According to British colonial records, the first permanent settlement at Morristown occurred in 1715, when a settlement was founded as New Hanover by colonists from New York and Connecticut. Morris County was created on March 15, 1739, from portions of Hunterdon County. The county, and ultimately Morristown itself, was named for the popular Governor of the Province, Lewis Morris, who championed land ownership rights for colonists.
The area was inhabited by the Lenni LenapeNative Americans for up to 6,000 years prior to exploration of Europeans. The first European settlements in this portion of New Jersey were established by the Swedes and Dutch in the early 17th century, when a significant trade in furs existed between the natives and the Europeans at temporary posts. It became part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, but the English seized control of the region in 1664, which was granted to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, as the Province of New Jersey.
In 1777, General George Washington and the Continental Army marched from the victories at Trenton and Princeton to encamp near Morristown from January to May. Washington had his headquarters during that first encampment at Jacob Arnold's Tavern, located at the Morristown Green in the center of the town. Morristown was selected for its extremely strategic location. It was between Philadelphia and New York and near New England while being protected by the Watchung Mountains from the bulk of continental British forces camped in New York City. It also was chosen for the skills and trades of the residents, local industries and natural resources to provide arms, and what was thought to be the ability of the community to provide enough food to support the army.
The churches were used for inoculations for smallpox. That first headquarters, Arnold's Tavern, was eventually moved .5 miles (800 m) south of the green onto Mount Kemble Avenue to become All Souls' Hospital in the late 19th century. It suffered a fire in 1918, and the original structure was demolished, but new buildings for the hospital were built directly across the street.
From December 1779 to June 1780 the Continental Army's second encampment at Morristown was at Jockey Hollow. Then, Washington's headquarters in Morristown was located at the Ford Mansion, a large mansion near what was then the edge of town. Ford's widow and children shared the house with Martha Washington and officers of the Continental Army.
The winter of 1780 was the worst winter of the Revolutionary War. The starvation was complicated by extreme inflation of money and lack of pay for the army. The entire Pennsylvania contingent successfully mutinied and later, 200 New Jersey soldiers attempted to emulate them (unsuccessfully). Many soldiers died, due to weak health.
During Washington's second stay, in March 1780, he declared St. Patrick's Day a holiday to honor his many Irish troops. Martha Washington traveled from Virginia and remained with her husband each winter throughout the war. The Marquis de Lafayette came to Washington in Morristown to inform him that France would be sending ships and trained soldiers to aid the Continental Army.
During Washington's stay, Benedict Arnold was court-martialed at Dickerson's Tavern, on Spring Street, for charges related to profiteering from military supplies at Philadelphia. His admonishment was made public, but Washington quietly promised the hero, Arnold, to make it up to him.
The Morristown Green has a statue commemorating the meeting of George Washington, the young Marquis de LaFayette, and young Alexander Hamilton depicting them discussing forthcoming aid of French tall ships and troops being sent by King Louis XVI of France to aid the Continental Army.
Morristown's Burnham Park has a statue of the "Father of the American Revolution", Thomas Paine, who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense, which urged a complete break from British rule. The bronze statue, by sculptor Georg J. Lober, shows Paine in 1776 (using a drum as a table during the withdrawal of the army across New Jersey) composing Crisis 1. He wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls..." The statue was dedicated on July 4, 1950.
Macculloch Hall, built 1810 by George P. Macculloch
In 1827, St. Peter's Episcopal Church was founded at the behest of Bishop George Washington Doane and many prominent Morristown Families, including George P. Macculloch, of the Morris Canal. When the Church was rebuilt by the then-internationally famous architectural firm, McKim, Mead and White, beginning in 1889, the congregation erected one of the United States finest church buildings –a stone, English-gothic church complete with fined stained glass, and a long, decorated interior.
Antoine le Blanc, a French immigrant laborer, murdered the Sayre family and their servant (or possibly slave), Phoebe. He was tried and convicted of murder of the Sayres (but not of Phoebe) on August 13, 1833. On September 6, 1833, Le Blanc became the last person hanged on the Morristown Green. Until late 2006, the house where the murders were committed was known as "Jimmy's Haunt," which is purported to be haunted by Phoebe's ghost because her murder never saw justice. Jimmy's Haunt was torn down to make way for a bank in 2007.
Jacob Arnold's Tavern, the first headquarters for Washington in Morristown and site of Benedict Arnold's 1780 trial, was purchased by Morristown historian Julia Keese Nelson Colles (1840-1913) to save it from demolition in 1886. It was moved by horse-power in the winter of 1887 from "the green" (after being stuck on Bank Street for about six weeks) to a site 0.5 miles (0.80 km) south on Mount Kemble Avenue at what is now a parking lot for the Atlantic RIMM Rehabilitation Hospital. It became a boarding house for four years until it was converted by the Grey Nuns from Montreal into All Souls' Hospital, the first general hospital in Morris County. George and Martha Washington's second floor ballroom became a chapel and the first floor tavern became a ward for patients. In 1910, the late Augustus Lefebvre Revere (brother of hospital founder Paul Revere) willed the Hospital $10,000 to be used for the erection of a new building. This fund was used 8 years later when the original Arnold's Tavern building was lost to a fire. The entire organization, nurses, doctors, and patients of All Souls' Hospital were then moved across Mount Kemble Avenue, U.S. Route 202, to the newly built brick hospital building. All Souls' was set to close because of financial difficulties in the late 1960s. In 1973, it became Community Medical Center. In 1977, the center became bankrupt and was purchased by the then new and larger Morristown Memorial Hospital, which is now the Morristown Medical Center.
On December 18, 1843, the Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church was incorporated. This was the first congregation established by blacks in Morris County. It is still active. The first site of the Church was located at 13 Spring Street and served as the only schoolhouse for colored children until 1870. The Church relocated to its present site at 59 Spring Street in 1874.
The first Jews moved to Morristown in the 1850s, but much larger numbers of Ashkenazi Jews migrated to the region from Eastern Europe in the 1890s, which led to the incorporation of the Morristown Jewish Center in 1899. Today there are several Jewish synagogues in Morristown reflecting the diversity of the community.[example needed]
In the 1880s, the town's residents were primarily farmers. The small amount of stores in the Morristown Green town center were only open during the evening to accommodate farmers who did not leave their work during the daytime. There were only a few stores in town, including Adams & Fairchild grocers and P. H. Hoffman & Son clothiers, both located in the Arnold's Tavern on the Morristown Green.
Gilded Age of Morristown
Not to be confused with America's Gilded Age, extending roughly from 1870 to 1900.
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Starting in the mid-1800s, Morristown became a popular summer retreat for some of New York City's wealthiest residents. From the 1870s onwards, immense estates were built up along once rural thoroughfares; Madison Avenue, which runs along Morristown and Madison, New Jersey became known as "the street of the 100 millionaires" due to the sheer extravagance of the houses that were constructed.
Between 1880 and 1929, the Gilded Age of Morristown occurred, when dozens of "millionaires with large fortunes built their estates" in Morristown and Morris Township.
In 1889, Christian charity organization Market Street Mission was established on 9 Market Street beside the Morristown Green in response to the large number of saloons on Market Street. Beginning on March 18, 1889, the Mission hosted nightly meetings to aid and convert those with alcoholism, opioid use, and homelessness. As of 2022, the organization continues to operate a homeless shelter, meals, and emergency services, along with men's drug addiction recovery groups, community counseling, a chapel, and a thrift store.
By 1896, an estimated 54 millionaires lived in the Morristown area, with a total wealth of $289,000,000, which [circa 2009] would be worth billions of dollars. Six years later in 1902, there were at least 91 millionaires.
In 1902, the New York Herald described Morristown as "the Millionaire City of the Nation." The Herald claimed it "contains the richest and least known colony of wealthy people in the world." It identified 45 millionaires (15 of whom were worth over $10 million) who had purchased country homes in Morristown to avoid "lavish display" and seek "freedom from notoriety." The newspaper named some of them including lawyer George Griswold Frelinghuysen, carpet-making heir Eugene Higgins, banker Otto Hermann Kahn, Luther Kountze, and Louis A. Thebaud.
Even smaller estates without deer herds, polo fields or private gas plants necessitated "multiple indoor and outdoor employees" such as "butlers, housekeeprs, parlor-maids and upstairs maids; governesses, nannies, and tutors; cooks and kitchen maids, coachmen, grooms, and stable boys; managers, care-takers, watchmen; gardeners and assistants."
The Gilded Age of Morristown ended in 1929, due to the "high cost of maintaining the estates, increasing income taxes, and the stock market crash" that led to the Great Depression. The Morris Township reports, "Many of the mansions were closed or sold, and some burned."
On January 5, 2009, five red lights were spotted in the Morristown area night skies, who gained significant press coverage and 9-1-1 calls. On April 1, 2009, the perpetrators revealed their hoax by publicizing footage of its creation, which consisted of helium balloons and flares. The event became nationally known as the Morristown UFO hoax.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Morristown town had a total area of 3.01 square miles (7.79 km2), including 2.91 square miles (7.53 km2) of land and 0.10 square miles (0.25 km2) of water (3.26%).
Morristown is completely surrounded by Morris Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.
The downtown shopping and business district of Morristown is centered around a square park, known as the Morristown Green. It is a former market square from Morristown's colonial days.
Of the 7,417 households, 22.7% had children under the age of 18; 31.1% were married couples living together; 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present and 50.8% were non-families. Of all households, 38.8% were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.13.
17.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 38.4% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.8 years. For every 100 females, the population had 104.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 106.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $64,279 (with a margin of error of +/− $5,628) and the median family income was $66,070 (+/− $3,638). Males had a median income of $51,242 (+/− $6,106) versus $44,315 (+/− $5,443) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,573 (+/− $2,286). About 10.2% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
9.8% of Morristown residents identified themselves as being of Colombian American ancestry in the 2000 Census, the eighth- highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States. 4.5% of Morristown residents identified themselves as being of Honduran American ancestry in the 2000 Census, the sixth-highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States.
There were 7,252 households, out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.0% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 18.4% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 40.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $57,563, and the median income for a family was $66,419. Males had a median income of $42,363 versus $37,045 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,086. About 7.1% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.
Morristown Medical Center, with 5,500 employees, is Morristown's largest employer. In a ruling issued in June 2015, Tax Court Judge Vito Bianco ruled that the hospital would be required to pay property taxes on nearly all of its campus in the town.
Morristown Green – Park at the center of town which was the old town "common" or "green." It is the site of several Revolutionary War and Civil war monuments (including one with George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and the Marquis De Lafayette discussing the arrival of French aid to the colonies), and is surrounded by historic churches, the colonial county-courthouse, and a shopping and restaurant district.
Acorn Hall – 1853 Victorian Italianate mansion and home to the Morris County Historical Society. Donated to the historical society in 1971 by Mary Crane Hone, the mansion retained much of its original furnishings and accouterments as it remained in the same family for over a century. It is currently operated as a museum and is the headquarters of the Morris County Historical Society.
Morris Museum – formally incorporated in 1943. The museum's permanent displays include rocks, minerals, fossils, animal mounts, a model railroad, and Native American crafts, pottery, carving, basketry and textiles.
Mayo Performing Arts Center – a former Walter Reade movie theater originally constructed in 1937 that has been converted into a 1,302-seat performing arts center.
The Seeing Eye – the first school in North America for training and connecting guide dogs with blind and visually impaired students.
Morristown District – Roughly bounded by the cemetery, King Place, Madison and Colles Avenues., DeHart Street, and North Park Place (added 1973), Boundary Increase Irregularly bounded by Lackawanna, Franklin Place, James Street, Ogden Place, Doughty, Mt. Kemble, Western, and Speedwell Avenues (added 1986)
Thorne and Eddy Estates – East of Morristown on Columbia Road (added 1978)
Whippany Farm – 53 East Hanover Avenue (added 1977)
Willow Hall – 330 Speedwell Avenue (added 2011)
Morristown is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under a Plan F Mayor-Council system of New Jersey municipal government, which went into effect on January 1, 1974. The town is one of 71 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form of government. The Morristown Town Council is comprised of seven members, of which three members are elected at-large representing the entire town and one representative is chosen from each of the town's four wards. Members are elected on a partisan basis to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis in odd-numbered years as part of the November general election, with the four ward seats up for vote together and the at-large and mayoral seats up for vote together two years later. As the legislative arm of the government, the council is responsible for making and setting policy for the town.
As of 2023[update], the Mayor of Morristown is Democrat Timothy Dougherty, whose term of office ends December 31, 2025. Members of the Morristown Town Council are Council President Sandi Mayer (D; Ward IV, 2023), Council Vice President Nathan Umbriac (D; At Large, 2025), Stefan Armington (D, Ward III, 2023), Tawanna Cotten (D, Ward II, 2023), Toshiba Foster (D; At Large, 2025), Robert Iannaccone (I, Ward I, 2023), and David Silva (D; At Large, 2025).
In 2019, Mary Dougherty, wife of Mayor Tim Dougherty was criminally charged with accepting bribe money from Attorney Matt O'Donnell. Mary had been running for a seat on the Morris County Board of Chosen Freeholders in 2018 when O'Donnell offered her $10,000, presumably to help him get awarded more contracts from the county for legal work. In a plea agreement, Mary pled guilty in February 2021 to a reduced charge of falsifying a campaign finance report in exchange for dropping the bribery charge; she would face probation and a fine of $10,000.
As of June 2019, a total of 11,330 voters were registered in Morristown, of which 5,087 (44.9%) were Democrats, 2,208 (19.5%) Republicans, and 4,035 (35.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated.
In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 67.4% of the vote (4,984 votes), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 27.5% (2,033 votes), and other candidates with 5.1% (294 votes), among the 7,470 ballots cast by the town's 11,060 voters, for a turnout of 67.5%.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 68.1% of the vote (4,738 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 30.0% (2,084 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (67 votes), among the 6,953 ballots cast by the town's 9,741 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.4%.
In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 62.8% of the vote (4,138 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 35.9% (2,370 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (53 votes), among the 6,593 ballots cast by the town's 9,890 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 66.7.
In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Democrat Phil Murphy received 68.44% of the vote (2,758 votes), ahead of Republican Kim Guadagno with 29.6% (1,194 votes), and other candidates with 1.9% (78 votes), among the 4,164 ballots cast by the town's 10,901 voters, for a turnout of 38.2%.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 52.7% of the vote (1,871 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 45.2% (1,602 votes), and other candidates with 2.1% (75 votes), among the 3,780 ballots cast by the town's 10,124 registered voters (232 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.3%.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 52.1% of the vote (2,263 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 37.4% (1,623 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.1% (350 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (16 votes), among the 4,340 ballots cast by the town's 9,393 registered voters, yielding a 46.2% turnout.
As of May 2010[update], the town had a total of 39.98 miles (64.34 km) of roadways, of which 29.73 miles (47.85 km) were maintained by the municipality, 5.03 miles (8.10 km) by Morris County and 5.22 miles (8.40 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Morristown has attempted to implement transit-oriented development. Morristown was designated in 1999 as of one of New Jersey's first five "transit villages". In 1999, Morristown changed its zoning code to designate the area around the train station as a "Transit Village Core" for mixed-use. The designation was at least partly responsible for development plans for several mixed-use condominium developments.
NJ Transit local bus service is offered from the Morristown rail station, Morristown Medical Center and Headquarters Plaza on the 871, 872, 873, 874, 875 and 880 bus routes, replacing service that had been offered on the MCM1, MCM2, MCM3, MCM4, MCM8 and MCM10 routes until 2010, when subsidies to the local provider were eliminated as part of budget cuts.
^About Morristown, Town of Morristown. Accessed April 3, 2013. "Morristown became characterized as 'the military capital of the American Revolution' because of its strategic role in the war for independence from Great Britain."
^ abStaff. "Morristown Timeline", Daily Record, March 23, 2000. Accessed July 19, 2012. "1715 - The Green is established as the center of the community of Morristown, then known as West Hanover, or New Hanover.... 1740 - Morris County separates from Hunterdon County and about half of the new county becomes the Township of Morris. As the most promising village in the county, West Hanover changes its name to Morristown, in honor of Lewis Morris, the first governor of the colony of New Jersey after it separated from New York."
^Karp, Bob. "Arcadia Publishing", Daily Record, January 14, 2003. Accessed July 19, 2012. "Its central location, at the convergence of all the local roads, were one reason Morristown was named the county seat when Morris County was created in 1739, the first courts were held at Jacob Ford's house, and in 1740 he was appointed collector of Morris township."
^Editorial. "225th Anniversary", Daily Record, January 3, 2002. Accessed February 20, 2011. "He was in Basking Ridge and at Morristown's Mount Kemble with stepson John Parke Custis and patriot Lord Stirling in May of 1773 before the war."
^Why Morristown?, National Park Service Museum Collection, American Revolutionary War, Morristown National Historic Park - map shows the important geographic features that led to the importance of the site and the Hobart Pass.
^Hubbard, Louise. "Home Was Washington's Base", Edmonton Journal, January 3, 1962. Accessed July 19, 2012. "General george Washington accepted Mrs. Theodosia's invitation to make her home his headquarters the winter of 1779-80 and lived there longer than in any other encampment of the Continental army... The widow Ford kept two rooms for her family and Washington expressed the discomfort of the too-many tenants in a letter..."
^Flexner, James Thomas (April 1984). Washington the Indispensable Man: 154. ((cite journal)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
^Washington, Lafayette and Hamilton Bronzes - Morristown Green - Morristown, NJ, Crossroads of the American Revolution National Heritage Area. Accessed August 20, 2011. "One of the main focal points on the central Green in Morristown, New Jersey is the life-sized sculptural grouping of General Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and the Marquis de Lafayette, known as "The Alliance." It commemorates Lafayette's arrival with news of French support for the American cause."
^A Brief History, Morris Canal Greenway. Accessed August 20, 2011. "George P. Macculloch, a Morristown businessman, must be given the credit for conceiving the idea for the Morris Canal and ultimately carrying it through to completion. In 1822 he brought a group of interested citizens together at Morristown including Governor Isaac Williamson to discuss his idea with them. His proposal was received favorably."
^Sansay House, The North Jersey History and Genealogy Center. Accessed July 17, 2011.
^Historic SpeedwellArchived November 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Morris County, New Jersey Parks Commission. Accessed August 20, 2011. "The most significant building at Historic Speedwell is the Factory, a National Historic Landmark where Stephen Vail's son, Alfred, worked with Samuel F. B. Morse to perfect the telegraph. It was here on January 11, 1838 where the electromagnetic telegraph was first publicly demonstrated - making Historic Speedwell the 'Birthplace of the Telegraph.'"
^Friedman, Alan. "Church full of 'ordinary people'", Daily Record, October 18, 2006. Accessed December 17, 2012. "According to county records, in 1843 the Bethel Mite Society received a certificate of incorporation for the church, which was recorded under the name of 'The African Methodist Episcopal Church of Morristown."
^Foster, Caroline. "Oral History Caroline Morristown," November 9, 1967. Interview conducted by Clayton Smith. Available from the Morris County Park Commission archives at Historic Sites\FosterFields\Oral Histories.
^History, Morris County Historical Society. Accessed January 4, 2018. "Mary Crane Hone presented the Society with Acorn Hall and five acres of surrounding property in 1971. Built in 1853, Acorn Hall was the home of several generations of the Crane-Hone family."
^Historic Speedwell, Morris County Tourism Bureau. Accessed April 1, 2019. "This eight-acre National Historic Landmark has established its place in world history several times over. It was here in 1838, at the start of the Industrial Revolution, that Samuel F.B. Morse and Alfred Vail demonstrated a perfected electromagnetic telegraph to the public."
^"Hockey", Daily Record, January 30, 2008. Accessed April 5, 2021, via Newspapers.com. "Originally the Morristown Minutemen, they were renamed the New Jersey Minutemen in 2006 and just recently adopted the 'Stampede' nickname."
^Coughlin, Kevin. "A.G. drops bribery charge; Mary Dougherty pleads to lesser offense", Morristown Green, February 19, 2021.Accessed July 12, 2022. "Mary Dougherty, the fifth defendant in a state political corruption investigation, on Friday pleaded guilty to a fourth-degree charge of falsifying a campaign finance report when she was running for Morris County freeholder in 2018. She will receive probation, for a term to be determined next month by Superior Court Judge Stephen Taylor, and pay a $10,000 fine–the amount she was charged with accepting unlawfully."
^Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
^Morris Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Morris School District. Accessed June 7, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through twelve in the Morris School District. Composition: The Morris School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of the Township of Morris and Morristown. The Morris School District operates as an all purpose regional Pre-Kindergarten through twelve district."
^Morris Plains Borough School 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 16, 2017. "Borough School continues its collaboration with the Morris School District, strengthening and supporting the send-receive relationship between the two districts. As Borough students graduate from eighth grade and enroll in Morristown High School, it is important for them to have all of the same opportunities to connect with curriculum requirements that their high school classmates had as students in the Morris School District."
^What is the Board of Education?, Morris School District. Accessed June 7, 2020. "The Morris School District Board of Education is an elected, unpaid group of 10 citizens (5 from Morris Township, 4 from Morristown, and one from Morris Plains) who serve as representatives of their community."
^Fast Facts, The Red Oaks School. Accessed December 9, 2019.
^System Map, Morristown & Erie Railway. Accessed August 7, 2015. "The Whippany Line is a 9-mile rail line, owned and operated continuously by the M&E since the railroad's inception in 1895. The line runs east from Morristown through Hanover Township and East Hanover to its end in Roseland."
^Virtual Walking Tour of Historic MorristownArchived September 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Morristown partnership. Accessed August 4, 2008. "Above the front entrance to the courthouse stands a wooden statue of Justice. She holds a scale to symbolize the balanced judicial system, and a sword to represent the protection of individual rights. Morristown´s statue of Justice is unlike most others because she is not blindfolded."
^Staff. "Frank D. Abell Sr., Morristown Leader", The New York Times, November 23, 1964. Accessed October 19, 2018. "Morristown, N. J., Nov. 22 — Former State Senator Frank D. Abell of 28 Rosemilt Place, who was active in civic, government and banking affairs here for many years, died today at All Souls Hospital. He was 88 years old. Mr. Abell was born in Morristown and attended local and private schools here."
^Staff. "Park commission seeks historic Speedwell mansion", New Jersey Hills, June 5, 2003. Accessed November 5, 2018. "After George Vail's death in 1875, children's author Joseph Bushnell Ames bought the property and built a cottage that still exists to use as his studio."
^Schneider, Dan. "The Dan Schneider Interview 16: James Berardinelli", Cosmoetica.com, December 12, 2008. Accessed July 14, 2016. "I was born in New Brunswick, lived in Old Bridge for a year, then spent my childhood in Morristown and my teenage years in Cherry Hill. I went to college at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, then returned to New Jersey to live in Bridgewater, Hillsborough, and Mount Laurel, where I currently reside."
^Schoen, David. "New Jersey's Scott Blumstein captures WSOP Main Event", Las Vegas Review-Journal, July 23, 2017. Accessed July 23, 2017. "Scott Blumstein wanted to play the World Series of Poker Main Event last year but couldn't afford the buy-in.... The 25-year-old professional poker player from Morristown, New Jersey, defeated Daniel Ott in a heads-up battle that lasted three hours to capture the $8.15 million first prize."
^Fleischman, John. "Where Did Max Miller Die? One man’s search for the place where the U.S. Air Mail Service lost a star", Air & Space/Smithsonian, September 2015. Accessed September 1, 2019. "But the ghost of Max Miller has brought me many hundreds of miles to a small hayfield near Morristown in leafy northwest New Jersey on an impossibly glorious Easter Saturday morning.... In the summer of 1966, two brothers from this town, Rinker and Kernahan Buck, 15 and 17, flew all the way across the country and back in a woefully underpowered and radio-less Piper Cub. Thirty-one years later, Rinker published a memoir of that summer: Flight of Passage."
^Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Fillmore, Buffalo Architecture and History. Accessed November 23, 2008. "Caroline Carmichael was the daughter of Charles Carmichael and Temperance Blachley Carmichael. She was born in Morristown, New Jersey, 10/21/1813."
^Havsy, Jane. "Morris swimmers dreaming of Olympic glory", Daily Record, June 26, 2016. Accessed August 9, 2016. "Nic Fink has been dreaming about swimming in the Olympics since he was a kid growing up in Morristown, watching races on television.... 'It'll be a good race with some good competition,' said Fink, who attended Pingry School and the University of Georgia."
^Kimmett, Evelyn. "Fosterfields Living Historical Farm", Skylands Visitor. Accessed November 11, 2014. "To enter Fosterfields, a working farm since 1760 and New Jersey's first living, historical farm, is to magically step back into the 19th and early 20th centuries. Walking amidst the tall Norway Spruces, it is easy to imagine life in the days of Caroline Foster, who lived there for 98 years, until her death at the age of 102 in 1979.... Fosterfields Living Historical Farm is located at 73 Kahdena Road, Morristown, NJ, just off County Route 510 (formerly Route 24), 1-1/4 miles west of the Morristown Green."
^Brooks, Gertrude Zeth. "The First Ladies Of The Nation", Reading Eagle, September 9, 1960. Accessed September 4, 2011. "As the wife of a president of the United States and grandmother of a later one, Anna Symmes Harrison was the first First Lady from the state of New Jersey. She was born in Morristown, N.J., during the first year of the Revolutionary War and died during the Civil War."
^Woman Suffrage and World War I, New Jersey Women's History. Accessed January 7, 2018. "Julia Hurlbut of Morristown went to France in 1918 under the auspices of the YMCA where she managed an officers' club at Chatillon-sur-Seine and neighboring hut canteens for the troops."
^Rae, John W. & John W. Rae Jr. (1980). Morristown's Forgotten Past "The Gilded Age." Morristown, NJ, John W. Rae.
^National Aeronautics, Volume 16, p. 10. Accessed March 16, 2015. "Roger Kahn has no co-pilot and flies his Lockheed Electra all over the country, usually alone. ... He was born in Morristown, New Jersey, October 19, 1907, and although his early years were spent in studying music, he was scarcely out of his teens before he learned to fly and was engaging in competitive and exhibition flying."
^Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 1973, p. 415. Accessed June 13, 2022. "A resident of Morristown for 21 years, Mrs. Klein is a graduate of Barnard College in New York, and received her M.S. from the Columbia University School of Social Work."
^Costello, Ann. "A Family's Obsession With Photos Of Historic Americans of the 1800's", The New York Times, October 15, 1995. Accessed August 22, 2022. "During the library program, the Kunhardts are sure to mention that Philip Jr.'s mother, Dorothy Kunhardt, was author of Pat the Bunny, one of the largest selling children's books of all time.... Mrs. Kunhardt, who lived in Manhattan and Morristown, N.J., was also an avid Lincoln and Barnum scholar, collector, author and archivist of the mass of photographs, glass negatives and memorabilia that her father, Frederick Hill Meserve, started accumulating in 1897."
^Garcia, Alfa. "Amped-up band in a way remains unplugged", Herald News, March 11, 2010. Accessed January 10, 2023, via Newspapers.com. "Wilson is now the second-oldest member of the band, after lineup changes threatened to stunt DEP's momentum in its early years, like the paralysis of the original bassist and the departure of original lead singer and Morristown native Dimitri Minakakis."
^Thomas Nast: America's Image MakerArchived July 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Macculloch Hall Museum. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Thomas Nast moved his family to Morristown, NJ in 1870, believing it to be a safe distance from his political enemy, William "Boss" Tweed of New York. Although his work for Harper's took him weekly to New York for overnight stays, Nast was a full-fledged resident of Morristown."
^2009 Football Coaching Staff: Rocky Rees, Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania Raiders football team. Accessed August 19, 2012. "Rees played football at Bayley Ellard Regional High School in Madison, New Jersey where he twice named All-County and was selected as a team captain his senior season. Following graduation in 1967, the Morristown, New Jersey native attended West Chester University where he earned All-PSAC Eastern Division honors as a running back in 1968 and 1970."
^Calzolari, Anne Marie. "Spank your children and you'll end up in jail", Staten Island Advance, March 8, 2008. Accessed February 20, 2017. "Jordan Riak, the executive director of Parents and Teachers Against Violence in Education, said the answer is simple: Any time you hit a child it constitutes some degree of abuse. Riak, a Morristown, N.J., native, now lives in California, where he helped draft and pass a 1985 bill that prohibits corporal punishment in school."
^"FOX News CEO now calls Bernardsville home", The Bernardsville News, December 9, 2021. Accessed November 17, 2022. "Scott has local roots, having grown up in Morris Plains and lived in Morristown for many years before coming to Bernardsville with her husband, Preston, and daughter, Margaux."
^Gene Shalit, The Today Show, December 10, 2004. Accessed January 27, 2008. "In six years he fled to Morristown, New Jersey, where he was columnist for the high school paper and narrowly escaped expulsion."
^Weber, Bruce. "Alexander Slobodyanik, Pianist, Is Dead at 65 ", The New York Times, August 12, 2008. Accessed August 4, 2013. "Alexander Slobodyanik, a Ukrainian-born pianist who earned stardom in the former Soviet Union with his virtuosity and emotional interpretations of Romantic composers and who has been a concert pianist and in-demand teacher since moving to the United States in 1989, died on Sunday in New Jersey. He was 65 and lived in Morristown, N.J."
^Varnell, Hannah; and Loevy, Robert D. "A History Of Gender At Colorado College", Colorado College. Accessed February 15, 2018. "It appears that the first woman with a Ph.D. to teach at Colorado College was Leila Clement Spaulding, who taught Classics from 1911 to 1914.... Leila Spaulding was born in Morristown, New Jersey, in 1878."
^Bussel, Rachel Kramer. Best Sex Writing 2008, p. 189. ReadHowYouWant.com, 2010. ISBN9781458753403. Accessed August 13, 2013. "Before Lexington Steele was Lexington Steele, a king of West Coast porn production, he was a suburban East Coast kid, from Morristown, New Jersey, a middle-class, churchgoing kid who didn't have girlfriends but excelled at sports (and lettered in three) before graduating from high school and first matriculating at Morehouse College only to eventually transfer to Syracuse."
^Havsy, Jane. "Morristown native to work Notre Dame sideline for NBC", Daily Record, September 4, 2015. Accessed January 4, 2018. "Tappen grew up participating in many Morristown rec leagues and watching the NFL on Sundays with her family. A distance runner and basketball player at Villa Walsh, Tappen set the Rutgers record in the 3,000-meter steeplechase."
^Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 1912, p. 370. Accessed December 21, 2022. "John Beam Vreeland, Morristown... He was educated in the common schools, and after attending the Newark High School one year his family, in 1868, moved to Morristown, where he has since resided."
^Silas A. Wade. Michigan Legislative Biography. Accessed August 10, 2020. "Birth Date: 9/4/1797; City: Morristown, NJ"
^Nancy Zeltsman, University of Florida. Accessed July 17, 2011. "Nancy Zeltsman was born in 1958 in Morristown, New Jersey. She studied piano starting at age five and then took up percussion when she was thirteen. She studied intensely with Ian Finkel during high school, focusing on mallet sight-reading."