WRVQ
WRVQ Q94Richmond logo.png
Broadcast areaCentral Virginia
Frequency94.5 MHz (HD Radio)
BrandingQ94
Programming
Language(s)English
FormatTop 40/CHR
SubchannelsHD2: WRNL simulcast (Sports radio)
AffiliationsPremiere Networks
Ownership
Owner
History
First air date
August 10, 1948 (1948-08-10)
Former call signs
WRVB (1948–56)
WRVA-FM (1956–72)
Call sign meaning
Richmond, Virginia Q (disambiguation of original WRVA calls)
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID11963
ClassB
ERP200,000 watts
HAAT107 meters (351 ft)
Transmitter coordinates
37°24′13.0″N 77°18′59.0″W / 37.403611°N 77.316389°W / 37.403611; -77.316389
Links
Public license information
WebcastListen live (via Audacy)
Websitewww.audacy.com/q94

WRVQ (94.5 MHz "Q94") is a commercial FM radio station licensed to Richmond, Virginia, and serving Central Virginia. WRVQ is owned and operated by Audacy, Inc.[1] It airs a Top 40 (CHR) radio format. The syndicated Elvis Duran show from former sister station WHTZ in New York City is heard in morning drive time. The studios and offices are located just north of Richmond city limits on Basie Road in unincorporated Henrico County, Virginia.

WRVQ's transmitter is on WRVA Road in Henrico.[2] The station has an unusually high effective radiated power (ERP) of 200,000 watts. WRVQ broadcasts in the HD Radio hybrid format. The HD2 digital subchannel carries the sports radio format of sister station WRNL (910 AM).

History

Early years as WRVB, WRVA-FM

On August 10, 1948, the station signed on as WRVB.[3][4] It was the FM counterpart to WRVA. WRVA and WRVB were owned by a tobacco company, Larus & Brother, with studios in the Hotel Richmond. WRVB was powered at 25,000 watts, mostly simulcasting WRVA, including the line-up of CBS Radio Network dramas, comedies, sports and news, during the Golden Age of Radio.

In 1956, Larus & Brother signed on WRVA-TV (now WWBT). At the same time, the FM call sign was switched to WRVA-FM.[5] When the TV station became an NBC network affiliate, WRVA-AM-FM switched to the NBC Radio Network as well.

Superpower authorization

In the 1960s, WRVA-FM was one of several Richmond FM stations receiving permission from the Federal Communications Commission for unusually high power.[6] Today, Richmond is in Zone 1, limited to a maximum of 50,000 watts effective radiated power (ERP). Before these rules were strictly enforced, WFMV (now WURV) was permitted to operate at 74,000 watts, WRNL-FM (now WRXL) broadcast at 120,000 watts, and, to this day, 94.5 is grandfathered at 200,000 watts.[7] Over time, those stations reduced their power but kept their coverage area by locating on taller towers. WRVQ has remained at 200,000 watts, but uses a relatively short tower of 107 meters (351 ft) in height above average terrain (HAAT).

In the 1960s, WRVA-FM began to broadcast its own programming, mostly easy listening music, with the AM station's news and other shows simulcast during some hours.

Top 40 WRVQ

In 1969, WRVA-AM-FM were sold to Southern Broadcasters.[8] In 1972, Southern Broadcasters switched WRVA-FM to a new Top 40 format as WRVQ. Until the 1970s, Top 40 stations were mostly on the AM band. In Richmond, the big contemporary stations were WTVR (now WBTK) and WLEE (now WTOX). Most home and car radios could only receive AM broadcasts at this time.

At first, WRVQ operated as an automated station, but by the late 1970s, live DJs were added. In 1978, Southern Broadcasters became Harte-Hanks Radio. In 1984, WRVA and WRVQ were sold to Edens Broadcasting,[9] and were in turn sold to Clear Channel Communications (now iHeartMedia) in 1992. Through all the sales, WRVQ has stayed in the same format, as the leading Top 40 station in the Richmond radio market.

Entercom ownership

On November 1, 2017, iHeartMedia announced that it would swap its stations in Richmond and Chattanooga to Entercom, in exchange for stations in Boston and Seattle being divested by Entercom to comply with FCC ownership caps during its merger with CBS Radio.[10]

WRVQ HD-2

WRVQ broadcasts in the HD Radio format. WRVQ-HD2 formerly carried "The Planet", an automated classic rock format. On January 1, 2018, WRVQ-HD2 and FM translator W241AP 96.1 MHz, were converted to an FM simulcast of WRVA, returning the station to the same programming as its original AM sister station for the first time in decades.

The HD2 subchannel later changed to a simulcast of co-owned sports radio station WRNL. WRVA is now heard on the HD2 subchannel of co-owned WTVR-FM, which in turn feeds the W241AP translator.

References

  1. ^ "WRVQ Facility Record". Federal Communications Commission, audio division.
  2. ^ Radio-Locator.com/WRVQ-FM
  3. ^ Information from the Broadcasting Yearbook 1950 page 310
  4. ^ "WRVB (FM) in Richmond Is Launched on 94.5 mc" (PDF). Broadcasting. August 23, 1948. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  5. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1957 page 270
  6. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1970 page B-213
  7. ^ BostonRadio.org/Super-FM
  8. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1973 page B-210
  9. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1990 page B-327
  10. ^ "Entercom Trades Boston & Seattle Spin-Offs To iHeartMedia For Richmond & Chattanooga". RadioInsight. 2017-11-01. Retrieved 2020-03-30.