siege is a prolonged military assault and blockade on a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition.
Before 1000 BC
10th century BC
9th century BC
8th century BC
7th century BC
6th century BC
5th century BC
4th century BC
A naval action during the siege of Tyre (332 BC), by Andre Castaigne (1898–1899)
Siege of Rhodes (305 BC) (1882 illustration).
3rd century BC
Archimedes Directing the Defenses of Syracuse (213-212 BC), by Thomas Ralph Spence
The Decline of the Carthaginian Empire
(149–146 BC) by
J. M. W. Turner
, oil on canvas (1817)
2nd century BC
1st century BC
After A. D. until 6th century
The Siege and Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans Under the Command of Titus, A.D. 70
The walls of Amida, besieged 359 AD
The capture of Pavia by the Lombard King, Alboin: Siege of Pavia, 572 AD
Siege of Valenciennes in 1006, illustration (1885).
The Byzantine army of
defends the towers of Edessa against an Arab counterattack (1031). Illustration from the chronicle of John Skylitzes
Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, 15 July 1099
. Oil on canvas, 1850.
The Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople
. Oil on canvas, 1840
16th century illustration of the Mongol sack of Kiev in 1240.
Siege of Constantinople (1235) – a joint Bulgarian-Nicaean siege on the capital of the Latin Empire.
Siege of Bilär (1236) – Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria
Siege of Córdoba (1236) – Reconquista
Siege of Ryazan (1237) – Mongol invasion of Rus'
Siege of Kolomna (1237–1238) – Mongol invasion of Rus'
Siege of Moscow (1238) – Mongol invasion of Rus'
Siege of Vladimir (1238) – Mongol invasion of Rus'
Siege of Kozelsk (1238) – Mongol invasion of Rus'
Siege of Brescia (1238) – Part of the wars between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and the Lombard League Siege of Mt. Tebulosmta (1238-1250) -
Mongol invasions of Durdzuketia
Siege of Faenza (1239) – Part of the wars between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and the Lombard League Siege of Jerusalem (1239) – Crusades
Siege of Kiev (1240) – Mongol invasion of Rus'
Siege of Esztergom (1242) – First Mongol invasion of Hungary, Citadel of Esztergom,Turoc, Nyitra, Győr, Pannonhalma, Székesfehérvár, Segesd, Varasd, Kemlék, Csázma, Zágráb, Trogir, Veszprém, Tihany, Moson, Sopron, Vasvár, Zala, Léka, Pozsony, Komárom, Fülek and Abaújvár besieged but successfully resisted
Siege of Viterbo (1243) – Part of the wars between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and the Lombard League
Siege of Montségur (1243–1244) – Albigensian Crusade
Siege of Jerusalem (1244) by the Khwarezmians Siege of Damascus (1245)
Siege of Jaén (1245–46) – Reconquista Siege of Ascalon (1247) – Crusades
Siege of Parma (1247–1248) – Part of the wars between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and the Lombard League
Siege of Seville (1247–1248) – Reconquista
Siege of Aachen (1248) Siege of Homs (1248–1249)
Siege of Damietta (1249) – Seventh Crusade Siege of Naples (1252)
Siege of Cologne (1252)
The Mongols besieged the "fortified mountain" of
for 17 years.
The Mongol army besieging Baghdad in 1258.
Siege of Calais (1346–1347)
Fall of Constantinople (1453)
Siege of Krujë in 1466. Woodcut by Jost Amman, from Philipp Lonicer, Chronicorum Turcicorum, Frankfurt 1578
Attack on Tripoli by the Ottomans (1551)
The siege of Malta—
Arrival of the Turkish fleet (1565) by Matteo Pérez de Alesio, 16th century
Spanish troops storming the city of Maastricht, 1579
Ferdinand of Bavaria
successfully besieged the medieval fortress of Godesberg; during a month-long siege, his sappers dug tunnels under the feldspar of the mountain and laid gunpowder and a 1500-pound bomb. The result was a spectacular explosion that sent chunks of the ramparts, the walls, the gates, and drawbridges into the air. His 500 men still could not take the fortress until they scaled the interior latrine system and climbed the mountain to enter through a hole in the chapel roof.
Joseon and Ming dynasty soldiers assault the Japanese-built fortress at Ulsan (1598)
The Summer Battle of Osaka Castle (1614–15), 17th century Japanese painting
Siege of Kraków, 8 October 1655. View from 1697 by the German historian Samuel Pufendorf.
The assault of Copenhagen on the night between 10 and 11 February 1659
Reoccupation of Buda Castle in 1686.
(1896), oil on canvas
Siege of Belgrade, 1688 by Adlerschwung
Modern military sieges
Siege of Gdańsk by French forces in 1807
A barricade on Rue Voltaire, after its capture by the regular army during the Bloody Week of
Commune of Paris
American soldiers scale the walls of Beijing to relieve the Siege of the Legations, August 1900
A casemate at Maubeuge, destroyed by German bombardment, 7 September 1914
A police siege is a standoff between
law enforcement officers and armed criminals, suspects, or protesters.