Regions with significant populations
Afghanistan2,000 (no date)[1]
Moghol language of Mongolic languages, Dari Persian
predominantly Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Mongolic peoples

The Moghols (also Mogols, Moghuls, Moguls, Monghuls, Monguls) are Mongolic people as descendants of the Mongol Empire's soldiers led by Genghis Khan in Afghanistan. They live in the Kundur and Karez-i-Mulla villages of Herat province and some parts of Northern-Afghanistan. They used to speak the Moghol language.[1] The Moghols sometimes call themselves "Shahjahan", because some of them joined the army of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Previously, Moghol villages could be found in Ghor, throughout the Hazarajat, and as far east as Badakhshan.[2]


The ancestors of the Moghols established themselves in the region in the 13th and 14th centuries serving as soldiers during the Mongol conquests. They occupied Khwarazm and the area that soon become the Ilkhanate during this period. While the Moghols used to live throughout Afghanistan, their settlements were reduced to Herat by the mid-20th century. In recent decades, most Moghols have adopted the Dari language and the Moghol language may currently be extinct as a result.[3]

By religion the Moghols are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b Mogholi at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Dupree, Louis (1997). Afghanistan (2nd ed.). Oxford Pakistan Paperbacks. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-19-577634-8.
  3. ^ Sanders, Alan J. K. (2017). Historical Dictionary of Mongolia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 530. ISBN 978-1-5381-0227-5.
  4. ^ Emadi, Hafizullah (2005). Culture and Customs of Afghanistan. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-313-33089-6.