD to Emmis Communications. The combination of WQCD and Emmis's two existing New York stations, WQHT (97.1 FM) and WRKS (98.7 FM, now WEPN-FM), gave the Indianapolis-based company an FM triopoly in the New York market. In 1998, Emmis moved WQCD out of the Daily News Building, and along with WQHT and WRKS into a newly constructed common facility at 395 Hudson Street.

WQCD ran an experiment from November 22, 2004, until August 2005, when the station's playlist included chill music, a relaxing sound based on the music found on the beaches of Ibiza. The ratings were not satisfactory, and the experiment ended. The station retained the tagline, "CD101.9, Your Chill-Out Station" during its successful transition back to the standard smooth jazz format. WQCD's on-air staff remained unusually stable in the generally volatile radio climate, led by morning host Dennis Quinn. Midday host Deborah Rath had been with parent company Emmis since 1988, as a veteran of both WRKS and WQHT. Afternoon drive host Paul Cavalconte was a veteran of New York jazz, classical, and rock stations, adult standards WNEW. Evening host Sharon Davis called WQCD home for nearly a decade. Rafe Gomez hosted "The Groove Boutique", a nationally syndicated groove jazz mix show that aired on Saturday nights beginning in 2003. "The Groove Boutique" was a finalist in the 2005 Best Mix Show category of the 8th annual New York Radio Market Achievements In Radio (A.I.R.) awards.[21]

101.9 RXP

On February 5, 2008, at 4:00 p.m., Emmis Communications announced a change to a rock format under the WRXP call letters and the tagline 101.9 RXP: The New York Rock Experience. The last songs played on "CD 101.9" were "Shining Star" by The Manhattans and an instrumental rendition of "Street Life" by U-Nam, while the first two songs played on "RXP" were "Rock and Roll" by Velvet Underground and "Supernatural Superserious" by R.E.M. With the exception of Paul Cavalconte, the entire WQCD air staff was released including Dennis Quinn, who had survived every other format change at 101.9 since joining the station in 1971. Only program director Blake Lawrence was retained from the previous format for WRXP. Emmis cited a declining audience for smooth jazz, which moved to the station's HD2 subchannel. (An online version of CD101.9 would eventually be launched in late summer 2015.)

WRXP was the first alternative rock station in New York City since WXRK's format flip to active rock in April 2005. Even though classified as alternative rock (with a slight adult album alternative lean), Nielsen BDS and Mediabase reported WRXP as an AAA, with suburban station WXPK recognized as the main AAA station in the New York City market. By 2011, WRXP was classified as an alternative rock station by both Nielsen BDS and Mediabase.

WRXP's first on-air personality was Brian Schock. Until leaving the station to return to San Diego in January 2009, he was also the station's assistant program director and music director. Station management promised to hire a New York rock-savvy airstaff for the rest of the station's dayparts.[22] Among those hired were veteran radio and MTV personality Matt Pinfield as the morning drive host; Steve Craig as midday host; and Brian Phillips as evening host. The weekend air staff included Dave Greek, Greg Russ and Jennifer Kajzer, as well as Cavalconte, the only personality retained from the WQCD smooth jazz format. In March 2009, WRXP announced that Nik Carter, formerly of WXRK, and later with VH1, joined as the station as its afternoon drive personality.

On June 16, 2008, Leslie Fram, formerly of WNNX in Atlanta, was appointed Program Director. She also co-hosted the WRXP morning drive (and later midday) show with Pinfield.[23] On November 9, 2008, Anything Anything with Rich Russo debuted on the station.

Merlin Media

On June 21, 2011, it was announced that majority ownership of WRXP was acquired by Merlin Media LLC, a new entity headed by veteran radio executive Randy Michaels.[24] The sale, which the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved in September 2011, included two other Emmis-owned stations in Chicago, WLUP-FM and WKQX. Merlin registered several domains for what the new format of the station would be, including a return of WYNY's country music format, but many suggested an all-news radio format.

All of WRXP's DJs, except for Cavalconte, were dismissed, and at 5 p.m. on July 15, 2011, WRXP's rock format ended with "Long Live Rock" by The Who. WRXP's website (MyRXP.com) continued operation after the station left the airwaves, offering its music format via streaming online audio and later a Spotify playlist (with occasional new songs added) until Merlin acquired the domain name.

After a brief period of dead air, WRXP (whose call sign was changed to WEMP on July 21) switched to a stunt of adult contemporary music branded as "101.9 FM New," which served as a transition to the station's new format.[25] The first song on "FM New" was "All Summer Long" by Kid Rock. "101.9 FM New" featured a live morning show that began at 6:00 a.m. on July 18, hosted by Paul Cavalconte (who had been with 101.9 since 1998), with Jeff McKay (a New York traffic reporter formerly of Shadow Traffic and WINS) providing traffic reports and weather updates (until the next day, when Meteorologist Scott Derek began).[26] News reports and news blocks were gradually introduced beginning with a 3 p.m. newscast on July 25, 2011, anchored by Dave Packer and Mike Barker.

FM News 101.9

On August 12, 2011, the station ended its adult contemporary stunt and became an all-news station as "FM News 101.9." It followed in the footsteps of its Chicago sister station WWWN (the former and current WKQX), which flipped to all-news on July 29.[27][28] As conceived by Merlin's then-COO, Walter Sabo, "FM News" was what Sabo considered a "redefining" of the all-news format.[29] The on-air presentation was generally looser and conversational in tone, while an emphasis was placed on lifestyle, health, and entertainment features.[30] The initial news staff at WEMP included people with experience in New York radio, including WINS alums Catherine Smith, Alice Stockton-Rossini, and Brett Larson, as well as former WCBS anchor Therese Crowley and WRXP holdover Paul Cavalconte.[31]

Over time, the "FM News" approach on WEMP was adjusted. The reliance on lifestyle and entertainment features was decreased. The station turned towards a tighter on-air presentation and hard news format. Several new features were added, including "10 minutes of non-stop news" at :00, :20 and :40 past the hour (similar to the fact that WINS delivers news headlines at these intervals), the "Top 5 Trending Stories" leading off every hour, with hourly sports and business updates.[32][33]

The station also advertised "traffic and weather on the 5s". Coinciding with the on-air changes was a major promotional push, including television ads.[34] Promotions tweaked WINS' longtime "22 minutes" slogan, with WEMP proclaiming "Give us 10 minutes, we'll give you the world."[35] (After WINS owner CBS Radio sent a cease-and-desist letter to Merlin Media, WEMP dropped the slogan, and replaced it by "non-stop news".) Then, Merlin Media fought back against WINS by demanding that station not to call itself as "New York's One and Only All-News Station" (to highlighting its round-the-clock newswheel as opposed to WCBS carrying some live sports broadcasts). Merlin Media said this was misleading according to WEMP's format at the time.[36]

In the time FM News was in operation, it was plagued by a variety of technical issues after management in Chicago decided to automate the news, much as some music stations automate their playlists. The controversial approach led to a number of on-air gaffes, including wrong time checks and news stories misplaced. The only live elements on the air were traffic reports, which were reportedly demanded by a manager at WEMP, despite the traffic reports being recorded by their Chicago sister station. The expanded traffic reports became one of the few successes of the radio station, and several months later, Chicago's "FM News 101.1" would also return to the live traffic reports.

WEMP and its all-news format struggled to make gains in Arbitron ratings. For example, in the period ending January 4, 2012, Arbitron rated WEMP at a 0.5, far behind both of the CBS Radio-owned all-news stations in New York, category leader WINS at 3.2 and WCBS at 2.8 in that month.[37] (WEMP's share was lower than one of the last ratings books for WRXP, a 2.6 share in July 2011.)[38]

New Rock 101.9

In July 2012, there was speculation that Merlin Media would convert WEMP to a news/talk hybrid, similar to its sister stations in Philadelphia, WWIQ, and Chicago, WIQI, which was also struggling in ratings with all-news and had added some talk programming.[39] Instead, Merlin had other plans for the station.

On July 17, 2012, at 10 a.m., Merlin management held meetings with the news staffs of both WEMP and WIQI.[40] While the meeting took place, a pre-recorded newscast from earlier in the day on "FM News 101.9" was abruptly cut off and replaced by the reporting of one final story — an announcement that the all-news format was ending immediately.

"This is the final story being covered by FM News. It is to announce that a format change is about to occur at 101.9. In just a few moments, FM News will become New Rock 101.9. The final line of our final story is this: A special note of thanks to everyone involved with FM News for their passion and support. Sometimes just saying thank you isn't enough, but in this case, it'll have to do. Thank you... and good-bye."

After a brief period of dead air, WEMP then returned to an alternative rock format under the "New Rock 101.9" branding, with "No Sleep Till Brooklyn" by the Beastie Boys, as the first song played.[41] (At the very same time, WIQI transitioned from all-news to adult hits.)[42][43] In a press release, Merlin CEO Randy Michaels called dropping all-news from both WEMP and WIQI "a difficult decision to make" but one that had to be made in light of "minimal audience engagement."[40] Most "FM News 101.9" staffers were released by Merlin, with a handful retained by the company to serve as reporters for Merlin's WWIQ in Philadelphia.[44]

"New Rock 101.9" ("New Rock for New York") featured a playlist that included current and recent alternative rock songs and artists.[42] The presentation included an irreverent attitude and the "backselling" (identification of artist and song title) at the end of many current songs.[41] To coincide with the format change back to rock, Merlin Media made two noteworthy moves: It filed a request with the FCC on July 18 to revert the station's call sign from WEMP to WRXP.[45] The call letters were officially changed on July 25.[46] Merlin also obtained WRXP-related domain names from the station's previous owner, Emmis Communications, including MyRXP.com (which would redirect to the station's NewRock1019.com website).[47] "New Rock 101.9" ran with limited on-air talent, including former WRXP host Brian Phillips on middays, with the possibility that other former 'RXP staffers would be invited to rejoin the station.[46]

WFAN-FM

WRXP made some gains in the Arbitron ratings with its revived alternative format. The station jumped to a 1.6 share in July, and then to a 2.1 share in August. But Merlin Media was faced with a high debt load from recent purchases and the cost of its failed news format. Additionally, one of Merlin's investors was seeking buyers for the company's stations.[48]

Merlin announced on October 8, 2012, that it had agreed to sell WRXP to CBS Radio. With the purchase (estimated at $75 million), CBS said it would convert WRXP to a simulcast of its sports radio station 660 WFAN.[49] The simulcast began at 11:57 p.m. on November 1, 2012, after Jeff Buckley's "Last Goodbye" brought a close to WRXP's "New Rock" format.[50] A call sign change from WRXP to WFAN-FM took effect the next day, November 2. CBS operated WFAN-FM under a local marketing agreement (LMA) until closing its purchase on December 10, 2012.[51][52] The LMA officially relieved Merlin Media of its only New York radio property and allowed it to concentrate on its stations in the Chicago and Philadelphia markets.[53]

The purchase of 101.9 by CBS put WFAN back on equal footing with ESPN Radio affiliate WEPN, which made its own AM-to-FM move in April 2012 (to the former WRKS). Speculation at the time suggested that the move would also allow CBS to split the WFAN simulcast at a later date and ensure a full-power New York home for its new national sports network, CBS Sports Radio, which began daily programming in January 2013 (and currently airs on WFAN-FM's HD2 subchannel). Such a move would have mirrored CBS-owned sports talk pairings in markets such as Baltimore, where WJZ airs CBS Sports Radio full-time and WJZ-FM airs local sports talk.[54] CBS (and later, Entercom) chose not to break the simulcast, with Cumulus Media's suburban station WFAS (1230) serving as the de facto CBS Sports Radio flagship instead.

On February 2, 2017, CBS Radio announced it would merge with Entercom.[55] The merger was approved on November 9, 2017, and was consummated on November 17.[56][57]

References

  1. ^ Radio-Locator.com/WFAN-FM
  2. ^ WGHF (advertisement), Broadcasting, December 17, 1945, page 83.
  3. ^ William Finch, 93; Held Many Patents In Radio Technology by Alfonso Narvaez, New York Times, November 17, 1990.
  4. ^ "FCC Order No. 67" Federal Register, May 25, 1940, page 2011.
  5. ^ "New FM Call Letters Proposed", Broadcasting, November 15, 1940, page 77.
  6. ^ The initial policy for commercial FM station call signs included an initial "W" for stations located east of the Mississippi River, followed by the last two digits of a station's frequency assignment, "55" in this case, and closing with a one or two character regional identifier, which for New York City was "NY".
  7. ^ "Standard Broadcast Station Call Letters for All Outlets Starting Nov. 1, FCC Rule", The Billboard, September 4, 1943, page 7.
  8. ^ "New Calls Named For FM Stations", Broadcasting, October 4, 1943, page 49.
  9. ^ New York Radio Guide: WFAN-FM (nyradioguide.com)
  10. ^ Call Letters Assigned Broadcasting - Telecasting November 28, 1955. pg. 103.
  11. ^ "WPIX Buys Radio Station"The New York Times, December 10, 1963. pg.87.
  12. ^ Dena Kleiman (July 12, 1975). "The 'Hustle' Restores New Touch To Old Dancing". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  13. ^ New York Media, LLC (February 4, 1980). "New York Magazine". Newyorkmetro.com. New York Media, LLC: 64–. ISSN 0028-7369.
  14. ^ John Rockwell (March 21, 1980). "The Pop Life". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  15. ^ WPIX-FM commercial featuring Carly Simon, 1983
  16. ^ "WPIX-FM 102 Commercial (Sheena Easton), 1984". Archived from the original on 2021-12-13.
  17. ^ Kevin Goldman (August 15, 1986). "Radio Format Changes Signal a Hot Contest". Newsday. Melville, NY.
  18. ^ "Ken Harper". thewizthemusical.com.
  19. ^ Paul D. Colford (August 9, 1988). "WPIX: New Format, New Letters". Newsday. Melville, NY.
  20. ^ WQCD commercial, 1988
  21. ^ "8th Annual A.I.R. Awards Winners". NYMRAD.org. Archived from the original on 2006-02-09. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  22. ^ Hinckley, David (February 6, 2008). "WQCD plays taps for jazz & is reborn as rock WRXP". Daily News. New York, NY. Retrieved 2008-02-19.
  23. ^ Hinckley, David (May 19, 2008). "New WRXP jock got an early start". Daily News. New York, NY.
  24. ^ Hinckley, David (June 21, 2011). "Rock could sink at WRXP with sale of station to new media group". Daily News. New York, NY.
  25. ^ Audio clip of WRXP ending
  26. ^ Hinckley, David (20 July 2011). "WRXP still in standstill over future of station; Merlin Media aims to change rock hits to news talk". New York Daily News. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  27. ^ "Merlin Formally Launches FM News 101.9 In New York," from FMQB, 8/15/2011
  28. ^ "Rock Radio Station in New York Shifts to FM News Format," from The New York Times, 8/14/2011
  29. ^ "Merlin Media COO Walter Sabo defends WEMP 101.9 FM's news coverage, claims good balance," from New York Daily News, 8/17/2011
  30. ^ "First Listen: WEMP (101.9 News) New York," from Radio-Info, 8/15/2011
  31. ^ "WEMP/101.9 Debuts News Format, Struggles to Find Sound," from FishbowlNY, posted 8/16/2011
  32. ^ "News entrant WEMP radio, struggling to get an audience, continues to tweak format," from New York Daily News, 10/31/2011
  33. ^ "Fresh Listen: WEMP (FM News 101.9) New York," from Radio-Info, 1/23/2012
  34. ^ "Merlin Media is running TV ads in New York," from Radio-Info, 1/12/2012
  35. ^ "Radio legal battle brews '22 minutes' tagline," from New York Daily News, 1/19/2012
  36. ^ "WEMP will drop lines associated with WINS, but wants WINS to kill one of its own slogans," from New York Daily News, 1/23/2012
  37. ^ Barmash, Jerry (25 January 2012). "Christmas Music Means Another Ratings Win for WLTW". FishbowlNY. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  38. ^ Barmash, Jerry (13 July 2011). "WLTW Keeps Number One, WCBS-FM Returns to Number Two". FishbowlNY. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  39. ^ "Breaking: End of Line for Merlin's WEMP as FM News," from FishbowlNY, posted 7/16/2012
  40. ^ a b "FM News 101.1 Ends, Flips To Adult Hits I101," from Chicagoland Radio & Media, 7/17/2012
  41. ^ a b "New Rock 101.9 Debuts," from FormatChange.com, posted 7/17/2012
  42. ^ a b "Merlin Flips FM News In Chicago & New York," from Radio Insight, 7/17/2012
  43. ^ "Merlin Brings Alternative Back To New York, Adult Hits To Chicago".
  44. ^ "Merlin Media Looks to Regain its Prior Identity at 101.9," from FishbowlNY, 7/19/2012
  45. ^ "WRXP" call letters to return to New York City, on Merlin-run 101.9 from Radio-Info.com, 7/18/2012
  46. ^ a b "WRXP Officially Back at 101.9," from FishbowlNY, 7/25/2012
  47. ^ Source: Radio Insight on Twitter, posted 7/25/2012
  48. ^ "Outpouring of support for Don Wade ‘overwhelming,'" from Time Out Chicago, 9/25/2012
  49. ^ "Merlin Sells WRXP/New York To CBS; WFAN To FM". All Access. October 8, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  50. ^ Source: RadioDiscussions.com, posted 11/1/2012
  51. ^ "WFAN to Begin FM Simulcast Friday," from Media Bistro, 10/29/2012
  52. ^ "CBS Radio Completes Purchase Of 101.9 WFAN-FM," from CBSNewYork.com, 12/10/2012
  53. ^ "Merlin Sells WRXP/New York To CBS Radio, Will Flip To WFAN Simulcast," from FMQB, 10/8/2012
  54. ^ "WFAN Finds Another Home, on the FM Dial," from The New York Times, 10/8/2012
  55. ^ CBS Radio to Merge with Entercom
  56. ^ "Entercom Receives FCC Approval for Merger with CBS Radio". Entercom. November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  57. ^ Venta, Lance (November 17, 2017). "Entercom Completes CBS Radio Merger". Radio Insight. Retrieved November 17, 2017.

Format Changes