AT-076
Identifiers
  • (3R)-7-hydroxy-N-[(2S)-1-[4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl]-3-methylbutan-2-yl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxamide
CAS Number
  • 1657028-64-2
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC26H35N3O3
Molar mass437.584 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CC(C)[C@@H](CN1CCC(CC1)C2=CC(=CC=C2)O)NC(=O)[C@H]3CC4=C(CN3)C=C(C=C4)O
  • InChI=1S/C26H35N3O3/c1-17(2)25(16-29-10-8-18(9-11-29)19-4-3-5-22(30)12-19)28-26(32)24-14-20-6-7-23(31)13-21(20)15-27-24/h3-7,12-13,17-18,24-25,27,30-31H,8-11,14-16H2,1-2H3,(H,28,32)/t24-,25-/m1/s1
  • Key:LGYDWJJZDCXEOV-JWQCQUIFSA-N

AT-076 is a so-called opioid "pan" antagonist and is the first reasonably balanced antagonist known of all four opioid receptor types.[1] It acts as a silent antagonist of all four of the opioid receptors, behaving as a competitive antagonist of the μ-opioid receptor (Ki = 1.67 nM) and δ-opioid receptor (Ki = 19.6 nM) and as a noncompetitive antagonist of the κ-opioid receptor (Ki = 1.14 nM) and nociceptin receptor (Ki = 1.75 nM).[1] AT-076 was derived from the selective κ-opioid receptor antagonist JDTic via removal of the 3,4-dimethyl group of the trans-(3R,4R)-dimethyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidine antagonist scaffold, which increased affinity for the nociceptin receptor by 10-fold and for the μ- and δ-opioid receptors by 3-6-fold.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Zaveri NT, Journigan VB, Polgar WE (2015). "Discovery of the First Small-Molecule Opioid Pan Antagonist with Nanomolar Affinity at Mu, Delta, Kappa, and Nociceptin Opioid Receptors". ACS Chem Neurosci. 6 (4): 646–57. doi:10.1021/cn500367b. PMC 4401318. PMID 25635572.