Broadcast areaRichmond, Virginia
Petersburg, Virginia
Frequency106.5 MHz (HD Radio)
Branding106.5 The Beat
FormatUrban contemporary[1]
SubchannelsHD2: Smooth jazz
AffiliationsPremiere Networks
First air date
May 1957 (1957-05)[2]
Former call signs
WRFK (1957–61)
WRFK-FM (1961–88)
WVMX (1988–89)
WVGO (1989–96)
WBZU (1996–98)
WRCL (1998–2001)[3]
Call sign meaning
W BeaT Jamz
Technical information[4]
Licensing authority
Facility ID74168
Power14,500 watts
HAAT280 meters (920 ft)
Transmitter coordinates
37°30′45.0″N 77°36′5.70″W / 37.512500°N 77.6015833°W / 37.512500; -77.6015833
Public license information
WebcastListen live (via Audacy)

WBTJ (106.5 FM) – branded as 106.5 The Beat – is a commercial urban contemporary radio station licensed to serve Richmond, Virginia. Owned by Audacy, Inc., the station services the Greater Richmond Region and the Petersburg area.[5][1] The WBTJ studios are located just north of Richmond proper in unincorporated Henrico County, while the station transmitter resides in the Richmond suburb of Bon Air.[6] Besides a standard analog transmission, WBTJ broadcasts over two HD Radio channels, and is available online via Audacy.



In December 1956, the Union Theological Seminary in Virginia applied for a new noncommercial station; five months later, WRFK-FM 91.1 signed on, presenting classical music programming as well as religious and educational programs during its four-hour broadcast day.[7] The call letters were the initials of the force behind the seminary's efforts to start a radio station, Robert Fitzgerald Kirkpatrick. He ran the UTS audiovisual center, operating a tape duplication service and sending tapes recorded at the seminary all over the country.[8]

Two years later, WRNL donated a tower to the station, and the seminary applied and was approved to carry out a move of WRFK-FM to 102.9 MHz[9] at a much higher effective radiated power of 16,000 watts, and to convert the station from a noncommercial to a commercial license.[10] The 102.9 frequency had first been used in Richmond by WLEE-FM, a simulcast of WLEE, which operated from 1948 to 1957.[11] In 1962, the station relocated to 106.5 MHz.[10]

In 1969, EZ Communications, the new owners of WFMV, Richmond's commercial classical music station, decided to switch to a more profitable format. Amid protests from WFMV's listener base, EZ Communications ultimately agreed to donate WFMV's library to WRFK. This enabled WRFK to significantly increase its operating hours and upgrade its schedule. Later in 1971, WRFK became Richmond's NPR member station.

The seminary discovered in the mid-1980s that their charter did not allow them to operate a radio station and decided to sell it. A deal was made with the local Federated Arts Council to buy the station and preserve the format, but a larger offer for the increasingly valuable commercial frequency came from a commercial radio operator shortly thereafter and the seminary decided to go with the larger offer.[12][13] This caused controversy which resulted in several stories appearing in the local papers about the possible loss of the fine arts/NPR format.[14] Though the efforts of the public support groups and some interested businessmen and congressmen who wanted the format preserved, Commonwealth Public Broadcasting, owners of local public TV stations WCVE-TV and WCVW, won a noncommercial license, WCVE-FM, originally at 101.1.[15][16]

On May 6, 1988, WRFK signed off and WCVE-FM temporarily signed on at 101.1, bringing most of the old WRFK staff, music library and most of their programming to the station.[17][18][19]


The protracted sale, delayed by protests, led to a second buyer: in the final deal, Pegasus Broadcasting bought WRFK-FM from the seminary and immediately flipped it to Daytona Group, which paid $6.5 million.[20] Daytona moved the station's transmitter from a 300-foot (91 m) tower to a much taller 1,200-foot (370 m) tower near Powhatan County that had once been used by defunct TV station WVRN-TV. On July 28, 1988, 106.5 signed back on as a standard commercial station under the call letters WVMX, "Mix 106.5", with a Rock 40 format.[21][22] By 1989, seeing competition from WRVQ, WMXB, and WRXL the station flipped formats to Heavy metal and became "MX106.5". This lasted a month, and on July 19, the station flipped to oldies as WVGO.[23]


In 1991, Daytona sold the station to Benchmark Communications, with local partners John Crowley and Guy Spiller. On August 1, WVGO flipped to a AAA format, staffed mostly by former employees of crosstown Heritage rocker WRXL, which was looked upon by the former staffers as too commercial and restrictive.[24][25] During its short life, the WVGO staff included Nick Perry, Jim Hatcher, Tara Hunter, Dal Hunter, Steve Forrest, Paul Shugrue, Dave Weaver, Mike Hsu, Meg Brulatour, Blake Smith, Kevin Matthews, Mad Dog and others. At first, the format was a freeform-type format more akin to a college station with jocks being allowed freedom on the air and to bring in their own records, and aired many specialty programs.

In August 1995, a new competitor arrived when WBZU (104.7 FM; also known as "The Buzz") signed on.[26] In response, Benchmark brought in a new Program Director who dumped all specialty programming, and the format unofficially evolved into a more alternative format.

Howard Stern

Another move was to bring in the syndicated Howard Stern morning show in October 1995.[27] The Stern show did not garner the expected high ratings, only reaching 10th place overall.[28] The Stern show also generated local controversy (primarily from local grocer Ukrop's), causing WVGO to lose advertising. A complaint to the FCC about a Stern bit eventually brought Benchmark an FCC fine. In the spring of 1996, Benchmark sold WVGO and sister Classic rock WLEE-FM to the owners of WBZU. ABS Communications, owned by local music and radio entrepreneur Kenny Brown, dropped Stern due to poor ratings, and on July 24, 1996, shut down WVGO and moved WBZU to 106.5 (and moved the WVGO calls to the now vacated 104.7 frequency and flipped it to oldies).[29][30][31][32]


In 1998, ABS was merged with SFX Broadcasting.[33] On September 2, 1998, new management decided to dump the alternative format, citing low revenues. They stunted with 24 hours of construction sound effects and later stunted with soft rock music and TV theme songs. Two days later, they switched to oldies as Cool 106.5, and changed its call letters to WRCL the following month.[34][35] WRCL's owners SFX went through a series of mergers, first as Capstar, then AMFM. In the fall of 2000, AMFM merged with Clear Channel, which would be renamed iHeartMedia in 2014.


On June 11, 2001, at 5 p.m., the station flipped to Urban as "106.5 the Beat" and changed call letters to WBTJ.[36] (This was the second time that the "Beat" moniker had been used in the market, the first being WBBT from 1999 to 2000.)

On November 1, 2017, iHeartMedia announced that WBTJ, along with all of their sister stations in Richmond and Chattanooga, would be sold to Entercom due to that company's merger with CBS Radio.[37] The sale was completed on December 19, 2017.[38]

HD Radio

WBTJ also broadcasts one HD subchannel:[39]


WBTJ-HD2 was relayed by an FM translator, W241AP, to widen its broadcast area.[40] The translator was repurposed as a relay of WRVQ-FM/HD2 as "96.1 the Planet" in 2013.


  1. ^ a b "Arbitron Station Information Profiles". Nielsen Audio/Nielsen Holdings. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  2. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 2010 (PDF). ProQuest, LLC/Reed Publishing (Nederland), B.V. 2010. p. D-569. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  3. ^ "Call Sign History". Federal Communications Commission, audio division. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  4. ^ "Facility Technical Data for WBTJ". Licensing and Management System. Federal Communications Commission.
  5. ^ "WBTJ Facility Record". Federal Communications Commission, audio division. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  6. ^ Radio-Locator.com/WBTJ-FM
  7. ^ Clinger, David M. (May 4, 1957). "TV Trains Future Preachers". Richmond Times-Dispatch. p. 4. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  8. ^ White, John (October 2, 1960). "A New FM Station For Serious Music". Richmond Times-Dispatch. p. L-5. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  9. ^ "Frequency of UTS Radio Station Being Changed". Richmond Times-Dispatch. October 9, 1959. p. 27. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  10. ^ a b WBTJ
  11. ^ "Existing FM Stations" (PDF). Broadcasting. February 18, 1957. p. 106. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  12. ^ "U.S. appeals court grants extension to group for fine arts radio station", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, September 25, 1987.
  13. ^ "WRFK pact may come in a couple weeks", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, November 25, 1987.
  14. ^ "Sounds good", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, December 29, 1987.
  15. ^ "Silent void possible with WRFK", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, January 2, 1988.
  16. ^ "Music lovers awash in February's stormy seas", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, February 27, 1988.
  17. ^ "Goodbye, radio WRFK, and hello new WCVE", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, May 5, 1988.
  18. ^ "Radio station to change today", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, May 6, 1988.
  19. ^ "WRFK-FM crosses river", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, May 7, 1988.
  20. ^ "Transactions" (PDF). Radio & Records. March 25, 1988. p. 6. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  21. ^ "Station's byword is 'mix'", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 27, 1988.
  22. ^ "There's confusion in the mix", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 28, 1988.
  23. ^ "Listen up-changes on tap at WVMX", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 20, 1989.
  24. ^ "WVGO changes hands, its format", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, August 2, 1991.
  25. ^ "New format for WVGO", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, August 2, 1991.
  26. ^ "They heard you, now it's here; Modern rock radio bandwagon arrives", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, September 1, 1995.
  27. ^ "Vox Jox". Billboard. Vol. 107, no. 41. Oct 14, 1995. p. 79.
  28. ^ "Ratings: Men tune into Stern, women tune out", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, January 27, 1996.
  29. ^ "ABS cuts $14.5 million deal for WVGO, WLEE", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 4, 1996.
  30. ^ "Shock jock Stern gets the hook; new owner pulls plug on WVGO, cites decline", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 25, 1996.
  31. ^ "104.7 FM set to air 'good time oldies'", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, August 6, 1996.
  32. ^ "Money spoke louder than Stern in a year of radio deal-making", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, December 31, 1996.
  33. ^ "Brown sells radio group stake; $37.5 million deal lets him continue overseeing ABS", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, August 22, 1996.
  34. ^ "New oldies station signs on, announced personalities", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, September 5, 1998.
  35. ^ "RR-1998-09-11" (PDF).
  36. ^ "Oldies station is no more", The Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 12, 2001.
  37. ^ "Entercom Trades Boston & Seattle Spin-Offs to iHeartMedia for Richmond & Chattanooga". November 2017.
  38. ^ "Consummation Notice". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. December 19, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  39. ^ "Station Guides".
  40. ^ "W241AP Facility Record". Federal Communications Commission, audio division.