Elkhart County
Elkhart County courthouse in Goshen, Indiana
Elkhart County courthouse in Goshen, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Elkhart County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°36′N 85°52′W / 41.6°N 85.86°W / 41.6; -85.86
Country United States
State Indiana
FoundedApril 1, 1830
Largest cityElkhart
 • Total467.97 sq mi (1,212.0 km2)
 • Land463.17 sq mi (1,199.6 km2)
 • Water4.80 sq mi (12.4 km2)  1.03%
 • Total207,047
 • Estimate 
 • Density440/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Indiana county number 20

Elkhart County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2020, the county's population was 207,047.[1] The county seat is Goshen.[2] Elkhart County is part of the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn is part of the South Bend-Elkhart-Mishawaka Combined Statistical Area. It is also considered part of the broader region of Northern Indiana known as Michiana, and is 20 miles (32 km) east of South Bend, Indiana, 110 miles (180 km) east of Chicago, Illinois, and 150 miles (240 km) north of Indianapolis, Indiana. The area is referred to by locals as the recreation vehicle (RV) capital of the world and is known for its sizable Amish and Old Order Mennonite population.[3]


At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the area now within Elkhart County boundaries was mainly inhabited by the Potawatomi tribe. Pioneers began settling in the Elkhart Prairie in 1829 and in April 1830, Elkhart County was officially established with its original county seat in Dunlap. After reorganizing the county borders, the seat was moved to Goshen near the county's geographical center.[4]

Elkhart County was founded by immigrants from New England. These were old-stock "Yankee" immigrants, descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. The completion of the Erie Canal in 1821 sparked a surge in immigration from New England to northern Indiana, which had become a state five years earlier. The end of the Black Hawk War in 1832 increased the immigration surge of immigration, again coming from New England as a result of overpopulation combined with land shortages in that region. Some of these later settlers were from upstate New York, whose relatives had moved to that region from New England shortly after the American Revolutionary War. New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York were the vast majority of Elkhart County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history. These settlers were primarily members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before moving west. The Congregational Church subsequently has gone through many divisions, and some factions, including those in Elkhart County, are now known as the Church of Christ and the United Church of Christ. As a result of this heritage, most of Elkhart County supported the abolitionist movement before the American Civil War. Elkhart County provided substantial recruits for the Union Army. During the end of the nineteenth century, Irish and German migrants came to Elkhart County, although most did not come directly from Europe, but had stopped in other areas in the Midwest, such as Ohio.[5][6]


The name Elkhart is a euphemization of "Elks-heart", which refers to the now extinct Eastern elk.[7] The name has been attached to the Elkhart River and surrounding area since at least 1749, when it was recorded in French as Coeur de cerf ("elk's heart") as the name of a Miami village there.[8] The place name in Miami-Illinois is mihšiiwiateehi ("elk's heart"). Later in the 18th century the area was inhabited by the Potawatomi; in the Potawatomi language, the place is likewise known as mzewəodeʔig, "at the elk heart".[9] The name may reflect a prehistoric association of the Elkhart area with the Kaskaskia people, whom the Miami called "elk hearts".[8]

Other explanations have been suggested. According to an account by two Miami leaders (Jean Baptiste Richardville and Le Gros) recorded in 1824, the name arose from two women fighting over an elk's heart that had been hung up to dry.[10] Alternatively, some historians including Jacob Piatt Dunn have associated the name with the shape of an island in the Elkhart River that is stated to resemble an elk's heart.[8] This theory has been carried on the city's website.[11]

A popular but non-historical account claims that the county was named after a Shawnee Indian chief named "Elkhart", who was ostensibly a cousin of the famous Chief Tecumseh, and father of "princess Mishawaka" (for whom, according to the story, neighboring Mishawaka is named).[12][13] This story originated in Legends of Michigan and the Old North West, an 1875 collection of historical fiction by Michigan politician Flavius J. Littlejohn.[14][15]


The St. Joseph River widens as it flows west through Elkhart.

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 467.97 square miles (1,212.0 km2), of which 463.17 square miles (1,199.6 km2) (or 98.97%) is land and 4.80 square miles (12.4 km2) (or 1.03%) is water.[16] The county sits in mostly rural farmland with rolling hills in its northeast corner. Those hills were formed by glaciers and are part of the St. Lawrence Seaway Continental Divide.[17]

The St. Joseph River, which flows from Michigan, across the Michigan border north of Bristol, is the main waterway in Elkhart County. The Elkhart River enters the county east of Millersburg and winds its way through Goshen and Dunlap to Island Park in Elkhart where it meets the St. Joseph. The Little Elkhart River flows into the county southeast of Middlebury and creates some scenic views in Bonneyville Mills County Park before emptying into the St. Joseph near Bristol. Numerous creeks wind their way through the countryside and several lakes, including Simonton Lake, dot the landscape.

Fifteen unincorporated communities also exist in the county. They are Benton, Bonneyville Mills, Dunlap, Foraker, Garden Village, Jimtown, Locke, Midway, New Paris, Nibbyville, Simonton Lake, Southwest, Vistula, and Waterford Mills.


Adjacent counties


New Paris, IndianaWakarusa, IndianaNappanee, IndianaMillersburg, IndianaMiddlebury, IndianaSimonton Lake, IndianaGoshen, IndianaDunlap, IndianaBristol, IndianaElkhart, Indiana



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


Elkhart County is known as "The RV Capital of the World" because of its substantial recreational vehicle-based economy. Farming also plays a big role in the local economy. Tourism boosts the county's economy. Destinations such as Das Dutchman Essenhaus in Middlebury and Amish Acres in Nappanee along with annual events such as the Elkhart Jazz Festival, the Amish Acres Arts & Crafts Festival, and the Elkhart County 4-H Fair draw thousands of tourists annually. The Fair is the second largest county fair in the United States.[18]

Climate and weather

Goshen, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[19]
Metric conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

In recent years, average temperatures in Goshen have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 102 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.77 inches (45 mm) in February to 4.05 inches (103 mm) in June.[19]


The county is led by a board of three elected commissioners that serve as the executive branch of county government. The board also serves as the legislative branch in that it is responsible for ordinances.[20] The county council is made of seven elected members - one from each of the four council districts and three at large. The council is in charge of all monetary issues including appropriations and taxes.[21] There are Township Assessors for Baugo, Cleveland, Concord, Elkhart, Middlebury, and Osolo townships and a County Assessor to handle the remaining townships.[22]

Elkhart County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 9, 11, and 12;[23] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 21, 22, 48, 49, and 82.[24]

Elkhart County has consistently been a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections. In only three elections since 1888 has a Republican candidate failed to win the county, most recently in 1964.

United States presidential election results for Elkhart County, Indiana[25]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 46,972 62.95% 26,108 34.99% 1,538 2.06%
2016 41,867 63.21% 20,740 31.31% 3,629 5.48%
2012 42,378 62.29% 24,399 35.87% 1,252 1.84%
2008 39,396 55.00% 31,398 43.83% 840 1.17%
2004 42,967 70.00% 17,966 29.27% 447 0.73%
2000 36,756 67.46% 16,402 30.11% 1,324 2.43%
1996 28,770 56.58% 16,598 32.64% 5,482 10.78%
1992 27,920 53.50% 14,660 28.09% 9,604 18.40%
1988 33,793 70.11% 14,236 29.54% 171 0.35%
1984 34,621 71.98% 13,240 27.53% 236 0.49%
1980 30,081 61.40% 14,883 30.38% 4,030 8.23%
1976 27,291 60.07% 17,581 38.70% 557 1.23%
1972 31,009 70.57% 12,659 28.81% 273 0.62%
1968 24,484 57.90% 14,222 33.63% 3,583 8.47%
1964 19,870 47.41% 21,679 51.72% 365 0.87%
1960 28,056 62.77% 16,264 36.39% 373 0.83%
1956 28,088 69.05% 12,363 30.39% 226 0.56%
1952 25,277 66.33% 12,002 31.49% 829 2.18%
1948 18,999 56.68% 13,703 40.88% 815 2.43%
1944 20,659 60.39% 12,991 37.98% 558 1.63%
1940 19,735 58.53% 13,620 40.40% 361 1.07%
1936 14,896 49.05% 14,473 47.65% 1,002 3.30%
1932 13,826 46.76% 14,885 50.34% 855 2.89%
1928 20,876 74.76% 6,900 24.71% 148 0.53%
1924 13,096 64.50% 4,729 23.29% 2,479 12.21%
1920 12,297 60.10% 5,770 28.20% 2,394 11.70%
1916 5,850 45.21% 5,723 44.22% 1,368 10.57%
1912 1,199 10.38% 4,300 37.22% 6,054 52.40%
1908 6,245 48.19% 5,697 43.96% 1,017 7.85%
1904 6,548 55.32% 4,023 33.99% 1,266 10.70%
1900 6,270 52.86% 4,950 41.73% 642 5.41%
1896 6,150 54.08% 4,986 43.85% 235 2.07%
1892 3,873 48.87% 3,530 44.54% 522 6.59%
1888 4,955 50.62% 4,464 45.61% 369 3.77%


Historical population
2022 (est.)206,890[26]−0.1%
1830 Census. Elkhart County.[27]
1840 Census. Elkhart County.[28]
U.S. Decennial Censuses:[29]
1790-1960[30] 1900-1990,[31]
1990-2000,[32] 2010-2019,[33] 2020[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 197,559 people, 70,244 households, and 50,542 families residing in the county.[34] The population density was 426.5 inhabitants per square mile (164.7/km2). There were 77,767 housing units at an average density of 167.9 per square mile (64.8/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 82.9% white, 5.7% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 7.5% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 14.1% of the population.[34] In terms of ancestry, 28.4% were German, 10.2% were Irish, 7.6% were English, and 7.6% were American.[35]

Of the 70,244 households, 38.1% had children under 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families, and 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.76, and the average family size was 3.23. The median age was 34.9 years.[34]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697, and the median income for a family was $53,742. Males had a median income of $41,891 versus $29,496 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,187. About 10.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.[36]

2020 census

Elkhart County Racial Composition[37]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 145,039 70%
Black or African American (NH) 11,051 5.3%
Native American (NH) 373 0.18%
Asian (NH) 2,236 1%
Pacific Islander (NH) 54 0.02%
Other/Mixed (NH) 8,700 4.2%
Hispanic or Latino 39,594 19.1%

Amish and Mennonite communities

In 2020,the Amish and Mennonite population was 11,006 or 5.3 % of the total population.[38]


The Indiana Avenue Bridge over the Elkhart River on Goshen's north side


The Indiana Toll Road (Interstates 80/90) runs through the northern fringes of the county. Elkhart has two interchanges (exits 92 & 96) while Bristol (exit 101) and Middlebury (exit 107) have one apiece. U.S. Route 20 skirts the southern edges of Elkhart as the St. Joseph Valley Parkway until the freeway ends at the County Road 17 interchange. U.S. 20 continues eastward as a regular surface highway. County Road 17 is known as the "Michiana Parkway" and provides a connection between Goshen, U.S. 20, S.R. 120, the Elkhart East interchange (Exit 96) on the Toll Road, and US 12 in Michigan via M-217.

U.S. Highways 6, 33, and 131 also run through the county along with Indiana State Highways 4, 13, 15, 19, 119, and 120. U.S. 33 was once part of the original Lincoln Highway.

Other forms

A bus system known as the Interurban Trolley serves several municipalities throughout Elkhart County, connecting Elkhart and Goshen, as well as Osceola, Dunlap and Mishawaka, using buses that look like trolley cars. These buses are manufactured at government expense in RV facilities of Elkhart County. The county's only Amtrak and Greyhound bus stations are in Elkhart.

Elkhart, Nappanee, and Goshen all have municipal airports. Amtrak makes four daily stops in Elkhart.


The county has seven public school districts, seven private schools, and one college. Several other colleges have satellite campuses in the city of Elkhart.

Public schools

The Elkhart Community Schools, the largest district, serves the populated northwest side of the county. The system includes fourteen elementary schools (Beardsley, Bristol, Cleveland, Eastwood, Hawthorne, Mary Beck, Mary Daly, Mary Feeser, Monger, Osolo, Pinewood, Riverview, Roosevelt STEAM Academy, and Woodland), three middle schools (North Side, Pierre Moran, and West Side), two high schools (Central and Memorial), which in 2020 merged into a singular Elkhart High School, one alternative school (Tipton Street Center), and the Elkhart Area Career Center.

The Middlebury Community Schools serve the northeast side of the county. This system includes four elementary schools (Jefferson, Middlebury, Orchard View, and York), one intermediate school (Heritage), one middle school, and one high school both named Northridge.

The Fairfield Community Schools serve the county's southeast corner. This system includes three elementary schools (Benton, Millersburg, and New Paris) and a junior-senior high school named Fairfield.

The Wa-Nee Community Schools serve the southwest portion of the county. This system consists of three elementary schools (Nappanee, Wakarusa, and Woodview), a middle school, and a high school both named NorthWood.

The Baugo Community Schools serve the west-central part of the county. This system is made up of an elementary, an intermediate, a junior high, and a high school each named Jimtown.

The Concord Community Schools serve the southeast side of the city of Elkhart and northwest Goshen. This system consists of four elementary schools (East Side, Ox Bow, South Side, and West Side), an intermediate school, a junior high school, and a high school; all named Concord.

Finally, the Goshen Community Schools serve the central part of Elkhart County. This system is made up of seven elementary schools (Chamberlain, Chandler, Model, Parkside, Prairieview, Waterford, and West Goshen), a middle and a high school all named Goshen.

Private schools

In addition to the public schools, there are nine private schools in the county. Kessington Christian School (grades PK-12) is in Bristol; Elkhart Christian Academy (grades K-12), Trinity Lutheran School (grades K-8), St. Vincent de Paul Catholic School (grades PK-8), and St. Thomas the Apostle School (grades K-8) are in Elkhart; while Bethany Christian (grades 4–12), Bashor Alternative School (grades 4–10), St. John the Evangelist Catholic School (grades PK-6), and Clinton Christian School (grades K-12) are in Goshen.

Higher education

Elkhart County has six institutions for higher learning, two of which are solely located in the county: Goshen College, a small Mennonite liberal arts college of 1000 students in Goshen; and the Anabaptist Mennonite Biblical Seminary, which has been operating on Elkhart's south side since 1958.

The city of Elkhart has four satellite campuses within its city limits. Bethel College of Mishawaka has a small satellite campus on the south side, Indiana Institute of Technology has a small operation on Middlebury Street, Indiana University South Bend has its "Elkhart Center" downtown, and Ivy Tech Community College has a campus as well.


County parks and lands

A view of the mill at Bonneyville Mill County Park

Bonneyville Mill Park consists of 223 acres (0.90 km2) of rolling hills, marshes, and woodlands on the Little Elkhart River east of Bristol. The park offers hiking trails, fishing spots, shelters, and guided tours of Bonneyville Mill. The mill is still used to produce flour.

Ox Bow Park sits on 113 acres (0.46 km2) overlooking the Elkhart River midway between Elkhart and Goshen. The park offers hiking trails, shelters, disc golf, and an archery range.

River Preserve Park is 1,050 acres (4.2 km2) located between Benton and the Goshen Dam also on the Elkhart River. The park also offers several trails and shelters and provides insight into the history of Indiana's waterways.

Treasure Island Park offers fishing and canoe access to the St. Joseph River west of Elkhart while the Turkey Creek (two miles south of Goshen) and Wolf Lake (two miles north of Goshen) sites have no public access but are described as "future parks."

The cities and towns of Elkhart County also have numerous parks and greenways.[39]


Sports team

Elkhart's North Side Gymnasium was home to the Elkhart Express International Basketball League team. However, after (2) winning seasons, the Express ceased to exist in 2009.

Annual events

A typical scene at the Elkhart County 4-H Fair

All of these events draw in many people every year, but the biggest event, by far, in the county is the Elkhart County 4-H Fair. This nine-day event is one of the largest county fairs in the United States.[42]


The Elkhart Truth and The Goshen News are the two daily newspapers that serve the county while Bristol, Middlebury, and Nappanee all have weekly newspapers.

Elkhart County lies in the South Bend-Elkhart television market, the 89th largest in the United States as of 2008.[43] One television station, WSJV-TV (Fox), is located in Elkhart along with several radio stations including WTRC, WLEG, WFRN and WVPE (NPR). Radio Stations WKAM and Goshen College's WGCS are located in Goshen.

Notable media mentions

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ a b Bureau, US Census. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". Census.gov.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "RV Capital: Elkhart Indiana". Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
  4. ^ "Elkhart County Indiana History and Pioneer Genealogy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2007.
  5. ^ A Standard History of Elkhart County, Indiana: An Authentic Narrative of the Past, with Particular Attention to the Modern Era in the Commercial, Industrial, Educational, Civic and Social Development (Volumes 1 and 2). American Historical Society (1916)
  6. ^ A Twentieth Century History and Biographical Record of Elkhart County, Indiana by Anthony Deahl. Lewis Publishing Company (1905)
  7. ^ McCafferty, Michael (2008). Native American Place-Names of Indiana. University of Illinois Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 9780252032684.
  8. ^ a b c McCafferty 2008, p. 14.
  9. ^ McCafferty 2008, pp. 14, 188 n.63.
  10. ^ Ironstrack, George (December 16, 2010). "Peempaliyankwi Myaamionki – Walking Myaamionki". Retrieved May 2, 2023.
  11. ^ "City of Elkhart: Origins of Elkhart". Archived from the original on August 1, 2012.
  12. ^ "St. Joseph County MI - County History: Costly Victory". Archived from the original on June 26, 2008.
  13. ^ "History of Elkhart". Archived from the original on September 6, 2008.
  14. ^ James, Sheryl (2013). Michigan Legends: Folktales and Lore from the Great Lakes State. University of Michigan Press. p. 119. ISBN 9780472051748.
  15. ^ Legends of Michigan and the Old North West; Or, a Cluster of Unpublished Waifs, Gleaned Along the Uncertain, Misty Line, Dividing Traditional from Historic Times. Allegan, Michigan: Northwestern Bible and Publishing Company. 1875.
  16. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  17. ^ "Continental Divides in North Dakota and North America". Archived from the original on October 21, 2012.
  18. ^ "Purdue Alumni Club of Elkhart County". Archived from the original on April 11, 2006.
  19. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Goshen, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  20. ^ "Welcome to the Official Site For Elkhart County, Indiana". Archived from the original on July 5, 2008.
  21. ^ "Welcome to the Official Site For Elkhart County, Indiana". Archived from the original on July 26, 2008.
  22. ^ "Welcome to the Official Site For Elkhart County, Indiana". Archived from the original on June 30, 2008.
  23. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
  24. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
  25. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  26. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 4, 2024.
  27. ^ "1830 Census. Elkhart County." Microfilm, National Archives. Accessed at the Elkhart County Historical Museum from the Elkhart County Historical Society collections. Retrieved January 04, 2020.
  28. ^ "1840 Census. Elkhart County." Microfilm, National Archives. Archived from the original February 1937. Accessed at the Elkhart County Historical Museum from the Elkhart County Historical Society collections. Retrieved January 04, 2020.
  29. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  30. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  31. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  32. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  33. ^ "Elkhart County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
  34. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  35. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  36. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  37. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Elkhart County, Indiana".
  38. ^ "Elkhart County, Ohio - County Membership Report (2020)". The Association of Religion Data Archives.
  39. ^ "Home". Elkhart County Parks.
  40. ^ "Elkhart County Historical Museum". Elkhart County Parks.
  41. ^ "City of Elkhart". Archived from the original on October 9, 2006.
  42. ^ "Purdue Alumni Club of Elkhart County". Archived from the original on April 11, 2006.
  43. ^ "New Nielsen market rankings released - Lost Remote TV Blog". Archived from the original on October 28, 2007.
  44. ^ "Weather Events: 1965 Palm Sunday Tornado Outbreak Part II: Sunday Evening".
  45. ^ "Shanklin Park from city landfill to city park". Goshen News. June 25, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  46. ^ Sarah Welliver. "HISTORY IN HEADLINES: Explosion at the Accra Pac Plant". Elkhart Truth. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  47. ^ "Explosion rocks aerosol packaging plant, 34 injured, one dead". apnews.com. Associated Press. June 24, 1997. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  48. ^ Jodi Wilgoren (December 7, 2001). "Indiana Factory Shooting Leaves 2 Dead and 6 Hurt". The New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  49. ^ Jackie Walker (October 30, 2009). "Not So Plain and Simple: The life of an Amish teen". Relate. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  50. ^ "Obama stumps for stimulus in Indiana: 'We can't afford to wait' - CNN.com". www.cnn.com.

41°36′N 85°52′W / 41.60°N 85.86°W / 41.60; -85.86