LGBT rights in Indiana
StatusLegal since 1977
Gender identityState does not require surgery to alter sex on official documents
Discrimination protectionsSexual orientation protection in employment (per court ruling). Sexual orientation and gender identity protections in state employment
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsSame-sex marriage since 2014
AdoptionSame-sex couples allowed to adopt

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in the U.S. state of Indiana enjoy most of the same rights as non-LGBT people. Same-sex marriage has been legal in Indiana since October 6, 2014, when the U.S. Supreme Court refused to consider an appeal in the case of Baskin v. Bogan.

A landmark April 2017 court ruling held that discrimination based on sexual orientation is tantamount to discrimination on account of "sex", as defined by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The ruling, issued by the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, establishes sexual orientation as a protected characteristic in the workplace, forbidding unfair discrimination. Nevertheless, LGBT rights in Indiana are relatively limited in comparison to other states with more liberal laws.[1] To this day, state statutes have not yet been amended to include sexual orientation and gender identity among its non-discrimination grounds.

Legality of same-sex sexual activity

In 1795, Indiana as part of the Northwest Territory passed the "buggery" law, which punished male sodomy with death. In 1807, the Indiana Territory enacted a criminal code which included a sodomy provision, eliminating the gender-specifics (meaning it would be applicable to both heterosexual and homosexual conduct), reducing the penalty to one to five years' imprisonment, a fine of 100 to 500 dollars, up to 500 lashes and a permanent loss of civil rights. Sodomy was briefly legal between the years 1852 and 1881, as a new criminal code was passed without any mention to sodomy. In 1881, the state passed a statute outlawing anal intercourse, fellatio (oral sex) as well as masturbation under the age of 21 (which was labelled "self-pollution") for both heterosexuals and homosexuals. Penalty was set at "not more than fourteen years nor less than two years". In the 1923 case of Young v. State, the Indiana Supreme Court unanimously ruled that cunnilingus was also criminal, and in 1939, in Connell v. State, rejected contentions had the statute applied only to homosexual sexual activity.[2]

In 1949, the state passed a psychopathic offender law, under which any person above 16 years of age suffering from a "mental disorder" "coupled with criminal propensities to the commission of sex offenses" would be labelled a "criminal sexual psychopathic person". Those convicted of sodomy would not be able to leave correctional institutions until their "full recovery of criminal psychopathy". A law review article in 1947 showed 160 commitments under the law, of which 60 (38%) were for sodomy and none of the offenders had been a woman. A majority of these commitments were for heterosexual conduct. In 1959, an amendment to the law meant that those refusing to cooperate with examining psychiatrists could be held in contempt of court. In 20 years of operation, only 10 "consensual adult homosexuals" were committed under the law. The law was upheld by the Indiana Supreme Court in 1968 in State ex rel. Haskett v. Marion County Criminal Court, Division One et al. In 1971, the Indiana General Assembly amended the law, removing sodomy from the list of triggering offenses, if consensual and committed with an adult person.[2]

In 1967, in a divided 3-2 ruling, the Indiana Supreme Court upheld as constitutionally sufficient an indictment charging the "abominable and detestable crime against nature". Justice Amos W. Jackson dissented, writing that the

very language of the statute purporting to define the offense of sodomy, is so indefinite and uncertain that its unconstitutionality follows as certainly as night follows day.

Jackson further wrote that he

hoped that the incoming legislature will either clarify or abolish this anarchism reminiscent of the heyday of the witch hunts of early colonial times. In today's space age and sophisticated society, it seems that the statute should spell out in language understandable by the person of average scholastic attainment and intelligence the specific nature of the crime with which he is charged and if that cannot be done then it should not be denominated a crime.

In 1968, in Cotner v. Henry, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals ruled 2-1 that married couples could not be prosecuted under the sodomy statute. In Dickson v. State (1971), the Indiana Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the sodomy law, in a divided 3-2 vote.[2] Dissenting, Justice Roger DeBruler wrote that the

moral preferences of the majority may not be imposed on everyone else unless there exists some harm to other persons. Sexual acts between consenting adults in private do not harm anyone else and should be free from state regulation.

Indiana decriminalized same-sex sexual activity in 1976, effective on July 1, 1977.[3] The age of consent is 16.[4] An attempt to reinstate consensual sodomy as a felony was rejected by a House committee in 1977, by a 6-4 vote.[2]

Recognition of same-sex relationships

Main article: Same-sex marriage in Indiana

Same-sex marriages are recognized and performed in Indiana under a federal court decision in October 2014.[5]

Annual attempts to adopt a constitutional amendment defining marriage as the union of a man and a woman have failed since 2004. Indiana requires that two separately elected legislatures approve an amendment for it to be put to a popular vote. The proposed amendment passed both chambers in 2005,[6] and then again in 2011.[7] On June 25, 2014, U. S. District Court Judge Young declared Indiana's same-sex marriage ban to be unconstitutional, and same-sex couples immediately began to secure marriage licenses.[8] However, the ruling was appealed. On October 6, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear the appeal, effectively legalizing same-sex marriage in Indiana.[9]

Domestic partnerships

Map of Indiana counties and cities that offer domestic partner benefits either county-wide or in particular cities.
  City offers domestic partner benefits
  County-wide partner benefits through domestic partnership
  County or city does not offer domestic partner benefits

There is no recognition of domestic partnerships at the state level in Indiana. Three cities have passed such opportunities.

In 1997, Bloomington established domestic partnerships for unmarried city employees.[10]

Carmel has established domestic partnerships for unmarried city employees.[10]

On August 13, 2012, the Indianapolis City-County Council, in a 20-8 bipartisan vote, established domestic partnerships for all married and unmarried employees in the city and county. On August 23, 2012, Mayor Greg Ballard signed the ordinance into law which went into effect on January 1, 2013.[10][11]

Discrimination protections

Further information: LGBT employment discrimination in the United States

Map of Indiana counties and cities that have sexual orientation and/or gender identity anti–employment discrimination ordinances
  Sexual orientation and gender identity with anti–employment discrimination ordinance
  Sexual orientation with anti–employment discrimination ordinance
  Sexual orientation and gender identity solely in state employment

Governor Joe Kernan issued an executive order in 2004 protecting state employees from discrimination based on sexual orientation as well as gender identity and expression. In 2005, Governor Mitch Daniels added the terms "sexual orientation" and "gender identity" to the list of protected categories in state employment covered by the state's Equal Employment Opportunity policy.[12]

In 2013, Kim Hively filed a lawsuit against the Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana in South Bend, arguing that she was denied promotions and let go from her job because of her sexual orientation. The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit heard oral arguments in the case, known as Hively v. Ivy Tech Community College, in November 2016 with discussion focusing on the meaning of the word "sex" in Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which bans workplace discrimination based on race, religion, national origin or sex. On April 4, 2017, the Court of Appeals ruled in an 8-3 vote that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation via the category of "sex". Ivy Tech subsequently stated they would not appeal the ruling to the Supreme Court.[13] Human Rights Campaign hailed the ruling, saying: "Today's ruling is a monumental victory for fairness in the workplace, and for the dignity of lesbian, gay and bisexual Americans who may live in fear of losing their job based on whom they love."[14] The court decision establishes that workplace discrimination on account of sexual orientation (such as in hiring or promotions, etc.) violates federal civil rights law, and is therefore prohibited. The ruling is only binding to the states of Illinois, Indiana and Wisconsin.[15]

The counties of Marion,[16] Monroe,[16] Tippecanoe,[17] and Vanderburgh,[18] along with the cities and towns of Anderson,[19] Bloomington,[16] Carmel,[20] Columbus,[21] Crawfordsville,[22] Evansville,[16] Hammond,[23] Indianapolis,[16] Kokomo,[24] Lafayette,[25] Michigan City,[26] Muncie,[21] Munster,[27] New Albany,[28] South Bend,[16] Terre Haute,[21] Valparaiso,[29] West Lafayette,[30] and Zionsville,[21] have ordinances prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Lake County,[31] Fort Wayne,[32] and Whitestown[21] have ordinances prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation only.

Religious objections

On March 26, 2015, Governor Mike Pence signed the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA), also known as the Indiana "religious objections" bill, into law.[33] The law's signing was met with widespread criticism by such organizations as the NCAA, Apple CEO Tim Cook, the gamer convention Gen Con, and the Disciples of Christ. Technology company said it would halt its plans to expand in the state.[34][35] Thousands protested against the policy.[36][37]

On April 2, 2015, Governor Pence signed a measure into law which was intended to be a clarification of the newly enacted legislation. According to The Indianapolis Star:[38]

Specifically, the new language says the RFRA does not authorize a provider—including businesses or individuals—to refuse to offer or provide services, facilities, goods, employment, housing or public accommodation to any member of the public based on sexual orientation or gender identity, in addition to race, color, religion, ancestry, age, national origin, disability, sex or military service.

— Indy Star (April 2, 2015)

Gay-Straight Alliances

In December 2021, a federal judge allowed gay-straight alliances to be permitted within public schools. A group of students sued the school in Pendleton for banning gay-straight alliances.[39][40]

Adoption and parenting

Indiana statutes permit single LGBT persons to adopt. The state Court of Appeals ruled in 2006 that unmarried couples, including same-sex couples, may adopt as well. Local courts also support the right of a same-sex partner to adopt his or her same-sex partner's biological or adopted child.[41]

In 2005, the Indiana Court of Appeals unanimously ruled that lesbian partners who agree to conceive a child through artificial insemination are both the legal parents of any children born to them.[42] Indiana law allows any woman to undergo artificial insemination. The spouse of a pregnant women is generally presumed to be the parent of her child.[43]

On June 30, 2016, a federal judge ruled in Henderson v. Box that Indiana must allow same-sex couples to list both their names on their children's birth certificates. The ruling came as a result of a federal lawsuit filed by eight same-sex couples who were unable to list the non-gestational parent's name on the child's birth certificate. When an opposite-sex couple had a child, the state granted a "presumption of parenthood" to the father and listed him on the birth certificate. However, when a same-sex couple had a child, the state denied that presumption and forced the second partner to undergo an adoption, a "long, arduous and expensive" process.[44][45] In January 2017, Attorney General Curtis Hill appealed the ruling to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit,[46][47] which unanimously upheld it on January 17, 2020.[48][49] In December 2020, the SCOTUS declined the case (and that means automatically upheld the previous 7th Circuit rulings).[50]

Surrogacy contracts are "void and unenforceable" in Indiana. While surrogacy is not specifically illegal in the state and can be practiced, courts will generally refuse to recognize such contracts, so intended parents, including same-sex couples, must complete an adoption application.[51]

Gender identity and expression

The 2009 edition of Indy Pride, Indiana's largest LGBT event, held annually in Indianapolis.

See also: Transgender rights in the United States

Bathroom and pronouns usage in schools

In May 2023, just days after the bill passed through both houses of the Indiana General Assembly, the Governor of Indiana signed into law Indiana HB 1608, which prohibits classroom instruction pertaining to "human sexuality" from kindergarten to third grade. Additionally, if a non-emancipated minor student asks an educator to refer to them by a different name, gender pronoun, or title, the law compels the school to report the event in writing to at least one parent of the student.[52]

In August 2023, a federal judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit upheld a lower court's preliminary injunction, preventing Indiana schools from limiting the bathroom usage of transgender students (pending litigation).[53]

Identity documents

Transgender persons may change their legal gender on their Indiana birth certificate. They must get a court order from a court anywhere in the US, submit an application for a birth certificate and a copy of a photo ID to the Corrections Section of the Indiana State Department of Health Vital Records, and pay fees. Gender-affirming surgery is not required.[54]

An "X" gender marker is no longer offered. From March 2019 to January 2020, the Indiana Bureau of Motor Vehicles did offer a "gender X" option on driver's licenses. To request it, applicants needed to present a certified, amended birth certificate that attests to the gender change or a signed, dated physician's statement confirming a permanent gender change.[55] On November 15, 2019, in a public hearing by the Bureau of Motor Vehicles, the policy was overwhelmingly rejected. In March 2020, Indiana Attorney General Curtis Hill published an opinion that the Bureau had overstepped their bounds, and that "only the General Assembly may determine whether the state of Indiana will codify any non-binary designations on state documents".[56][57]

A 2017 effort to prevent gender marker changes on birth certificates was unsuccessful. On January 12, 2017, Representative Bruce Borders introduced a bill in the Indiana House of Representatives that would have prevented transgender people from doing this.[58] The organization Freedom Indiana objected to the denial of "the very existence of transgender people, the identity they live as and the person they have always known themselves to be."[59] The next day, Representative Cindy Kirchhofer, chair of the House Public Health Committee, denied the bill a hearing, effectively killing it.[60]

Gender-affirming care for minors

In March 2023, the Indiana state legislature passed Senate Bill 480, banning access to gender affirming healthcare to minors. Under this bill, physicians and other professionals could not provide gender transition procedures to persons under 18 years of age, or knowingly "aiding and abetting" a physician in such care. The bill proposed that minors not receiving gender-affirming medical care by July 1, 2023 would not be able to begin receiving it. Minors already receiving gender-affirming care by July 1, 2023, would lose access to such care after six months. The bill was signed into law by Governor of Indiana Eric Holcomb, effective immediately under an "emergency clause," in early April, 2023.[61][62][63][64][65]

On the same day the bill was signed, the ACLU of Indiana and ACLU National (American Civil Liberties Union) sued on behalf of four transgender youth and their families, as well as a doctor and health care clinic. The lawsuit alleges Senate Bill 480 violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution.[65]

On June 16, 2023, a federal judge temporarily blocked the law, so it did not take effect on July 1, pending the outcome of the lawsuit.[66] However, on February 27, 2024, the healthcare ban took effect when the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals stayed the lower court's injunction.[67]

Transgender sports ban

In March 2022, Indiana HB 1041 passed the Indiana General Assembly banning transgender girls in K-12 schools from playing on women's teams. The Governor of Indiana Eric Holcomb vetoed the bill in the same month.[68][69] 10 US states have implemented similar legislation.[70][71][72]

On May 24, 2022, the General Assembly overrode Governor Holcomb's veto, passing the bill into law. The law is expected to be challenged in court.[73]

Gender-affirming healthcare within prisons ban

In April 2023, the Governor of Indiana, Eric Holcomb, signed into law Indiana House Bill 1569. It banned any gender-affirming healthcare within prisons, specifically using state resources or federal funds for "sexual reassignment surgery to an offender patient." The bill will take effect July 1, 2023. It will not impact offender patients approved for sexual reassignment surgery prior to July 1, 2023.[74][75]

Hate crime law

Previously, Indiana collected data on "bias crimes", which had included sexual orientation bias since 2003, but did not criminalize them as hate crimes nor alter proposed sentencing requirements due to sexual orientation bias.[76][77] Such hate crimes, however, are covered federally under the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act.

In April 2019, the Indiana General Assembly passed a bill with various controversial and contentious amendments on hate crimes. Unlike other hate crime laws in the United States, Indiana's law does not list specific categories, instead "[making] it an aggravating circumstance that a crime was committed with the intent to harm or intimidate an individual or a group of individuals because of certain perceived or actual characteristics". Governor Eric Holcomb signed the bill into law on April 3.[78][79] The lack of a specific list of categories drew criticism and claims that it violates the vagueness doctrine. As a result of the law, judges may consider a stricter sentence for someone who committed a crime based on the victim's sexual orientation or gender identity.[80]

Conversion therapy local level ban

In May 2023, the Governor of Indiana signed a bill into law that passed both houses of the Indiana General Assembly to explicitly ban all local level governments - at both a city and county level across all of Indiana from implementing conversion therapy bans by ordinance and/or executive order. The impact of this law was to essentially keep conversion therapy legal indirectly.[81]

Public opinion

A 2022 Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) opinion poll found that 67% of Indiana residents supported same-sex marriage, while 31% opposed it and 1% were unsure. The same poll found that 78% of Indiana residents supported an anti-discrimination law covering sexual orientation and gender identity while 20% were opposed. 2% were undecided. Additionally, 57% were against allowing public businesses to refuse to serve LGBT people due to religious beliefs, while 40% supported allowing such religious-based refusals. 2% were undecided. [82]

Public opinion for LGBT anti-discrimination laws in Indiana
Poll source Date(s) administered Sample size Margin of error % support % opposition % no opinion
Public Religion Research Institute January 3-December 30, 2018 1,237 not stated 65% 29% 6%
Public Religion Research Institute April 5-December 23, 2017 1,531 not stated 66% 25% 9%
Public Religion Research Institute April 29, 2015-January 7, 2016 1,938 not stated 70% 24% 6%

Summary table

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Since 1977)
Equal age of consent (16) Yes
Anti-discrimination laws in employment Yes (Since 2020)
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No/Yes (Varies by city and county)
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No/Yes (Varies by city and county)
Hate crime law includes sexual orientation No/Yes (Tacitly included, though no explicit categories listed)[78]
Same-sex marriages Yes (Since 2014)
Stepchild adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Since 2006)
Joint adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Since 2006)
Gays, lesbians and bisexuals allowed to serve openly in the military Yes (Since 2011)
Transgender people allowed to serve openly in the military Yes (Most Transgender personnel allowed to serve openly since 2021)[83]
Transvestites allowed to serve openly in the military No[84]
Intersex people allowed to serve openly in the military X/Yes (Current DoD policy bans "Hermaphrodites" from serving or enlisting in the military)[84]
Right to change legal gender Yes
Third gender option No (Initially allowed in 2019, policy suspended in January 2020)[56]
Conversion therapy banned for minors No (Since 2023, local level bans across Indiana by ordinance and executive order are banned and voided from enactment - essentially keeping conversion therapy legal by both the Governor and the state Legislature)[85]
Birth certificate recognition of children by same-sex couples (from IVF parentage) Yes (Since 2020)[86]
Access to IVF for lesbians Yes (Since 2005)
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No/Yes (Surrogacy can be practiced, but contracts will be "void and unenforceable")
Men who have sex with men allowed to donate blood Yes/No (Since 2020; 3-month deferral period required by FDA (Food and Drug Administration)[87]

See also


  1. ^ Theil, Michele (February 2, 2024). "Groundbreaking map shows which US states are the least safe for LGBTQ+ people". PinkNews | Latest lesbian, gay, bi and trans news | LGBTQ+ news. Retrieved February 2, 2024.
  2. ^ a b c d Painter, George. "The History of Sodomy Laws in the United States: Indiana". The Sensibilities of Our Forefathers. Gay & Lesbian Archives of the Pacific Northwest.
  3. ^ "Indiana Sodomy Law". Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
  4. ^ "Indiana Supreme Court: Age of consent not the same for sexting". Associated Press. October 3, 2017. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  5. ^ "Supreme Court rejects gay marriage appeals from Indiana". WTHR 13 Indianapolis. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  6. ^ "Indiana State Senate to take action on marriage amendment", January 15, 2010, accessed April 9, 2011; WISHtv: Jim Shella, "Gay marriage ban goes to Indiana House once again", January 28, 2010 Archived August 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, accessed April 9, 2011
  7. ^ Allen, Kevin (March 29, 2011). "Indiana Senate OKs amendment to ban gay marriages". WSBT. Archived from the original on August 20, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  8. ^ Young, Richard L. (June 25, 2014). "Entry on Cross-Motions for Summary Judgment ... three cases, Baskin v. Bogan, Fujii v. Pence, and Lee v. Pence". U.S.D.C. S.D. Ind. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  9. ^ Liptak, Adam (October 6, 2014). "Supreme Court Delivers Tacit Win to Gay Marriage". The New York Times.
  10. ^ a b c "Indy passes benefits for domestic partners". IDS. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  11. ^ "Indianapolis Mayor Greg Ballard OKs domestic partner benefits". Indy Star. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  12. ^ Patterson, James (August 5, 2005). "'Sexual orientation' policy remains sore spot for Ind. governor". Baptist Press. Archived from the original on April 3, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
  13. ^ Briscoe, Tony (April 4, 2017). "Court: Civil Rights Act covers LGBT workplace bias". Chicago Tribune.
  14. ^ Ruling Affirms Civil Rights Laws Protect Employees from Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation Human Rights Campaign
  15. ^ "Hively v. Ivy Tech Community College". Lambda Legal.
  16. ^ a b c d e f "Cities and Counties with Non-Discrimination Ordinances that Include Gender Identity". Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  17. ^ "Tippecanoe County Commissioners add gender identity to ordinance". Archived from the original on September 20, 2016. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
  18. ^ "Vanderburgh County expands sexual orientation protections". Archived from the original on April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  19. ^ Anderson joins Indiana cities protecting LGBT rights
  20. ^ Carmel narrowly passes LGBT protections
  21. ^ a b c d e How local LGBT anti-discrimination laws vary in Indiana
  22. ^ "Indiana's Equality Profile". Movement Advancement Project.
  23. ^ "Hammond Passes Non-discrimination Ordinance Protecting LGBT Hoosiers | Freedom Indiana". Archived from the original on August 28, 2019. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  24. ^ Runevitch, Jennie (March 14, 2016). "Kokomo mayor signs LGBT protections ordinance, 5-4". Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  25. ^ Ervin, Jeremy (September 7, 2016). "Lafayette adds gender identity protection". Journal and Courier.
  26. ^ "Michigan City, Indiana - Code of Ordinances". Municipal Code Corporation. Retrieved November 10, 2016. Chapter 66: Human Relations
  27. ^ Correspondent, Mary Wilds. "Munster's human rights ordinance adopted".
  28. ^ Schneider, Grace (August 22, 2012). "New Albany anti-discrimination law draws raves from Kentucky". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved January 3, 2013. New Albany's new law bans discrimination in employment, education, housing and public accommodations based on an individual's actual or perceived [...] sexual orientation, gender identity
  29. ^ "Valparaiso Approves LGBT Non-Discrimination Ordinance". Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 28, 2019. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  30. ^ "West Lafayette Human Relations Commission" (PDF). City of West Lafayette. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
  31. ^ "American Legal Publishing - Online Library".
  32. ^ "Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Now Protected in Marion County" (PDF). Hall, Render, Killian, Heath & Lyman. February 9, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  33. ^ "Indiana Gov. Pence defends religious objections law: 'This bill is not about discrimination'". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  34. ^ "NCAA 'concerned' over Indiana law that allows biz to reject gays". CNN. March 26, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  35. ^ Tom Davies (March 27, 2015). "Indiana officials look to stem religious objections fallout". Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  36. ^ "Thousands march in Indiana to protest law seen targeting gays". Reuters. March 29, 2015. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015.
  37. ^ "Hundreds rally against Indiana law, say it's discriminatory". Associated Press. March 28, 2015. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  38. ^ Tony Cook; Tom LoBianco; Brian Eason (April 2, 2015). "Gov. Mike Pence signs RFRA fix". Indy Star.
  39. ^ "Students sued their school for the right to form a Gay-Straight Alliance. They just won".
  40. ^ "Pendleton Heights Gay-Straight Alliance wins injunction for access to school resources".
  41. ^ "Indiana Adoption Law". Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
  42. ^ "Indiana legislature rules in favor of lesbian couples using donor insemination". July 15, 2005.
  43. ^ "Indiana's equality profile". Movement Advancement Project.
  44. ^ Same-sex Indiana couple celebrates birth certificate win
  45. ^ Same-sex couples win birth certificate lawsuit
  46. ^ Wang, Stephanie (January 31, 2017). "State appeals ruling on parental rights for same-sex couples". Indy Star.
  47. ^ "Same-sex birth certificate case stalls at 7th Circuit, putting families in limbo". The Indiana Lawyer. April 4, 2019.
  48. ^ "After 32 Month Delay, 7th Circuit Affirms Equal Rights for Same-Sex Parents". Slate. January 17, 2020.
  49. ^ "Henderson v. Box, No. 17-1141 (7th Cir. 2020)". January 17, 2020.
  50. ^ "Supreme Court hands down victory for lesbian moms / LGBTQ Nation".
  51. ^ "What You Need to Known About Surrogacy in Indiana". American Surrogacy.
  52. ^ [1]
  53. ^ [2]
  54. ^ "Indiana". National Center for Transgender Equality. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  55. ^ "Indiana driver's licenses now offer 'X' gender option for non-binary Hoosiers". March 11, 2019.
  56. ^ a b Covington, Olivia. "AG Hill: State agencies can't use nonbinary gender marker". The Indiana Lawyer. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  57. ^ "Curtis Hill: BMV doesn't have authority to allow nonbinary gender on licenses". March 10, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  58. ^ Bill Would Stop Trans People from Changing Sex on Birth Certificates LawNewz
  59. ^ Wang, Stephanie (January 13, 2017). "Republican quashes anti-transgender bill". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  60. ^ Republican Lawmaker Makes Surprise Showing Of LGBT Support, Blocks Anti-Trans Bill NewNextNow
  61. ^ "BREAKING: Human Rights Campaign Condemns Republican Indiana Gov. Holcomb for Signing Discriminatory Gender Affirming Care Ban into Law".
  62. ^ "Indiana bill banning gender-affirming care for transgender youth sent to governor". PBS.
  63. ^ Senate Bill 480. Indiana State. March 21, 2023.
  64. ^ "Human Rights Campaign Condemns Indiana Legislature for Passing Gender Affirming Care Ban; Urges Governor Holcomb to Veto Discriminatory Bill".
  65. ^ a b "ACLU Sues Indiana Over Ban on Health Care for Transgender Youth". American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  66. ^ "Federal judge blocks most of Indiana's ban on gender-affirming care for minors". PBS NewsHour. June 16, 2023. Retrieved June 16, 2023.
  67. ^ Irwin, Lauren (February 27, 2024). "7th Circuit allows Indiana's ban on care for transgender youth to take effect". The Hill. Retrieved February 28, 2024.
  68. ^ Smith, Mitch; Medina, Eduardo (March 22, 2022). "Bucking Republican Trend, Indiana Governor Vetoes Transgender Sports Bill". The New York Times.
  69. ^ "Gov. Eric Holcomb vetoes transgender girls athletes ban bill".
  70. ^ "Indiana bill banning transgender girls from girls' sports heads to governor's desk". March 2022.
  71. ^ "Human Rights Campaign Condemns Passage of Anti-Trans Sports Ban by Indiana Lawmakers".
  72. ^ "Indiana HB1041 | 2022 | Regular Session".
  73. ^ Smith, Mitch (May 24, 2022). "Indiana Lawmakers Override Transgender Sports Veto". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  74. ^ [3]
  75. ^ "Indiana General Assembly 2023 Session House Bill 1569". May 13, 2023. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  76. ^ "A Guide to State Level Advocacy Following Enactment of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign. Human Rights Campaign. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 25, 2014. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  77. ^ "Indiana Code 10-13-3 - Criminal History Information". Indiana General Assembly. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  78. ^ a b Bell, Brianna (April 3, 2019). "Indiana hate crimes bill signed into law". Jurist.
  79. ^ "Gov. Holcomb signs hate crimes bill without specific gender protections into law". Fox59. April 2, 2019.
  80. ^ "Former IN Supreme Court justice says new hate crimes law protects gender, gender identity". WTHR. April 3, 2019. Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  81. ^ [4]
  82. ^ Public opinion on LGBT nondiscrimination laws by state: Indiana, PRRI – American Values Atlas
  83. ^ "Biden reverses Trump ban on transgender people in military". AP NEWS. April 20, 2021. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  84. ^ a b (May 10, 2021). "Medical Conditions That Can Keep You from Joining the Military". Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  85. ^ [5]
  86. ^ Bollinger, Alex. "Supreme Court hands down victory for lesbian moms". LGBTQ Nation. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  87. ^ McNamara, Audrey (April 2, 2020). "FDA eases blood donation requirements for gay men amid "urgent" shortage". CBS News.