Miami County
Miami County courthouse in Peru, Indiana
Miami County courthouse in Peru, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Miami County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°46′N 86°03′W / 40.77°N 86.05°W / 40.77; -86.05
Country United States
State Indiana
Founded1834
Named forMiami tribe
SeatPeru
Largest cityPeru
Area
 • Total377.39 sq mi (977.4 km2)
 • Land373.84 sq mi (968.2 km2)
 • Water3.55 sq mi (9.2 km2)  0.94%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
35,567
 • Density98/sq mi (37.93/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.miamicountyin.gov
Indiana county number 52

Miami County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 36,903.[1] The county seat is the City of Peru.[2] Miami County is part of the Kokomo-Peru CSA.

History

Indiana became a state on December 11, 1816, after being Indiana territory for sixteen years. Originally, Indiana was part of the Northwest Territory, which was made up of land gained by the British after the French and Indian War and organized into a territory after the American Revolution.[3] It was after the revolution that settlement in the area by Europeans really began. Knox territory was created in 1790 and included all of present-day Indiana and areas of Illinois. Ancestry's Red Book notes that jurisdiction in Knox territory changed due to Indian uprisings in the area from 1790 to 1810.[4] In 1800, Indiana became the name of a territory. Parts Michigan and Illinois both broke away from the territory before it became a state in 1816.

Miami County was formed in 1832 from Cass County and unorganized land.[4] It was named for the Miami, a Native American people, many of whom still live in this area.[5] In 1834, Miami County widened its western border taking some area from Cass County. In 1838 a small portion of unorganized territory was added to the northeastern border, but in 1844 that area was lost to Fulton County. Miami County has been its present shape since 1844.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 377.39 square miles (977.4 km2), of which 373.84 square miles (968.2 km2) (or 99.06%) is land and 3.55 square miles (9.2 km2) (or 0.94%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Extinct

Townships

Climate and weather

Peru, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.2
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.9
 
 
36
17
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
27
 
 
3.5
 
 
60
37
 
 
4.1
 
 
71
48
 
 
4.2
 
 
80
58
 
 
4.1
 
 
83
61
 
 
4
 
 
81
59
 
 
3.2
 
 
75
51
 
 
2.8
 
 
63
40
 
 
3.1
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.7
 
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in Peru have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.89 inches (48 mm) in February to 4.23 inches (107 mm) in June.[7]

Government

See also: Government of Indiana

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Miami County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district; Indiana Senate district 18;[10] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 23, 24 and 32.[11]

United States presidential election results for Miami County, Indiana[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,925 75.38% 3,235 22.32% 333 2.30%
2016 9,975 73.99% 2,766 20.52% 741 5.50%
2012 8,174 63.79% 4,222 32.95% 417 3.25%
2008 8,312 58.72% 5,564 39.30% 280 1.98%
2004 9,600 70.44% 3,886 28.51% 142 1.04%
2000 8,401 64.98% 4,155 32.14% 372 2.88%
1996 6,719 52.66% 4,260 33.39% 1,781 13.96%
1992 6,416 46.10% 3,967 28.50% 3,535 25.40%
1988 8,533 64.47% 4,613 34.85% 90 0.68%
1984 9,551 68.75% 4,224 30.41% 117 0.84%
1980 8,672 60.63% 4,927 34.44% 705 4.93%
1976 8,263 54.52% 6,257 41.29% 635 4.19%
1972 9,477 70.46% 3,889 28.91% 84 0.62%
1968 7,295 53.42% 5,019 36.76% 1,341 9.82%
1964 6,270 44.59% 7,667 54.53% 123 0.87%
1960 8,844 58.45% 6,191 40.92% 96 0.63%
1956 9,574 62.28% 5,724 37.24% 74 0.48%
1952 9,254 58.97% 6,264 39.91% 176 1.12%
1948 7,083 51.09% 6,538 47.16% 242 1.75%
1944 8,207 55.54% 6,379 43.17% 191 1.29%
1940 8,217 52.76% 7,252 46.56% 106 0.68%
1936 6,747 44.62% 8,173 54.05% 202 1.34%
1932 5,987 39.41% 8,892 58.53% 312 2.05%
1928 8,318 59.19% 5,592 39.80% 142 1.01%
1924 6,796 51.49% 4,976 37.70% 1,427 10.81%
1920 7,336 51.94% 6,259 44.31% 529 3.75%
1916 3,390 43.16% 3,854 49.07% 610 7.77%
1912 1,426 19.03% 3,366 44.92% 2,702 36.06%
1908 3,820 45.26% 4,176 49.48% 444 5.26%
1904 4,124 49.53% 3,605 43.29% 598 7.18%
1900 3,812 48.23% 3,849 48.70% 243 3.07%
1896 3,393 47.52% 3,602 50.45% 145 2.03%
1892 2,974 44.30% 3,433 51.13% 307 4.57%
1888 3,042 45.30% 3,492 52.00% 181 2.70%


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18403,048
185011,304270.9%
186016,85149.1%
187021,05224.9%
188024,08314.4%
189025,8237.2%
190028,3449.8%
191029,3503.5%
192028,668−2.3%
193029,0321.3%
194027,926−3.8%
195028,2011.0%
196038,00034.7%
197039,2463.3%
198039,8201.5%
199036,897−7.3%
200036,082−2.2%
201036,9032.3%
2018 (est.)35,567[13]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,903 people, 13,456 households, and 9,330 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 98.7 inhabitants per square mile (38.1/km2). There were 15,479 housing units at an average density of 41.4 per square mile (16.0/km2).[6] The racial makeup of the county was 91.8% white, 4.5% black or African American, 0.9% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 27.2% were German, 17.3% were American, 12.0% were Irish, and 8.4% were English.[19]

Of the 13,456 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 39.5 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $49,282. Males had a median income of $40,038 versus $26,011 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,854. About 13.0% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.6% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.[20]

Major employers of Miami County include:
Ferrellgas (Peru )
Schneider Electric Square D (Peru )
Miami Correctional Facility (Bunker Hill )
Correction Indiana Dept (Bunker Hill )
Armour-eckrich Meats (Peru )
American Stationery Co (Peru ) http://www.americanstationery.com
Dukes Memorial Hospital (Peru ) http://www.dukesmemorialhosp.com
Miami County (Peru )
Bryan Steam LLC (Peru ) http://www.bryanboilers.com
Snavely Machine & Mfg Co Inc (Peru )[21]

See also

Further reading

References

  1. ^ a b "Miami County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ The Handybook for Genealogists 11th ed. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishers. 2006.
  4. ^ a b Alice Eichholz (1992). Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, & Town Sources. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, Inc. pp. 198–211.
  5. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. pp. 578.
  6. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Peru, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  9. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  10. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  11. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  21. ^ "Major Employers in Miami County, Indiana".

Coordinates: 40°46′N 86°03′W / 40.77°N 86.05°W / 40.77; -86.05