Total population
Regions with significant populations
Buddhism, Mongolian shamanism , Atheism
Related ethnic groups
Mongols, especially Oirats

The Bayad (Mongol: Баяд/Bayad, lit. "the Riches") is the third largest subgroup of Mongol people in modern Mongolia and they are a tribe in Four Oirats. Baya'ud were a prominent clan within the Mongol Empire. Baya'ud can be found in both Mongolic and Turkic peoples. Within Mongols, the clan is spread through Khalkha, Inner Mongolians, Buryats and Oirats.


Mongol Empire c.1207
Mongol states XIV-XVII: 1.Northern Yuan dynasty 2.Four Oirat 3.Kara Del 4.Moghulistan

The clan name Baya'ud appears among the Mongols, while the ethnonym Bayid appears in Central Siberia. Only the latter appears to be connected to the modern Bayad people of western Mongolia. A common clan name does not mean common origin , the clan names Bayad and Baya’ud are differentiated. The Bayads appear to be Siberian peoples subjugated by the Dorbod tribe of the Oirats. Like all the Oirat tribes, the Bayads were not a consanguineal unit but a political-ethnographic one, formed of at least 40 different yasu, or patrilineages, of the most diverse origins.[2]

It is also mentioned that the Bayads are presumably of Siberian Turkic origin, as the Bayad clan name is attested in Siberia from early times.[3][4]

Notable members

Modern demographics

Today, Bayads are settled in the districts of Khyargas, Malchin, Tes, Züüngovi, Baruunturuun and Naranbulag in the province of Uvs. According to the census taken in 2000, 50,824 Bayads currently live in Mongolia.[5]


  1. ^ National Census 2010 Archived 2011-09-15 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongolian Empire" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-01-12. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
  3. ^ Sneath, David; Kaplonski, Christopher (2010-01-01). Atwood, C. (2006) 'Titles, Appanages, Marriages and Officials: A Comparison of Political Forms in the Zünghar and Thirteenthcentury Mongol Empires'. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-21635-8.
  4. ^ Sneath, David; Kaplonski, Christopher (2010-05-01). The History of Mongolia (3 Vols.). Global Oriental. ISBN 978-90-04-21635-8.
  5. ^ "Хойт С.К. Последние данные по локализации и численности ойрат // Проблемы этногенеза и этнической культуры тюрко-монгольских народов. Вып. 2. Элиста: Изд-во КГУ, 2008. с. 136-157. - in Russian" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2010-11-01.


See also