The road signs in the post-Soviet states Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan are largely similar to the Soviet road sign system, as these countries were part of the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991. However, in some countries of the former USSR, some road signs may look different from the Soviet ones. The Soviet Union was a signatory to the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals.[1] After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, most of the post-Soviet states adopted their own road sign standards. Many of them use road sign systems that inherited the road sign system used in the Soviet Union before 1991, but with some modifications, except for Estonia and Latvia that use completely different road sign systems. Estonia and Latvia have their own road sign systems, which are very different in design from the Soviet one. Modern road signs in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan comply with the Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals as well as most European countries. Of the 15 former post-Soviet states, only Belarus, Russia and Ukraine have signed and ratified the Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals on behalf of the Soviet socialist republics. These 3 countries have ratified this convention on June 18, 1974.[2]

The standard for road signs, ГОСТ 10807-78, was initially adopted in the Soviet Union on January 1, 1980, and remained in effect in several years in Russia and some post-Soviet states after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.[3][4] However, since January 1, 2006, this standard has become invalid in Russia and has been replaced by ГОСТ Р 52290-2004.[5][6][7] The font outlined in such laws is currently in digitization in Github and is in use in all former Soviet countries with the exceptions of Azerbaijan, Estonia (both using Arial), Latvia (using DIN 1451) and recently Ukraine (using a new font called Road UA). Again except for Ukraine, all cities destinations in former Soviet states are written with all-uppercase letters.

Also, a similar road sign system is used in Mongolia, despite the fact that it was never part of the Soviet Union. Road signs in Mongolia are regulated in the MNS 4597:2014 standard.[8][9]

All post-Soviet states drive on the right, as in the rest of Europe (except for Cyprus, Ireland, Malta, and the United Kingdom). Each of these countries also use metric system; thus speed limits are in kilometres per hour, and distances are in kilometres or metres.

Road signs in each of the 15 post-Soviet states are regulated by the following documents:

Road sign standards in post-Soviet states
Country Document
 Armenia Հայաստանի հանրապետության Ճանապարհային երթեվեկության կանոնները եվ տրանսպորտային միջոցների շահագործումն արգելող անսարքությունների եվ պայմանների ցանկը հաստատելու մասին (Hayastani hanrapetut’yan Chanaparhayin yert’evekut’yan kanonnery yev transportayin mijots’neri shahagortsumn argelogh ansark’ut’yunneri yev paymanneri ts’anky hastatelu masin)[10]
 Azerbaijan Azərbaycan Respublikası Yol Hərəkəti haqqında qanun, Yol nişanları[11]
 Belarus СТБ 1140-2013 «Технические средства организации дорожного движения. Знаки дорожные. Общие технические условия» (in Russian) / СТБ 1140-2013 «Тэхнічныя сродкі арганізацыі дарожнага руху. Знакі дарожныя. Агульныя тэхнічныя ўмовы» (in Belarusian)[12]
 Estonia Liiklusmärkide ja teemärgiste tähendused ning nõuded fooridele[13]
 Georgia საგზაო მოძრაობის შესახებ (Sagzao modzraobis shesakheb)[14]
 Kazakhstan СТ РК 1412-2017 «Технические средства регулирования дорожного движения. Правила применения» (in Russian) / ҚР СТ 1412-2017 «Жол қозғалысын ұйымдастырудың техникалық құралдары. Қолданылу ережелері» (in Kazakh),[15] СТ РК 1125-2021 «Технические средства организации дорожного движения. Знаки дорожные. Общие технические требования» (in Russian) / ҚР СТ 1125-2021 «Жол қозғалысын ұйымдастырудың техникалық құралдары. Жол белгілері. Жалпы техникалық талаптар» (in Kazakh)[16][17]
 Kyrgyzstan Правила дорожного движения (in Russian) / Жол кыймылынын эрежелери (in Kyrgyz),[18] ГОСТ Р 52289-2019 Технические средства организации дорожного движения. Правила применения дорожных знаков, разметки, светофоров, дорожных ограждений и направляющих устройств[19]
 Latvia LVS 77-1:2016 "Ceļa zīmes. 1. daļa: Ceļa zīmes", LVS 77-2:2016 "Ceļa zīmes. 2. daļa: Uzstādīšanas noteikumi", LVS 77-3:2016 "Ceļa zīmes. 3. daļa: Tehniskās prasības"[20]
 Lithuania Dėl Kelių eismo taisyklių patvirtinimo[21]
 Moldova Cu privire la aprobarea modificărilor și completărilor ce se operează în Regulamentul circulației rutiere[22]
 Russia О Правилах дорожного движения,[23] ГОСТ Р 52289-2019 Технические средства организации дорожного движения. Правила применения дорожных знаков, разметки, светофоров, дорожных ограждений и направляющих устройств[19]
 Tajikistan Қоидаҳои ҳаракат дар роҳ[24][25]
 Turkmenistan Ýol hereketi we howpsuzlygy[26]
 Ukraine ДСТУ 4100:2021 Безпека дорожнього руху[27]
 Uzbekistan Yo'l harakati qoidalarini tasdiqlash to'g'risida / Йўл ҳаракати қоидаларини тасдиқлаш тўғрисида[28]

Overview

Trilingual road signs in Abkhazia, a partially recognised state. Inscriptions are in Abkhaz, Russian and English

There may be variations in the post-Soviet states' road signs despite the fact that many of them adopted the road sign system used in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in 1991. The main differences between traffic signs in post-Soviet states relate to:

Typefaces

In all post-Soviet states, destinations on direction signs are written in capital letters, except for Ukraine's new road sign system, adopted in 2021.

Signs

Warning signs

In general, warning signs in post-Soviet states have a triangular shape with a red border and a white background, as in most European countries.

Road works and construction

Priority signs

Prohibitory signs

Most prohibitory signs use a red circle or a red circle with a slash, as in the rest of Europe.

Mandatory signs

Special regulations signs

Give way sign and a rectangular one-way traffic sign. This combination of these signs is very widespread in the post-Soviet states.

Indication signs

Color differences

This table below shows the differences in color shades on road signs in post-Soviet states. Some of the post-Soviet states may have different shades of red, blue, green and yellow or amber colors on road signs. The table below lists the hexadecimal codes for the various color shades used on road signs in post-Soviet states.

Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia (country) Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Red #ff0000 #ff0000 #ff0000 #f02b30 #ff0000 #ff0000 #ff0000 #ed1a3a #ff0000 #ed1c24 #ff0000 #ff0000 #ff0000 #da251d #ff0000
Blue #0d69e1 #0d69e1 #0d69e1 #00a7d1 #0d69e1 #0d69e1 #0d69e1 #283996 #0d69e1 #0000fe #0d69e1 #0d69e1 #0d69e1 #005da2 #0d69e1
Yellow or orange #ffcc00 #ffcc00 #ffcc00 #ffde22 #ffcc00 #ffcc00 #ffcc00 #fedd2e #ffcc00 #ffff00 #ffcc00 #ffcc00 #ffcc00 #fff200 #ffcc00
Green #00a500 #00a500 #00a500 #57ac1b #00a500 #00a500 #00a500 #00a650 #00a500 #007c02 #00a500 #00a500 #00a500 #04ae67 #00a500

Table of traffic signs comparison

Priority

See also: Priority signs

Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia (country) Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Stop
Give Way
Priority road
End of priority road
Give way to oncoming traffic
Priority over oncoming traffic
Stop ahead















Give Way ahead















Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan

Warning

Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Curve
Series of curves
Crossroads (with priority to the right)
Crossroads (with a minor road)
Roundabout
Traffic signals
Two-way traffic
Traffic queues
Steep ascent
Steep descent
Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Pedestrian crossing
Pedestrians
Children
Cyclists
Domesticated animals
Wild animals
Road narrows
Uneven surface
Bump
Dip
Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Slippery surface
End of paved surface
Loose surface material
Soft or low verges
Falling rocks
Crosswinds
Unprotected body of water
Opening bridge
Tunnel
Low-flying aircraft
Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
Accident
Blind spot
Trams
Level crossing with barriers ahead
Level crossing without barriers ahead
Level crossing (single track)
Level crossing (multiple tracks)
Roadworks
Other danger
Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan

Note: in most post-Soviet states, crossroads warning signs, including those in Russia and the CIS countries, are classified as priority signs, despite the fact that these signs have a shape typical of warning signs in European countries.

Prohibitory

Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
No entry
No vehicles
No motor vehicles
No motorcycles
No mopeds
No pedal cycles
No heavy goods vehicles
No buses
No vehicles pulling a trailer
Soviet Union Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Estonia Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan
No agricultural vehicles
No animal-drawn vehicles
No vehicles carrying dangerous goods
No vehicles carrying explosives or inflammables
No vehicles carrying water pollutants
Height limit
Width limit