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This article gives an overview of liberalism in Belgium. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.


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Liberalism was a dominant force since the Belgian independence from the Netherlands.


Since 1972 the traditional liberal current is divided in parties for each language. In Flanders the liberal Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten, member LI, ELDR), comprising both market and left of center liberals, is one of the dominant parties. Smaller liberal parties are Spirit, allied with the social democrats, and Vivant, allied to the VLD. In the French-speaking part of the country the nowadays center liberal Reformist Movement (Mouvement Réformateur, member LI, ELDR) is one of the major parties. Affiliated with this party is the German-speaking Party for Freedom and Progress (Partei für Freiheit und Fortschritt).

Liberal Party/Party for Freedom and Progress

Progressive Party

(Flemish) Party for Freedom and Progress/Flemish Liberals and Democrats

(Francophone) Party for Freedom and Progress/Liberal Reformist Party

(Brussels) Liberal Party

(German speaking) Party for Freedom and Progress

Libertine party during the 1990s

New liberal parties formed in the 2000s

Liberal leaders

Liberal thinkers

In the Contributions to liberal theory the following Belgian thinkers are included:

See also